The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations or The Great Exhibition, an international exhibition, took place in Hyde Park, from 1 May to 15 October 1851. It was the first in a series of World's Fairs, exhibitions of culture and industry that became popular in the 19th century; the Great Exhibition was organised by Henry Cole and by Prince Albert, husband of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom, Queen Victoria. Famous people of the time attended, including Charles Darwin, Karl Marx, Samuel Colt, members of the Orléanist Royal Family and the writers Charlotte Brontë, Charles Dickens, Lewis Carroll, George Eliot, Alfred Tennyson and William Makepeace Thackeray; the Exposition des produits de l'industrie française organised in Paris, from 1798 to 1849 were precursors to the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London. The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations was organised by Prince Albert, Henry Cole, Francis Henry, George Wallis, Charles Dilke and other members of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts and Commerce as a celebration of modern industrial technology and design.
It was arguably a response to the effective French Industrial Exposition of 1844: indeed, its prime motive was for Britain to make "clear to the world its role as industrial leader". Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's consort, was an enthusiastic promoter of the self-financing exhibition. Queen Victoria and her family visited three times. Although the Great Exhibition was a platform on which countries from around the world could display their achievements, Britain sought to prove its own superiority; the British exhibits at the Great Exhibition "held the lead in every field where strength, durability and quality were concerned, whether in iron and steel, machinery or textiles." Britain sought to provide the world with the hope of a better future. Europe had just struggled through "two difficult decades of political and social upheaval," and now Britain hoped to show that technology its own, was the key to a better future. Sophie Forgan says of the Exhibition that "Large, piled-up'trophy' exhibits in the central avenue revealed the organisers' priorities.
Technology and moving machinery were popular working exhibits." She notes that visitors "could watch the entire process of cotton production from spinning to finished cloth. Scientific instruments were found in class X, included electric telegraphs, air pumps and barometers, as well as musical and surgical instruments."A special building, nicknamed The Crystal Palace, or "The Great Shalimar", was built to house the show. It was designed by Joseph Paxton with support from structural engineer Charles Fox, the committee overseeing its construction including Isambard Kingdom Brunel, went from its organisation to the grand opening in just nine months; the building was architecturally adventurous, drawing on Paxton's experience designing greenhouses for the sixth Duke of Devonshire. It took the form of a massive glass house, 1848 feet long by 454 feet wide and was constructed from cast iron-frame components and glass made exclusively in Birmingham and Smethwick. From the interior, the building's large size was emphasized with statues.
The Crystal Palace was an enormous success, considered an architectural marvel, but an engineering triumph that showed the importance of the Exhibition itself. The building was moved and re-erected in 1854 in enlarged form at Sydenham Hill in south London, an area, renamed Crystal Palace, it was destroyed by fire on 30 November 1936. Six million people—equivalent to a third of the entire population of Britain at the time—visited the Great Exhibition; the average daily attendance was 42,831 with a peak attendance of 109,915 on 7 October. The event made a surplus of £186,000, used to found the Victoria and Albert Museum, the Science Museum and the Natural History Museum, they were all built in the area to the south of the exhibition, nicknamed Albertopolis, alongside the Imperial Institute. The remaining surplus was used to set up an educational trust to provide grants and scholarships for industrial research; the Exhibition caused controversy. Some conservatives feared; the English-born King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover, shortly before his death, wrote to Lord Strangford about it: The folly and absurdity of the Queen in allowing this trumpery must strike every sensible and well-thinking mind, I am astonished the ministers themselves do not insist on her at least going to Osborne during the Exhibition, as no human being can answer for what may occur on the occasion.
The idea... must shock every well-meaning Englishman. But it seems. In modern times, the Great Exhibition is a symbol of the Victorian Age, its thick catalogue, illustrated with steel engravings, is a primary source for High Victorian design. A memorial to the exhibition, crowned with a statue of Prince Albert, is located behind the Royal Albert Hall, it is inscribed with statistics from the exhibition, including the number of visitors and
Ursula Arnold was a German photographer. Much of her best known work involves street scenes in Berlin and Leipzig produced during the German Democratic Republic years. Living under a one-party government which valued visual artistry as a device for influence and control over the people, she was described as "one of those artists who could not be integrated", she said: "If I ask myself if there's a different reality for me the answer is: not to belong to the rulers. My sympathies belong to those who are not part of the ruling establishment". Ursula Musche was born in Gera, a few months before the Wall Street Crash ushered in two decades of economic and political crises for, during which she grew up, her father, Walter Musche, worked as a self-employed photographer. In 1948 she passed her school final exams, by now determined to follow in her father's footsteps by becoming a professional photographer herself, she moved to nearby Weimar where she learned her craft in the studio-workshop of Harry Evers, who had studied with Walter Hege.
Arnold studied photography at the Fine Arts Academy in Leipzig between 1950 and 1955, emerged with a degree. She was disappointed by her time at the HGB. After the war the central third of Germany had found itself administered as the Soviet occupation zone; the zone was relaunched in October 1949 as the Soviet sponsored German Democratic Republic. At the academy in Leipzig the onset of the "formalism debate" during the early 1950s constrained the freedom of the teachers to discuss or depart from a curriculum, uncompromisingly based on government strictures and official beliefs concerning "socialist imagery". Experiments were off the agenda, might have led to career damaging consequences; these issues reflected the wider situation in the country in which, in 1955, Ursula Arnold attempted to launch herself on a career as a freelance photographer. A new student, Evelyn Richter, had enrolled at the HGB in 1953, she and Arnold formed an intense professional relationship, as they exchanged insights on photography a personal friendship developed between them.
These two were not the only photography students who felt themselves artistically suffocated by political spoon-feeding and intolerance. With others they set up a student mutual support group which they called "action fotografie". In a country which set great store by the visual arts, many of those involved in "action fotografie" would go on to become some of East Germany's top photographers. Along with Ursula Arnold and Evelyn Richter, participants included Renate Rössing, Roger Rössing, Günter Rössler, Friedrich Bernstein and Barbara Haller; the first photographic exhibition presented by "action fotografie" appeared alongside the entrance stairway of the Capitol Cinema in Leipzig and in the adjacent entrance hall to the city's famous Trade Fair Center. Andreas Arnold, Ursula's son, had been born in 1953; the ambition to support herself and her child through working as a free-lance photographer in Leipzig proved unachievable, in 1956 or 1957 Ursula Arnold moved to East Berlin. In 1957 she took a job as a camera operator with the dramatic art department at the national television service.
By 1968 she had reached the position of "erste Kamerafrau". That day job still left time for her to continue with her freelance photography, capturing "people in city spaces the sadnesses of daily life". On a couple of occasions she managed to travel abroad: there was a photographic trip to Warsaw in 1959 and another to Moscow in 1969. In 1985 her work as a camera operator for state television came to an end and she was able to turn to landscape photography. Notable collections that she produced included one of Leuenberger Forest and another of the Märkische Schweiz natural park. Ursula Arnold, Evelyn Richter and Arno Fischer, continue to be seen by commentators as the three most important East German photographers of their generation. Ursula Arnold's photography was decisively influenced by her critical evaluation of the reality of the German Democratic Republic, where photography was used as a means of political education. Oppositional points of view that did offered an alternative image to that provided by the authorities were rejected.
Ursula Arnold was an artist who could not so be integrated into such a system. The commentator Franziska Schmidt wrote an introduction for an exhibition dedicated to Ursula Arnold in the Berlinische Galerie that Arnold's pictures "illustrate the quiet and concealed sides of life, where the individual is jusr concerned with him/herself and the everyday worries, her pictures bring out the discrepancy between the ideological propagandist presentation of the optimistic individual as the battling hero of socialism and real life conditions". In her own words, she was looking for "what is special and what is simple in daily life, to collect nuances which reveal life – to touch at the relationships in anonymity". A recurring theme during much of her career was real-life images of city life in Berlin; some of her most important pictures were taken during the 1980s in the Prenzlauer Berg district of Berlin. For several years after reunification Arnold photographed only landscapes in the countryside surrounding the German capital
Madipur is a station on the Green Line of the Delhi Metro and is located in the West Delhi district of Delhi. It is an elevated station and was inaugurated on 2 April 2010, it is named after Madipur village, a big village of people from Yadav community. List of available ATM at Madipur metro station are PNB List of Delhi Metro stations Transport in Delhi Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Delhi Suburban Railway List of rapid transit systems in India Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. Delhi Metro Annual Reports "Station Information". Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. UrbanRail. Net – descriptions of all metro systems in the world, each with a schematic map showing all stations
Nicaragua first participated at the Olympic Games in 1968, has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since except the 1988 Games which they did not attend due to athletic and financial considerations. The nation has never participated in the Winter Olympic Games. To date, no athletes from Nicaragua have won an Olympic medal, although the baseball team finished in fourth place at the 1996 Summer Olympics; the National Olympic Committee for Nicaragua was created in 1959 and recognized by the International Olympic Committee that same year. List of flag bearers for Nicaragua at the Olympics Category:Olympic competitors for Nicaragua Nicaragua at the Paralympics "Nicaragua". International Olympic Committee. "Nicaragua". Sports-Reference.com
Michael Luwoye is an American actor of Nigerian descent, known for playing the title role in the Broadway musical Hamilton. Michael Luwoye was born in Huntsville, the youngest of four children born to immigrants from Nigeria who settled in Alabama in the 1980s, his mother was an engineer, his father became the owner of a wholesale ice cream distribution business. An artistic child, Luwoye drew and wrote journals, learned to play guitar, he learned music composition while attending Lee High School in Huntsville. He became interested in theatre during his junior year at the University of Alabama. While in college, he played Queequeg in Moby Dick, the title role in Othello, Hud in Hair, Joe in Show Boat. Luwoye received his B. A. from the University of Alabama in 2013, moved to New York in September that year. In regional theatre, Luwoye has performed in Cardboard Piano, Witness Uganda, Tick... Boom!, The Three Musketeers and Once on This Island. Luwoye's off-Broadway stage debut was in the Second Stage Theater production of Invisible Thread, for which he received a 2016 Lucille Lortel Award nomination for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Musical.
In 2016, Luwoye auditioned for the role of Hercules Mulligan in the Broadway production of Hamilton, but unexpectedly was offered the title role. He began rehearsals June 14, 2016, took over on August 2, 2016 as the alternate to Javier Muñoz for the role of Alexander Hamilton, following Lin-Manuel Miranda's departure from the show. Luwoye became the first black actor to take on the role of Hamilton, he was the understudy for the role of Aaron Burr, which he first performed two months on October 4, 2016. On November 16, 2016, Luwoye notably played Hamilton at a matinee and Burr in the evening on the same day. Luwoye was given the title role in Hamilton's national touring company, beginning in March 2017 with a 21-week engagement in San Francisco, followed by 21 weeks in Los Angeles, concluding at the Pantages Theatre on December 30, 2017. Luwoye returned to Broadway in the title role of Hamilton on January 16, 2018, his last performance was February 17, 2019. In November 2017, Luwoye appeared in an episode of Curb Your Enthusiasm called "The Shucker", in which he was shown playing the role of Alexander Hamilton in Hamilton.
Additionally, he played Hades in an episode of The Magicians on SYFY. In September 2018, he was signed for a guest voice role in the third season of Disney Junior's animated series The Lion Guard as Askari, the founder and original leader of the Lion Guard in ancient times. In 2019, he was cast in a supporting role on NBC's Bluff City Law. Michael Luwoye on IMDb
The following is a list of attacks which have been carried out by Abu Sayyaf, a militant group based in and around Jolo and Basilan islands in the southwestern part of the Philippines, where for more than four decades, Moro groups have been engaged in an insurgency for an independent province in the country. 23 April – Abu Sayyaf gunmen raid the Malaysian diving resort of Sipadan, off Borneo and flee across the sea border to their Jolo island stronghold with 10 Western tourists and 11 resort workers. 27 May – The kidnappers issue political demands including a separate Muslim state, an inquiry into alleged human rights abuses in Sabah and the restoration of fishing rights. They demand cash multimillion-dollar ransoms. 1 July – Filipino television evangelist Wilde Almeda of the Jesus Miracle Crusade and 12 of his follsited the Abu Sayyaf headquarters. A German journalist is seized the following day. 9 July – A three-member French television crew was abducted. 27 August – French, South African and German hostages are freed.
28 August – United States Muslim convert Jeffrey Schilling is abducted. 9 September – Finnish and French hostages are freed. 10 September – Abu Sayyaf raids Pandanan island near Sipadan and seizes three Malaysians. 16 September – The government troops launch military assault against Abu Sayyaf in Jolo. Two kidnapped French journalists escape during the fighting. 2 October – JMC Evangelist Wilde Almeda and 12 "prayer warriors" were released. 25 October – Troops rescue the three Malaysians seized in Pandanan. 12 April – Jeffrey Schilling is rescued, leaving Filipino scuba diving instructor, Roland Ullah, in the gunmen's hands. 22 May – Suspected Abu Sayyaf gunmen raid the luxurious Pearl Farm beach resort on Samal island in southern Philippines, killing two resort workers wounding three others, but no hostages were taken. 28 May – Suspected Abu Sayyaf gunmen raid the Dos Palmas resort off the western Philippines island of Palawan and seize 18 hostages including a United States couple and former Manila Times owner Reghis Romero.
Arroyo rules out ransom and orders the military to go after the kidnappers. 29 May – Malacañang imposes a news blackout in Basilan province where the Abu Sayyaf are reported to have gone. 30 May – United States Department Spokesman Philip Reeker calls for the "swift and unconditional release of all the hostages." An Olympus camera and an ATM card of one the hostages are found in Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi island. Pictures of Abu Sayyaf leaders are released to media by the Armed Forces of the Philippines. 31 May – The military fails to locate the bandits and the hostages despite search and rescue operations in Jolo and Cagayan de Tawi-Tawi. 1 June – Military troops engage Abu Sayyaf bandits in Tuburan town in Basilan. Abu Sayyaf spokesman Abu Sabaya threatens to behead two of the hostages. 2 June – Abu Sayyaf invaded Lamitan town and seize the José Maria Torres Memorial Hospital and the Saint Peter's church. Soldiers engage them in a day-long firefight. Several hostages, including businessman Reghis Romero, were able to escape.
Witnesses say the bandits escape from Lamitan at around 5:30 in the afternoon, taking four medical personnel from the hospital. 3 June – Soldiers recover the decapitated bodies of hostages Sonny Dacquer and Armando Bayona in Barangay Bulanting. 4 June – Military officials ask for a state of emergency in Basilan. President Gloria Arroyo turns the request down. 5 June – At least 16 soldiers are reported killed and 44 others wounded during a firefight between government troops and Abu Sayyaf members in Mount Sinangkapan in Tuburan town. President Arroyo promises 5 million pesos to the family of retired Col. Fernando Bajet for killing Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Sulayman on 2 June 2000. Abu Sayyaf leaders contact a government designated intermediary for possible negotiations. 6 June – Abu Sayyaf leader Abu Sabaya tells Radio Mindanao Network that United States hostage Martin Burnham sustained a gunshot wound on the back during a recent exchange of gunfire. 21 July – A provincial governor and three others were wounded when fighters of the Abu Sayyaf ambushed them in the southern Philippines, the military said.
August – Six Filipino Jehovah's Witnesses were kidnapped and two of them were beheaded. 2 October – One American serviceman was killed and another injured by a bomb blast in Zamboanga City. 12 February – The Philippines expelled an Iraqi diplomat, accusing the envoy of having ties to the Abu Sayyaf terrorist group. Second Secretary Husham Husain has been given 48 hours to leave the country, according to a statement by Philippine Foreign Secretary Blas Ople; the government said it had intelligence that the Iraqi diplomat has ties to the Islamic extremist group. The decision was taken more than a month before the 2003 invasion of Iraq. 5 March – Abu Sayyaf claimed responsibility for the bombings in Davao International Airport in the southern Philippines, killing 21 and injuring 148. 24 February – A bomb explodes on SuperFerry 14 off the coast of Manila, causing it to sink and killing 116 people. This attack is the worst terrorist attack at sea. 9 April – A key leader of the Islamic terrorist group Abu Sayyaf was killed, along with five of his men, during a gun battle with government troops in the southern Philippines.
Hamsiraji Marusi Sali and his men were killed when a platoon of the Philippine Army's elite Scout Rangers, on the terrorists' trail, attacked them around midday on the island of Basilan, an Abu Sayyaf stronghold about 885 kilometres, or 550 miles, south of the capital, Manila. Four government soldiers, including the commanding officer Noel S. Buan, were injured. 10 April – Around 50 prisoners including many suspected members of the Abu Sayyaf escaped from jail in the southern Philippines, the officials said. Three of the escaped prisoners were