The Great Fire of 1901 was a conflagration that occurred in Jacksonville, Florida, on Friday, May 3, 1901. It was one of the worst disasters in Florida history and the third largest urban fire in the U. S. next to the Great Chicago Fire, the 1906 San Francisco fire. In 1901, Jacksonville was a city which consisted of wooden buildings with wood shingled roofs; the city itself had been suffering under a prolonged drought, leaving the building exteriors across the city dry and fire-prone. At around noon on Friday, May 3, 1901, workers at the Cleaveland Fibre Factory, located on the corner of Beaver and Davis Streets, left for lunch. Several minutes sparks from the chimney of a nearby building started a fire in a pile of Spanish moss, laid out to dry. First, factory workers tried to put it out with a few buckets of water, as they had done on similar occasions. However, the blaze was soon out of control due to the wind picking up out of the east. A brisk northwest wind fanned the flames, which "spread from house to house with the rapidity that a man could walk".
In eight hours, the fire burned 146 city blocks, destroyed more than 2,368 buildings, left 10,000 residents homeless. It is said the glow from the flames could be seen in Savannah and the smoke plumes in Raleigh, North Carolina. James Weldon Johnson, principal of a local school claimed, that firemen tried to save the fire from spreading to a white neighborhood, allowing black parts of town to burn down in the process:"We met many people fleeing. From them we gathered excitedly related snatches: the fiber factory catches afire - the fire department comes - fanned by a light breeze, the fire is traveling directly east and spreading out to the north, over the district where the bulk of Negroes in the western end of the city live - the firemen spend all their efforts saving a low row of frame houses just across the street on the south side of the factory, belonging to a white man named Steve Melton." Florida Governor William S. Jennings declared martial law in Jacksonville and dispatched several state militia units to help.
Reconstruction began and the city was returned to civil authority on May 17. Seven human deaths were reported. St. Andrew's Episcopal Church, built of bricks in 1887, was the only major church in the city to withstand the fire; the Duval County Courthouse and all its real estate records were destroyed in the fire. To this day real estate deeds in Duval County refer either to "the current public records of Duval County, Florida" or, if the records predate the fire, "the former public records of Duval County, Florida." It is the only county in Florida for which, the case. The only existing pre-Fire real estate records are title abstracts saved by Title and Trust, a title company that still charges for their use. New York City architect Henry John Klutho helped rebuild the city, he and other architects, enamored by the "Prairie Style" of architecture being popularized by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in Chicago and other Midwestern cities, designed exuberant local buildings with a Florida flair. Buildings designed by Klutho were Dyal-Upchurch Building, Carnegie Library, Bisbee Building, Morocco Temple, the Florida Baptist Building While many of Klutho's buildings were demolished or abandoned by the 1980s, several of his creations remain including his most prominent work the St. James Building.
The Jacksonville City Hall uses the St. James Building. Local charity Fresh Ministries restored the Klutho Apartments, in Springfield, converted them into office space for the Community Development Corporation's Operation New Hope. Jacksonville has one of the largest collections of Prairie Style buildings outside the Midwest. Hotel Roosevelt fire: costly 1963 fire in downtown Jacksonville History of Jacksonville, Florida List of historic fires Photographic exhibit on the 1901 Great Fire, presented by the State Archives of Florida. Information about the fire from the Jacksonville Historical Society 1901 "Great Fire" Remembered An Artistic Description of a Gloomy Affair
Walford Dakin Selby was an English archivist and antiquary. Born on 16 June 1845, he was the eldest son of Thomas Selby of Whitley and Wimbush Hall, Essex, by his wife Elizabeth, youngest daughter and coheiress of Ralph Foster of Holderness, Yorkshire, he was educated at Brighton College, Tunbridge School. After leaving school he was placed with a Dr. Stromberg in Bonn, to learn French. In 1867 Selby became a junior clerk in the Public Record Office, where he became superintendent of the search-room. In 1883, with his friend James Greenstreet, he founded the Pipe Roll Society, of which he was director-in-chief, honorary treasurer for the rest of his life. Selby cut his own throat while suffering from typhoid fever, dying at his residence, 9 Clyde Street, Redcliffe Gardens, London S. W. on 3 August 1889. He was buried on 8 August in Kensal Green cemetery. Selby compiled The Jubilee Date Book, edited: Bond's Book of Dates, 1875. New edition of a work of John James Bond. Lancashire and Cheshire Records, 2 pts.
1882–3. Norfolk Records, 1886. At the time of his death he was preparing: a new edition of the Red Book of the Exchequer, completed by Hubert Hall, subsequently criticised by J. H. Round. From 1884 to April 1889 Selby edited The Genealogist, he was a contributor on literary subjects to The Athenæum, The Academy, The Antiquary, Antiquarian Magazine, other periodicals. His papers on The Robbery of Chaucer at Hatcham, Chaucer as Forrester of North Petherton, in the County of Somerset, were published as Nos. 1 and 3 in the Life-Records of Chaucer,’ which Selby edited for the Chaucer Society, 1875 et seqq. Selby once preferred a claim to the dormant peerage of Viscount Montagu, he abandoned it. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Selby, Walford Dakin". Dictionary of National Biography. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co
Idan haNegev Industrial Park, is an industrial park being built southeast of the Bedouin city of Rahat, Israel. The goal is to alleviate unemployment in the local Bedouin population, it is situated in a zone under the jurisdiction of Bnei Shimon Regional Council, between Lehavim and Rahat, close to the city of Beersheba. It will cover an area of some 3,500 dunams; some Local Bedouin leaders praised the initiative. According to Rahat Mayor Faiz Abu Sahiban, "it is a good solution which could reduce unemployment in the city among Bedouin women"; however other Bedouin say government-subsidized investment perks benefit large Jewish-owned companies that are under no obligation to hire Bedouins. "It's not answering the needs of the people," said Jihad Elubra, manager at Mati, a government-funded nonprofit group that assists Bedouin-owned businesses in southern Israel. "It's only helping big companies" Idan HaNegev is the first Jewish-Bedouin project of its kind. The industrial park was inaugurated in April 2010.
The cornerstone was laid by the mayors of the three local authorities involved in the project, by two ministers: Industry and Labor Minister Binyamin Ben-Eliezer and Galilee Development Minister Silvan Shalom. The three owners of the park will share the profit: Rahat owns 44 per cent of the stock. According to the data of the Industry and Labor Ministry, the employment rate among the Bedouin is 35 percent, the lowest of any sector in Israeli society. According to some estimates, 81 percent of the Bedouin women of working age are unemployed due to conservative traditions of the Bedouin. On the other hand, the Bedouin of Negev are the fastest growing sector of the Israeli society - they double their size every 15 years; when finished, the park will open new employment opportunities for the Bedouins of Rahat, Lakiya, Shaqib al-Salam and other Bedouin localities nearby. As Industry and Labor Minister Binyamin Ben-Eliezer put it, "the low participation rate of this population in the labor force hurts, not only the Bedouin, but the economy, its growth potential and the state as a whole.
Growing employment inequality causes significant social issues and endangers the possibility of shared life here in Israel". The park’s proximity to Beer Sheva, Highway 6 and the railway station at Lehavim, as well as low municipal taxes and state subsidies, make Idan Hanegev an attractive location for major companies. There will be at least 130 new factories, an additional hospital for the Negev and a technical institute, most of them in the planning stage. Additional hospital beds are needed to lessen the load of Soroka Medical Center. A new Harvard University campus will be established inside in industrial zone, it will be the first campus built in a Bedouin city. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev will oversee the new campus' operations, it will be considered a BGU branch. Carbonated drink firm SodaStream has received a government permit to build a new plant in Idan HaNegev, it will invest some NIS 130 million in its construction. When finished, the plant will provide employment opportunities to around 1,000 workers, many of them Bedouins.
Cargal packaging company announced that it is willing to move their factory, situated in Lod to a new industrial park, but it will try to keep most of their 320 workers by offering them transportation to the new plant. On the other hand, in case Cargal decides to make this step, the state will provide it with special funding of more than NIS 30 million and offer fringe benefits. Negev Bedouin Official page of Idan haNegev at the site of Bnei Shimon Regional Council Basic information about the Bedouin of the Negev Lands of the Negev, a short film presented by Israel Land Administration describing the challenges faced in providing land management and infrastructure to the Bedouins in Israel's southern Negev region