Grand Theft Auto is an action-adventure video game series created by David Jones and Mike Dailly. It is developed by British development house Rockstar North, published by its parent company, Rockstar Games; the name of the series references the term "grand theft auto", used in the U. S. for motor vehicle theft. Most games in the series are set in fictional locales modelled on cities either Liberty City, Vice City or San Andreas, which are stand-ins for New York City and the state of California, respectively; the first game encompassed three fictional cities, while subsequent titles tend to emphasise a single setting. Gameplay focuses on an open world where the player can choose missions to progress an overall story, as well as engaging in side activities, all consisting of action-adventure, third-person shooting, occasional role-playing and racing elements; the series focuses on many different protagonists who attempt to rise through the ranks of the criminal underworld, although their motives for doing so vary in each game.
The series has elements of the earlier beat'em up games from the 16-bit era. The antagonists are characters who have betrayed the protagonist or his organisation, or characters who have the most impact impeding the protagonist's progress. Film and music veterans have voiced characters, including Ray Liotta, Dennis Hopper, Samuel L. Jackson, James Woods, Debbie Harry, Axl Rose and Peter Fonda. DMA Design began the series with the release of the original Grand Theft Auto; as of 2019, the series has eleven four expansion packs. The third chronological title, Grand Theft Auto III, is considered a landmark title, as it brought the series to a 3D setting and more immersive experience. Subsequent titles have followed and built upon the concept established in Grand Theft Auto III, received significant acclaim, they have influenced other open-world action games, led to the label Grand Theft Auto clone on similar games. The series has been critically acclaimed and commercially successful, having shipped more than 280 million units, making it the fourth-highest selling video game franchise of all time, behind Nintendo's Mario and Pokémon franchises, Tetris.
In 2006, Grand Theft Auto was featured in a list of British design icons in the Great British Design Quest organised by the BBC and the Design Museum. In 2013, The Telegraph ranked Grand Theft Auto among Britain's most successful exports; the series has been controversial for its adult nature and violent themes. The Grand Theft Auto series is split into separate fictional universes, named after the primary level of graphics capability used in each era; the original Grand Theft Auto, its expansions and its sequel are considered the "2D universe". Grand Theft Auto III and its sequels are considered the "3D universe". Grand Theft Auto IV, its expansions and Grand Theft Auto V are considered the "HD universe"; each universe is considered separate with only brands, place names and background characters shared between them. Grand Theft Auto, the first game in the series, was released for Microsoft Windows and MS-DOS in October 1997, ported to the PlayStation in 1998 and the Game Boy Color in 1999. Grand Theft Auto 2 was released in 1999 for Microsoft Windows receiving ports on the PlayStation and Game Boy Color.
The PlayStation 2 featured three instalments of the main series, all of which have been re-released on several platforms. The 2001 title Grand Theft Auto III moved away from the two-dimension graphics used in the first two games to three-dimension computer graphics Grand Theft Auto: Vice City was published in 2002, was the first to feature a speaking protagonist, voiced by Ray Liotta. Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, released in 2004, introduced various new elements, including character customisation and a large map encompassing three cities and surrounding rural area. Two main instalments were published for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360; the 2008 title Grand Theft Auto IV focused on realism and detail, removing various customisation features, while adding an online multiplayer mode. Grand Theft Auto V, published in 2013, featured three playable protagonists, it was released to massive financial success. It was re-released with various enhancements, in 2014 for the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One, in 2015 for Microsoft Windows.
Grand Theft Auto has spawned numerous additional games and expansion packs. In 1999, the original game received two expansion packs: Grand Theft Auto: London 1969 and Grand Theft Auto: London 1961. Grand Theft Auto Advance, released in 2004 for the Game Boy Advance, featured a top-down perspective. Three games were released for the PlayStation Portable; the 2005 game Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories is a prequel to Grand Theft Auto III, while the 2006 game Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories is a prequel to Vice City. In 2009, Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars was released for the Nintendo DS, ported to the PlayStation Portable. In 2009, The Lost and Damned and The Ballad of Gay Tony were released for the Xbox 360 as expansion packs to Grand Theft Auto IV, they were released on Xbox 360, PlayStation 3 and Microsoft Windows as part of a compilation, titled Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City. Numerous titles in the series have received ports
Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake Original Soundtrack is the official soundtrack to Konami's 1990 MSX2 video game Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake. The original music was composed by the Konami Kukeiha Club and the CD was released on April 5, 1991; the soundtrack was re-released on September 23, 1998 as part of the 2-CD bundle titled Konami MSX Super Best Antiques, which included the Gofer no Yabou Episode 2 and Space Manbow albums. Arranged music based on Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake were used for the VR Training disc in Metal Gear Solid: Integral. Additionally, Integral features two hidden tunes based on Metal Gear 2 available via a secret codec frequency in the main game. One is an arranged version of the "Theme of Solid Snake", while the other is an arrangement of "Zanzibar Breeze." "Theme of Solid Snake" made an appearance in Nintendo's crossover fighting game Super Smash Bros. Brawl on the Shadow Moses Island stage. Metal Gear Solid Original Game Soundtrack is the official soundtrack to Konami's 1998 stealth game Metal Gear Solid.
Most of the original music was composed and performed by the Konami Computer Entertainment Sound Team Japan, with the exception of the "Metal Gear Solid Main Theme", composed by TAPPY, "The Best Is Yet to Come", composed by Rika Muranaka and performed by Aoife Ní Fhearraigh. The CD was released on September 1998 -- three weeks after the Japanese release of the game. A total of three versions of the soundtrack were released, with the "Metal Gear Solid Control Mix" track missing from the earliest version. Limited print editions of the Japanese copy and the standard European copy have cardboard sleeves accompanied with the discs jewel case; the final edition of the Japanese print does not come with the cardboard sleeve. Music played in-game has a synthetic feel with increased pace and introduction of strings during tense moments, with a looping style endemic to video games. Overtly cinematic music, with stronger orchestral and choral elements, appears in cutscenes; the soundtrack was released on September 1998, under the King Records label.
"The Best Is Yet to Come" was written in Japanese by Rika Muranaka and translated into Irish by Bláthnaid Ní Chufaigh. The song was recorded at Beech Park Studio, engineered by Philip Begley and produced by Muranaka. Metal Gear / Solid Snake: Music Compilation of Hideo Kojima / Red Disc is a soundtrack album featuring remixed music based on the MSX2 video games Metal Gear and Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, it is the companion album to Black Disc, which featured remixed music based on Snatcher and Policenauts. Like Black Disc, it contains a mix of new and published content, although only three tracks in Red Disc were recycled from a previous album; the composers for Red Disc include Hikaru Nanase, Kanichiroo Kubo, Konami Kukeiha Club, Motoaki Furukawa and Yoshiyuki Itoo. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty Original Soundtrack is the official soundtrack to Konami's 2001 stealth game Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. Most of the original music was composed and arranged by Harry Gregson-Williams, with the exceptions of "Metal Gear Solid Main Theme", composed by Tappi Iwase and arranged by Harry Gregson-Williams, "Can't Say Goodbye to Yesterday", written by Rika Muranaka and performed by the Felix Farrar Orchestra and Carla White, "Fortune" and "Who Am I Really?", composed by Norihiko Hibino.
"Opening Infiltration", "RAY Escapes", "The World Needs Only One Big Boss!" and "Arsenal Is Going to Take Off!" were co-composed by Gregson-Williams and Hibino. The CD was released on November 2001 -- the same day as the Japanese release of the game. A second soundtrack to Sons of Liberty, Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty Soundtrack 2: The Other Side, was released in 2002. Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty Soundtrack 2: Other Side is the second official soundtrack to Konami's 2001 stealth game Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty. All of the original music was composed by Norihiko Hibino; the CD was released on January 2002 -- two months after the Japanese release of the game. Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance Original Soundtrack Ultimate Sorter Edition is a soundtrack included with special edition sorter for Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance. All tracks are composed by Harry Norihiko Hibino. Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance Limited Soundtrack Ultimate Sorter Edition is a soundtrack that came packaged with a special edition sorter of Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance.
Music is composed by: Norihiko Hibino & TAPPY. Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater Original Soundtrack is the official soundtrack album of Konami's PlayStation 2 video game Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater and was released by Japanese music label, Phantom, on December 17, 2004 under the catalog number KOLA-089/090; the soundtrack consists of two discs and features music from various artists and composers such as Harry Gregson-Williams, Norihiko Hibino, Cynthia Harrell, TAPPY, Starsailor. The soundtrack included a "Special Camouflage Key Disc" which allowed players who owned a copy of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater for the PlayStation 2 to obtain additional camouflage uniforms for Naked Snake by selecting "Special Camouflage Key" under the menu titled "Special" once it's prompted to appear in the game. Special camouflage key disc. Executive Soundtrack Director – Hideo Kojima Music Supervisor – Kazuki Muraoka Mastered by Chiaki Ikematsu Art Director and Designer – Ichiro Kutome Illustration – Yoji Shinkawa Producer – Yuichi Hashimoto Co-Producer – K
Olney Charter High School Aspira Charter School at Olney, Olney High School, is a public high school located in the Olney neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Directly controlled by the School District of Philadelphia, it is now a charter high school; the original historic building was designed by Irwin T. Catharine and built in 1929–1930, it is a five-story brick building on a granite base with a five-story tower in the Late Gothic Revival-style. It features limestone details, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. Leon Eisenberg, MD, child psychiatrist, social psychiatrist Raymond G. Perelman, philanthropist Dennis Dalbey Jr, Historian Olney Charter High School website Aspira Charter School at Olney at the Wayback Machine Olney High School at the Wayback Machine - 1999-2003 - The current URL is for Olney Elementary School
Alfred Arthur Hinchcliffe Denville was an English actor, theatre impresario and Conservative Party politician. Denville, an actor by trade, ran one of the UK's leading repertory companies. In 1924 Denville founded Denville Hall, a retirement home for actors in Northwood, London, still in operation; as a politician Denville was elected as the Member of Parliament for Newcastle upon Tyne Central seat from Sir Charles Trevelyan in the 1931 general election and held the seat until he was defeated in 1945. For a time he was associated with the far right of the Conservative Party, during the 1930s was a leading member of the Friends of National Spain, which stressed support for Francisco Franco and anti-communism, he had declared himself to be an admirer of Benito Mussolini although, in keeping with a number of contemporary Tories who admired the southern European fascists, he was critical of Adolf Hitler. Alfred Denville on IMDb
The Towamba River is an open mature wave dominated barrier estuary or perennial river, located in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The Towamba River rises near Coolangubra Mountain, below Mount Marshall on the eastern slopes of the South Coast Range, part of the Great Dividing Range 9 kilometres north of Coolangubra Mountain; the river flows southeast and northeast, joined by twelve tributaries including the Mataganah Creek and Wog Wog River, before reaching its mouth, emptying into Nullica Bay, within Twofold Bay, spilling into the Tasman Sea of the South Pacific Ocean, east of Boydtown. The river descends 533 metres over its 86 kilometres course; the catchment area of the river is 1,026 square kilometres with a volume of 2,050 megalitres over a surface area of 2.0 square kilometres, at an average depth of 1.1 metres. At the locality of Kiah, the Princes Highway crosses the Towamba River; the river flows through extensive parts of the South East Forest National Park in its upper reaches.
In its lower reaches, the river forms the northern boundary of Mount Imlay National Park. Towamba River bridge, New Buildings List of rivers of Australia List of rivers in New South Wales Rivers of New South Wales "Towamba & Genoa catchment". Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales
Marcos Chaib Mion a.ka. "Marcos Mion" is a Brazilian TV host, voice actor and businessman. Mion studied Philosophy at Universidade de São Paulo, graduated in Communication and Body Arts at Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, he started his career on TV on the Rede Globo's show Sandy e Júnior. In 2000, he went to work on MTV Brasil, hosting the shows Supernova and Piores Clipes do Mundo. With the success of the latter, Mion was hired by Rede Bandeirantes in 2002, where he hosted the show Descontrole, known for a lot of live improvisation, he returned to MTV Brasil, hosting the shows Covernation, The Nadas, Mucho Macho, Descarga MTV, Quinta Categoria. In 2006, he portrayed. In 2010, his work with the network continued as he started to host his own show Legendários, which as of December 2016 is still ongoing, he is a blogger of R7. Through the years, he has had acting roles in plays, appearances in film, has served as director for music videos. In 1994, his older brother, died after an accident at the São Paulo Museum of Art, in which he fell in the ground-level plaza under the building's sizeable free span.
This event lead Mion to a deep drug addiction. Mion married to Suzana Gullo in 2005, they have three children: Romeo and Stefano. Mion is an advocate for Romeo. In 2016, Mion wrote a Christmas book about his son. In 2019, Mion published an English social media message, with a translation in the caption: "Autism is not a disease, do not try to'cure us', try to understand us."Mion is a Roman Catholic