SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Grazia

Grazia is a weekly women's magazine that originated in Italy with international editions printed in Albania, Bahrain, China, France, Germany. Greece, India, Mexico, the Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, South Korea, Spain and the United Kingdom; the Italian edition of Grazia was first published Mondadori in November 1938. The magazine was modelled on the American magazine Harper's Bazaar; the start of Grazia was a return in Italy to traditionalist values such as cooking and child-rearing. During the fascist rule in the country the magazine followed the Fascist policies and propaganda. Following World War II the magazine was renewed. From its beginning in 1938 to September 1943, Bruno Munari served as the art director for the magazine and for another Mondadori title, Tempo. In Italy, it is owned by the Mondadori which became one of Silvio Berlusconi's companies,Grazia published an article in July 2015 which promoted the breeding of family pets to make money to buy better furniture; this brought international condemnation from animal lovers owing to the number of unwanted pets which are killed in overcrowded shelters each week.

A press statement from the British Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was critical of Grazia. Grazia has international editions in several countries, its first international edition was published in Bulgaria in March 2004. The British edition of the magazine began publication in February 2005 and is owned in the UK under licence by Bauer Consumer Media; the Greek version was launched in April 2005. In November of the same year its edition in the United Arab Emirates was first issued; the magazine had an edition in Croatia from February 2006 and in Serbia from June 2006. The Russian edition began publication in March 2007, while the Netherlands followed in August 2007. Grazia India was launched in May 2008, its Australian edition began publication in July 2008, but folded in February 2013. Grazia Australia reopened in 2015 under new management. In February 2009 the Chinese version of Grazia was started; the French version of the magazine was first published in August 2009. The inaugural issue of Grazia Korea was launched on 20 February 2013.

It features a photospread of actors Lee Byung-hun, Bae Soo-bin and Kim Do-hyun for the play based on the film Masquerade. Grazia Pakistan was launched in February 2017; the launch party took place at the HSY Mansion in Krachi on the 6th of February with publisher and Editot-in-Chief of Grazia Pakistan, Zahraa Saifullah and the first issue cover girl Mawra Hocane. Only one and a half years after the start of the German edition of Grazia, Mediengruppe Klambt brought the title 2011 into a joint venture in which Gruner + Jahr held the majority. In 2017, the women's magazine has been bought back completely; as oh January 1, 2018, Mediengruppe Klambt is taking over the 50.1% share, held by Gruner + Jahr. Grazia had a circulation of 374,213 copies in 1984; the Italian version of the magazine had a circulation of 240,000 copies from January to August 2003. The 2007 circulation of the Italian edition was 218,083 copies. In Italy, the circulation of the magazine rose to 382,000 copies in the first half of 2011.

During the same period the British edition of the magazine had a circulation of 219,741 copies. The circulation in the UK for the second half of 2013 was 160,019 copies; the fashion magazine's published circulation in the third quarter 2017 was 96,632 copies - a drop of around 20 percent compared to the same period of 2016. Since 2016 Grazia has come under pressure at the kiosks with the magazine Olivia of Bauer Media Group. List of magazines in Italy Grazia Italia's website Information on Grazia from the parent company Grazia UK's homepage Italian Grazia – magazine profile at Fashion Model Directory

Domestic violence in Chile

Domestic violence in Chile is a prevalent problem as of 2004. Domestic violence describes violence by an intimate partner or other family members, regardless of the place the violence occurs. Violence against women was prevalent across all classes of Chilean society by 1994; as of the early 1990s, it was reported that domestic violence affects about fifty percent of the women in Chile. All socioeconomic classes are affected by domestic violence, with some groups having higher rates of domestic violence than others. Consistent with these findings, a 2003 Chilean national survey indicated that 25–30% of female homicides occur at home. A 2004 Chilean National Women's Service study reported that 50 percent of married women had suffered spousal abuse, 34 percent reported having suffered physical violence, 16 percent reported psychological abuse. Between January and November 2005, 76,000 cases of family violence were reported to the police. Women are the most to become victims of domestic violence, but other members of the household are at risk for victimization.

It has been acknowledged that there has been a long history of sex abuse in the country's Catholic Church as well. Domestic violence can be physical, emotional, verbal, or sexual. Men or women may be the offender, but research indicates that women suffer disproportionately from abuse by their male partners. Throughout history, women have been viewed by society as subordinate to men, leaving them susceptible to abuse by their male partners. Additionally, the home has been viewed as an private institution, impeding lawmakers from moving forward with policies against domestic violence. With many choosing to look the other way when they learn of domestic violence, this problem persists and can be difficult to address, it is a common idea that outsiders lawmakers, should not interfere with such private matters as violence in the home. Growth of the women's movement in Chile, as elsewhere, has helped raise awareness and created concern at an international level. Among the contributing factors to domestic violence are household factors and societal factors, individual factors.

Household factors include size and violence history. Community and societal factors include media violence, poverty level, crime rate, environmental conditions. Lastly, individual factors are educational level, gender and employment status. A 1999 study conducted by psychologists found that violence is a learned behavior and is passed down through generations. Exposure to violence in early childhood increases the risk for an individual to become violent in their own home. In 2004, 44% of the Chilean population was living in poverty, studies have shown that low socioeconomic status and stressful life events are positively correlated with domestic violence. Additionally, a 2003 study found that poverty, escalation of negative life events that accompany poverty, increase Chilean women’s vulnerability to domestic abuse. So, while domestic violence occurs in all classes, it is more prevalent among poor households. In Chile, it has been found that families who experience domestic violence are isolated and lack supportive ties among the communities in which they live.

The geographic concentration of poverty in Chile, with regard to the socioeconomic opportunities and risk behaviors of marginalized families living in disadvantaged neighborhoods, has been linked to higher rates of domestic violence. In other parts of the world, there is some recent evidence to support reduced violence in cases where women own assets. Owning land or a house signifies a woman's option to exit a violent relationship and deters marital violence. In Chile, married women and men have equal rights to their assets upon divorce. In rural Chile, inheritance is the principle way in which land is acquired by both men and women, whether the land has titles or not. Sometimes women cannot claim their inheritance to land without titles because the cost of legal documents is too high; the same effects on domestic violence have not been seen by female employment alone, since owning a home or land offers an immediate escape option. Land ownership can be empowering for women, a factor that, on its own, has been shown to reduce domestic violence.

As these factors intersect, the risk for women is compounded and they become more susceptible to domestic violence. Until 1989, the Civil Code of Chile sanctioned husbands’ ownership and authority over their wives, giving men power over their female partners and leading to abuse within the home; this power dynamic created by cultural beliefs can be seen around the world and is not isolated to Chile. The belief that Chilean women are more tolerant of male violence than other women has hindered policymakers from moving forward against domestic violence; this belief leaves Chilean women trapped within abusive homes. Because events occurring in the home have been viewed as private family matters domestic violence has been and culturally accepted in Chilean society; the secrecy that has protected these offenders is exemplified by research results from 2004 that reported that 30% of women from the Region de la Metropolitana and 21% of women from the Region de la Araucania had not told anyone about their experiences with domestic abuse.

The combination of these beliefs has allowed Chilean society to turn a blind eye to the domestic violence problem that plagues their communities. These myths are coming to light as attitudes change and a movement against domestic violence has begun among Chilean women. Traditional marriage

We Are the In Crowd

We Are the In Crowd is an American rock band from Poughkeepsie, New York, formed in 2009. The band consists of Taylor Jardine, Jordan Eckes, Mike Ferri, Rob Chianelli, Cameron Hurley, they released their debut EP, Guaranteed To Disagree, on June 8, 2010, followed it up with their first full-length album, Best Intentions in 2011. Their second full-length album, Weird Kids, was released on February 18, 2014; the band announced a hiatus in February 2016. In April 2009, We Are the In Crowd's Myspace page; the hacker deleted all of their friends and music. The music site Absolutepunk.net posted a news article regarding the hacking, the news post attracted the attention of someone at Hopeless Records who contacted the band shortly after. Jardine made a video on YouTube announcing the hack. On November 10, 2009, the group announced their signing with Hopeless Records as "the In Crowd" and released their first single "For the Win" on iTunes; the band changed their name to "We Are the In Crowd" due to trademark issues with a reggae band from the seventies who were called "the In Crowd".

In February 2010, We Are the In Crowd recorded their debut Hopeless Records EP with producers Zack Odom and Kenneth Mount. The EP, titled Guaranteed To Disagree, was released on June 8, 2010. We Are the In Crowd entered the studio in early May 2011 to begin recording their full-length debut. On August 3, 2011 it was announced the album would be titled Best Intentions, with a release date of October 4, it debuted on the U. S. Billboard 200 at No. 122. The band tours all year long with fellow bands such as All Time Low and Mayday Parade, have appeared at Warped Tour in 2010 and 2012, festivals such as Leeds. In 2013, the band toured around much of the world, including the UK; the band has announced via a Fuse video interview that they will be recording material for a new album to be released in the summer/fall of 2013. On August 20, 2013, they released their new single "Attention". On the December 3, 2013, We Are the In Crowd announced that they would be releasing a new album entitled Weird Kids, set for release on the February 18, 2014.

They announced a UK tour in late January followed by a US tour. The second single from the album, "The Best Thing", was released on Spotify that same day, due to the "overwhelming response" they released it on iTunes the same day, a few days early. In August 2014 the band were announced as the support acts for British rock band Don Broco during their Kerrang! tour in February 2015. In February 2015, Taylor Jardine made a video announcement confirming that the band would soon begin writing and recording their third full-length album. On May 4, 2015, band members Mike Ferri, Cameron Hurley and Taylor Jardine all tweeted that the third full-length has been finished. On February 10, 2016, Taylor Jardine announced. During this hiatus, Jardine started performing under the name'Sainte', with Cameron Hurley and Mike Ferri both involved creatively. On October 21, 2019, the band tweeted a graphic image of themselves dressed up as cowboys riding a horse, hinting at a potential reunion in the near future.

Two days that reunion was confirmed when it was announced that they would be playing at Slam Dunk Fest in the UK in May 2020. Taylor "Tay" Jardine – lead vocals, keyboards Jordan Eckes – rhythm guitar, vocals Mike Ferri – bass Rob Chianelli – drums Cameron Hurley – lead guitar, backing vocals Guaranteed to Disagree Official website