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Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance

The Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance is an award presented at the Grammy Awards to recording artists for works containing quality performances in the heavy metal music genre. The Grammy Awards is an annual ceremony, where honors in several categories are presented by The Recording Academy of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position"; the ceremony was established in 1958 and called the Gramophone Awards. The Recording Academy recognized heavy metal music artists for the first time at the 31st Annual Grammy Awards; the category was presented as Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance Vocal or Instrumental, combining two of the most popular music genres of the 1980s. Jethro Tull won that award for the album Crest of a Knave, beating Metallica, which were expected to win with the album... And Justice for All; this choice led to widespread criticism of The Recording Academy, as journalists suggested that the music of Jethro Tull did not belong in the hard rock or heavy metal genres.

In response, The Recording Academy created the categories Best Hard Rock Performance and Best Metal Performance, separating the genres. The Best Metal Performance category was first presented at the 32nd Annual Grammy Awards in 1990, was again the subject of controversy when rock musician Chris Cornell was perplexed by the organization's nomination of the band Dokken in this category. Metallica won in the first three years; the awards were presented for the song "One", a cover version of Queen's "Stone Cold Crazy", the album Metallica. During 2012–2013, the award was temporarily discontinued in a major overhaul of Grammy categories. However, in 2014, the Best Hard Rock/Metal Performance category was split, returning the Best Metal Performance category and recognizing quality hard rock performances in the Best Rock Performance category. Metallica holds the record for the most wins in this category, with a total of six. Tool has received the award three times; the bands Black Sabbath, Nine Inch Nails, Slayer have each received the award twice.

The band Ministry holds the record for the most nominations without a win, with six, while the band Megadeth holds the record for most nominations before their first win, winning on their 10th nomination. ^ Each year is linked to the article about the Grammy Awards held that year. List of Grammy Award categories Timeline of heavy metal and hard rock music Official site of the Grammy Awards

Garrett Fitzgerald (rugby union)

Garrett Fitzgerald was an Irish rugby union player and coach, CEO of Munster Rugby between 1999 and 2019. Born in Knockraha, County Cork, Fitzgerald attended Christian Brothers College and won a Munster Schools Rugby Senior Cup during the 1970s. During an 18-year playing career in rugby union, Fitzgerald played in the front-row for University College Cork R. F. C. and Cork Constitution. In a 19-year coaching career, Fitzgerald coached Christian Brothers College to five Munster Schools Senior Cups, as well as working with Irish Universities, Munster under-20s and UCC, his most famous achievement as a coach came in 1992, when he coached Munster to a 22–19 victory against then-world champions Australia in Musgrave Park. Fitzgerald became Munster's CEO in 1999 and was a driving force behind the province becoming a European powerhouse, he was at the helm for some of the greatest days in the province's history, including their coveted first Heineken Cup success in 2006, followed by a second triumph in 2008, as well as three league triumphs in 2002–03, 2008–09 and 2010–11.

He oversaw the redevelopment of both Thomond Park and Musgrave Park, the consolidation of Munster's training bases in Cork and Limerick into one base at the University of Limerick. In June 2019, upon reaching retirement age, Fitzgerald duly retired from his role at Munster, he was, at the longest serving provincial chief executive in Irish rugby. Post-retirement, Fitzgerald was honoured with the Richard Harris Patron's Award at Munster's annual London dinner in September 2019; the award recognises an individual who encapsulates Munster's values, Fitzgerald was recognised by the Federation of Irish Sport for his contributions. In December 2019, the University of Limerick awarded Fitzgerald an honorary doctorate. Following a battle with illness, Fitzgerald died on 14 February 2020 at Marymount University Hospital and Hospice, surrounded by his family and friends, he is survived by his wife, Áine, their children Megan and Michael. Many ex-colleagues of Fitzgerald's, including former Munster coaches and players, were quick to pay tribute to him

3DO Blaster

The 3DO Blaster is an add-on produced by Creative Labs and designed to allow compatible Windows-based PCs to play games for the 3DO Interactive Multiplayer. It is a full-sized ISA compatibility card, unlike other such add-ons, it does not emulate a 3DO system, but rather the whole system's logic board is included, with the input and output redirected to the PC; the product was marketed as a single board for CD-ROM drive owners or bundled with the necessary CD-ROM drive. The software drivers allowed for DOS or Windows based gameplay, although Windows based gaming featured real-time stretching of the game window and screenshot capturing; as graphics boards of the time were not up to par with the system's needs, a pass-through using a VGA feature connector link was used, thus reserving an area on screen to be used by the 3DO Blaster card's output. Thus, there was no impact on the CPU; as with the first 3DO system from Panasonic an FMV daughter-card enabling Video CD playback was planned, but since the 3DO Blaster failed to achieve momentum, it was never released.

Saved games were stored in NVRAM on the card not using resources on the PC to prevent hacking. The card was sold with the cables needed, a 3DO controller by Logitech, two 3DO games on CD: "Shock Wave" from Electronic Arts and "Gridders" from Tetragon. Despite showing the'long boxes' of the two games on the back of the packing box, they were included in jewel cases only. A third CD, containing demos of popular 3DO games was included. Not included was software from Aldus. Intel or compatible PC with 80386 CPU and Microsoft Windows Any of these Sound Blaster cards: Sound Blaster Pro, Sound Blaster 16 or Sound Blaster AWE32 A CD-ROM drive with a Panasonic interface A free ISA slot A VGA graphics card with VGA feature connector 3DO Creative Labs CREATIVE LABS. 3DO BLASTER CARD, The Strange Videogame Pics Page, 1998-2001 of Fabrizio Pedrazzini Ausretrogamer Retrospective: The Creative 3DO Blaster

Rajendra Mullick

Rajendra Mullick was an Indian art lover and philanthropist. He built the Marble Palace of Kolkata; the Mullick family of Chorbagan was founded by Ramakrishna Mullick, who made his fortune in business. Rajendra was adopted by a descendant of Ramakrishna Mullick, when he was a child. At the age of three, Nilmani died. In his childhood, Rajendra received lessons in English and Persian. In 1835, at the age of 16, Rajendra began the construction of the Marble Palace, it was completed in 1840. In 1866, he opened a relief centre in Kolkata to serve the famine-stricken people of Orissa who had taken shelter in the city, he was decorated with Raja Bahadur in 1878 for this benevolence. When the Zoological Gardens was set up in 1876, he donated many birds and animals from his personal collection, they were kept in a house named the Mullick House inside the zoo

Mike Mukula

George Michael Mukula known as Mike Mukula, is a Ugandan politician, professional pilot, businessman. He represented Soroti Municipality from 2001 to 2016 in the parliament of Uganda, he is a member of the ruling National Resistance Movement and served as state minister of health from 2001 to 2006. Mukula was born in Soroti, Teso sub-region in the Eastern Region of Uganda on 27 August 1956, he attended local schools before he was admitted to the Kenya School of Flying at Wilson Airport in Nairobi, Kenya. He completed his pilot's training in the United States. In 2005, he was awarded a Master of Business Administration by Nkumba University. In 2009, he was awarded an honorary doctorate degree by the Latin University of Theology, based in Torrance, California, USA. In the late 1980s, Mukula worked as a personal pilot for President Yoweri Museveni. Mukula owned a fleet of Cessna aircraft, he piloted the president in one of those planes. He entered politics in 2001, when he contested for the Soroti Municipality parliamentary seat.

He has continuously occupied that seat since defending it in 2006 and in 2011. In 2001, he was appointed state minister for health, serving in that position until 2006. In the cabinet reshuffle of 23 May 2006, Museveni removed him from his cabinet. In May 2015, Mukula announced that he would leave elective politics effective March 2016. In June 2006, the government of Uganda established a Commission of Inquiry, headed by Justice James Munange Ogoola, to inquire into the misuse of funds provided by The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; the commission found that Minister of Health Jim Muhwezi and his two ministers of state and Alex Kamugisha, were responsible for misusing those funds. The commission recommended prosecution and possible imprisonment if found guilty. On 21 May 2007, a combined force of Uganda police, UPDF military police, regular UPDF military personnel arrested Mukula from his residence at Bugoloobi and, after a brief appearance at the central police station, delivered him to Luzira Maximum Security Prison.

He made bail. In January 2013, he was found guilty of embezzling UGX:210 million from the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization and sentenced to four years in prison. In March 2013, the appellate court dismissed the charges, he is married and the father of five children. He belongs to the National Resistance Movement political party

Kaiama Declaration

The Kaiama Declaration was issued by the Ijaw Youth Council of Nigeria on 11 December 1998 to attribute the political crisis in Nigeria to the struggle for the control of oil mineral resources, while asserting that the degradation of the environment of Ijawland by transnational oil companies and the Nigerian State arise because Ijaw people have been robbed of their natural rights to ownership and control of their land and resources. The council was formed in the town of Kaiama after 5,000 Ijaw people representing over 40 Ijaw clans, chose to articulate their aspirations for the Ijaw people, to demand an end to 40 years of environmental damage and underdevelopment in the region. Kaiama is a small town in Western Ijaw, about half an hour’s drive from Yenagoa, the capital of Bayelsa State. Kaiama is famous for being the birthplace of Major Isaac Adaka Boro, an Ijaw nationalist who in 1966 proclaimed "the Niger Delta People's Republic." On 11 December 1998, a group of 5000 Ijaw presented the Kaiama Declaration, which stated that all land and natural resources within the Ijaw territory "belong to Ijaw communities".

In line with these statements, the youths called for the military to withdraw from the region, warned oil companies that they would be regarded as an "enemy" if they relied on military protection. THE KAIAMA DECLARATION BY THE IJAW YOUTHS OF THE NIGER DELTA BEING COMMUNIQUE ISSUED AT THE END OF THE ALL IJAW YOUTHS CONFERENCE WHICH WAS HELD IN THE TOWN OF KAIAMA THIS 11TH DAY OF DECEMBER 1998. INTRODUCTION We, Ijaw youths drawn from over five hundred communities from over 40 clans that make up the Ijaw nation and representing 25 representative organisations met, today, in Kaiama to deliberate on the best way to ensure the continuous survival of the indigenous peoples of the Ijaw ethnic nationality of the Niger Delta within the Nigerian state. After exhaustive deliberations, the Conference observed: a; that it was through British colonisation that the IJAW NATION was forcibly put under the Nigerian State b. That but for the economic interests of the imperialists, the Ijaw ethnic nationality would have evolved as a distinct and separate sovereign nation, enjoying undiluted political, economic and cultural AUTONOMY.

C. That the division of the Southern Protectorate into East and West in 1939 by the British marked the beginning of the balkanisation of a hitherto territorially contiguous and culturally homogeneous Ijaw people into political and administrative units, much to our disadvantage; this trend is continuing in the balkanisation of the Ijaws into six states-Ondo, Delta, Bayelsa and Akwa Ibom States as minorities who suffer socio-political, economic and psychological deprivations. D; that the quality of life of Ijaw people is deteriorating as a result of utter neglect and marginalisation visited on Ijaws by the alliance of the Nigerian state and transnational oil companies]]. E; that the political crisis in Nigeria is about the struggle for the control of oil mineral resources which account for over 80% of GDP, 95 %of national budget and 90% of foreign exchange earnings. From which, 65%, 75% and 70% are derived from within the Ijaw nation. Despite these huge contributions, our reward from the Nigerian State remains avoidable deaths resulting from ecological devastation and military repression.

F. That the unabating damage done to our fragile natural environment and to the health of our people is due in the main to uncontrolled exploration and exploitation of crude oil and natural gas which has led to numerous oil spillages, uncontrolled gas flaring, the opening up of our forests to loggers, indiscriminate canalisation, land subsidence, coastal erosion, earth tremors etc. Oil and gas are exhaustible resources and the complete lack of concern for ecological rehabilitation, in the light of the Oloibiri experience, is a signal of impending doom for the peoples of Ijawland. G; that the degradation of the environment of Ijawland by transnational oil companies and the Nigerian State arise because Ijaw people have been robbed of their natural rights to ownership and control of their land and resources through the instrumentality of undemocratic Nigerian State legislations such as the Land Use Decree of 1978, the Petroleum Decrees of 1969 and 1991, the Lands Decree No. 52 of 1993, the National Inland Waterways Authority Decree No. 13 of 1997 etc. h.

That the principle of Derivation in Revenue Allocation has been consciously and systematically obliterated by successive regimes of the Nigerian state. We note the drastic reduction of the Derivation Principle from 100%, 50%, 45%, 20% 2%, 1.5% to 3%, a rumored 13% in Abacha's 1995 undemocratic and unimplemented Constitution. I; that the violence in Ijawland and other parts of the Niger Delta area, sometimes manifesting in intra and inter ethnic conflicts are sponsored by the State and transnational oil companies to keep the communities of the Niger Delta area divided and distracted from the causes of their problems. J; that the recent revelations of the looting of national treasury by the Abacha junta is only a reflection of an existing and continuing trend of stealing by public office holders in the Nigerian state. We remember the over 12 billion dollars Gulf war windfall, looted by Babangida and his cohorts We note that over 70% of the billions of dollars being looted by military rulers and their civilian collaborators is derived from our ecologically devastated Ijawland.

Based on the foregoing, we, the youths of Ijawland, hereby make the following resolution