Bunker Hill, Los Angeles
Bunker Hill is a historic prominence that traditionally separated Downtown Los Angeles from the rest of the city to the west before the hill was tunneled through at Second Street in 1924. In the late 20th century, the hill was lowered in elevation, the entire area was redeveloped to supplant old frame and concrete buildings with modern high-rises and other structures for residences, commerce and education. In 1867, two wealthy developers, Prudent Beaudry, a French-Canadian Immigrant, Stephen Mott purchased a majority of the hill's land. Beaudry's land purchase ranged from present time Hill St. to Olive St. and 4th St. and 2nd St. Mott's land purchase ranged between 4th St. to Temple and Figueroa and Grand. Because of the hill's excellent views of the Los Angeles Basin and the Los Angeles River, he knew that it would make for an opulent subdivision. Beaudry employed surveyor George Hansom to help divide up the land into 80 plots to sell to individual buyers. Beaudry's started to build his house on the top of a modest two-story structure.
He needed the infrastructure set up to reach the top such as the water pipes. He asked the Los Angeles Water Company. Due to the nature of the hill and their initial concerns about the plan they denied his plea; as result, he built his own pipes and formed the Canal and Reservoir Company He developed the peak of Bunker Hill with lavish two-story Victorian houses that became famous as homes for the upper-class residents of Los Angeles. The dominant architecture of the community of the houses of Bunker Hill was Queen Anne and Eastlake style; the geography of the Hill allowed these residents to escape the hustle and bustle of the city as it grew around at the flatland at the bottom of the hill. Some notable residents during these times are: Prudent Beaudry - 13th Mayor of Los Angeles, developer of Bunker Hill L. J. Rose: Arrived from Iowa, due to the death of his son to serious bronchial trouble during a harsh winter. Wine maker and entrepreneur Dr. Edmund Hildreth: Retired Clergyman from Chicago D.
F. Donigan: Self-made man. Owned his own contracting business, the contractor for the construction of the first railroad which led from Los Angeles to Pasadena, he became an indispensable adviser to Beaudry when it came to beginning the development of Bunker Hill in its early stages. Colonel Louis W. Bradbury and his wife - Made their fortune from a silver mine in Southern California. Original owner of the Bradbury Building in Downtown LA Judge Robert M. Widney - Founder of University of Southern California. Helped create the first transportation for the residents up a horse-drawn carriage. After the introduction of the horse carriage to the Bunker Hill neighborhood, the iconic Angel's Flight was proposed. Angel's Flight, now dubbed "The World's Shortest Railway", took residents homeward from the bottom of the 33% grade and down again. Colonel J. W. Eddy petitioned the Los Angeles City Council to establish an electric cable railway, approved ten days signed by the mayor at the time, Meredith P. Snyder.
The first railways, established and operational was on Third St, from Hill st. to Olive st. A residential suburb, Bunker Hill retained its exclusive character through the end of World War I. Around the 1920s and the 1930s, with the advent of the Pacific Electric Railway and the construction of the freeway, the increased urban growth fed by an extensive streetcar system, its wealthy residents began leaving for enclaves Westward in Beverly Hills and Pasadena. Bunker Hill's houses were subdivided to accommodate renters. Still, Bunker Hill was at this time "Los Angeles's most crowded and urban neighborhood". By World War II, the Pasadena Freeway, built to bring shoppers downtown, was taking more residents out. Additional postwar freeway construction left downtown comparatively empty of both people and services; the once-grand Victorian mansions of Bunker Hill became the home of impoverished pensioners. These tenements became more prominent, apartment buildings started being built on alongside these houses.
As more and more people crowded into these cheap housing units, the population of the hill increased 19%. The increase was due to these new residents that landed on the lower income spectrum, which had moved into the existing living accommodations; as the once extravagant and elaborate Victorian buildings began to fade and deteriorate, the community had an uptake of crime which led to the community being called blighted and the slums of downtown Los Angeles. This led the district to gain its notoriety in the genre of Film Noir. In 1955, Los Angeles city planners decided that Bunker Hill required a massive slum clearance project. There were a couple of major political events which led to the "removal of the blight" and redevelopment of Bunker hill; the California Community Redevelopment Law of 1945, the Federal Housing Act of 1946 and 1949, the creation of the Community Redevelopment Agency in 1948, the Bunker Hill Urban Renewal Project in 1959. The California Community Redevelopment law of 1945 allowed counties and cities to create and implement these agencies to help deal with the redevelopment of local cities.
Until 2011, these Agencies held much power and were still around, until Governor Jerry Brown signed into law two bills to dissolve them. Along with those political factors, other things which led to the conclusion of the blighted neighborhood came from some of the government offices; the LAPD called the area a "high frequency crime area", due to the fact that the area's apartments catered to known offenders. The Health department of Los Angeles called the area a health hazard for its city, it wasn't until the CRA had won an ongoing court case agai
Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health
The Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health the Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health, opened on May 21, 2010 in Las Vegas, Nevada, operated by the Cleveland Clinic and was designed by the world-renowned architect Frank Gehry. Keep Memory Alive was founded by Larry Ruvo, senior managing partner of Southern Wines and Spirits, in memory of his father, Lou Ruvo, a victim of Alzheimer's Disease, together with his wife Camille, Mirage Resorts CEO Bobby Baldwin, Bobby Baldwin's wife Donna. KMA supports the mission of the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health and has held several star-studded galas, attended by celebrities and notables from around the world, it has become one of Las Vegas' most important charity initiatives and a key participant in the nation fight against Alzheimer's disease. Since its inception, the event has raised more than $20 million towards achieving its goal – the realization of the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health. Funds committed by such supporters as the Spector Family Foundation, the Roland and Terri Sturm Foundation, Steinberg Diagnostics, the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino and America Online will be utilized for the construction and operation of this state-of-the-art facility.
The Center is planned to become a national resource for the most current research and scientific information for the treatment of Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's Diseases, Multiple Sclerosis and ALS as well as focusing on prevention, early detection and education. The ceremonial groundbreaking of the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health occurred on February 9, 2007. Dignitaries who attended the groundbreaking ceremonies for the $70 million project included founder Larry Ruvo, Frank Gehry, U. S. Senator Harry Reid and John Ensign. S. Representative Shelley Berkley, Jon Porter and Dean Heller, Gov. Jim Gibbons, Mayor Oscar Goodman, former Gov. Kenny Guinn, Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, Kevin Spacey, John Cusack; the Center operates as an outpatient treatment and research facility in downtown Las Vegas on land deeded to Keep Memory Alive, the fund raising arm of LRCBH, by the City of Las Vegas as part of its 61 acres Symphony Park. The Center is 65,000 sq ft and includes 13 examination rooms, offices for health care practitioners and researchers, a "Museum of the Mind," and a community auditorium.
The Center will serve as the headquarters for Keep Memory Alive, the Las Vegas Alzheimer's Association and the Las Vegas Parkinson's Disease Association. Ray and Maria Stata Center, Massachusetts Official Site for the Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health Official Site for the Keep Memory Alive Event Center VegasTodayAndTomorrow's Ruvo Center page James Howard Kunstler's Eyesore Of The Month, April 2010
The Dancing House, or Fred and Ginger, is the nickname given to the Nationale-Nederlanden building on the Rašínovo nábřeží in Prague, Czech Republic. It was designed by the Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunić in cooperation with Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry on a vacant riverfront plot; the building was designed in 1992 and completed in 1996. The non-traditional design was controversial at the time because the house stands out among the Baroque and Art Nouveau buildings for which Prague is famous, in the opinion of some it does not accord well with these architectural styles; the Czech president, Václav Havel, who lived for decades next to the site, had avidly supported this project, hoping that the building would become a center of cultural activity. Gehry named the house Fred and Ginger but this nickname is now used; the "Dancing House" is set on a property of great historical significance. Its site was the location of a house destroyed by the U. S. bombing of Prague in 1945. The plot and structure lay decrepit until 1960.
The neighboring plot was co-owned by the family of Václav Havel. As early as 1986 V. Milunić a respected architect in the Czechoslovak milieu, conceived an idea for a project at the place and discussed it with his neighbour, the little-known dissident Václav Havel. A few years during the Velvet Revolution Havel became a popular leader and was subsequently elected president of Czechoslovakia. Thanks to his authority the idea to develop the site grew. Havel decided to have Milunić survey the site, hoping for it to become a cultural center, although this was not the result; the Dutch insurance company Nationale-Nederlanden agreed to sponsor the building of a house on site. The "superbank" chose Milunić as the lead designer and asked him to partner with another world-renowned architect to approach the process; the French architect Jean Nouvel turned down the idea because of the small square footage, but the well-known Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry accepted the invitation. Because of the bank's excellent financial state at the time, it was able to offer unlimited funding for the project.
From their first meeting in 1992 in Geneva and Milunić began to elaborate Milunić's original idea of a building consisting of two parts and dynamic, which were to symbolize the transition of Czechoslovakia from a communist regime to a parliamentary democracy. The style is known as deconstructivist architecture due to its unusual shape; the "dancing" shape is supported by each a different shape and dimension. On the top of the building is a large twisted structure of metal nicknamed Mary'. In the middle of a square of buildings from the eighteenth and nineteenth century, the Dancing House has two main parts; the first is a glass tower, supported by curved pillars. The famous dancers Fred Astair and Ginger Rogers are represented in the structure. A tower made of rock is used to represent Fred; this tower includes a metal head. A tower made of glass is used to represent Ginger; this design was driven by aesthetic considerations: aligned windows would make evident that the building has two more floors, although it is the same height as the two adjacent nineteenth century buildings.
The windows have protruding frames, such as those of paintings, as the designer intended for them to have a three-dimensional effect. The winding mouldings on the façade serve to confuse perspective and diminish contrast with the surrounding buildings; the British Architect, Eva Jiřičná, designed most of the interior. The building consists of two floors underground; the layout of each of the floors varies due to the asymmetric shape of the building, causing the rooms inside to be asymmetric. The commercial areas of the building are in the first floor; the six floors above are used as office spaces. The ninth floor housed a restaurant. Since the building takes a slim shape, the building is split into two parts vertically, the office space is limited. To make the most of the space, architect Eva Jiřičná used design elements common in ships and incorporated small hallways into the interior of the building; the total interior of the building is 3,796 sqm. In 2016, over a course of 5 months, 2 floors of the building were renovated into a 21 room hotel by Luxury Suites s.r.o.
The hotel has apartments available in each of the tower names after Fred and Ginger. The Ginger & Fred Restaurant now operates on the seventh floor. There is now a glass bar on the eighth floor. There is now an art gallery in the building; the general shape of the building is now featured on a gold 2,000 Czech koruna coin issued by the Czech National Bank. The coin completes a series called "Ten Centuries of Architecture"; the Dancing House won Time Magazine's design contest in 1997. The Dancing House was named one of the 5 most important buildings in the 1990's by Architekt Magazine. Krzywy Domek Official website Dancing House Prague by Frank Gehry Radio Prague article with Vlado Milunic
Neuer Zollhof or Der Neue Zollhof, located at Neuer Zollhof 2-6, Unterbilk, is a prominent landmark of Düsseldorf-Hafen, part of the redeveloped port of Düsseldorf, Germany. The building complex consisting of three separate buildings, was designed by American architect Frank O. Gehry and completed in 1998. Floorplans and facades of all three buildings curve and lean, reason for them being likened to leaning towers; the tallest building is just under 50 m tall. Each building has a different facade cladding - the outer two in white plaster and red brick respectively; the buildings have a total gross floor area of 29,000 square metres. A previous architectural design competition for the site was won by British architect Zaha Hadid during the early 1990s, however never commissioned; the buildings are popular with tourists who visit the region. List of works by Frank Gehry Roland Kranz, Jürgen Wiener: Architekturführer Düsseldorf, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin, 2001 City of Düsseldorf on Neuer Zollhof Neuer Zollhof at Structurae
Frank Owen Gehry, FAIA is a Canadian-born American architect, residing in Los Angeles. A number of his buildings, including his private residence, have become world-renowned attractions, his works are cited as being among the most important works of contemporary architecture in the 2010 World Architecture Survey, which led Vanity Fair to label him as "the most important architect of our age". Gehry's best-known works include the titanium-clad Guggenheim Museum in Spain, it was his private residence in Santa Monica, that jump-started his career. Gehry is the designer of the future National Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial. Gehry was born Frank Owen Goldberg on February 28, 1929, in Toronto, Ontario, to parents Sadie Thelma and Irving Goldberg, his father was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Russian Jewish parents, his mother was a Polish Jewish immigrant born in Łódź. A creative child, he was encouraged by his grandmother, Leah Caplan, with whom he would build little cities out of scraps of wood. With these scraps from her husband's hardware store, she entertained him for hours, building imaginary houses and futuristic cities on the living room floor.
His use of corrugated steel, chain-link fencing, unpainted plywood and other utilitarian or "everyday" materials was inspired by spending Saturday mornings at his grandfather's hardware store. He would spend time drawing with his father. "So the creative genes were there", Gehry says. "But my father thought I was a dreamer, I wasn't gonna amount to anything. It was my mother, she would push me."He was given the Hebrew name "Ephraim" by his grandfather, but only used it at his bar mitzvah. In 1947, his family immigrated to the United States settling in California. Gehry got a job driving a delivery truck, studied at Los Angeles City College to graduate from the University of Southern California's School of Architecture. During that time, he became a member of Alpha Epsilon Pi. According to Gehry, "I was a truck driver in L. A. going to City College, I tried radio announcing, which I wasn't good at. I tried chemical engineering, which I wasn't good at and didn't like, I remembered. You know, somehow I just started wracking my brain about,'What do I like?'
Where was I? What made me excited? And I remembered art, that I loved going to museums and I loved looking at paintings, loved listening to music; those things came from my mother, who took me to museums. I remembered Grandma and the blocks, just on a hunch, I tried some architecture classes." Gehry graduated with a Bachelor of Architecture degree from USC in 1954. After graduating from college, he spent time away from the field of architecture in numerous other jobs, including service in the United States Army. In the fall of 1956, he moved his family to Cambridge, where he studied city planning at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, he left before completing the program and underwhelmed. Gehry's left-wing ideas about responsible architecture were under-realized, the final straw occurred when he sat in on a discussion of one professor's "secret project in progress"—a palace that he was designing for right-wing Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. Gehry returned to Los Angeles to work for Victor Gruen Associates, to whom he had been apprenticed while at the USC School of Architecture.
In 1957 he was given the chance to design his first private residence at the age of 28, with friend and old classmate Greg Walsh. Construction was done by another neighbor across the street from Charlie Sockler. Built in Idyllwild, for his wife Anita's family neighbor Melvin David, "The David Cabin", shows features that were to become synonymous with work; the over 2,000 sq ft mountain retreat has unique design features with strong Asian influences, stemming from his earliest inspirations at the time like Shosoin Treasure House in Nara, among others. Beams protrude from the exterior sides, vertical grain douglas fir detail, exposed, unfinished ceiling beams are prominent features. In 1961, he moved to Paris. In 1962, Gehry established a practice in Los Angeles which became Frank Gehry and Associates in 1967 and Gehry Partners in 2001. Gehry's earliest commissions were all in Southern California, where he designed a number of innovative commercial structures such as Santa Monica Place and residential buildings such as the eccentric Norton House in Venice, California.
Among these works, Gehry's most notable design may be the renovation of his own Santa Monica residence. Built in 1920 and purchased by Gehry in 1977, the house features a metallic exterior wrapped around the original building that leaves many of the original details visible. Gehry still resides there. Other completed buildings designed by Gehry during the 1980s include the Cabrillo Marine Aquarium in San Pedro and the California Aerospace Museum at the California Museum of Science and Industry in Los Angeles. In 1989, Gehry was awarded the
Disney Village is a shopping and entertainment complex in Disneyland Paris, located in the town of Marne-la-Vallée, France. Named Festival Disney, it opened on April 12, 1992, covering an area of 18,000 square metres inside what was known as Euro Disney Resort. Based on Walt Disney World's Disney Springs, Disney Village was designed by architect Frank Gehry with towers of oxidized silver and bronze-colored stainless steel under a canopy of lights, it is adjacent to the two theme parks of the Lake Disney hotel area. Disney specified, it was envisioned as an attraction inside of the Euro Disney Resort, as well as a free transitional space for visitors of the Euro Disneyland theme park and train passengers from the RER/TGV train station traveling to the resort hotels. The space would include numerous shops, concerts and nightclubs; the original concept was a open space full of life and music. It would be lit from all sides around a central avenue and include a starry sky as its crowning feature; the columns that would support this sky would be the remnants of an old power station, left standing after the site had been converted.
Gehry noted: The idea of a station in the U. S. made me think of power stations which are found this close to a railway line. Festival Disney is a bright place full of life; the power stations are illuminated at night, hence my idea of a network of 3,600 low-intensity bulbs that cover all of the structures. The lights will be suspended between towers and, as a measure of the design process, I blew and embellished the towers that I wanted to sparkle without being decorative. Once the sky and towers were imagined, I disposed of buildings and other parts of a normal avenue... Although the starry sky was well-received, the same could not be said for many other aspects of Festival Disney. From the beginning and cast members alike criticized the project, perceiving it as having a cold and soulless atmosphere; as a result, many changes were made to Gehry's original concept. Metal frames, placed on many of the pylons were removed and replaced with statues and food counters. In 1996, just four years after opening, Festival Disney was renamed Disney Village.
Popular restaurant chain Planet Hollywood opened in front of the Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show building, the following year an eight-screen Gaumont multiplex cinema complex opened next door to Planet Hollywood, blocking the Wild West Show's original entrance. Many changes and adjustments took place in existing buildings over the next 10 years, such as the opening of Café Mickey in 2002, the opening of King Ludwig's Castle in 2003, the opening of the Rainforest Café in 1999. On January 25, 1999, a large McDonald’s fast food restaurant opened with a theme based on Italy's Commedia dell'arte. In 2004, a 570-seat IMAX cinema opened as part of the Gaumont multiplex. On December 3, 2004, an Art Deco themed multi-story parking structure called VINCI Park opened. In 2004, the resort management team began renovations; the neon lights, oversized signs, central stage were all removed from the main area. Colorfully lit. PanoraMagique, one of the largest captive balloons in the world, opened in April 2005.
It carries up to 30 passengers 100 metres into the sky. In 2008, resort management added large planters that contained trees and flowers to the main thoroughfare. Terraces were added to restaurants and cafés, the facades of buildings were updated. In the same year, a new beverage stand/snack bar was added near the entrance to Disney Village, the tourist kiosk nearby was rebuilt in more of a neo-industrial Parisian style. In 2009, the Buffalo Trading Company closed and the premises are now occupied by a Starbucks coffee house; as part of a €2 billion expansion of the Disneyland Resort, it has been confirmed that Disney Village will receive an overhaul and potential expansion. Further details have not yet been confirmed. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show with Mickey & Friends: an original show re-enacted twice nightly in a purpose-built arena since 1992. Despite technological production elements, the show retains a high degree of authenticity, including bison, Longhorn cattle, quarter horses imported from North America.
The cast includes Native American members, as well as trained rodeo cowboys. Most of the more famous elements of the original show remain, including the Pony Express, Indian Attack, Stagecoach Robbery. A dinner show entry includes a themed menu of chili and barbecue ribs; the show is approaching world-record attendance with over 10,000 shows performed in front of 8.5 million guests. Since 2009, the show has starred his friends. Gaumont Disney Village: Cinema with IMAX, 4DX and D-Box Technologies Dôme Disney Village: Conference center for professional event and evenings, it sometimes hosts public events like the 2005 production of Grease, concerts or sports competitions. NEX Fun Bowling & Games PanoraMagique Disney Village Marina Lake Disney Road Train Annette's Diner Ben & Jerry's Kiosque De Glaces Billy Bob's Country Western Saloon Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show with Mickey and Friends Café Mickey Earl of Sandwich Five Guys King Ludwig's Castle La Grange (buffe
BP Pedestrian Bridge
The BP Pedestrian Bridge, or BP Bridge, is a girder footbridge in the Loop community area of Chicago, United States. It spans Columbus Drive to connect Maggie Daley Park with Millennium Park, both parts of the larger Grant Park. Designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Frank Gehry and structurally engineered by Skidmore and Merrill, it opened along with the rest of Millennium Park on July 16, 2004. Gehry had been courted by the city to design the bridge and the neighboring Jay Pritzker Pavilion, agreed to do so after the Pritzker family funded the Pavilion. Named for energy firm BP, which donated $5 million toward its construction, it is the first Gehry-designed bridge to have been completed. BP Bridge is described as snakelike because of its curving form. Designed to bear a heavy load without structural problems caused by its own weight, it has won awards for its use of sheet metal; the bridge is known for its aesthetics, Gehry's style is seen in its biomorphic allusions and extensive sculptural use of stainless steel plates to express abstraction.
The pedestrian bridge serves. It is a connecting link between Millennium Park and destinations to the east, such as the nearby lakefront, other parts of Grant Park and a parking garage. BP Bridge uses a concealed box girder design with a concrete base, its deck is covered by hardwood floor boards, it is designed without handrails. The total length is 935 feet, with a five percent slope on its inclined surfaces that makes it barrier free and accessible. Although the bridge is closed in winter because ice cannot be safely removed from its wooden walkway, it has received favorable reviews for its design and aesthetics. Since the mid-19th century, Grant Park has been Chicago's "front yard", with Lake Michigan to the east and the Loop to the west. Columbus Drive runs north–south through Grant Park, with Daley Bicentennial Plaza in the northeast corner of the park. West of Columbus Drive, the northwest corner of the park had been Illinois Central rail yards and parking lots until 1997, when it became available for development by the city as Millennium Park.
Millennium Park is north of Monroe Street and the Art Institute, east of Michigan Avenue, south of Randolph Street. For 2007, Millennium Park trailed only Navy Pier as a Chicago tourist attraction. In February 1999, the city announced it was negotiating with Frank Gehry to design a proscenium arch and orchestra enclosure for a band shell in the new park, as well as a pedestrian bridge crossing Columbus Drive between Millennium Park and Daley Bicentennial Plaza; the city sought donors to cover the cost of Gehry's work, which would become Jay Pritzker Pavilion and the BP Pedestrian Bridge. At the time, the Chicago Tribune dubbed Gehry "the hottest architect in the universe" in reference to the acclaim for his Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. Millennium Park project manager Edward Uhlir said "Frank is just the cutting edge of the next century of architecture", noted that no other architect was being sought. Gehry was approached several times by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill architect Adrian Smith on behalf of the city.
In April 1999, the city announced that the Pritzker family had donated $15 million to fund Gehry's band shell and an additional nine donors committed a total of $10 million more to the park. That same day, Gehry agreed to the design request. In November 1999, when he unveiled his initial plans for the bridge and band shell, Gehry admitted the bridge's design was underdeveloped because funding for it was not yet committed. At this early point, the need for a sound barrier for Columbus Drive traffic noise was recognized, although Gehry indicated this might take the form of a berm, or raised barrier; the need to fund a bridge to span the eight-lane Columbus Drive was evident, but some planning for the park was delayed in anticipation of details on the redesign of Soldier Field. In January 2000, the city announced plans to expand the park to include features that became Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain, the McDonald's Cycle Center, the BP Pedestrian Bridge; that month, Gehry unveiled his next design, which depicted a winding bridge.
While the neighboring Jay Pritzker Pavilion changed little from Gehry's 1999 design when built, the bridge went through several proposed designs. The proposal made in early 2000, expected to be executed in 2002, included a bridge, a mere 170 feet long and 20 feet wide; that design was not approved, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley's disapproval of Gehry's subsequent design of an 800–900-foot bridge caused Gehry to come up with ten more designs; the first of these plans was for a Z-shaped bridge that would have run northwest–southeast with western ramps in Millennium Park, leading south, eastern ramps in the empty north section of Daley Bicentennial Plaza, leading north. It would have required elevators to conform to the Americans with Disabilities Act; this plan was abandoned. Gehry had only designed two bridges both in the mid-1990s but neither was built; the final design for the bridge was revealed in an exhibit at the Chicago Cultural Center on June 10, 2000. As designed and built, the bridge is 935 feet long and 20 feet wide, with a 14-foot-6-inch Columbus Drive clearance.
The clearance was designed to exceed the 14-foot standard set by the United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration for urban area interstate bridge clear