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Grandma Moses

Anna Mary Robertson Moses, known by her nickname Grandma Moses, was an American folk artist. She began painting in earnest at the age of 78 and is cited as an example of an individual who began a career in the arts at an advanced age, her works have been shown and sold in the United States and abroad and have been marketed on greeting cards and other merchandise. Moses' paintings are displayed in the collections of many museums. Sugaring Off was sold for US$1.2 million in 2006. Moses appeared on magazine covers, in a documentary of her life, she wrote an autobiography, won numerous awards, was awarded two honorary doctoral degrees. The New York Times said of her: "The simple realism, nostalgic atmosphere and luminous color with which Grandma Moses portrayed simple farm life and rural countryside won her a wide following, she was able to capture the excitement of winter's first snow, Thanksgiving preparations and the new, young green of oncoming spring... In person, Grandma Moses charmed. A tiny, lively woman with mischievous gray eyes and a quick wit, she could be sharp-tongued with a sycophant and stern with an errant grandchild."She was a live-in housekeeper for a total of 15 years, starting at 12 years of age.

One of her employers noticed her appreciation for their prints made by Currier and Ives, they supplied her with art materials to create drawings. Moses and her husband began their married life in Virginia. In 1905, they settled in Eagle Bridge, New York; the couple had ten children. She expressed an interest in art throughout her life, including embroidery of pictures with yarn, until arthritis made this pursuit too painful. Anna Mary Robertson was born in Greenwich, New York on September 7, 1860, she was raised with five brothers. Her father was a farmer; as a child, Moses attended a one-room school for a short period of time. That school is now the Bennington Museum in Vermont, which has the largest collection of her works in the United States, she was inspired to paint by taking art lessons at school. Moses first painted as a child, using lemon and grape juice to make colors for her "landscapes". Other natural materials that she used to create works of art included ground ochre, flour paste, slack lime and sawdust.

At 12 years of age, she left home and began to work for a wealthy neighboring family, performing chores on their farm. She continued to keep house and sew for wealthy families for 15 years. One of the families that she worked for—the Whitesides—noticed her interest in their Currier and Ives prints and purchased chalk and wax crayons so that she could create her own artwork; when she was 27, she worked on the same farm with Thomas Salmon Moses, a "hired man." They were married and established themselves near Staunton, Virginia where they spent nearly two decades and working in turn on five local farms. The Mount Airy Farm House in which the Moses family lived still stands To supplement the family income, Anna made potato chips and churned butter from the milk of a cow that she purchased with her savings; the couple bought a farm. Five of the ten children born to them survived infancy. Although she loved living in the Shenandoah Valley, in 1905 Anna and Robert moved to a farm in Eagle Bridge, New York at her husband's urging.

When Thomas Moses was about 67 years of age in 1927, he died of a heart attack, after which Anna's son Forrest helped her operate the farm. Anna Moses never married again, she retired and moved to a daughter's home in 1936. Anna Mary was known as either "Mother Moses" or "Grandma Moses," and although she first exhibited as "Mrs. Moses," the press dubbed her "Grandma Moses," and the nickname stuck; as a young wife and mother, Moses was creative in her home. Beginning in 1932, Moses made embroidered pictures of yarn for friends and family, she created beautiful quilted objects, a form of "hobby art" as defined by Lucy R. Lippard. By the age of 76, Moses had developed arthritis, her sister Celestia suggested that painting would be easier for her, this idea spurred Moses's painting career in her late 70s. When her right hand began to hurt, she switched to her left hand. What appeared to be an interest in painting at a late age was a manifestation of a childhood dream. With no time in her difficult farm-life to pursue painting, she was obliged to set aside her passion to paint.

At age 92 she wrote, "I was quite small, my father would get me and my brothers white paper by the sheet. He liked to see us draw pictures, it was a penny a sheet and lasted longer than candy." It was her father's encouragement that fed her passion to paint and this dream was able to manifest in her life. Moses painted scenes of rural life from earlier days, which she called "old-timey" New England landscapes. Moses said that she would "start painting. From her works of art, she omitted features such as tractors and telephone poles, her early style is less individual and more realistic or primitive, despite her lack of knowledge of, or rejection of, basic perspective. She created simple compositions or copied existing images; as her career advanced she created panoramic compositions of rural life. She was a prolific painter who generated over 1,500 canvasses in three deca

Shajapur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Shajapur Lok Sabha constituency is one of the former Lok Sabha constituencies in Madhya Pradesh state in central India. This constituency was reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes from 1976-2008; this constituency covered the entire Shajapur part of Dewas district. From 1976-2008, Shajapur Lok Sabha constituency comprised the following eight Vidhan Sabha segments: Agar, Shujalpur, Dewas and Hatpipalya Vidhan Sabha segments are part of Dewas constituency, Susner is part of Rajgarh constituency and Gulana was abolished in 2008. Madhya Bharat state: 1951: Two-MPs seat. Liladhar Joshi / Bhagu Nandu Malvia, both Indian National CongressMadhya Pradesh state: 1957: Kanhaiyalal Malavia/ Liladhar Joshi, Indian National Congress 1962: Did not exist 1967: Baburao Patel, Bharatiya Jana Sangh 1971: Jagannathrao Joshi, Bharatiya Jana Sangh: 1977: Phool Chand Verma, Janata Party 1980: Phool Chand Verma, Janata Party 1984: Bapulal Malviya, Indian National Congress 1989: Phool Chand Verma, Bharatiya Janata Party 1991: Phool Chand Verma, Bharatiya Janata Party 1996: Thawarchand Gehlot, Bharatiya Janata Party 1998: Thawarchand Gehlot, Bharatiya Janata Party 1999: Thawarchand Gehlot, Bharatiya Janata Party 2004: Thawarchand Gehlot, Bharatiya Janata Party The constituency ceased to exist when Lok Sabha seats map for Madhya Pradesh was redrawn in 2008.

Election Commission of India -http://www.eci.gov.in/StatisticalReports/ElectionStatistics.asp Dewas Shajapur district List of Constituencies of the Lok Sabha

La Roche-en-Ardenne Castle

La Roche-en-Ardenne Castle is a ruined medieval castle in the city La Roche-en-Ardenne, province of Luxembourg, Belgium. Located on a rocky ridge overlooking a loop of the Ourthe river, its origins go back to a Celtic oppidum; the castle was built on the ruins of a Celtic oppidum, on a site where human presence dates back to Neolithic times. The Romans established a fortified camp there. In the early eighth century, Pepin Landen built a villa on the site. 844, Count of La Roche, established the first castle. After the death of Henri de la Roche in 1152, the countship passed to Henri the Blind Count of Namur, upon his death in 1196, to his daughter Ermesinde of Luxembourg. In the 14th century, the inhabitants of La Roche were authorized by Jean the Blind, count of Luxembourg, to protect their city by a wall and towers that strengthened the defensive system of the castle; the strategic importance of the castle did not escape Louis XIV. From 1681 to 1688, he had a student of Vauban reinforce the structures.

However, these improvements did not benefit him much since the castle was taken by the winners of the War of Succession of Spain and they neglected it little by little. The misfortunes of the castle continued in 1721, when it was badly damaged by a fire caused by lightning. Joseph II of Austria dismantled it, it was the prey of vandals in the nineteenth century, it was damaged in the bombing of December 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge. For history and architecture enthusiasts, the ruins of the castle of La Roche-en-Ardenne still constitute today a beautiful example of military architecture throughout the ages. List of castles in Belgium Official website La Roche-en-Ardenne Castle La Roche-en-Ardenne Castle at www.castles.nl

Fall from Grace (Infernal album)

Fall from Grace is the fifth studio album by the Danish dance duo Infernal. It was released in Denmark on 27 September 2010, it was preceded by the lead single "Love Is All..." on 10 May 2010. "Love Is All..." peaked at number six on the Danish Singles Chart. The second single, "Alone, Together", was released on 13 September 2010; the album debuted at number nine on the Danish Albums Chart on 8 October 2010, selling 1,850 copies in its two first weeks on the chart. It has since been certified gold by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for shipments of 10,000 copies in Denmark. All songs produced by Paw Lagermann and Lina Rafn, with additional production on "Club Erotic" by Simon Borch and Anders Heiberg. Fall from Grace on Infernal's official website

William Stewart, 1st Earl of Blessington

William Stewart, 1st Earl of Blessington was an Anglo-Irish peer and member of the House of Lords, styled The Honourable William Stewart until 1728 and known as The Viscount Mountjoy from 1728 to 1745. Stewart was the son of 2nd Viscount Mountjoy and Anne Boyle, he married Eleanor Fitzgerald, daughter of Robert Fitzgerald, on 10 January 1733. They had William Stewart and Lionel Robert, both of whom died before their father, he succeeded his father as Viscount Mountjoy on 10 January 1727. He was Grand Master of the Freemasons between 1738 and 1740, he was created Earl of Blessington on 7 December 1745, his mother having been sister and sole heiress of Charles, 2nd and last Viscount Blesington. He in 1748, was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland. On his death in London on 14 August 1769 he was buried at Silchester in Hampshire, his peerages became extinct, but his baronetcy was inherited by a distant cousin, Sir Annesley Stewart

Yichud

In Jewish religious law, the laws of yichud prohibit seclusion in a private area of a man and a woman who are not married to each other. Such seclusion is prohibited in order to prevent the two from being tempted or having the opportunity to commit adulterous or promiscuous acts. A person, present in order to prevent yichud is called a shomer; the laws of yichud are followed in Orthodox Judaism. Adherents of Conservative and Reform Judaism do not abide by the laws of yichud; the term "yichud" refers to a ritual during an Ashkenazi Jewish wedding in which the newly married couple spends a period secluded in a room by themselves. In earlier historical periods, as early as the talmudic era, the marriage would be consummated at this time, but that practice is no longer current. Deuteronomy 13:7 says: If your own brother, or your son or daughter, or the wife you love, or your closest friend secretly entices you, saying,'Let us go and worship other gods, gods that neither you nor your ancestors have known...'

The Talmud gives an explanation to the passage, supposed to be a hint of yichud: Said R. Johanan on the authority of R. Ishmael, Where do we find an allusion to yihud in the Torah? - For it is written: If thy brother, the son of thy mother, entices thee: does only a mother's son entice, not a father's son? But it is to tell you: a son may be alone with his mother, but not with any other woman interdicted in the Torah; the Talmud claims that after the rape of Tamar, daughter of David, when she was left alone with her half-brother Amnon and his high court extended this prohibition to unmarried girls as well. In the times of Shammai and Hillel the Elder, the prohibition was extended to include a non-Jewish woman; these rules are discussed in the Talmud. Most rishonim define the prohibition of yichud as a Torah law. Although Maimonides writes that the prohibition of yichud is derived from divrei kabbalah, many interpret his words as meaning that it is a Torah law, though some regard it as a rabbinic prohibition.

Rashi maintained that insofar as the prohibition of yichud is mandated by the Torah, it is an essential prohibition, whereas rabbinical extensions of the prohibition are enacted as a fence meant to distance a person from forbidden relationships. Hence, leniencies would apply only to the rabbinic additions to the laws of yichud. Halachic consensus, following Maimonides, is, that leniencies apply to Torah-mandated yichud laws; the laws of yichud provide for strong restrictions on unrelated members of the opposite sex being secluded together, milder ones for close family members. Different opinions exist regarding application of these laws both in terms of situation and in terms of the individuals involved. Prohibition of yichud applies to men over 13 years and girls over three, a woman over twelve may not be alone with a boy over nine. Seclusion of short duration is forbidden, if it could last longer. There are a number of circumstances; these apply to yichud with an observant Jew. Meeting a non-Jew or a secular Jew may require more scrupulousness.

If the husband is in town, or, more if it is possible that he can appear a woman may be secluded with another man in her home. The fear of his sudden appearance is considered a deterrent to engaging in illicit behavior. If the husband works fixed hours, or if they meet where they are not to be found, the husband's presence in town does not circumvent yichud. A close, long-standing relationship between the wife and another man proscribes yichud in spite of the husband's presence in town; the lenience caused by the man's presence in town does not, however apply to his being secluded with another woman when his wife may appear suddenly. Paradoxically, if a husband gives his wife permission to be secluded with a man, the lenience does no longer apply, since she does not fear his sudden entrance. Rashi believes that the husband’s presence in town only mitigates the prohibition, rather than abrogating it; the Shulchan Aruch, following Tosafot, rule that when the husband is in town the yichud restriction does not apply at all.

Maimonides and Shulchan Aruch write that the rationale for Baaloh B'ir is that "her husband's fear is upon her." This does not imply a concrete fear that her husband will enter unexpectedly, but rather that she feels a natural inhibition, in the knowledge that her husband is close by. As a consequence of this, she can be in yichud with another man in a large city, like London or New York, where the chance that he appears is non-existent. Neither does. Rashi interprets Baalo B'ir as referring to a concrete fear of sudden exposure. So does rabbi Moshe Feinstein, who rules in a stricter way. Another issue of debate is whether cities who have grown together to form a continuous area are to be treated as one city. Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach argues that if the wife is in Ramat Gan and the husband is in Tel Aviv he is still considered to be "in town". Since there are no significant uninhabited areas separating these cities, they are defined as one city from a Halachic perspective. Yichud is alleviated.

This principle is known as pesach pasuach lireshus harabim. The Shulchan Aruch rules: "If the door is open to the public domain, there is no concern of yichud." This ruling has been interpreted and enlarged in various ways: 1. The door is open 2; when the door is cl