Graham Land

Graham Land is the portion of the Antarctic Peninsula that lies north of a line joining Cape Jeremy and Cape Agassiz. This description of Graham Land is consistent with the 1964 agreement between the British Antarctic Place-names Committee and the US Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names, in which the name "Antarctic Peninsula" was approved for the major peninsula of Antarctica, the names Graham Land and Palmer Land for the northern and southern portions, respectively; the line dividing them is 69 degrees south. Graham Land is named after Sir James R. G. Graham, First Lord of the Admiralty at the time of John Biscoe's exploration of the west side of Graham Land in 1832, it is claimed by Argentina and Chile. Graham Land is the closest part of Antarctica to South America, thus it is the usual destination for small ships taking paying visitors on Antarctic trips from South America. Until the discoveries of the British Graham Land Expedition of 1934–1937, it was supposed to be an archipelago rather than a peninsula.

The mountains of Graham Land are the last range of the American Cordillera, the continuous sequence of mountain ranges forming the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America and the Antarctic Peninsula. Mount Brading, 4 nautical miles east of the northeast corner of Larsen Inlet; the interior of Graham Land is occupied by a series of plateaus, namely Laclavère Plateau, Louis Philippe Plateau, Detroit Plateau, Herbert Plateau, Foster Plateau, Forbidden Plateau, Bruce Plateau, Avery Plateau and Hemimont Plateau. Argentina calls the area Tierra de San Martín and calls the northern peninsula Península Trinidad or Tierra de la Trinidad. Chile calls the entire Antarctic Peninsula Tierra de O'Higgins. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. Geology of the Antarctic Peninsula Gerlache Strait Geology Blackface Point British Graham Land Expedition Moyes Nunatak U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Graham Land Media related to Graham Land at Wikimedia Commons


Dooriyaan is a 1979 Bollywood film directed by Bhimsain Khurana and written by Shanker Shesh Uttam Kumar Sharmila Tagore Shreeram Lagoo Jalal Agha Kireet Khurana as Moju Sulabha Deshpande Arvind Deshpande Priyadarshinee "Zindagi Men Jab Tumhaare Gam Nahin The" - Bhupinder Singh, Anuradha Paudwal "Zindagi Zindagi Mere Ghar Aanaa" - Bhupinder, Anuradha "Evening News, Bees Bees Paise Nikalo Bhai" - Manna Dey "Khota Paisa Nahi Chalega Nahi Chala Hai Nahi Chalega" - K N Sharma, Ranu Mukherjee, Preeti Sagar Dooriyaan on IMDb

Mackworth Castle

Mackworth Castle was a 14th- or 15th-century structure located in Derbyshire, at the upper end of Mackworth village near Derby. The home for several centuries of the Mackworth family, it was at some point reduced to the ruins of a gatehouse suggestive of a grand castle. A survey from 1911 suggested that though the gatehouse resembled a castle, the rest of the structure may have been more modest; the remains are part of a designated Scheduled Ancient Monument. The date of construction of the castle is uncertain; the first Mackworth, Henry du Mackworth, appears in the Pipe Rolls of 1254, the MackWorth lineage can be followed from the early part of the 15th century. Mackworth castle remained in the family until 1655 or 1656, when it was sold by Sir Thomas Mackworth, 3rd Baronet, who had relocated to Normanton in Rutland, to Sir John Curzon, 1st Baronet. Local legend says that the castle was destroyed during the Parliamentary Civil War by some ordnance on a nearby hill. However, Rev. Charles Kerry of the Derbyshire Archaeological Society questions whether the castle had begun to decline before its purchase by Curzon, noting that, "Had Mackworth Castle been a place suitable for the reception of the Queen of Scots, Sir Ralph Sadler would not have overlooked it when en route with his charge for Tutbury."

Sadler chose to lodge Queen of Scots, a decision which irritated Queen Elizabeth. He wrote in explanation on 5 February 1584, that he would not have done so had there been any appropriate houses anywhere near that town in which to house his charge. What remains of the building is its gatehouse, a square battlemented structure which could stand as a separate building in itself. According to English Castles: A Guide by Counties, the gatehouse was a Tudor-era addition; some understanding of the layout of the rest of the building can be derived from the rectangular spaces on the west of the gatehouse, which once formed courtyards. The ruined gatehouse is a Grade I listed building. According to Anthony Emery in Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: East Anglia, Central England and Wales, the structure may never have been grand, he recounts that a 1911 survey suggested that the walls surrounding those spaces were "timber-framed on low rubble walls", similar to the nearby 14th-century house of the Tuchet family, for whom the Mackworths served as stewards.

Emery writes that "he gateway was no more than a display structure, a early example of that hankering for a world of chivalry and romance that had passed." Mackworth Castle is the scene of events that take place in the 1954 movie The Black Shield of Falworth, starring Tony Curtis, which itself is based on the 19th century historical novel Men of Iron by the American author Howard Pyle. Kerry, Rev. Charles. "Mackworth: its Castle and its Owners". In Derbyshire Archaeological Society. Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. 11. The Society. Pp. 1–9