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Grammy Award for Song of the Year

The Grammy Award for Song of the Year is an honor presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony, established in 1958 and called the Gramophone Awards. The Song of the Year award is one of the four most prestigious categories at the awards presented annually since the 1st Grammy Awards in 1959. According to the 54th Grammy Awards description guide, the award is presented: to honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position. Song of the Year is related to but is conceptually different from Record of the Year or Album of the Year: Song of the Year is awarded for a single or for one track from an album; this award goes to the songwriter who wrote the lyrics and/or melodies to the song. "Song" in this context means the song as composed, not its recording. Record of the Year is awarded for a single or individual track, but the recipient of this award is the performing artist, the producer, recording engineer and/or mixer for that song.

In this sense, "record" means a particular recorded song, not an album of songs. Album of the Year is awarded for a whole album, the award is presented to the artist, producer, recording engineer, mastering engineer for that album. In this context, "album" means a recorded collection of songs, not the individual songs or their compositions; the Song of the Year awards have been awarded since 1959. It is one of the four most prestigious Grammy Awards. Despite both the Record of the Year award and Song of the Year being awarded for a single or for one track from an album, this award goes only to the composer of the song whereas the Record of the Year award goes to the performer and production team of the song. According to the 54th Grammy Awards description guide, the award is given to the songwriter of a song that "must contain melody and lyrics and must be either a new song or a song first achieving prominence during the eligibility year. Songs containing prominent samples or interpolations are not eligible".

Since the late 1960s other songwriter's awards have been presented for genre-specific categories including Grammy Award for Best Country Song, Grammy Award for Best R&B Song, Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media, Grammy Award for Best Rock Song, most Grammy Award for Best Rap Song, Grammy Award for Best Gospel Song, Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Christian Music Song, Grammy Award for Best American Roots Song, Grammy Award for Best Gospel Performance/Song, Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Christian Music Performance/Song. Thirty-one of the winning songs have won the award for Record of the Year; the category was expanded to include eight nominees in 2019. In many cases, the songwriters were the performers. Multiple winners in this category include Henry Mancini, Johnny Mercer, James Horner, Will Jennings, U2, Adele, winning two times each. However, songs written for Andy Williams, Barbra Streisand, Bette Midler, Roberta Flack have received this award twice. Christopher Cross and Billie Eilish are the only artists to receive the Grammys for Song of the Year as well as for Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Best New Artist in one ceremony.

Adele is the first artist to receive the award for Song of the Year, Record of the Year, Best New Artist, Album of the Year and first woman to accomplish this feat. Only six artists have won the Song of the Year and Best New Artist awards the same year: Christopher Cross, Alicia Keys, Amy Winehouse, Sam Smith and Billie Eilish. With four nominations, Marilyn Bergman and Taylor Swift are the most nominated female songwriters in the history of the award; the first woman to win the award was Carole King in 1972, for "You've Got a Friend". Adele was the first female artist to win the award twice, winning for "Rolling in the Deep" and "Hello"; the song "Volare", winner in 1959 by Domenico Modugno and performed in Italian, is the only foreign-language song to win this award, although the 1967 winner "Michelle" by The Beatles has a critical part of its lyrics in French. The song "Theme of Exodus", winner in 1961 by Ernest Gold is the only instrumental song to receive this award. Since creation of this category, no songwriter has won Song of the Year twice in a row.

Members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences nominate their choices for song of the year. A list of the top twenty records is given to the Nominations Review Committee, a specially selected group of anonymous members, who select the top eight records to gain a nomination in the category in a special ballot; the rest of the members vote a winner from the five nominees. In 2018, it was announced the number of nominated tracks will be increased to eight An asterisk indicates this recording won


KKHA is a radio station licensed to Markham, Texas. The station broadcasts a classic hits format and is owned by Mark Porter, through licensee GlobeCom Media LLC. Michael Augustus requested and was issued a construction permit to build a Class A facility on 92.5 MHz @ 3.6 kilowatts, with 130 meters elevation, on December 15, 1997. The facility was licensed with a tower site located 1 mile north of Elmaton, Texas. Given the call sign KGFJ under the construction permit, the KGFJ license was transferred to LBR Enterprises, Inc. on July 12, 1999, with the call being changed to KZRC on October 21, 1999. The facility was constructed and received a License to Cover on December 11, 2000. KZRC featured a rock format under the branding of "92.5 The Cat". KZRC changed call sign to KKHA on August 29, 2008, becoming "Happy Radio 92.5" and re-formatted to the current Classic Hits. On June 24, 2014, KKHA was granted an upgrade to Class C3, with a power increase to 18 kilowatts from a height of 100 meters elevation.

The transmission site was moved to a parcel of land off of Farm to Market Road 1095 2 miles south of Elmaton, the current specifications and tower site for the facility. An application was filed with the FCC dated July 9, 2015, which requested the transfer of KKHA's license from Edwards Broadcasting to Tomlinson-Leis Broadcasting resulting from the sale of the facility for $257,860; the sale to Tomlinson-Leis Broadcasting was consummated on December 29, 2015. On July 3, 2018, Tomlinson-Leis filed to sell the facility to GlobeCom Media LLC, owner of 96.1 KIOX. The sale was consummated on October 30, 2018, at a purchase price of $150,000. KKHA's website Query the FCC's FM station database for KKHA Radio-Locator information on KKHA Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KKHA

Nederlandsche Cocaïnefabriek

The Nederlandsche Cocaïnefabriek or NCF was an Amsterdam-based company producing cocaine for medical purposes in the 20th Century. It imported its raw materials from the Dutch East Indies and sold its products across Europe, making good profits in the early years of World War I; the NCF produced morphine and ephedrine as well. In 1875, the first coca plants were transferred from Brazil to the colonial botanical garden "'s Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg" in Java. Shortly after, commercial production started in Java and Sumatra. Coca leaves were exported to Germany, through the Koloniale Bank in Amsterdam; this trader of agricultural produce moved between 34 and 81 tons of leaves annually from 1892 to 1900. Because of growing demand and a steady supply the Koloniale Bank decided to start production of cocaine in Amsterdam and it founded the Nederlandsche Cocaïnefabriek 12 March 1900. Production started in a building designed by Herman Hendrik Baanders; the building was expanded in 1902. Cocaine was sold as a medication for a variety of chest and lung ailments, but it was used as a recreational drug as well.

The NCF soon became one of the major cocaine producers in Europe. At first, the NCF profited from World War I by taking over markets established by German market leader Merck, hit by an export ban. A Dutch ban on selling medical supplies to warring parties was enforced, but the NCF got an exemption; the NCF had been selling some of its cocaine to Burroughs Wellcome & Co, which used it in its Forced March, a product, advertised with: "Allays hunger and prolongs the power of endurance". Cocaine and opium were available to soldiers in for instance London's nightlife district of West End, until they were prohibited and brought under the Defence of the Realm Act in 1916. In 1917 unrestricted submarine warfare brought overseas imports to a standstill, affecting the NCF just as well as others. Conferences in Shanghai and The Hague laid foundations for control of narcotics. In the Dutch Opium Law of 1919 cocaine became a controlled substance. For the NCF this meant it had to get a permit to sell - which it did.

In the early 1920s the NCF produced 20% of the world's cocaine. At the Geneva Convention of 1925 a system of certificates was decided upon, to regulate exports of medical and scientific cocaine only. In the Netherlands, further legal restrictions were imposed in 1928 to limit the selling of cocaine to medical uses; this affected the NCF, but as not all surrounding countries ratified the decisions of the Convention, some free sales of cocaine continued. By 1930 however, cocaine had become a marginal product and the NCF was switching to other products. In the early 1930s the NCF started to manufacture opiates like morphine and codeine to fill the gap left by the disappearing market for cocaine; the market situation for these products was not positive however, margins were small. At the outbreak of World War II the NCF saw increased profits on its opiates, because of market shortages. Under German occupation the NCF produced ephedrine, but a lack of raw materials soon affected the company. After the war production picked up again, with poppy straw imported from Turkey and Yugoslavia to produce morphine and other opiates.

In 1962 the company's shares were acquired by KZO. Soon after KZO was able to buy NCF's major Dutch competitor VPF as well. KZO merged the production of both, shutting down the Amsterdam facility. In 1975 the Nederlandsche Cocaïnefabriek was renamed in a company held by AkzoNobel; the article in Dutch Wikipedia Bosman, H. H; the history of the Nederlandsche Cocaïne Fabriek and its successors as manufacturers of narcotic drugs, analysed from an international perspective, Foot & Playsted Pty. Ltd. Launceston, ISBN 978-0-9872751-2-7 en ISBN 978-0-9872751-3-4. Flickr, pictures from a memorial book

Kima Greggs

Shakima "Kima" Greggs is a fictional character on the HBO drama The Wire, played by actress Sonja Sohn. Greggs is a capable police detective in the Baltimore Police Department. Lesbian, she displays a hardened, cynical demeanor, has had problems with infidelity and relationships, she plays a key role in all of her BPD details' main cases. Shakima "Kima" Greggs is a narcotics detective working alongside Herc and Carver, under the command of Cedric Daniels in Major Foerster's narcotics division, she outshines her colleagues on several occasions, earning high esteem from them due to her abilities. She cultivates a relationship with Bubbles, a drug addict, who becomes a useful contact due to his extraordinary memory for faces. Kima lives with a broadcast journalist. Kima is studying pre-law, after being pressured to do so by Cheryl. Kima gets assigned the task of compiling a file on the Barksdale Organization, in the controversy generated by D'Angelo Barksdale's acquittal, she is assigned to the Barksdale detail and made lead detective by Daniels.

Kima manages to obtain invaluable information from Bubbles, who identifies Barksdale Organization members on the street and works out the methods of their operation. Over the course of the investigation, Kima befriends fellow detail investigator Jimmy McNulty and introduces him to Bubbles; when Bubbles confirms to McNulty that Kima is lesbian, McNulty compliments her, claiming the only other competent female detective he has worked with was lesbian. Kima and McNulty spend hours together conducting surveillance and put in more time trying to track down the legendary stick-up man Omar Little, they manage to get Omar's attention after he gets into a war with the Barksdale Organization, during which Omar's lover and stick-up partner is murdered, get Omar to testify against Barksdale soldier Bird for the murder of William Gant. Kima manages to secure a second useful confidential informant while working with her colleague Lester Freamon. Kima and Lester persuade D'Angelo's new girlfriend Shardene Innes to turn against D'Angelo by providing her with evidence that the Barksdale crew are responsible for the death of a friend of hers, while the friend and Shardene were working as hostesses at Orlando's, a strip club and front for the Barksdale Organization.

Kima is shot and critically wounded in an undercover buy bust operation ordered by Deputy Commissioner Ervin Burrell. The sting relies on Wendell "Orlando" Blocker, a front man for the Barksdale Organization and license holder for Orlando's. After Orlando has been arrested by narcotics police and turned over to the Barksdale detail, the detail diligently checks to see if any of the names Orlando has given them are under investigation. In the failed sting, Orlando gets killed, Kima is shot before she can grab the gun she had hidden in the vehicle they were using. By the time her backup arrives on the scene, the shooters have fled; the Barksdale detail's wiretaps identify the shooters as Savino, Wee-Bey, Little Man. Both Savino and Wee-Bey are arrested, while Little Man is killed by Wee-Bey on Avon's orders before the police can grab him; the writers of The Wire planned for Greggs to be killed rather than wounded in the first season. Carolyn Strauss, the president of HBO Entertainment at the time, prevailed upon David Simon to keep the character around.

Upon recovering, Kima takes a desk job in the narcotics unit, at the request of Cheryl, who fears Kima could get injured again and who hopes to start a family. Additionally, she is a second year law student. Greggs gets teased by Herc and misses the action of street work, she joins the investigation of Frank Sobotka under Daniels, at Daniels' request. Her return to street duty causes major friction with Cheryl. Cheryl makes a decision to become pregnant through artificial insemination this season and requests Kima's support in raising the child. Kima, agrees reluctantly. Greggs works with Roland Pryzbylewski to investigate the vice aspects of the smuggling ring linked to Sobotka, they locate a brothel that operates out of a high class apartment building and uses women illegally brought into the country and held like prisoners. Shardene proves useful in providing links to the exotic dancing world that point the investigation towards the whorehouse. Cheryl insists on accompanying Kima to the strip clubs.

When Kima shows Cheryl photos of the girls killed in a failed attempt to smuggle them into the country, Cheryl becomes more understanding. McNulty rejoins the team, Kima works with him to infiltrate the apartment building by setting him up as a potential customer, their hard work results in the arrest of the madam, other members of the detail solve the deaths of the other girls. Kima moves on to trying to investigate the leaders of the smuggling ring, but the trail runs dry just as the detail is closing on "The Greek" and his lieutenant Spiros Vondas. Bubbles gets arrested by Santangelo near the end of Sobotka case and calls on his connection to Kima to get out of trouble, he turns Kima and McNulty onto investigating the link between East side drug kingpin Proposition Joe and their old target Stringer Bell. Kima and McNulty soon get photos of the two meeting together. Kima continues to work for the now established Major Crimes Unit, reporting to Daniels; the unit tries to build a case against Proposition Joe but makes little progress through their wiretaps, because the key members of Joe's organization do not talk on the phone.

The case breaks down when the detail arrests Joe's nephew Cheese on suspicion of murder, due to mis

Moritz Stoppelkamp

Moritz Stoppelkamp is a German footballer who plays as a midfielder for MSV Duisburg. Stoppelkamp played for Rot-Weiss Essen from July 2005 to August 2006, he made 15 appearances during the 2005–06 season. He was loaned to Rot-Weiß Erfurt for the 2006–07 season. During the 2006–07 season, he made 21 appearances for the first team and scored a goal in four appearances for the reserve team. Stoppelkamp returned to Rot-Weiss Essen for the 2007–08 season. During the 2007–08 season, Stoppelkamp scored two goals in 11 appearances. Stoppelkamp made his debut on the professional league level in the 2. Bundesliga for Rot-Weiß Oberhausen on 17 August 2008, he finished the 2008–09 season with 16 appearances. During the 2009–10 season, he scored nine goals in 33 appearances, he joined Hannover 96 for the following two season. During the 2010–11 season, Stoppelkamp made 24 appearances. During the 2011–12 season, he made 28 appearances, he joined 1860 Munich for the 2012 -- 2013 -- 14 seasons. During the 2012–13 season, he scored nine goals in 36 appearances.

During the 2013–14 season, he scored seven goals in 36 appearances. Joining SC Paderborn he was a regular starter for the team on the right side of the midfield. On 20 September 2014, Stoppelkamp scored a goal from 83 metres in a 2–0 victory against former club Hannover, a record in Bundesliga history, he finished the 2014–15 season with four goals in 28 appearances. During the 2015–16 season, he scored six goals in 31 appearances. During the 2016–17 season, Stoppelkamp played for Karlsruher SC, where he scored four goals in 24 appearances. On 3 July 2017, he returned to his youth club MSV Duisburg signing a two-year contract including the option for a third, he finished his first season with nine goals in 33 appearances. He extended his contract on 11 June 2019. Stoppelkamp represented the Germany U20 national team four times; as of 1 March 2020 Moritz Stoppelkamp at Soccerway Moritz Stoppelkamp at Moritz Stoppelkamp at

Lazybrook/Timbergrove, Houston

Lazybrook and Timbergrove Manor are two adjoining, deed-restricted neighborhoods located 7 miles northwest of Downtown Houston, Texas. Located inside the 610 Loop and just west of the Houston Heights and Timbergrove Manor are situated along the wooded banks of White Oak Bayou in the near northwest quadrant of the city. Settled by German farmers in the late 1800s, the area was the site of a major oil discovery in the 1930s known as "Eureka." Reminders of that distant past remain in a nearby railroad yard, still called the Eureka Yard, one of the original churches, built by early settlers in 1891, St. John's German Lutheran Church, that still exists, although it now resides in Downtown's Sam Houston Park. In the pre-freeway period after World War II, this area remained wooded and undeveloped while suburban growth was exploding in every other direction of Houston. However, by the 1950s, residential development emerged in the area beginning with Timbergrove Manor, followed by Lazybrook. Timbergrove Manor was named for the many pine trees sheltering the area, while Lazybrook was named for White Oak Bayou, which forms the neighborhood's eastern boundary.

In 2011 the Lazybrook/Timbergrove Super Neighborhood was formed. Today, the community consists of mid-century, one-story ranch style brick homes. Lazybrook/Timbergrove is enjoying a renaissance as demand increases for close-in housing in Houston. Residents have seen a transition as original-owner, retired neighbors have moved out and young professionals have moved in. Besides the anchor communities of Lazybrook and Timbergrove Manor, upscale townhome developments such as Heritage Creek, Timbergrove Heights, Timbergrove Terrace, Timbergrove Point, Timbergrove Gardens are within the larger neighborhood; the northwestern corner Lazybrook/Timbergrove extending outside of Loop 610 on both sides of US 290, includes Brookwood, a large lot subdivision, the Brookhollow business park, Northwest Mall and Houston Independent School District's headquarters and Delmar Stadium complex. Lazybrook/Timbergrove is located in the city limits of Houston and Houston City Council District C. In October 2011, the Houston City Council recognized the Lazybrook/Timbergrove Super Neighborhood Council.

Timbergrove Manor is divided into two distinct subdivisions, each governed by a separate homeowners association - the Timbergrove Manor Civic Club and the Timbergrove Manor Neighborhood Association. Together with the Lazybrook Civic Club, these active associations were instrumental in the city of Houston's designation of the Lazybrook/Timbergrove Super Neighborhood. Deed restrictions are enforced throughout, the groups handle landscaping of esplanades and a Citizens on Patrol security plan. Lazybrook/Timbergrove is served by Houston Independent School District; the neighborhood elementary school is Sinclair Elementary, although portion of Timbergrove Manor are zoned to Love Elementary in the Houston Heights. Sinclair Elementary was named after founder of the Heights Hospital. Middle schools that serve Lazybrook/Timbergrove are Frank Black Middle School and Hamilton Middle School. Most area students are zoned to Waltrip High School in the Oak Forest neighborhood, with a small portion of Timbergrove Manor students zoned to Reagan High School in the Houston Heights.

The City of Houston operates parks around the Lazybrook/Timbergrove. Parks in the area include: West 11th Street Park Timbergrove Manor Park Jaycee Park T. C. Jester ParkwayThe West White Oak Bayou Trail begins in Timbergrove Manor and runs along the banks of the bayou, parallel to T. C. Jester Boulevard, from 11th Street, through Lazybrook and Oak Forest; the White Oak Bayou Trail provides bicyclists and pedestrians a 7.4-mile long concrete and asphalt trail. Passing through several parks, the trail includes protective railings in some areas. Lazybrook Civic Club Timbergrove Manor Civic Club Timbergrove Manor Neighborhood Association Super Neighborhood 14 - Lazybrook / Timbergrove Super Neighborhood 14 Official Webpage