SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Freddy Goes Camping

Freddy Goes Camping is the 15th book in the humorous children's series Freddy the Pig written by American author Walter R. Brooks, illustrated by Kurt Wiese; when a hotel owner is forced to sell under mysterious circumstances and his friend Mr. Camphor pose as campers to investigate. Camphor and his butler Bannister appear at the Bean farm, asking Freddy to send Camphor’s visiting aunts packing. Aunt Elmira is demanding and gloomy. Aunt Minerva is bossy; the aunts planned to stay at the hotel across the lake, but it is haunted. As before in Freddy and Mr. Camphor and Camphor enjoy their game of reciting proverbs deciding if they are appropriate. Punning, Bannister says, "Go to the ant, thou sluggard."Freddy and the cow Mrs. Wiggins walk to the estate, deciding that resolving the hotel’s problems will in turn solve Camphor’s problems. Camphor suggests. Freddy grapples with the challenges such as making his first flapjacks. Since animals would know Freddy, he is in disguise, their first night they talk loudly — to establish themselves as campers to anyone overhearing.

Mischievously, Camphor pokes holes in Freddy’s cover story about studying with a witch doctor: "'...you put them on and wish for whatever you want."And do you get your wish?"Sometimes. And sometimes not. All depending."On what?"Oh, on general conditions. This and that."Very clear,' said Mr. Camphor.'From your description I feel that I could make one myself.'" There is a gunshot from the hotel. They find the owner, leaving the hotel on account of a ghost, they decide to remain themselves. Soon a lion-sized cat head smashes through a window, they flee to camp, it is wrecked. On examination next morning, much of the hotel damage is caused by rats — Simon’s gang. Freddy goes to Camphor’s for supplies to the Bean farm to update the animals, he is told of a meeting between Simon and the mysterious Mr. Eha, where the rat describes plans to attack the Camphor estate after Eha controls the hotel. Freddy returns to spy on the hotel, overhears Simon plotting with Eha. Eha dons a ghost costume, leaves to scare the campers: Freddy slips into the hotel, leaving mothballs in Eha’s coat pocket, so as to track him by smell.

Freddy hurries back to camp. Mr. Bean is at Camphor's estate: to general surprise; the mothball smell is tracked to a Mr. Anderson in town. Realizing that Anderson is "Eha", Freddy barges into his office disguised as a doctor; the pig’s doctoring routine is unconvincing, Freddy flees. On a tip, the pig guesses. There, Simon the rat. Simon is working with Anderson. Freddy uses the opportunity to slyly hint; therefore everyone is prepared when Anderson and the rat gang come. Mrs. Bean calmly treats Anderson’s ghost disguise as the ghost of Mr. Bean’s grandfather. Anderson is routed by the animals’ own ghost versions, the rats surrender after a shotgun blast. Kind treatment from Mr. Bean and the animals brings a change in Camphor’s aunts. Minerva is pleasant, proves to be a good cook. Gloomy Elmira is so taken with Freddy’s poem about a swamp she decides to vacation there immediately. A group returns to camp near the hotel. Anderson is there; when he visits, Bean spiders return with him, as spies. Knowing that Anderson has a terrible temper, insects are sent to bug him to ruin his sleep.

The fire department is called to a false alarm on the hotel property. Freddy sabotages Anderson’s car; when they confront the sleep-deprived Anderson, he is forced to return the hotel to Mrs. Filmore. Seeing they have lost, the rats leave. With all the problems resolved, the campers decide to continue enjoying their stay outdoors. There are 38 black and white and ink drawings by Kurt Wiese, a full color cover, both depicting scenes from the book; each chapter starts with a half page illustration, while a full page illustration is placed close to the event it depicts within each chapter. Each book in the series received moderately positive to positive critical review in sources such as the Times Literary Supplement and Hornbook. Kirkus Reviews described this novel as "The usual good, clean fun"; the New York Times described this novel as a "wonderfully involved chronicle". The first edition was published in hardcover in 1948 by A. A. Knopf; the price was $2.50. It was redistributed by Random House in 1986 in standard hardcover and library binding, with a new introduction by Michael Cart.

It was republished in 2001 by the Overlook Press using the original illustrations and layout

Albany Free School

The Albany Free School is the oldest independent, inner-city alternative school in the United States. Founded by Mary Leue in 1969 based on the English Summerhill School philosophy, the free school lets students learn at their own pace, it has no grades, tests, or firm schedule: students design their own daily plans for learning. The school is self-governed through a weekly, democratic all-school meeting run by students in Robert's Rules. Students and staff alike receive one equal vote apiece. Unlike Summerhill-style schools, the Albany Free School is a day school that serves predominantly working-class children. Nearly 80 percent of the school is eligible for reduced-price meals in the public schools. About 60 students between the ages of three and fourteen attend, are staffed by six full-time teachers and a number of volunteers; the school runs on a shoestring budget as a tradeoff for its financial independence and accessibility to low-income students. Tuition is billed on a sliding scale based on.

Revenue from rental properties and fundraising supplements tuition income. The Free School started a high school program in 2006, it spun off as the Harriet Tubman Democratic High School and enrolls about 20 students in both self-directed and traditional classes. Alumni of the school have attended a variety of colleges. Journalists have noted the school's similarity to unschooling and homeschooling, its work to that of prefigurative politics; the Albany Free School is one of the few schools remaining from the 1960s and 1970s free school movement. It inspired the program of the Brooklyn Free School; the Albany Free School is the oldest independent, inner-city alternative school in the United States. It was founded in 1969 by Mary Leue, who wanted to start a school, free both by "democratic principles and accessibility to poor children". Leue approached A. S. Neill of Summerhill, the democratic school's progenitor, for advice on how to make a similar school for working-class children, he replied that "she would be mad to try".

The school's first pupils withdrew from the public school. Chris Mercogliano came to the school in 1973 and became "its co-director and figurehead"; the school is located in a socioeconomically and racially diverse downtown Albany in a building that once housed a parochial school. They purchased a number of buildings in the early 1970s for "next to nothing" in the impoverished neighborhood; the Albany Free School is one of the few free schools to persist from the hundreds once open in the free school movement of the 1960s and 1970s. Over time, the Albany Free School became a "safety net" for children with special needs who were not accommodated in the public schools; the school's waiting list grew accordingly, its program was impacted by the difficult home situations that these students would bring to school. The school's "unofficial adage" is, "Never a dull moment, always a dull roar." The school's philosophy is. The original curriculum was a cross between "instruction and home life"; the Albany Free School does not grade students.

The day begins at 8:15 a.m. and students are asked what they want to do each day. Students are present their own plan for each day, they pursue various projects including writing and studying language or history. The school offers structured math and reading classes for those who want it. Classes tend to have five to seven students per teacher and the school's teacher–student relationships are close. Teachers report a relative ease in holding students accountable to their stated plans. In 2006, the school had ten teachers, four interns, a number of parent volunteers for 58 students between the ages of three and fourteen; the school has a "Living and Learning" program between 10 a.m. and noon, followed by lunch, which the students make themselves as part of the program. The children play sports until their 3 p.m. class and school ends at 4 p.m. The Albany Free School self-governs through a weekly "all-school meeting" where students and teachers each receive single votes of equal weight in deciding school policy.

Teachers recommend that children resolve their disputes themselves or through small groups. If a conflict is irreconcilable, any member of the community can call a school-wide meeting. After this person informs the school, everyone sits in a circle in the basement; the group chooses three students to run the meeting in Robert's Rules. Adults facilitate more than lead, intervene in the meetings, which are intended to teach "mediation and compromise"; the school prioritizes self-expression, "honesty, emotions". One teacher explained the "free" in "free school" to represent the freedom to be oneself without coercion, which comes with the responsibility to listen to others and respect their feelings voices. In the late 2000s, the school expelled a student for the first time by vote at the community meeting; the school privileges its financial independence and accessibility over sufficient budgeting, a result of Leue's governance choices. The Free School does not receive government funding and instead subsists on student tuition and supplemental income from rental properties and "extensive fundraising".

Student tuition is billed on a sliding scale: parents give what they can afford. In 2012, about 80 percent of the school's families were eligible for free or reduced-price public school meals, Free School parents paid an average monthly tuition of US$160. In 2012, one half the school's students lived in Albany's inner-city South End, one fourth lived in uptown neighborhoods, one fourth lived in the suburbs. Leue i