Graham is a city in north central Texas. It is the county seat of Young County, as of the 2010 Census had a population of 8,903; the site was first settled in 1871 by brothers Gustavus A. and Edwin S. Graham, primary shareholders in the Texas Emigration and Land Company of Louisville, Kentucky; the brothers moved to Texas after the Civil War, after buying 125,000 acres in then-vast Young County, helped to revitalize the area, the population of which had become badly depleted during the war. During that same year as when Graham was settled, the Warren Wagon Train Raid occurred about 12 miles north of the city. In 1872 the Graham brothers purchased a local saltworks and established the town of Graham and set up the Graham Land Office; the saltworks was not a profitable venture as the salt was too expensive to ship and was closed in a few years. New families started to arrive, the brothers began promoting the sale of homesites and doing civic improvements. A post office opened in 1873, after Young County reorganized the following year, Graham became the county seat.
The town's newspaper, known as the Leader and still in existence today, was first printed in 1876, the same year that the first temporary courthouse was built. Other businesses from these early years included a gristmill, cotton gin, a brick kiln, two hotels, several stores. On February 15, 1877 the city was the site of the organizational meeting of the group that became the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association, created to police ranching and put a stop to cattle rustling. Founding officers included pioneer ranchers James C. Loving, Col. C. L. Carter, C. C. Slaughter. A three-story limestone courthouse was built in 1884, it was replaced by a new courthouse in the early 1930s; the 1884 structure's east door still stands on the courthouse square. From 1879-1896, Graham was the seat of a Federal District Court overseen by Judge A. P. McCormick. Edwin Graham had married Addie Mary Kintner in 1865, they had five children. Throughout the 1870s they divided their time between Texas and their families back north, but in 1879, with the town flourishing, they moved their wives and children to Graham permanently.
Edwin and Addie lived there until 1891 moved to Spokane, where Edwin died on May 7, 1899. His body was brought back to Graham for burial. Addie became a leading civic booster and philanthropist. In 1921, with her son Malcolm, she set up the Graham Foundation as a continuing fund for the city's growth and improvement. Addie was responsible for the establishment of the Eden Home for the aged. By 1900, Graham had incorporated as a town, railroad service began in 1903, through the Chicago, Rock Island & Texas Railroad, part of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific system. In 1921 the Wichita Falls and Southern Railroad, one of the Frank Kell and Joseph A. Kemp properties extended its line into Graham from Newcastle; the WF&S was abandoned in 1954 and the Rock Island sold its line to the Texas Export Railroad in 1972 but was abandoned just two years later. The population of Graham grew until 1917, when oil was discovered nearby. By 1966, Graham had seventeen churches, seven schools, a hospital, a radio station, two libraries, three parks, two newspapers.
The population peaked at 9,170 in 1980 and has since declined. Graham, the County seat of Young County, Texas 33°6′3″N 98°34′45″W. is located in the southeast portion of the county and has an area of 5.592 square miles. Geographically, Graham is located in the Western Cross Timbers area of North Texas. Locally this is known as the western portion of the Palo Pinto Mountains. Creeks drain the area into the Brazos River, Dry Creek on the east side of town flows into Salt Creek towards the south and into the Brazos. Flatrock Creek drains the rural areas to the southeast and flows into the Brazos just below where Salt Creek enters. Small impoundments are located along Flatrock Creek. Lake Graham is located on the Salt Creek in Young County, five miles north of Graham on US 380: Surface area: 2,444 acres Maximum depth: 45 feet Impounded: 1929 Conservation Pool Elevation: 1,075 ft. msl Fluctuation: Minimal, sometimes prone to long periods with dropping water levels Normal Clarity: Slightly stained to stained Reservoir Controlling Authority: City of Graham PO Box 1449 Graham, Texas 76450 549-3322 Aquatic Vegetation: Bulrushes, lily pads, pondweedPredominant Fish Species Largemouth bass White & hybrid striped bass Channel catfish White crappieThere are three public boat ramps, one fishing pier, a picnic area, sites for primitive and improved camping.
There are no boat rentals, no marina, no handicap fishing access. A bait shop is located about two miles south of the reservoir on US 380. Shore fishing is limited to the area around the boat ramp on the Eddleman portion of the reservoir and along the US 380 causeways; the Twin Mountains is the dominant physical landmark of the city. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,716 people, 3,391 households, 2,366 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,584.8 people per square mile. There were 3,904 housing units at an average density of 709.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.39% White, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.41% of the population. 1.24% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 7.78% from other races, 1.66% from two or more races. There were 3
Section 30 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a section that, like other provisions within the section 25 to section 31 block, provides a guide as to how Charter rights should be interpreted and applied by Canadian courts. Section 30's particular role is to address. In 1982, when section 30 first became law, these were the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory; the Yukon Territory has since been renamed Yukon, Nunavut was created from the eastern Northwest Territories to become Canada's third territory. Section 30 and by extension, the Charter applies to Nunavut; the section reads, As the government of Canada puts it on one of its websites, this means that "he Charter applies to the Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut in the same way as it does to the provinces." Hence, section 30 is important in regard to section 3, 4, 5, 6 and 23 rights. Since section 6 refers to rights to "move to and take up residence in any province" and to "pursue the gaining of a livelihood in any province," section 30 is applied so that section 6 guarantees rights to move to and pursue work in the territories of Canada.
Section 30 extends section 23's guarantee of minority language educational rights for minority language groups in the provinces to minority language groups in the territories. Section 30 guarantees that territorial governments are bound by sections 3 to 5, which themselves only explicitly refer to provincial governments. Hence, those in the territories will have the right to vote or run in territorial elections, territorial governments cannot operate for longer than 5 years without an election, territorial governments must sit at least once a year; the other rights in the other sections of the Charter are valid and enforceable in the territories. The authority of the territorial governments is derived from the Parliament of Canada. Paragraph 32 provides that the Charter applies "to the Parliament and government of Canada in respect of all matters within the authority of Parliament including all matters relating to the Yukon Territory and Northwest Territories". Read together, section 30 and paragraph 32 provide that the Charter applies "to the legislature and government of each province in respect of all matters within the authority of the legislature of each province ".
The content of section 30 dates back to the original draft of the Charter, published in October 1980. In the case Fédération Franco-ténoise v. Canada, the Federal Court of Appeal discussed section 30 when it rejected the government of the Northwest Territories' claim that the territory now had legal power and independence similar to those of the provinces.. The territorial government based its theory in Parliament's treatment of the territories, becoming more like how it treated the provinces; some of Parliament's laws had been designed. Moreover, section 30 created another similarity between the territories. However, the Court replied that section 30 of the Charter creates similarities between provinces and territories only in regard to the reading of the Charter. Moreover, section 31, which stipulates that the Charter does not increase powers of legislative bodies, indicates section 30 cannot increase the powers of the territorial legislature to the extent that a territory can achieve equality with the provinces.
However, the Court rejected the claim by those who had brought legal action against the territorial government that section 30 is limited by section 32. Earlier, in 1983, similar arguments were made to achieve section 20 rights in the Yukon, so that traffic tickets could be available in the French language, it was argued sections 32 should together indicate such rights exist in the territories. The courts dismissed the argument since a literal reading of section 20 shows it bounds only the federal government, not the territorial governments
"Wir wollen alle fröhlich sein" is a German Easter hymn, with a text by Cyriakus Schneegass, who added to an older first stanza, a 1544 tune by the Bohemian Brethren. It was published in Wittenberg in 1573; the first stanza of "Wir wollen alle fröhlich sein" was written in the 14th century in Medingen Abbey, a nuns' monastery. The following four stanzas were added by Cyriakus Schneegass in Eisleben; the melody appears first in a Bohemian monastery in Hohenfurt, another sources says "Böhmische Brüder 1544". It was printed in Wittenberg in 1573, it has appeared in German-language hymnals, including in the Protestant hymnal Evangelisches Gesangbuch as EG 100, in the Catholic hymnal Gotteslob as GL 326. Wir wollen alle fröhlich sein ChoralWiki
Zoe Luper is a fictional character portrayed by actor Jeffrey Carlson on the ABC daytime drama All My Children. Zoe is the first transgender television character depicted at the beginning of male-to-female transition and coming out; the character debuted in August 2006 as an English rock star who presents as male. Zarf/Zoe returned during the period of November 29, 2006 to April 26, 2007. Zoe was created by All My Children head writer Megan McTavish, she was inspired by TransGeneration, a documentary-style reality series about transgender students at US universities. Zoe is introduced on August 23, 2006 as Freddie Luper, a male-presenting English musician whose stage name is Zarf. Due to a strained relationship with her father, Freddie had left home at age 16. At 19, Zarf is a millionaire. In 2006, Babe Carey Chandler and Josh Madden persuade Zarf to sign a contract allowing them to use her music in an ad campaign for Fusion Cosmetics. In the episode of November 29, 2006, Zarf causes a stir by meditating in the nude at the offices of Fusion Cosmetics.
Zarf meets Bianca Montgomery, falls in love with her. Zarf realizes. On New Year's Eve, Zarf comes out. Zoe is suspected of being the Satin Slayer, a serial killer who poisoned Simone Torres and Erin Lavery, who attempted to kill Danielle Frye; when she is accused at the Chandler Mansion, she reveals that she is transgender. No one believes her except Babe; some people in the town of Pine Valley come to accept Zoe as a woman, but others remain skeptical of her and of transgender experience in general. Zoe survives, she is cleared of suspicion when the true killer is revealed to be Sr.. As part of her transition, Zoe meets with an endocrinologist, she talks with her mother about being transgender. Zoe says, she receives a letter from her father, who says that he hopes to be able one day to accept and love Zoe as he loved Freddie. She returns to her home in London to continue her transition, to begin work on a new album. Bianca goes with her. Zoe was created by head writer for All My Children, her inspiration for the character was TransGeneration, a docusoap about transgender students at universities in the US.
"I found experiences so moving that I started thinking along those lines," she said. Before taping Zoe's episodes, the production team consulted with transgender people and the US non-profit GLAAD. Jeffrey Carlson, who plays Zoe, is an American actor. All My Children executive producer Julie Hanan Carruthers issued a public relations statement when Zoe's forthcoming storyline was announced: All My Children has a long-standing commitment to telling relevant stories that entertain and inform. Viewers can expect a heartfelt story between two people who share a common ground, yet learn about inherent differences and understanding. At its core, this is a story of love. Carruthers told the Associated Press that All My Children was in search of something new, that the production team was aware that their audience was drawn to plot elements dealing with sex and sexuality; the show had lost more than 60% of its audience since 1992. Although Zoe is not the first transgender character to appear in a US daytime drama, she may be the first transfeminine character on US television to come out as transgender, to begin transitioning.
In The City, a daytime drama that aired on ABC from 1995 to'97, Carlotta Chang played Azure C. a model who has transitioned, who comes out to her fiancé as transsexual. In early 2006, The L Word introduced a storyline in which the character Moira Sweeney comes out as a trans man, changes his given name to Max as part of his transition. Max is portrayed by Daniela Sea. List of All My Children characters Laura Jane Grace Maya Avant Zoe's Journey
Pronatura Noreste is a Mexican nongovernmental, nonprofit organization recognized by the National Council of Science and Technology as a scientific and educational organization. Pronatura Noreste is one of six regional offices of the Pronatura México, has its headquarters in Monterrey, Nuevo León, it has offices in Matamoros, Tamaulipas. The organization was created in 1998 by an Executive Board of Trustees committed to nature conservation, its mission is the conservation of flora and priority ecosystems of northeastern Mexico by promoting society's development in harmony with nature. Pronatura Noreste's projects are based on an ecoregional focus, expanding over the territorial limits determined by states and countries, with special attention on priority sites and the most fragile habitats and biodiversity, its four ecoregional programs are: Chihuahuan Desert Sierra Madre Oriental Tamaulipan and Wetlands Ecoregions Sierra Madre Occidental The environmental organization has conservation projects in the states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila and San Luis Potosí.
Pronatura Noreste owns three private reserves. The first property it acquired was Pozas Azules Private Reserve, in Coahuila. Inside the 6,600-acre property are 35% of the valley's pools; the organization has restored wetlands, protected species such as stromatolites, does community work in the region. In 2005, Pronatura Noreste became owner of a 46,000-acre ranch in Chihuahua; the grasslands of El Uno Private Reserve have recovered since, Pronatura is promoting the legal protection of the region of Janos. In 2006, it purchased Cueva de la Boca, a cave near Monterrey, home to a large population of Mexican free-tailed bats; this northeastern Mexican environmental conservation organization uses other legal tools to protect land in addition to outright purchase, such as conservation easements and the acquisition of water rights. Some of the flagship species protected by Pronatura Noreste are the Mexican prairie dog, black-tailed prairie dog, American black bear, piping plover, long-billed curlew, maroon-fronted parrot, thick-billed parrot, ocelot.
Pronatura Noreste's projects receives financial funding from organizations such as CONABIO, the Dallas Zoo, the Environmental Defense Fund, Ford Motor Company, Fondo Mexicano para la Conservación de la Naturaleza, General Motors, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, the World Wide Fund for Nature, The Nature Conservancy, Treviño Elizondo A. B. P; the United States Agency for International Development and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, as well as some Mexican corporate industrial groups, such as CEMEX and ALFA. It has a number of individual donors, both Mexican and foreign. Group of 100 Pronatura Noreste, A. C. - Pronatura Noreste's homepage Echos Bimonthly Newsletter - Echos: Pronatura Noreste's bimonthly newsletter
Harold Patrick Reiser, nicknamed "Pistol Pete", was an American professional baseball outfielder and coach, who played in Major League Baseball, during the 1940s and early 1950s. While known for his time with the Brooklyn Dodgers, Reiser played for the Boston Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates, Cleveland Indians. A native of St. Louis, Reiser signed with his hometown Cardinals, but at age 19 he was among a group of minor league players declared free agents by Commissioner of Baseball Kenesaw Mountain Landis. Cardinal general manager Branch Rickey—mortified at losing a player of Reiser's caliber—arranged for the Dodgers to sign Reiser, hide him in the minors trade him back to St. Louis at a date, but Reiser's stellar performances in spring training in both 1939 and 1940 forced the Dodgers to keep him. In 1941, his first season as a regular starter, Reiser helped the Dodgers win the pennant for the first time since 1920, he was a sensation that year, winning the National League batting title while leading the league in doubles, runs scored and slugging percentage.
He was named a starter to the All-Star team and placed second in MVP balloting. On July 19 of the following year, Reiser crashed face-first into the outfield wall in St. Louis, trying to catch what turned out to be a game-winning inside-the-park home run by Enos Slaughter of the rival Cardinals in the bottom of the 11th inning; the loss cut the Dodgers' lead over the Cardinals to six games. Despite missing just four games with the resulting concussion, he batted only.244 over his final 48 games that season, dropping his batting average from.350 to.310 for the year. The Dodgers ended up losing the pennant by two games to the Cardinals, who won 20 of their last 23 games and the World Series. Reiser gave great effort on every play in the field, was therefore injury-prone, he fractured his skull running into an outfield wall on one occasion, was temporarily paralyzed on another, was taken off the field on a stretcher a record 11 times. Leo Durocher, Reiser's first major league manager, reflected many years that in terms of talent and potential, there was only one other player comparable to Reiser: Willie Mays.
He said, "Pete had more power than Willie—left-handed and right-handed both. He had everything but luck."Reiser, a switch hitter who sometimes restricted himself to batting left-handed because of injury, served in the United States Army during World War II, playing baseball for Army teams. While serving, he had to learn to throw with both arms. Durocher said, "And he could throw at least as good as Willie right-handed and left-handed." When Reiser returned to the majors in 1946, he was still suffering from a shoulder injury from playing Army baseball. He said: "It wasn't as serious as the head injuries, but it did more to end my career; the shoulder kept popping out of place, more bone chips developed, there was constant pain in the arm and shoulder." He was never the same hitter he was early in his career, but was still as fast as stealing home a record seven times in 1946. In 1948, Ebbets Field became the first ballpark with padded outfield walls due to Reiser's penchant for running into them.
Reiser managed in the minors for several years, winning the 1959 Minor League Manager of the Year Award from The Sporting News. He served as a coach on Walter Alston's Los Angeles Dodger staff from 1960 to 1964. However, he was forced out in 1965 as manager of the AAA Spokane Indians as the result of a heart attack, his replacement was Duke Snider -- the man. When Leo Durocher became manager of the Chicago Cubs in 1966, he brought many of his former players to coach on his staff. Reiser was one of them, he coached for the California Angels in 1970–71. In 1981, Lawrence Ritter and Donald Honig included him in their book "The 100 Greatest Baseball Players of All Time." They used what they called "Smoky Joe Wood Syndrome" to explain why a exceptional player whose career was curtailed by injury—despite not having had career statistics that would quantitatively rank him with the all-time greats—should nonetheless be included on their list. Reiser died in Palm Springs, California, of respiratory disease at 62, was buried at Desert Memorial Park in Cathedral City, California.
List of Major League Baseball batting champions List of Major League Baseball annual runs scored leaders List of Major League Baseball annual stolen base leaders List of Major League Baseball annual doubles leaders List of Major League Baseball annual triples leaders Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Pete Reiser at SABR Pete Reiser at The Deadball Era Pete Reiser at Find a Grave