click links in text for more info

Grappling position

A grappling position refers to the positioning and holds of combatants engaged in grappling. Combatants are said to be in a neutral position. If one party has a clear advantage such as in the mount they are said to be in a "dominant position". Conversely, the other party is considered to be in an inferior position, in that case sometimes called the "under mount". Called clinch position or standing grappling position, these are the core of clinch fighting. From a separated stand-up position, a clinch is the result of one or both fighters applying a clinch hold; the process of attempting to advance into more dominant clinch positions is known as pummelling. The major types of standing clinch are such as: Bear hug Collar-and-elbow position Double collar tie Double underhooks Pinch grip tie Clinch holdFighters may attempt to break from the clinch, either as the rule requires it as in boxing or because they wish to obtain a better position by moving out and re-engaging, If the clinch continues, fighters may attempt to strike, takedown or throw an opponent.

This may result in the start of ground grappling. Positioning is the foundation of ground fighting, if one combatant is controlling an opponent from a top position, such as if they are pinning the opponent to the ground that combatant is said to have the top position, while their opponent is said to have the bottom position. Top positions are dominant as fighters can use their weight to their advantage, but depending on the set of rules used, it can have notable exceptions such as the guard. A dominant ground position is easier to obtain for the person who initiated the throw or takedown, it may be possible for a fighter in a dominant position to score points or win by pinning their opponent, applying a submission hold or striking. There is a rough hierarchy of major ground grappling positions from the most advantageous to the least for the "top" fighter: Rear mount Mount Knee-on-stomach Side control North-south position Turtle Half guard Disengaged* Guard*Fighters are disengaged if neither has a grip on the other they can use to restrict their movementA reversal from a dominant or top position is called a sweep.

While a position may be considered dominant in one sport, that may not be the case in another: for example, the closed guard in BJJ may be dominant in terms of submission. Wrestling is different again. In an amateur wrestling match, the wrestlers are standing in a symmetrical position, with both wrestlers having a pinch grip tie on the other wrestler; the wrestlers are in a neutral position. Wrestler'A' pummels through to gain double underhooks so gaining a dominant position. In a Brazilian jiu-jitsu match, grappler'C' is holding the other grappler'D' in an open guard; the open guard allows grappler'C' to attempt a multitude of submission holds, while grappler'D's priority is to advance in position. In Muay Thai, the stand-up clinch is utilized. However, its grappling attacks are limited to sweeps, as the clinch is used for setting up uppercuts and strikes from the knees and elbows; the primary clinch in this art is known as the Collar Tie. Grappling Grappling hold Ground fighting


Mountnorris is a small village and townland in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. It lies about six miles south of Markethill, it is within the Armagh and Craigavon local government area. It had a population of 155 people in the 2011 Census; the townland of Mountnorris was called Aghnecranagh and Aghenecranagh. In 1600 Lord Mountjoy built an earthwork fort and left a garrison of 400 men under the command of Captain Edward Blaney in Mountnorris; the area took its name by combining the names of Mountjoy and his campaign commander in the Low Countries, Sir John Norris. By 1620, the village no longer had a garrison and in the 18th century passed into the hands of the Cope family of Loughgall, to become a rural settlement with no military connections; the village was the intended site of the Royal School but due to instability at the time in Ulster, the school was resituated to its current site in Armagh and was opened in 1608. On 31 May 1991, during "The Troubles", the Provisional IRA carried out a large truck bomb attack against the British Army base at nearby Glenanne.

It wounded another ten. It is called the "Glenanne barracks bombing". Andrew Trew Wood, a Canadian businessman and parliamentarian, was born in Mountnorris. Billy Wright, the loyalist paramilitary leader, was raised in Mountnorris, he founded the Loyalist Volunteer Force in 1996 and was assassinated in 1997 by the Irish National Liberation Army. Mountnorris Primary School St. Teresa's Primary School Visit Armagh List of towns and villages in Northern Ireland


Ferno is a comune in the Province of Varese in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 40 km northwest of Milan and about 35 km south of Varese. As of 31 December 2017, it had a population of 6,858 and an area of 8.5 km². The municipality of Ferno contains the frazione San Macario. Ferno borders the following municipalities: Lonate Pozzolo, Somma Lombardo, Vizzola Ticino, it is served by Ferno-Lonate Pozzolo railway station. Volare Group SpA once had its head office in Area Tecnica Sud of Terminal 1 of Milan Malpensa Airport in Ferno; the church of Saint Mary is the oldest building of the village, it is characterized by the romantic style of the XIV century. Several frescoes of the medieval era are present as well as a triptych of a disciple of Gaudenzio Ferrari.

Henry Marsh (rugby union)

Henry Marsh was a rugby union international who represented England in 1873. Henry Marsh was born on 8 September 1850 in Ireland, the third son of Francis Marsh, a J. P. of Spring Mount, Queen's County. He attended Kingstown School and went on to study at Royal Indian Engineering College at Cooper's Hill, he obtained 1st class honours in Mathematics. After obtaining his 1st class honours in Mathematics, Marsh joined the India Public Works Department as an Assistant Engineer in 1874, he became an Executive Engineer in 1881. He became a member of the Member, Legislative Council, Uttar Pradesh from 1903 to 1905 and was Secretary to Government, his work in conjunction with the development of Irrigation in the Ganges and Jumna systems led to his being thanked by the Government of Uttar Pradesh He was re-employed by the Government of India as Consulting Engineer for Irrigation in Central India. Among his publications were: Some Indirect Benefits of Irrigation not recognised and Protection of Irrigation.

He retired to England. Marsh made his international debut on 3 March 1873 at Hamilton Crescent, Glasgow in the Scotland vs England match

Washington Rugby Football Club

Washington Rugby Football Club is a Division I rugby union team based in Washington, DC. Washington RFC formed in February, 1963; the team founded the annual Cherry Blossom tournament in 1966. Note: caps and participation are accurate as of 3 August 2006 Mitchell Cox, scrum-half, two international caps Bill Bernhard 1987, Fullback Rob Blackmore 1988, 1989, Prop Robinson Bordley 1975, 1977–1978, Fly-half, Fullback Mike Conroy 1977, Center Mike Coyner 1998-1999, Flank, 7s Al Dekin 1993, 7s Chris Doherty 1984, 1987, Center, 7s Michael Lancaster 1978, Prop Rory Lewis 1990-1991, Wing, 7s Dan Lyle 1993 1993, Lock, 7s, 15s Captain Gerry McDonald 1988 1989 1995-1996, Prop.


Durangaldea is a comarca of Biscay located in the Basque Country, Spain. It is one of the seven regions that compose the province of Biscay; the capital city of Durangaldea is Durango. Durangaldea is located at the southeast of the province of Biscay, limiting with the provinces of Gipuzkoa and Álava, it spans the border with the province of Álava in the south. Its total extension is 240,13 km². Most of the towns that compose the comarca are located on a great valley formed by the Ibaizabal river, that crosses it from east to west. Otxandio is the only town, not part of the valley. Durangaldea was during the Middle Ages a district apart from Biscay and a dependency of Navarre, but was conquered by Castile in 1200, it remained separate from Biscay until 1630, it held its own compilation of laws, with its regional council joining in Gerediaga, Abadiño. Its lords founded four chartered towns, namely Ermua, Elorrio and Otxandio. Durangaldea is divided into twelve municipalities, being Durango the capital city.

The municipalities that compose the comarca are the same ones that made the merindad of Durango, the previous administrative division. Ermua and Mallabia belong to the province of Biscay, but are not part of Durangaldea, being part of other comarca, part of Gipuzkoa; the economy of Durangaldea is industrial, although the primary sector is important. It is the second most important sector of the economy in the region after the industry; the animal husbandry is specially important, as well as the wood production. The minery is an important section of the economy being produced limestone and marble. Mines of iron and copper have been exploited; the siderurgy has been one of the most developed type of industries in Durangaldea. Besides it, other industries like paper producers or tool producers exist. Durangaldea is connected to the three Basque provinces by roads, Álava in the south by the BI-623 and Bilbao and Donostia by the road N-634; the Cantabric Highway crosses the comarca, can be accessed from Durango and connects the city with Bilbao and the French border.

EuskoTren operates in the region, offering commuter rail services. The train line connects with Bilbao and other comarcas of the province and with Gipuzkoa. EuskoTren has train stations in Abadiño, Amorebieta-Etxano, Berriz and Zaldibar; the bus company BizkaiBus operates in the region, connecting all the municipalities with others on different comarcas. Lord of Biscay Durango, Biscay Comarcas of Spain