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Graham Taylor

Graham Taylor, OBE was an English football player, manager and chairman of Watford Football Club. He was the manager of the England national football team from 1990 to 1993, managed Lincoln City, Aston Villa and Wolverhampton Wanderers. Born in Worksop, Taylor grew up in Scunthorpe, which he regarded as his hometown; the son of a sports journalist who worked on the Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph, Taylor found his love of football in the stands of the Old Show Ground watching Scunthorpe United. He became a player, playing at full back for Lincoln City. After retiring as a player through injury in 1972, Taylor became a coach, he won the Fourth Division title with Lincoln in 1976, before moving to Watford in 1977. He took Watford from the Fourth Division to the First in five years. Under Taylor, Watford were First Division runners-up in 1982–83, FA Cup finalists in 1984. Taylor took over at Aston Villa in 1987, leading the club to promotion in 1988 and 2nd place in the First Division in 1989–90. In July 1990, he became the manager of the England team.

England were knocked out in the group stages. Taylor resigned in November 1993, after England failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup in the United States. Taylor faced heavy criticism from fans and media during his tenure as an England manager and earned additional public interest and scrutiny when a television documentary which he had permitted to film the failed campaign from behind the scenes, An Impossible Job, aired in 1994. Taylor returned to club management in March 1994 with Wolverhampton Wanderers. After one season at Molineux, he returned to Watford, led the club to the Premier League in 1999 after back-to-back promotions, his last managerial role was manager of Aston Villa, to which he returned in 2002. He left at the end of the 2002–03 season. Taylor served as Watford's chairman from 2009 until 2012 where he continued to hold the position of honorary life-president, he worked as a pundit for BBC Radio Five Live. Born in Worksop, Taylor moved to a council house in Scunthorpe in 1947, where his father Thomas was the sports reporter for the Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph.

He went to the Henderson Avenue Junior School Scunthorpe Grammar School, where he met his future wife, from Winteringham. He played for the England Grammar Schools football team, joined the sixth-form after passing six-O-levels in 1961, but he left after one year to pursue a full-time career in football, his head teacher disapproved of his actions who told him: "Grammar school boys don't become footballers". His playing career began with as an apprentice for Scunthorpe United, he went on to join Grimsby Town in 1962 and played his first competitive game for them in September 1963 against Newcastle United when they won 2–1. He played 189 games at fullback for Grimsby Town, scoring twice, he was transferred to Lincoln City in the summer of 1968 for a fee of £4,000, scoring 1 goal in 150 appearances before being forced to retire from playing following a serious hip injury in 1972. Taylor was the only manager to have twice led teams that amassed over 70 points in one Football League season under the League's original scoring system of two points for a win and one point for a draw.

This system was introduced for the inaugural 1888–89 season and was retained for over 90 years until the reward for a win was increased to three points in 1981. He achieved this with Lincoln Watford. Only two other clubs, Doncaster Rovers and Rotherham United, managed to gain over 70 points in one season under the original scoring system. Taylor was the youngest person to become an FA coach, at the age of 27. Following his retirement from playing, a spell as player coach, Taylor became manager of Lincoln City, being the youngest manager in the league at the age of 28, on 7 December 1972 after David Herd resigned. In his first season Lincoln finished 10th 12th in 1974, but the following season narrowly missed out on promotion after a 3-2 defeat at Southport on 28 April 1975. Taylor led Lincoln to the Fourth Division title in 1976. Lincoln finished 9th in the Third Division in 1976-1977 under Taylor. In June 1977, Taylor was hired to manage Watford by new owner Elton John, he turned down an approach from First Division West Bromwich Albion in favour of the Hertfordshire-based club competing in the Fourth Division, surprising pundits and supporters alike.

John acted on the advice of Don Revie. Taylor led Watford from the Football League Fourth Division to the First Division in only five years. In his first season in the Football League Fourth Division Watford won the title at his first attempt during the 1977–78 season, losing only five of 46 games and winning the division by 11 points. In the Football League Third Division Taylor led Watford to another promotion, finishing second, losing out on the title by one point in the 1978–79 season. Taylor's third season, in the Football League Second Division, was less successful. Indicating the tougher competition, Watford managed only an 18th finish, out of 22 teams, avoiding relegation by eight points and winning only 12 of their 42 games in the 1979–80 season. In the next season, the 1980–81 season, Taylor improved Watford's performance, ending it with 16 wins and a 9th-place finish. In the 1981–82 season Watford achieved promotion, ending the season in 2nd place, gaining 23 wins and 11 draws in 42 games.

In the First Division with Taylor as manager, Watford gained its

Peter Dala

Peter Dala is a Canadian conductor of opera and ballet. He is a music director of the Alberta Ballet, he has conducted in Canada, The United States, England, Monte Carlo, Germany, Hong Kong and China. Peter Dala was born in Toronto, his parents immigrated to Canada after the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. He attendedSaint Michael’s Choir School in Toronto. Peter Dala studied piano and conducting at England's Royal College of Music and worked at the Royal Ballet School as a pianist; as conductor and pianist of the Basel Ballet, Peter Dala conducted Coppélia, La fille mal gardée, The Nutcracker, Giselle. In 1987, he joined Zurich Opera’s International Operastudio. Peter Dala joined the Hungarian State Opera in Budapest in 1988 and the Hungarian Dance Academy in 1994 as Music Director. In 1988, he joined the Hungarian State Opera in Budapest, where he conducted both opera and ballet Midsummer Night's Dream in the Singapore and Hong Kong Festival of Arts. After six years in Budapest, Peter Dala joined Edmonton Opera as Chorus Director / Répétiteur.

In June, 2002, Peter Dala was appointed resident conductor of the Edmonton Opera. Peter Dala has been associated with the Alberta Ballet since 2001, he became Alberta Ballet's Music Director in October 2005. In 2010, two productions of The Nutcracker in Vancouver were conducted by siblings. For Alberta Ballet, the conductor was Peter Dala.

Young Communist League, Nepal

Young Communist League, Nepal is the youth wing of Communist Party of Nepal. The president of YCL is Ganeshman Pun and the general secretary of YCL is Dilip Kumar Prajapati; the Young Communist League was formed by the CPN–Maoist at some point during the ‘people’s war’ to support the revolution. Ganeshman Pun, chairman of the YCL, has stated that the League was reactivated in November 2006. According to him, the YCL "is a fusion of the Party’s military and political character, it is composed of PLA members who have an interest in politics." As the party’s youth wing, its role is to "organise youth, be involved in events, conduct political awareness, take part in development work as volunteers." Once the CPN-Maoist was proscribed, the YCL was forced underground. After the April 2006 Jana Andolan and the subsequent over-ground role of the insurgents, the CPN-Maoist revived the YCL. With the development of the Communist Party in Nepal, different youth organizations were established; these organizations remained on the forefront and played an important role in both mass movements and in the peasants movement.

The Akhil Nepal Yuba Sangathan was established in 1981 under the chairmanship of Comrade Prachanda and it played a positive role in the question of making revolutionary political line. In 1991, it was renamed the Young Communist League and during the period of preparation of the People's War, it played an important role in completing the preparation of the People's War. During the People's War it helped the People's War. In the new political context developed after the People's War and the nineteen-day-long Mass Movement, the Young Communist League was established on 2 December 2006, it conducted campaigns to establish a federal republic, struggle for patriotism and republic and mobilized youth during the election of Constitution Assembly. At its first national convention in the capital Kathmandu in February 2007, inaugurated by the CPN-Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal a.k.a. Prachanda, the YCL formed a 45-member new Central Committee with Ganeshman Pun as its Chairman, Uma Bhujel as its Vice-chairman, Dileep Kumar Prajapati as General Secretary, R. P. Sharma as Secretary and Bhagwat Baduwal as Treasurer.

Ganeshman Pun is a senior CPN-Maoist cadre and was the ‘Commissar’ of the Parivarthan Memorial Ninth Brigade of the People’s Liberation Army. Uma Bhujel is a PLA ‘section commander’ famous for leading a successful jailbreak in Gorkha on March 31, 2001, along with five of her associates. Dileep Kumar Prajapati and Bhagwat Baduwal are top ranking commanders in the PLA. Another Central Committee member, Chandra Bahadur Thapa a.k.a. Comrade Sagar, in charge of YCL’s Kathmandu region, is a former ‘battalion commander’ of the Dinesh-Ramji Samiti Brigade. Senior YCL leader, Sabitri Gurung, is a ‘deputy battalion commander’ of the PLA; each of these above-mentioned leaders is a dedicated member of the CPN-Maoist and some allege that they have been appointed to the YCL in order to evade inclusion in the mechanisms for the management of arms and armies by the United Nations. Nanda Kishore Pun, the Maoist Central Committee member and PLA ‘deputy commander’, in an interview to Nepali Times conceded, "It is true that at present some commanders have been sent to the YCL.

They are individuals who were active in the YCL and have experience." YCL are unarmed young cadres without any formal military training. It is alleged that some YCL cadres receive some military style training but this has not been seen since 2008. Former PLA members who fought during the insurgency era are a minority within the YCL. YCL members in many areas enjoy relative impunity from arrest, because of the strength of the UCPN-M and its influence over local officials. In addition to political activities the YCL engages its cadres in activities such as cleaning localities, cleaning rivers and planting trees. On occasion, they have involved themselves in quasi-policing activities like traffic management, night patrolling, demolition of illegal houses, the capture of alleged gangsters to help the government for a progressive effort. After the CPN-Maoist formed its youth organization, other parties formed similar youth organizations; the Terai-based regional party, Madeshi Janaadhikar Forum, formed its Madhesi Youth Force.

The UML formed its ‘Youth Force’, similar to the Young Communist League, Nepal. It was advocating for a ban on organizations like the YCL as a ` hurdle' for stability; the CPN-Maoist claimed that mobilization of youth was much necessary for the enrichment of national integrity and sovereignty in today’s context. After a defeat in the CA polls held which reduced it to a third party, CPN concluded that their defeat resulted from a lack of youth cadres like the YCL of the CPN-Maoist. Thus, realizing the necessity of such a youth wing, the UML decided to form ‘Youth Force’; the media reported that some of the Nepali Congress cadres formed a similar organization in Dolakha, but the Nepali Congress president denied that such a youth force had been formed and claimed that there is no plan of forming anything like the YCL or Youth Force in the future


Kludenbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Kirchberg; the municipality lies in the Hunsrück 2 km southeast of Kappel and 4 km west-northwest of Kirchberg. The Rhine flows 25 km to the east-northeast at Oberwesel; the area within Kludenbach's municipal limits is 288 ha. Prehistoric and early historic barrows can be found just south of Kludenbach right at the municipal limit with Metzenhausen, bearing witness to early settlers here. In 1173, Kludenbach had its first documentary mention in a donation document from Springiersbach Monastery that named a Sir Richard von Clodenbach; the Counts of Sponheim had an estate at Kludenbach. They and the Knights of Wildberg held tithing rights. Early on, a village named Lampenrode vanished. Beginning in 1794, Kludenbach lay under French rule. In 1815 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna.

In the 19th century, iron ore was mined east of Bundesstraße 421. Since 1946, it has been part of the newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate; the council is made up of 6 council members, who were elected by majority vote at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, the honorary mayor as chairman. Kludenbach's mayor is Walter Kuhn, his deputy is Stephan Marx; the German blazon reads: Schräglinks geteilt, vorne in rot unter einem achtspeichigen goldenen Mühlrad ein silberner Wellenbalken, hinten blau-goldenes Schach, belegt mit einer Abtskrümme rot-silber wechselnd. The municipality's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per bend sinister gules a waterwheel spoked of eight Or above a fess wavy abased argent and chequy of thirty of the second and azure surmounted by an abbot's staff sinister issuant from base sinister counterchanged, of the first on the second and of the third on the fourth; the “chequy” pattern on the sinister side refers to the former mediaeval landholders, the Counts of Sponheim.

Kludenbach was part of the Sponheim Amt of Kirchberg. The waterwheel on the dexter side recalls the two old mills; the “fess wavy abased” below this is a canting charge for the placename ending —bach. The staff refers to Ravengiersburg Monastery; each year in December, a special court day was held for these holdings. The Weistum about this event is preserved. Horst Gehann, composer, concert organist and music publisher Kludenbach in the collective municipality’s webpages

Peterborough railway station

Peterborough railway station serves the city of Peterborough, England. It is 76 miles 29 chains down the East Coast Main Line from London King's Cross; the station is a major interchange serving both the north-south ECML, as well as long-distance and local east-west services. The station is managed by London North Eastern Railway. Ticket gates came into use at the station in 2012. There have been a number of railway stations in Peterborough: Peterborough East, the current station which opened in 1850. Peterborough was the site of the first mast to be installed as part of the ECML electrification project to Edinburgh; this can be found behind platform 1. Peterborough East opened on 2 June 1845 along with the Ely to Peterborough Line built by Eastern Counties Railway and the Northampton and Peterborough Railway built by the London and Birmingham Railway, both of which provided routes to London; the Syston and Peterborough Railway by Midland Railway was opened in 1846. On 7 August 1862, the ECR became part of the Great Eastern Railway.

The Great Northern Railway arrived in Peterborough with the opening of the major portion of its "loop line" between Peterborough, Spalding and Lincoln, which opened on 17 October 1848. During the construction of the GNR line south to London, it was decided that the GNR would need their own station at Peterborough; the GNR's Peterborough station is the current station, but it has had several names: simply Peterborough, it became Peterborough Priestgate Peterborough Cowgate in 1902, reverting to Peterborough in 1911. On 1 January 1923 the GER and GNR became constituents of the London and North Eastern Railway, which found itself with two named stations in Peterborough. After Peterborough East closed on 6 June 1966, Peterborough North once again became Peterborough, the name by which it is still known; the Great Northern Railway heading north to Grantham and Doncaster opened in 1853 using the GNR station. This line was built alongside the Midland Railway as far as Helpston, resulting in adjacent but separate level crossings at various places, including the Crescent level crossings in Peterborough city centre.

Interchange between Peterborough East and the GNR station was inconvenient, so on 1 February 1858 the Midland Railway opened Peterborough Crescent station, a short distance from the GNR station and close to the level crossing of the same name. Some GER trains were working through to the GNR Station by 1863. and the Crescent station closed on 1 August 1866 when Midland Railway trains began using the GNR station instead. The Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway branch to Wisbech and Sutton Bridge opened in 1866. To access this line trains headed north and diverged left at Westwood junction continued north adjacent to the Midland Railway line but gaining height curved east and bridged over the Midland line, the GNR line and Lincoln Road and headed off towards Eye Green along the route of the current A47 Soke Parkway. Services to Rugby and to Leicester started in 1879 when the London and North Western Railway built a line from Yarwell junction near Wansford and Seaton linking the Northampton and Peterborough Railway and the Rugby and Stamford Railway.

The Fletton curve via Woodston to Orton Waterville by the GNR. In 1913 the two troublesome Crescent level crossings were abolished when Crescent Bridge was opened. Rail services from the station were at their peak in 1910, before economies were made during World War I, most of which were never reversed; the express services calling at Peterborough were those between London and Leeds or York, but there were through coaches to Grimsby via Spalding and Boston, to Cromer via the M&GNR line, to Sheffield Victoria and Manchester London Road via Retford and the Great Central line, to Hull, Blackburn and Bradford via Doncaster. Bradford trains used a direct route either using the GNR line via Morley Top, or the LYR line via Thornhill. Most trains between London and Newcastle, further north, passed through Peterborough without stopping, so it was necessary to change at Doncaster or York. In 1910, the GNR were still running trains to Leicester via Wansford and Seaton, in direct competition with the Midland Railway which ran via Stamford.

The GNR route and times were competitive but in 1910 they offered only three trains compared to six by the Midland Railway, they did not serve any significant population centres en route. Services to Northampton and Rugby ran from the East station. GNR service to Leicester ended in 1916 during World War I. In March 1959 the line to Wisbech and to Sutton Bridge closed along with most of the rest of the M&GNR and local services on the GNR main line ended with a number of minor stations including Yaxley and Farcet and Tallington being closed; the Northampton and Peterborough Railway closed in May 1964, followed 2 years by the closure of Peterborough East station and the passenger services to Rugby in June 1966. The local services on the Syston

String Quartet No. 3 (Bartók)

"String Quartet No. 3" by Béla Bartók was written in September 1927 in Budapest. It is one of six string quartets by Bartók; the work is in one continuous stretch with no breaks, but is divided in the score into four parts: Despite Bartók calling the third section a "recapitulation" it is not a straight repetition of the music from the prima parte, being somewhat varied and simplified. Although not marked as such, the coda is in fact a telescoped recapitulation of the seconda parte; the mood of the first part is quite bleak, contrasting with the second part, livelier and provides evidence of the inspiration Bartók drew from Hungarian folk music, with dance-like melodies to the fore. The work is more harmonically adventurous and contrapuntally complex than Bartók's previous two string quartets and explores a number of extended instrumental techniques, including sul ponticello, col legno, glissandi, it has been suggested that Bartók was inspired to write the piece after hearing a performance of Alban Berg's Lyric Suite in 1927.

The piece is considered to be the most constructed of Bartók's six string quartets, the whole deriving from a small amount of thematic material integrated into a single continuous structure. It is Bartók's shortest quartet, with a typical performance lasting around fifteen minutes; the work is dedicated to the Musical Society Fund of Philadelphia and was entered into an international competition for chamber music run by the organization. It won the US$6,000 first prize jointly with a work by Alfredo Casella; the piece was premiered on 19 February 1929 by the Waldbauer-Kerpely Quartet. The piece was first published in 1929 by Universal Edition. Carner, Mosco. Robertson, Alec. Chamber Music. Penguin Books. Pp. 235–239. String Quartet No.3, Sz.85: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project Béla Bartók - String Quartet No. 3 on YouTube