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Great Eastern Railway

The Great Eastern Railway was a pre-grouping British railway company, whose main line linked London Liverpool Street to Norwich and which had other lines through East Anglia. The company was grouped into the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923. Formed in 1862 after the amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway and several other smaller railway companies the GER served Cambridge, Colchester, Great Yarmouth, King's Lynn, Norwich, Southend-on-Sea, East Anglian seaside resorts such as Hunstanton and Cromer, it served a suburban area, including Enfield, Chingford and Ilford. This suburban network was, in the early 20th century, the busiest steam-hauled commuter system in the world; the majority of the Great Eastern's locomotives and rolling stock were built at Stratford Works, part of, on the site of today's Stratford International station and the rest was adjacent to Stratford Regional station. The GER owned 1,200 miles of line and had a near-monopoly in East Anglia until the opening of the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway in 1893 although there were a number of minor lines, such as the Mid-Suffolk Light Railway that stayed resolutely independent until after the grouping in 1923.

Between 1851 and 1854 the Eastern Counties Railway under the chairmanship of David Waddington had negotiated arrangements to work most of the other railways in East Anglia resulting in a network of lines totalling 565 miles. Whilst Parliament favoured competition it was aware that the ECR was at war with its neighbours and whilst these working arrangements were approved there was a condition that a bill for full amalgamation was presented by 1861. Waddington was replaced by Horatio Love. By 1860 many shareholders were unhappy listing several grievances they saw as getting in the way of their dividend payments; these included continual conflict over working of other lines and distrust of the joint committee, inadequate services to and from London, on-going litigation and law costs and a lack of progress on amalgamation. By February 1862 the bill had its second reading and was followed by a lengthy committee process where various parties petitioned against the bill. On 7 August 1862 the bill passed and the Great Eastern Railway was formed by the amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway and a number of smaller railways.

Unsurprisingly the first GER board had a strong Eastern Counties flavour with Horatio Love in the chair and James Goodson the deputy chair. The board consisted of six former ECR directors with two Eastern Union Railway, two Norfolk Railway and one each from the Northern and Eastern Railway and East Anglian Railway. Operational costs were high on new sources of revenue needed quickly. Work at improving suburban services was put in hand and trains from London to Norwich speeded up to give businessmen and merchants more time to conduct their business. A new suburban line to Enfield Town via Seven Sisters was proposed as well as a new London terminus to replace an inadequate Bishopsgate. By August 1863 receipts were increasing and many of the pre-amalgamation disputes were being settled; the GER and Great Northern Railway each submitted bills for a line from March to Spalding and although the GNR was successful the GER was awarded running rights over the new line which would become part of the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway.

Steamboat services were seen as a new source of revenue with services running from Harwich to Rotterdam and Antwerp. A change of leadership occurred with Horatio Love being replaced by James Goodson as Chairman with Captain Henry Jervis-White-Jervis as his deputy. Love was considered too cautious and some on the board still resented his role prior to amalgamation at the ECR. Various directors were allocated specific responsibilities leaving Goodson free to develop new schemes and represent the GER on lines where they had a financial interest. Following an accident at North Wootton in early August 1863, where the deaths of five passengers was attributed to the poor state of the rolling stock, a large rolling stock order was placed. By December 1863 the financial picture was looking better and in early 1864 the GER started looking a new railway to move coal from South Yorkshire to London via Spalding and the GN link from Spalding to March; the Great Eastern was in an expansionist phase with further locomotives and wagons under construction.

More ships were being ordered for Antwerp and Rotterdam traffic and proposals for 28 miles of new metropolitan lines and a new city terminus. In March 1864, a joint committee of the House of Commons and House of Lords approved the East London Line which would link the North London, Great Eastern and London and Blackwall railways; the parliamentary bill for the new freight line failed although other bills including the construction of a new London terminus were approved. That year the GER was in talks about expansion northwards with the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway which lead to the deposition of a bill in early 1865; the board meeting of February 1865 saw passenger receipts outstripping goods receipts. Fish traffic from Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth was growing and money was being spent on stations, replacing wooden bridges and upgrading the track. However, a number of shareholders voiced concern; the following month the House of Commons rejected the joint GER/L&YR bill forcing the GER to restart negotiations with the Great

International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur

International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur or Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee International Institute of Information Technology, Naya Raipur is an autonomous institute of higher education in Naya Raipur, India; the institute is focused in research and development in Information Technology and associated disciplines. The institute was established by the International Institute of Information Technology University Act, 2013 of the Government of Chhattisgarh, is a joint venture of Government of Chhattisgarh and NTPC Ltd, it is a State University recognized by New Delhi. The fifty-hectare residential campus of IIIT-NR is located in the newly developed smart city of Naya Raipur 23 km from the city of Raipur. IIIT-NR runs three undergraduate programmes: B. Tech. in Electronics & Communication Engineering, B. Tech in Data Science and Artificial Intelligence and B. Tech in Computer Science & Engineering; these credit-based programmes are designed to foster core skills with innovation and entrepreneurship skills among students.

The dynamic structure of the curriculum orchestrates with the changing needs of industry and academia. In addition, it offers Ph. D programmes in CSE, ECE, Physics and English. Admission to the undergraduate programmes of the DSPM IIIT-NR is based on the merit of the candidates as per their performance in JEE. All India quota seats are filled through JoSSA while State quota seats are filled at the Institute level; the minimum eligibility for applying for the B. Tech. Programmes at IIIT-NR is as per JoSAA norms. However, for State quota, minimum eligibility is 10+2 pass with 50% aggregate marks in Physics and Mathematics. Recognizing the need for imparting education in all dimensions of learning, the institute has a highly-qualified and motivated team of academicians from Electronics, Computer Science, Physics, Management Science and Humanities. Research in IIIT-NR has an applied/ transnational focus, addressing a critical gap in India; the endeavor of the Institute is to establish strong links with industry to strengthen applied research as well as hands-on learning to enable translation of technology to markets.

Faculty members are encouraged to take up research and consultancy projects, whereas students work on research projects both within the institute and with industry. Fostering entrepreneurship is one of the primary objectives of the institute. Students are encouraged to develop products to address real world solutions. One of the reasons of introducing theme based learning is to enable students to take up projects in allied disciplines at the intersection of IT and other fields, to develop solutions across domains; the area of the institute campus is 50 acres. The vibrant lush green campus of IIIT-NR is enabled with Wi-Fi connectivity, excellent amenities for sports and other recreational activities; the modern architecture of the buildings and the serene environment of the campus fosters an ambiance for the students for creativity and innovation. The classrooms and laboratories are equipped with state-of-the-art technologies for teaching and learning. Technovate: Technovate is a non-profit fest organised by the students of IIIT Naya Raipur.

It began as a Techno-Cultural Fest in 2016, now draws thousands visitors from colleges all over India. The three-day fest held every year in month of March; the fest includes cultural events, informal events and celebrity night. There is a Facebook page dedicated to the fest with followers. "IIIT-Naya Raipur commences admissions for M Tech Programme". Business Standard. "B. Tech in Data Science and Artificial Intelligence in IIIT Naya Raipur"; the Hans India. "IIIT Naya Raipur Launches B. Tech Program In Data Science AI". United News of India. 28 May 2019. "IIIT-Naya Raipur chairperson Ajai Chowdhary". Indian Express. Official Website Technovate Fest Website

Jacob's Ladder (disambiguation)

Jacob's Ladder is a staircase to heaven from a dream of Jacob described in the Old Testament. Jacob's Ladder may refer to: Jacob's Ladder, a thriller/horror film Jacob's Ladder, a horror remake of the 1990 film Jacob's Ladder, a 2005 novel by Brian Keaney Jacob's Ladder, a 1998 novel by Donald McCaig Die Jakobsleiter, an early 1920s unfinished oratorio by Arnold Schoenberg Jacob's Ladder, a 2016 album by the Filthy Tongues Jacob's Ladder, a folk music festival in northern Israel "Jacob's Ladder", a 2002 song by Chumbawamba "Jacob's Ladder" "Jacob's Ladder" "Jacob's Ladder" "Jacob's Ladder", a 2013 song by Terence Blanchard from Magnetic "Jacob's Ladder", a 2005 song by Chimp Spanner from Imperium Vorago "Jacob's Ladder", a 2003 song by Converge from Unloved and Weeded Out "Jacob's Ladder", a 2006 song by Fucked Up from Hidden World "Jacob's Ladder", a 1984 song by The Monochrome Set "Jacob's Ladder", a 1965 adaptation of "We Are Climbing Jacob's Ladder" by the Staple Singers from Freedom Highway "Jacob's Ladder", a 2005 song by Patrick Wolf from Wind in the Wires Jacob's Ladder, Queensland Jacob's Ladder, a road to the top of Ben Lomond, Tasmania Jacobs Ladder Bridge, a bridge between Westhaven and Saint Marys Bay, in Auckland, New Zealand Jacob's Ladder, a scenic path on Kinder Scout in Derbyshire, England Jacob's Ladder, a set of steps and a each, in Sidmouth, England Jacob's Ladder, a scenic path in Cheddar Gorge in Somerset, England Jacob's Ladder, a set of stone steps Devil's Bridge, Wales Jacob's Ladder, a set of stone steps in Edinburgh, Scotland.

S. Route 20 as it crosses the Berkshire Hills between the towns of Chester and Lee in western Massachusetts Jacob's Ladder Trail, a hiking trail to Lone Peak in Utah's Wasatch Range Jacob's ladder, a device for producing high-voltage traveling arcs Jacob's ladder, a three-part pocket knife Jacob's ladder, a noncompact surface in mathematics Jacob's ladder, specialized ladders used at sea Jacob's ladder or Polemonium, a genus of flowering plants Jacob's Ladder, a ladder made of eight logs of increasing height Jacobs's ladder, the European name for a solo string figure. Jacob's ladder, a folk toy consisting of blocks on strings that, when held at one end, appear to cascade down the strings Crepuscular rays or Jacob's Ladder, rays of sunlight that appear to radiate from a point in the sky The Dream of Jacob, a 1974 orchestral work by Krzysztof Penderecki Ladder of Jacob, a pseudepigraphic text of the Old Testament

Gabriel Pwamang

Gabriel Scott Pwamang is a Ghanaian lawyer and judge. He is an active justice of the Supreme Court of Ghana, he was nominated in 2015 by the president of Ghana John Mahama. Prior to his appointment to the bench, he was a private legal practitioner and the managing partner of Pwamang and Associates, he is a member of the People's National Convention once serving as the party's general secretary. Pwamang was nominated by the president of Ghana John Mahama based on the recommendation of the Judicial Council of Ghana, his appointment was delayed as the council of the Ghana Bar Association filed a suit to seek clarification on the appointments as other recommended judges were not appointed by the president. The process was further protracted when a member of the General Legal Council lodged a complaint against him challenging his appointment; the complaint was withdrawn and Pwamang was sworn into office on 29 June 2015. Pwamang was born on 17 August 1960, he had his secondary education at Nandom Senior High School graduating in 1982.

He proceeded to the University of Ghana for his undergraduate studies graduating in 1986. He was called to the bar in 1988. Prior to his appointment to the superior court of judicature, he had been into private legal practice for about 26 years. While in private practice, his areas of expetise included: Land and Natural Resources Law, Human Rights and Criminal Justice. In the business circles, he had served on the board of a number of business corporations, he chaired the board of the Centre for Public Interest Law, an organisation whose interests are in public interest legal issues and the litigation of these issues for communities and associations. He founded his own law firm and Associates, where he served as a legal consultant for various corporations and organisations, he was the managing partner of the firm until his Supreme Court appointment in 2015. Pwamang served as a Commissioner on the Constitution Review Commission of Ghana from January 2010 to December 2011; the commission held consultations through out the nation on the 1992 constitution and subsequently submitted a report which included recommendations for amendments to the constitution.

He was part of the drafting committee of the Constitution Review Commission that drafted the proposed amendment bills. Pwamang is a member of the People's National Convention. Between 1998 and 2007 he served as the deputy general secretary, general secretary, of the party, he contested the Navrongo Central seat in 2004 and 2008 on the ticket of the People's National Convention but lost on both occasions to Joseph Kofi Adda of the New Patriotic Party. In 2012 he contested once more for the seat and lost this time to Mark Woyongo of the National Democratic Congress. After the nomination of Justice Pwamang and Justice Yaw Appau, the national council of the Ghana Bar Association together with three lawyers filed a suit at the Supreme Court seeking clarification on a provision in the constitution concerning the appointment of judges to the Superior Courts; this action was taken based on the fact that the council recommended three persons for appointment to the Supreme Court however, one was left out.

Seven justices were recommended for to serve on the Appeals Court however, the president appointed five out of the seven. There were claims that the association's intention was to nullify the appointments, the association denied these claims citing that, the appointment authority may have violated Article 144 clause 2 which states that, "The other Supreme Court Justices shall be appointed by the President acting on the advice of the Judicial Council, in consultation with the Council of State and with the approval of Parliament." The Spokesperson for the Ghana Bar Association, Tony Forson further added that their action is "not retrospective but prospective. We are not quibbling with the current appointment, we are asking for a declaration by the Supreme Court that any appointment, going forward, which does not conform to,'on the advice of' as declared by the Supreme Court will be null and void." Justice Pwamang was vetted on June 3, 2015 and approved by parliament but his appointment was challenged by madam Eva Oboshie Sai of the General Legal Council.

The appointment process was protracted as the Chief Justice, Georgina Theodora Woode formed a Disciplinary Committee to investigate the matter. The committee cleared him as it established that the complaint against him had been withdrawn by the complainant, he was subsequently sworn into office together with Yaw Appau on Monday, 29 June 2015. List of judges of the Supreme Court of Ghana Supreme Court of Ghana


Puertollano is an industrial city in the province of Ciudad Real, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. It is situated on the AVE high speed train line linking Seville; the city has a population of 51,842. The name of Puertollano is a concatenation of "puerto" and "llano", it is said that "Puertollano is the town of two lies", because of the polysemy of the Spanish word "puerto", which means both "pass" and "port". People say that "Puertollano neither has a port nor is flat", it is built on the slopes of the surrounding Sierra Morena mountains. Puertollano is the largest industrial center in the Castilla-La Mancha region, it was a coal mining town but today only one open-cast mine remains. Nowadays the main industries are petrochemicals, power generation and, most the manufacture of solar panels; the city has received national and EU aid to diversify its economy after the decline of the coal industry. Archaeological investigations have shown. Bronze Age weapons have been found and a Visigoth necropolis from the post-Roman period.

The region formed part of the depopulated nomansland between Christian Spain and the Moorish Caliphate to the south. With the Spanish victory at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa the region was reconquered; the authorities encouraged people from northern Spain to settle in the newly conquered empty lands. Puertollano was founded as a hamlet shortly after. In 1348 however, the Black Death devastated the village. Puertollano was granted the status of town in the sixteenth century, it continued to grow as a small town specializing in textiles and ceramics until, in 1873, the opening of the coal mines led to a sudden growth in the population. By 1920 the population had reached 20,000 and city status was granted in 1925 by Alfonso XIII; the Dehesa Boyal de Puertollano botanical gardens is located in the city. Santiago Cañizares, former footballer. María Dueñas, author. Cristina García Rodero, photographer. Media related to Puertollano at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Ron Webster

Ron Webster is an English former association football player, who spent nearly all his career playing for his local team Derby County. Webster played at right back. Webster was always a fans' favourite because of his hard effort. Seth Johnson, a recent ex-Derby player was compared to him for his hard working attitude on the pitch, he is rated by many people as being one of the most loyal Derby County players for his services and contribution to the club. He played 455 league games for Derby, the second highest in Derby County's history, from 1960–1978, scoring 7 times. Ron was part of the Brian Clough and Peter Taylor era at Derby, the just as successful Dave Mackay era. Webster was an integral part of a near unbeatable defence. Webster retired in 1977 after his last game. Webster is now retired. On 30 March 2009, he was voted the greatest right back in Derby County history. Ron Webster at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database Minnesota Kicks stats