The Grand Staircase–Escalante National Monument is a United States national monument that designated 1,880,461 acres of protected land in southern Utah in 1996. The monument's size was reduced by a succeeding presidential proclamation in 2017; the land is among the most remote in the country. There are three main regions: the Grand Staircase, the Kaiparowits Plateau, the Canyons of the Escalante. All regions are administered by the Bureau of Land Management as part of the National Conservation Lands system. President Bill Clinton designated the area as a national monument in 1996 using his authority under the Antiquities Act. Grand Staircase–Escalante is the largest national monument managed by the BLM. On December 4, 2017, President Donald Trump ordered that the monument's size be reduced by nearly 47% to 1,003,863 acres, with the remainder divided into three areas, two of which border one another along the Paria River. Conservation, angling and outdoor recreation groups have filed suit to block any reduction in the national monument, arguing that the president has no legal authority to materially shrink a national monument.
The monument is managed by the Bureau of Land Management rather than the National Park Service. This was the first U. S. national monument managed by the BLM. Visitor centers are located in Cannonville, Big Water and Kanab; the monument stretches from the towns of Big Water and Kanab, Utah in the southwest, to the towns of Escalante and Boulder in the northeast. Encompassing 1,880,461 acres, the monument was larger in area than the state of Delaware. After a reduction ordered by presidential proclamation in December 2017, the monument now encompasses 1,003,863 acres; the western part of the monument is dominated by the Paunsaugunt Plateau and the Paria River, is adjacent to Bryce Canyon National Park. This section shows the geologic progression of the Grand Staircase. Features include the slot canyons of Bull Valley Gorge, Willis Creek, Lick Wash which are accessed from Skutumpah Road; the center section is dominated by a single long ridge, called the Kaiparowits Plateau from the west, Fifty-Mile Mountain when viewed from the east.
Fifty-Mile Mountain stretches southeast from the town of Escalante to the Colorado River in Glen Canyon. The eastern face of the mountain is a 2,200 ft escarpment; the western side is a shallow slope descending to the west. East of Fifty-Mile Mountain are the Canyons of the Escalante; the monument is bounded by Glen Canyon National Recreation Area on the south. The popular hiking and canyoneering areas include Calf Creek Falls off Utah Scenic Byway 12, Zebra Canyon, Harris Wash, the Devils Garden; the latter areas are accessed via the Hole-in-the-Rock Road which extends southeast from Escalante, near the base of Fifty-Mile Mountain. The Dry Fork Slots of Coyote Gulch and lower Coyote Gulch are located off the Hole-in-the-Rock Road. Since 2000, numerous dinosaur fossils over 75 million years old have been found at Grand Staircase–Escalante. In 2002, a volunteer at the monument discovered a 75-million-year-old dinosaur near the Arizona border. On October 3, 2007, the dinosaur's name, Gryposaurus monumentensis was announced in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.
G. monumentensis was at least 30 feet long and 10 feet tall, has a powerful jaw with more than 800 teeth. Many of the specimens from the Kaiparowits Formation are reposited at the Natural History Museum of Utah in Salt Lake City. Two ceratopsid dinosaurs discovered at the monument, were introduced by the Utah Geological Survey in 2007, they were uncovered in the Wahweap formation, just below the Kaiparowits formation where the duckbill was extracted. They lived about 80 81 million years ago; the two fossils are called the Nipple Butte skull. They were found in 2001, respectively. Both were identified as belonging to Diabloceratops. In 2013 the discovery of a new species, Lythronax argestes, was announced, it is a tyrannosaur, 13 million years older than Tyrannosaurus, named for its great resemblance to its descendant. The specimen can be seen at the Natural History Museum of Utah. Humans did not settle permanently in the area until the Basketmaker III Era, somewhere around AD 500. Both the Fremont and ancestral Puebloan people lived here.
Both groups grew corn and squash, built brush-roofed pithouses and took advantage of natural rock shelters. Ruins and rock art can be found throughout the monument; the first record of white settlers in the region dates from 1866, when Captain James Andrus led a group of cavalry to the headwaters of the Escalante River. In 1871 Jacob Hamblin of Kanab, on his way to resupply the second John Wesley Powell expedition, mistook the Escalante River for the Dirty Devil River and became the first Anglo to travel the length of the canyon. In 1879 the San Juan Expedition crossed through the monument on their way to a proposed Mormon colony in the far southeastern corner of Utah. Traveling on a unexplored route, the group arrived at the 1200-foot sandstone cliffs that surrounded Glen Canyon, they found the only breach for many miles in the otherwise vertical cliffs, which they named Hole-in-the-Rock. The narrow and rocky crevice
Oh Moscow is a 1991 live album by English experimental musician and composer Lindsay Cooper. It is a recording of a song cycle of the same name performed at the 7th Victoriaville Festival in Quebec, Canada on 8 October 1989; the work was composed in 1987 by Cooper with lyrics written by English film director and screenwriter Sally Potter. The song cycle reflects on the Cold War. Oh Moscow was composed in 1987 by Lindsay Cooper, an English experimental musician from Henry Cow and the Feminist Improvising Group; the song texts were written by English film director and singer Sally Potter. Cooper had worked with Potter in the Feminist Improvising Group, composed music for some of Potter's films, including The Gold Diggers. After Potter had been to the Soviet Union several times on filming projects and Potter began discussing ideas for a composition about the effects of the Cold War; when organizers of the annual Zurich Jazz Festival in Switzerland contacted Cooper in 1987 and enquired whether she had something new to perform, she decided to write Oh Moscow for the festival.
Cooper scored the work for a multi-national group comprising English, German and Danish musicians, she cites her collaborations with jazz pianist and composer Mike Westbrook as an influence in her approach to writing Oh Moscow. Andrew Jones wrote in his book Plunderphonics,'Pataphysics & Pop Mechanics: An Introduction to Musique Actuelle, that Oh Moscow "virtually defects and demands stylistic asylum", he said that the music includes "cool'50s jazz", a "vaudeville showstopper", with touches of Soft Machine and gypsy music. Oh Moscow's first performance was at the Zurich Jazz Festival on 31 October 1987, followed by successful performances in Europe, North America and Russia between 1988 and 1993, making it Cooper's best known work; this album is an unedited recording of the group's performance at the 7th Victoriaville Festival in Quebec, Canada on 8 October 1989. At the Victoriaville concert Cooper introduced Oh Moscow to the audience with these words: "The songs tonight are about the cold war, a silent war that cuts deep."
Little over a month the Berlin Wall was pulled down and the Cold War came to an end. The multi-national group Lindsay Cooper assembled to perform Oh Moscow consisted of Cooper, Sally Potter, Elvira Plenar, Alfred Harth, Phil Minton, Hugh Hopper and Marilyn Mazur. Charles Hayward took over on drums, followed by Peter Fairclough and Chris Cutler, although Mazur drummed again on the North American tour in October 1989. 1987 31 October: Zurich, Switzerland – Oh Moscow's debut performance 1988 11 March: Basel, Switzerland 12 March: Bern, Switzerland 13 March: Frankfurt, Germany 10 June: Mainz, Germany 11 June: Cologne, Germany 12 June: Frankfurt, Germany 20 October: Leverkusen, Germany 1989 10 February: Amsterdam, Netherlands 12 February: Williamsburg, Germany 13 February: Hildesheim, Germany 15–16 February: East Berlin, Germany 18 February: West Berlin, Germany 15 July: Nickelsdorf, Germany 9 September: Karlsruhe, Germany 4 October: Toronto, Canada 5 October: Boston, MA, United States 6 October: Hartford, CT, United States 8 October: Victoriaville, QC, Canada – recorded and released on the Oh Moscow album 1990 17 July: Imola, Italy 3 November: Tampere, Finland 1991 25 September: Moscow, Russia 28 September: Volgograd, Russia 1993 22 May: London, England Source: Hugh Hopper Chronology.
In 1999 an orchestral arrangement of Oh Moscow by Veryan Weston was performed at the Bologna Opera House in Italy. In November 2014 half of the songs from the song cycle was performed live by Harth and Potter with Cutler and others in A Celebration of Lindsay Cooper concerts, two in England and one in Italy. AllMusic reviewer Michael G. Nastos wrote that Oh Moscow is "a defiant musical challenge to Europe, the United States, other politically charged climes", he said that the lyrics are "provocative" and the balance of composition and improvisation makes the work "captivating". Nastos described the album as "the ultimate in urban landscape sound sculpture", said that "istorically and musically it deserves to be judged with the highest reverence". All tracks composed by Lindsay Cooper. Source: AllMusic, Discogs. Lindsay Cooper – composer, alto saxophone Sally Potter – lyricist, vocals Elvira Plenar – piano, synthesizer Alfred Harth – tenor saxophone, clarinet Phil Minton – trumpet, vocals Hugh Hopper – electric bass guitar Marilyn Mazur – drumsSource: AllMusic, Discogs.
List of songs about the Cold War LeFanu, Nicola. Reclaiming the Muse. Harwood Academic Publishers. P. 71. ISBN 978-3-7186-5528-1. Retrieved 13 March 2012. Jones, Andrew. "Lindsay Cooper". Plunderphonics,'Pataphysics & Pop Mechanics: An Introduction to Musique Actuelle. SAF Publishing Ltd. pp. 104–111. ISBN 978-0-946719-15-0. Retrieved 13 March 2012
Noseley is a village and civil parish in the Harborough district of Leicestershire, England. The civil parish population at the 2011 census was 204; the name derives from the Old English NOTHWULF and LEAH. It was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, at which time it had a population of 28; the village was depopulated in the 16th century, due to enclosure and the conversion of the land to pastoral farming. By 1811, the population had dropped to just 2. In 2004 the parish had an estimated population of 40. Noseley Hall was rebuilt in the early 18th century by Sir Robert Hazlerigg; the hall is a Grade II* listed building. Family members included the Parliamentarian, Sir Arthur Hesilrige, one of the five Members of Parliament whom Charles I unsuccessfully sought to arrest, one of the incidents which led up to the English Civil War; the original church in Noseley by around 1549 had been demolished. The chapel at Noseley Hall is now used as a church