Grand Theft Auto IV is a 2008 action-adventure game developed by Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games. It is the eleventh title in the Grand Theft Auto series, the first main entry since 2004's Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Set within the fictional Liberty City, the single-player story follows a war veteran, Niko Bellic, his attempts to escape his past while under pressure from loan sharks and mob bosses; the open world design lets players roam Liberty City, consisting of three main islands. The game is played from a third-person perspective and its world is navigated on-foot or by vehicle. Throughout the single-player mode, players play as Niko Bellic. An online multiplayer mode is included with the game, allowing up to 32 players to engage in both co-operative and competitive gameplay in a recreation of the single-player setting. Two expansion packs were released for the game, The Lost and Damned and The Ballad of Gay Tony, which both feature new plots that are interconnected with the main Grand Theft Auto IV storyline, follow new protagonists.
Development began soon after the release of Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas and was shared between many of Rockstar's studios worldwide. The game introduced a shift to a more realistic and detailed tone for the series. Unlike previous entries, Grand Theft Auto IV lacked a strong cinematic influence, as the team attempted an original approach to the story; as part of their research for the open world, the developers conducted field research around New York throughout development and captured footage for the design team. Following its announcement in May 2006, Grand Theft Auto IV was anticipated, it was released for the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 consoles in April 2008, for Microsoft Windows in December 2008. Upon release, the game received universal critical acclaim, with praise directed at the narrative and open world design. Grand Theft Auto IV broke industry sales records and became the fastest-selling entertainment product in history at the time, earning US$310 million in its first day and $500 million in its first week.
Considered one of the most significant titles of the seventh generation of video games, by many critics as one of the greatest video games of all time, it won year-end accolades, including Game of the Year awards from several gaming publications. It has sold over 25 million copies worldwide as of 2019. However, the game generated controversy, with criticism directed at the game's depiction of violence and players' ability to drive under the influence of alcohol, its successor, Grand Theft Auto V, was released in September 2013. Grand Theft Auto IV is an action-adventure game played from a third-person perspective. Players complete missions—linear scenarios with set objectives—to progress through the story, it is possible to have several active missions running at one time, as some missions require players to wait for further instructions or events. Outside of missions, players can roam the game's open world, have the ability to complete optional side missions. Composed of the fictional city of Liberty City, the world of Grand Theft Auto IV is larger in area than most earlier entries in the series.
At the beginning of the game, players can only explore the first island–composed of Dukes and Broker–with all other islands unlocking as the story progresses. Players use melee attacks and explosives to fight enemies, may run, swim or use vehicles to navigate the game's world. There is a first-person perspective option. In combat, auto-aim and a cover system can be used as assistance against enemies. Should players take damage, their health meter can be regenerated using multiple techniques, such as eating, using medical kits, or calling for paramedics. If players commit crimes while playing, the game's law enforcement agencies may respond as indicated by a "wanted" meter in the head-up display. On the meter, the displayed stars indicate the current wanted level. Law enforcement officers will search for players; the wanted meter enters a cool-down mode and recedes when players are hidden from the officers' line of sight. The game's cover system allows players to move between cover, to fire blindly and target a specific enemy.
Individual body parts can be targeted. Melee attacks include additional moves, such as dodging, disarming an opponent and counter-attacking. Body armour is used up in the process; when health is depleted, gameplay stops, players respawn at the nearest hospital. The game's single-player mode lets players control Niko Bellic. During the story, Niko meets various new characters; these characters can perform favours for Niko whenever he asks. Cabs are always available during gameplay, allowing players to travel to a destination. Throughout the course of the game, players are faced with morality choices, which alter the storyline appropriately depending on the player's choice. While free roaming the game world, players may engage in context-specific activities such as bowling or darts. Other available activities include a vigilante mini-game, in-game television programming. Niko has a smartphone for starting activities; the smartphone is used to access the game's online multiplayer mode, to enter
Olusola "Sola" Adejoke David-Borha, is the chief executive of Africa Regions at the Standard Bank Group since January 2017. She served as the chief executive Officer of Stanbic IBTC Holdings until January 19, 2017 and served as its deputy chief executive officer and executive director of Corporate & Investment Banking, she was the chief executive of Stanbic IBTC Bank Plc from May 2011 to November 2012 and served as its and head of investment banking coverage for Africa and deputy chief executive officer. She serves as the vice chairman of the board of the Nigerian Economic Summit Group, a position she has held since 2015, she joined the board of IBTC in July 1994. She has been a non-executive director of Coca-Cola HBC AG since June 26, 2015, she served as a director at Stanbic IBTC Holdings PLC from 1994 to March 25, 2017. She is a member of the governing council of the Redeemer's University, she holds a BSc in Economics from the University of Ibadan, a degree she obtained in 1981 and obtained an MBA from Manchester Business School in 1991.
She has attended the Advanced Management Program of the Harvard Business School and Global CEO Program. She is a Honorary Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Bankers of Nigeria. Sola was born in Ghana to a diplomat father, which meant the family travelled a lot; the family returned to Nigeria. Sola undertook her primary and secondary education in Nigeria before completing her studies at the University of Ibadan in Ibadan, Nigeria with a Bachelor's degree in Economics in 1981, she proceeded to pursue an MBA from the Manchester Business School in 1991. Her executive education includes the Advanced Management Program at Harvard Business School and the Global CEO Program jointly offered by Wharton, IESE and CEIBS. Sola David-Borha began her career at NAL Merchant Bank affiliated with American Express from 1984 to 1989, before joining a boutique investment banking firm, IBTC, merged with two commercial banks to become IBTC Chartered in 2005. In 2007, Standard Bank Group acquired IBTC and became known as Stanbic IBTC Holdings, where Sola served as deputy chief executive of the bank and head of international banking coverage in Africa, becoming chief executive of Stanbic IBTC Bank in 2011 and chief executive of Stanbic IBTC Holdings in 2012.
In January 2017, she took up the position as the chief executive of the Standard Bank Group. She serves as a non-executive director on the board of CR Services Credit Bureau PLC and the University of Ibadan Business School, she joined the board of IBTC in July 1994. She has been a non-executive director of Coca-Cola HBC AG since June 26, 2015, she serves as a director of Redeemer's International Secondary School. She is a member of the governing council of the Redeemer's University, she was named Business Woman of the Year for the West Africa region in 2016 at the All Africa Business Leaders Awards. She was named Business Woman of the Year for Africa. Sola David-Borha is a devout Christian and a Pastor at the Redeemed Christian Church of God - City of David in Lagos, Nigeria, she is married to Mr David-Borha and a mother of three children
Ei Iida and Maya Kidowaki were the defending champions but only Iida competed that year with Kyoko Nagatsuka. Iida and Nagatsuka lost in the quarterfinals to Nana Miyagi. Mami Donoshiro and Ai Sugiyama won in the final 6 -- 4, 6 -- 1 against Miyagi. Champion seeds are indicated in bold text while text in italics indicates the round in which those seeds were eliminated. Jenny Byrne / Rachel McQuillan Yayuk Basuki / Nana Miyagi Linda Harvey-Wild / Kristine Radford Sabine Appelmans / Florencia Labat 1994 Japan Open Tennis Championships Women's Doubles Draw