1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U. S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U. S. while San Antonio is the second-most populous in the state and seventh largest in the U. S. Dallas–Fort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. Other major cities include Austin, the second-most populous state capital in the U. S. and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed "The Lone Star State" to signify its former status as an independent republic, as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico; the "Lone Star" can be found on the Texan state seal.
The origin of Texas's name is from the word taysha. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas's land area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the desert and mountains of the Big Bend; the term "six flags over Texas" refers to several nations. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the union as the 28th state; the state's annexation set off a chain of events that led to the Mexican–American War in 1846.
A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, joined the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II: cattle and bison, cotton and oil. Before and after the U. S. Civil War the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative, it was though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry in the mid-20th century.
As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. With a growing base of industry, the state leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U. S. in state export revenue since 2002, has the second-highest gross state product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world; the name Texas, based on the Caddo word táyshaʼ "friend", was applied, in the spelling Tejas or Texas, by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves the Hasinai Confederacy, the final -s representing the Spanish plural. The Mission San Francisco de los Tejas was completed near the Hasinai village of Nabedaches in May 1690, in what is now Houston County, East Texas. During Spanish colonial rule, in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevo Reino de Filipinas "New Kingdom of the Philippines", or as provincia de los Tejas "province of the Tejas" also provincia de Texas, "province of Texas", it was incorporated as provincia de Texas into the Mexican Empire in 1821, declared a republic in 1836.
The Royal Spanish Academy recognizes both spellings and Texas, as Spanish-language forms of the name of the U. S. State of Texas; the English pronunciation with /ks/ is unetymological, based in the value of the letter x in historical Spanish orthography. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja "rooftile", the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements. A 1760s map by Jacques-Nicolas Bellin shows a village named Teijas on Trinity River, close to the site of modern Crockett. Texas is the second-largest U. S. state, with an area of 268,820 square miles. Though 10% larger than France and twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Zambia. Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers; the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas to the south.
The Red River forms a natural border with Arkansas to the north. The Sabine River forms a natural border with Louisiana to the east; the Texas Panhandle has an eastern border with Oklahoma at 100° W, a northern border with Oklahoma at 36°30' N and a western
Pampa is a city in Gray County, United States. The population was 17,994 as of the 2010 census. Pampa is the county seat of Gray County and is the principal city of the Pampa Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes both Gray and Roberts counties. Pampa hosts the Top'O Texas Rodeo each year in July, which brings competitors from Texas and the surrounding states to Gray County; the White Deer Land Company Museum, which showcases ranching exhibits, is located in downtown Pampa. In 1888, the Santa Fe Railroad was constructed through the area. A rail station and telegraph office was built, the townsite was laid out by George Tyng, manager of the White Deer Lands ranch; the town was first called "Glasgow" "Sutton", the name was changed to "Pampa" after the pampas grasslands of South America at Mr. Tyng's suggestion. Timothy Dwight Hobart, a native of Vermont, sold plots of land for the town only to people who agreed to settle there and develop the land, Pampa soon became a center for agriculture.
Gas and oil were discovered in the Texas Panhandle in 1916. Pampa prospered in the resulting oil boom, the Gray County seat of government was moved in 1928 from Lefors to Pampa. By the 1920s, Pampa was linked by rail to Hemphill County and Clinton, through the combination of two similarly-named companies, the Clinton and Western Railroad Company and the Clinton-Oklahoma-Western Railroad Company of Texas. Both of these companies were soon leased and purchased by the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway, which held them until disestablishment in 1965. Pampa is located in northwestern Gray County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total land area of 9.0 square miles, all land. U. S. Route 60 passes through Pampa, leading northeast 46 miles to Canadian and southwest 54 miles to Amarillo. Texas State Highway 70 crosses US 60 in the southwest part of Pampa and leads north 62 miles to Perryton and south 24 miles to Interstate 40; as of the census of 2010, there were 17,994 residents, a 0.6% increase from 2000.
The population density was 2,008.3 people per square mile. There were 8,492 housing units; the racial makeup of the city was 80.9% White, 3.3% Black, 0.8% American Indian or Alaskian Native, 0.4% Asian, had 2.6% reporting 2 or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26% of the population. There were 7,123 households with 2.6 persons per household. Persons under 18 years of age accounted for 27%, under 5 years of age accounted for 8.1%. Persons over age 65 accounted for 16% of the population; the median household income was $40,358, with the per capita income in the past 12 months 2006-2010 being $22,025. The home ownership rate was 76.2%, with the median value of owner-occupied housing units was $65,300. As of the census of 2000, there were 17,887 people, 7,387 households, 5,074 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,050.0 people per square mile. There were 8,785 housing units at an average density of 1,006.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 83.69% White, 3.85% African American, 1.07% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 8.22% from other races, 2.73% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.72% of the population. There were 7,387 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.3% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,213, the median income for a family was $39,810. Males had a median income of $32,717 versus $20,492 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,791. About 12.1% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.7% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
The Pampa News is a daily newspaper published in Pampa. It serves the surrounding areas of Gray County; the paper is published daily except Sundays and major holidays. The daily circulation is about 3,600; the city is served by the Pampa Independent School District. The school district administers one junior high school. Pampa High School and the non-traditional Pampa Learning Center are part of the school system. Pampa is served by the Pampa Center branch of Clarendon College; the Lovett Memorial Library was built on the entire west half of the 100 block of North Houston Street. The building was dedicated on 18 January 1955. In 1985 the Harrington Foundation of Amarillo paid for the computerization of library records, joining the library for the first time into a consortium with most of the public libraries in the Panhandle. By the mid-1990s Lovett Library was showing its age, it was furthermore not compliant with the Americans for Disabilities Act. In October 1995 it was announced that Mrs. Ruth Ann Holland has left $500,000 to the Library Foundation in her will.
In 1996 the Lovett Library Foundation' which managed the Holland bequest and several other substantial bequests, announced that a plan was being made to extensive renovate the old building. In January 1998
Donley County, Texas
Donley County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,677, its county seat is Clarendon. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1882. Donley County was established in 1876 from land given by the Bexar District, it is named for justice of the state supreme court. There are several historical sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Donley County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 933 square miles, of which 927 square miles are land and 5.6 square miles are covered by water. Interstate 40 U. S. Highway 287 State Highway 70 State Highway 273 Gray County Collingsworth County Hall County Briscoe County Armstrong County Wheeler County As of the census of 2000, 3,828 people, 1,578 households, 1,057 families resided in the county; the population density was four people per square mile. The 2,378 housing units averaged 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.41% White, 3.94% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 2.72% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races.
About 6.35% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 1,578 households, 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.00% were not families. About 31.40% of all households were made up of individuals, 17.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.86. In the county, the population was distributed as 22.40% under the age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 20.60% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, 21.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,006, for a family was $37,287. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $18,882 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,958. About 10.50% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.90% of those under age 18 and 15.90% of those age 65 or over.
The Saints' Roost Museum in Clarendon is dedicated to the American West. The Harold Dow Bugbee Ranch owned by the Western artist and his second wife, Olive Vandruff Bugbee an artist, is located in Donley County; the legendary cattle baron Charles Goodnight spent his years in Donley County. It was the home of historian Harley True Burton, author of A History of the JA Ranch, which Goodnight co-owned. Burton was president of Clarendon College and the mayor of Clarendon from 1955 to 1963; the JA Ranch is located in the counties of Donley, Hall and Armstrong. U. S. Highway 287, which runs through the county, no longer offers wi-fi; the rest area offers sanctuary from weather offering a tornado shelter in the main building. Clarendon Hedley Howardwick Lelia Lake Aviation historian Randy Acord U. S. Representative Mac Thornberry List of museums in the Texas Panhandle National Register of Historic Places listings in Donley County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Donley County Donley County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas Donley County Donley County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Time in the United States
Time in the United States, by law, is divided into nine standard time zones covering the states and its possessions, with most of the United States observing daylight saving time for the spring and fall months. The time zone boundaries and DST observance are regulated by the Department of Transportation. Official and precise timekeeping services are provided by two federal agencies: the National Institute of Standards and Technology; the clocks run by these services are kept synchronized with each other as well as with those of other international timekeeping organizations. It is the combination of the time zone and daylight saving rules, along with the timekeeping services, which determines the legal civil time for any U. S. location at any moment. Before the adoption of four standard time zones for the continental United States, many towns and cities set their clocks to noon when the sun passed their local meridian, pre-corrected for the equation of time on the date of observation, to form local mean solar time.
Noon occurred at different times but time differences between distant locations were noticeable prior to the 19th century because of long travel times and the lack of long-distance instant communications prior to the development of the telegraph. The use of local solar time became awkward as railways and telecommunications improved. American railroads maintained many different time zones during the late 1800s; each train station set its own clock making it difficult to coordinate train schedules and confusing passengers. Time calculation became a serious problem for people traveling by train, according to the Library of Congress; every city in the United States used a different time standard so there were more than 300 local sun times to choose from. Time zones were therefore a compromise, relaxing the complex geographic dependence while still allowing local time to be approximate with mean solar time. Railroad managers tried to address the problem by establishing 100 railroad time zones, but this was only a partial solution to the problem.
Weather service chief Cleveland Abbe had needed to introduce four standard time zones for his weather stations, an idea which he offered to the railroads. Operators of the new railroad lines needed a new time plan that would offer a uniform train schedule for departures and arrivals. Four standard time zones for the continental United States were introduced at noon on November 18, 1883, when the telegraph lines transmitted time signals to all major cities. In October 1884, the International Meridian Conference at Washington DC adopted a proposal which stated that the prime meridian for longitude and timekeeping should be one that passes through the centre of the transit instrument at the Greenwich Observatory in the United Kingdom; the conference therefore established the Greenwich Meridian as the prime meridian and Greenwich Mean Time as the world's time standard. The US time-zone system grew from this, in which all zones referred back to GMT on the prime meridian. In 1960, the International Radio Consultative Committee formalized the concept of Coordinated Universal Time, which became the new international civil time standard.
UTC is, within about 1 second, mean solar time at 0°. UTC does not observe daylight saving time. For most purposes, UTC is considered interchangeable with GMT, but GMT is no longer defined by the scientific community. UTC is one of several related successors to GMT. Standard time zones in the United States are defined at the federal level by law 15 USC §260; the federal law establishes the transition dates and times at which daylight saving time occurs, if observed. It is the authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with the states, to determine which regions will observe which of the standard time zones and if they will observe daylight saving time; as of August 9, 2007, the standard time zones are defined in terms of hourly offsets from UTC. Prior to this they were based upon the mean solar time at several meridians 15° apart west of Greenwich. Only the full-time zone names listed below are official. View the standard time zone boundaries here; the United States uses nine standard time zones.
As defined by US law they are: From east to west, the four time zones of the contiguous United States are: Eastern Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Atlantic coast and the eastern two thirds of the Ohio Valley. Central Time Zone, which comprises the Gulf Coast, Mississippi Valley, most of the Great Plains. Mountain Time Zone, which comprises the states and portions of states that include the Rocky Mountains and the western quarter of the Great Plains. Pacific Time Zone, which comprises the states on the Pacific coast, plus Nevada and the Idaho panhandle. Alaska Time Zone, which comprises most of the state of Alaska. Hawaii-Aleutian Time Zone, which includes Hawaii and most of the length of the Aleutian Islands chain. Samoa Time Zone, which comprises American Samoa. Chamorro Time Zone, which comprises Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. Atlantic Time Zone, which comprises Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands; some United States Minor Outlying Islands are outside the time zones defined by 15 U.
S. C. § exist in waters defined by Nautical time. In practice, military crews may
Canyon is a city in, the county seat of, Randall County, United States. The population was 13,303 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Amarillo, metropolitan statistical area. Canyon is the home of West Texas A&M University and Panhandle–Plains Historical Museum, the world-famous outdoor musical drama Texas. Canyon was founded by L. G. Conner. East of Canyon is the JA Ranch, founded in 1877 by Charles Goodnight and John George Adair and still under the ownership of the Adair heirs. According to the United States Census Bureau, Canyon has a total area of all land; the city itself lies in a valley that becomes Palo Duro Canyon to the east. At the 2010 census, there were 13,303 people, 5,185 households and 2,924 families residing in the city; the population density was 2687.47 per square mile. There were 5,611 housing units at an average density of 1,133.54 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 88.5% White, 2.4% African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 4.7% from other races, 2% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.7% of the population. There were 5,185 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.6% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.99. 21.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 18.6% from 20 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median household income was $32,361 and the median family income was $46,250. Males had a median income of $34,338 versus $25,255 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,292. About 8.1% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in Canyon is served by the Canyon Independent School District. The only high school is the Canyon High School, whose mascot is an Eagle; some students in Canyon, TX play soccer at the Brown Road Soccer Complex on the west side of town. Houston Bright, composer who taught for three decades at West Texas A&M University Harold Bugbee, Western artist and the former curator of Panhandle-Plains Museum Terry Funk, professional wrestler and actor Blair Garner, syndicated radio host Bryan A. Garner, editor-in-chief of Black's Law Dictionary and teacher. Margaret Pease Harper, educator and originator of Texas Grady Hazlewood, Texas state senator 1941–1971 and the father of the farm-to-market road system, was reared on a farm near Canyon Mark Lair, Hall of Fame Bridge Player, Inducted into the American Contract Bridge League Bridge Hall of Fame in 2009. Mark has lived in Canyon for the past 41 years. Georgia O'Keeffe, famous artist, first lived in Amarillo and Canyon, having been inspired by the natural beauty of the Palo Duro country.
Carmen Espinoza-Rodriquez, singer/songwriter. Brandon Schneider, women's basketball head coach at the University of Kansas. Candace Whitaker, women's basketball head coach at Texas Tech. Roy Whittenburg, newspaper publisher, U. S. Senate candidate in 1958. Palo Duro Canyon State Park is twelve miles east of Canyon. City of Canyon City-Data Handbook of Texas Online