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Great Miami River

The Great Miami River is a tributary of the Ohio River 160 miles long, in southwestern Ohio and Indiana in the United States. The Great Miami flows through Dayton, Troy and Sidney; the river is named for the Miami, an Algonquian-speaking Native American people who lived in the region during the early days of European settlement. They were forced to relocate to the west to escape European-American settlement pressure; the region surrounding the Great Miami River is known as the Miami Valley. This term is used in the upper portions of the valley as a moniker for the economic-cultural region centered on the Greater Dayton area; as the lower portions of the Miami Valley fall under the influence of Cincinnati and the Ohio River Valley, residents of the lower area do not identify with the Miami in the same way. The main course of the Great Miami River rises from the outflow of Indian Lake in Logan County, about 1 mile southeast of the village of Russells Point 15 miles southeast of Lima. Indian Lake is an artificial reservoir which receives the flow from the North and South forks of the Great Miami River.

It flows south and southwest, past Sidney, is joined by Loramie Creek in northern Miami County. It flows south past Piqua and Troy, through Taylorsville Dam near Tipp City and Vandalia, it continues through Dayton, where it is joined by the Mad rivers and Wolf Creek. From Dayton it flows southwest past Miamisburg, Franklin and Hamilton in the southwest corner of Ohio. In southwestern Hamilton County, it is joined by the Whitewater River 5 miles upstream from its mouth on the Ohio River, just east of the Ohio-Indiana state line 16 miles west of Cincinnati; the river meanders across the state line near Lawrenceburg, Indiana in the last two miles before reaching its mouth ¼ mile east of the border in Ohio. The border of Ohio and Indiana was based on where the confluence of the Ohio and Great Miami Rivers was in 1800. In the 1700s, the French called the river Riviere à la Roche; the Miami and Erie Canal, which connected the Ohio River with Lake Erie, was built through the Great Miami watershed. The first portion of the canal, from Cincinnati to Middletown, was operational in 1828, extended to Dayton in 1830.

Water from the Great Miami fed into the canal. A extension to the canal, the Sidney Feeder, drew water from the upper reaches of the Great Miami from near Port Jefferson and Sidney; the canal served as the principal north-south route of transportation from Toledo to Cincinnati for western Ohio until being supplanted in the 1850s by railroads. As was common in early industrial days, beginning in the 19th century the river served as a source of water and a method to dispose of wastes for a variety of major industrial firms, including Armco Steel, Champion International Paper, Black Clawson and many others. Heightened attention to water pollution in the late 1950s and 1960s has led to significant improvements in waste disposal and water quality. Following a catastrophic flood in March 1913, the Miami Conservancy District was established in 1914 within Ohio to build dams and storage areas, to dredge and straighten channels to control flooding of the river; the Great Miami River has been known as: Assereniet River Big Miami River Gran Miammee Fiume Grande Miami Riviere Great Miama River Great Miamia River Great Miammee River Great Mineami River Miami River Riviere à la Roche Rocky Fiume Rocky River Big Mineamy River Great Miamis River Great Miyamis River Miamis River Riviere La Rushes Rockey River Clear Creek Loramie Creek Mad River Stillwater River Twin Creek Whitewater River Wolf Creek Indian Creek Taylor Creek Four Mile Creek List of rivers of Indiana List of rivers of Ohio Little Miami River Arthur Benke & Colbert Cushing, Rivers of North America, Elsevier Academic Press, 2005 ISBN 0-12-088253-1

Percy Moreau Ashburn

Percy Moreau Ashburn was a medical officer in the United States Army. With Lieutenant Charles Franklin Craig, Ashburn made the link that mosquitoes were involved in the transmission of Dengue fever. Ashburn was born on July 1872 to Allen W. Ashburn and Julia M. née Kennedy in Batavia, Ohio. Ashburn graduated from Batavia High School in 1890, he attended Jefferson Medical College. Ashburn married Agnes Davis on July 6, 1896. Together they had three children. Major General Thomas Q. Ashburn was his brother. Brigadier General Julius Penn was his cousin. Ashburn was appointed a contract surgeon with the United States Army on May 30, 1898, he was promoted through grades to colonel. In 1906 to 1907, Ashburn presided over the Army board for the study of tropical diseases in the Philippines; the board's findings were released as Experimental Investigations Regarding the Etiology of Dengue Fever, with a General Consideration of the Disease with Ashburn and Craig as the co-authors. In 1913, he was detailed to presiding over the Army board for the study of tropical diseases in the Philippines and at Ancon, Panama.

Afterwards, Ashburn wrote Mosquito-borne Diseases. He commanded the Medical Officers Training Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana in 1917. Ashburn served as the Commandant of the Medical Field Service School from August 1, 1920 to August 1, 1923. Ashburn served as the professor of military hygiene at the United States Military Academy from 1923 to 1927, he served as librarian at the Army Medical Library in Washington, DC from 1927 to 1932, when he retired. He authored the following books: The Elements of Military Hygiene, History of the Medical Department of the United States Army, with his son Frank Davis Ashburn The Ranks of Death, A Medical History of the Conquest of America. Ashburn was made an officer in the Legion of Honour for his services during World War I. Ashburn died on August 20, 1940, his papers are held by the National Library of Medicine


A bramble is any rough, prickly shrub in the genus Rubus, the blackberries and raspberries and dewberries. "Bramble" is used to describe other prickly shrubs such as roses. Bramble or brambleberry sometimes refers to the blackberry fruit or products of its fruit, such as bramble jelly. In British English, bramble refers to the common blackberry, Rubus fruticosus. R. fruticosus grows abundantly in all parts of the British Isles and harvesting the fruits in late summer and autumn is considered a favourite pastime. An hardy plant, bramble bushes can become a nuisance in gardens, sending down strong suckering roots amongst hedges and shrubs and being resilient against pruning. Many consider R. fruticosus a weed due its tendency to grow in neglected areas and its sharp, tough thorns which can be hazardous to children and pets. "Bramble" comes from a variant of bræmel. It descends from Proto-Germanic *brēm-, whence come English broom, German Brombeere, Dutch braam and French framboise. Bramble bushes have long, arching shoots and root easily.

They send up long, arching canes that do not set fruit until the second year of growth. Brambles have trifoliate or palmately-compound leaves. Bramble fruits are aggregate fruits; each small unit is called a drupelet. In some, such as the blackberry, the flower receptacle is elongated and part of the ripe fruit, making the blackberry an aggregate-accessory fruit. Many species are bred for their fruit. Ornamental species can be grown for their ornamental stems and some as ground cover. Members of the Rubus genus tend to have a brittle, porous core and an oily residue along the stalk which makes them ideal to burn in damp climates; the thorny varieties are sometimes grown for game cover and for protection. Most species are important for their wildlife value in their native range; the flowers attract nectar-feeding butterflies and hoverflies, are a particular favourite of Volucella pellucens. Brambles are important food plants for the larvae of several species of Lepidoptera—see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Rubus.

The leaves of brambles are used as a main food source for captive stick insects. Many birds, such as the common blackbird, some mammals will feed on the nutritious fruits in autumn. Split bramble stems are traditionally used as binding material for straw in production of lip-work basketry, such as lip-work chairs and bee skeps and sometimes used to protect other fruits such as strawberries. Bramble leaves can be used to feed most Phasmatodea. Young leaves contain a toxin that can be harmful to many species of Phasmatodea, however this only occurs up until their third instar, by which time they have developed an immunity to it. Rubus fruticosus is difficult to eradicate. Early action by hand pulling with a gloved hand and digging young seedlings as soon as they are seen will save a lot of hard work later. A thick mulch of chipped bark or compost will make it much easier to pull out germinated seeds in the spring. Light but established infestations in friable, workable soils may be removed by cutting back the stems to about 1 foot above the ground, to leave a handle, forking out the bramble stump with as much of the root as possible.

Anything left below-ground may regenerate. Heavy infestations may make the land impenetrable and will require cutting first just to access the stems; the root systems will be so pervasive that removing them would require digging up the entire area. In this case, chemical control using a selective weedkiller such as triclopyr to wet the photosynthesising bramble leaves is effective if applied in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. However, a infested area of uncut brambles will require an inordinate amount of poison to wet the leaves; this will kill the plant back into its root system using a small fraction of the poison required to spray whole bushes. The area may first be cleared using a tractor-mounted rotary mower, motorised string trimmer or with a scythe. A short-bladed, 24 inches, scythe in good hands can be faster than using a string trimmer, leaves a neater cut close to the ground, avoids collateral damage to other plants that are desirable to keep, deposits the cut debris aligned in swathes that are easier to remove and stack.

The area must be cut and cleared at some point anyway and it is easier to clear the debris while green and flexible than dead and dry, so clearing when green spraying a little is more efficient than spraying a lot clearing when dry. Triclopyr is selective: it only affects photosynthesising dicots, leaving grass, flowering monocots such as narcissus and bluebell bulbs, undamaged, it breaks down harmlessly in the soil within about six weeks leaving no toxic residuals. Glyphosate is effective but must be used with much greater care and will damage other woodland plants. There are many different systems developed for the commercial culture of blackberries and raspberries. Bramble cultivars are separated into several categories based on their growth habit, they are categorised as semi-erect, or trailing. Plants bearing thorns

Paramanandayya Sishyula Katha

Paramanandayya Sishyula Katha is a 1966 Indian swashbuckling adventure film, produced by Thota Subba Rao under the Sridevi Productions banner and directed by C. Pullayya, it stars K. R. Vijaya with music composed by Ghantasala; the film was earlier made in Telugu in 1950 as Paramanandayya Sishyulu starring Akkineni Nageswara Rao and Lakshmi Rajyam in pivotal roles. The movie was remade in Kannada in 1981 as Guru Shishyaru; the plot is based on the story of the Disciples of seven saints in number. They are the disciples of Aruna Keerti Mahamuni. Chitralekha dances in the court of Lord Siva, he gives her a Rudraksha mala to wear during the visits. She visits the beautiful Earth with her companions and enjoys bathing in a pool, she finds these Sishiyas keenly curses them to become idiots. After knowing the facts from Guruji and realizing her mistake, she pronounces the Vimukti at the time of her marriage; the Guru, Aruna Keerti, in return curses Chitralekha that she will lose her celestial status if she comes into contact with a human.

He advises the Sishyas to go to Rajaguru Paramanandayya at Vijayadurgam, ruled by Nandivardhana Maharaju. Paramanandayya accepts them as his disciples. Chitralekha forgets the Rudraksha mala while returning to Heaven; the mala is accidentally found by the Maharajah. Chitralekha remembers her mala, goes to the palace as a snake and tries to steals the mala. However, Maharajah dreaming about the Devakanya touches Chitralekha, who loses her divine powers and past memory. Maharajah calls Paramanandayya for advice, he tells the Rajah to hand over the mala to her. He advises her to pray to Lord Siva to attain divinity. Meanwhile, whatever the Sishiyas do out of ignorance turns out to be a good thing for the Paramanandayya family, they save them from thieves etc. They decided to die as Guruji scolded them for purchasing a dead cow, they go to the streets. Night patrolling, Rajabhat takes them to the Royal Court, they thought Maharaja as Ranjani as an Apsara. They makes the Maharajah know the criminal plans of the Minister.

The Sishyas spoiled the marriage of daughter Girija with the tuberculosis patient and saved Paramanandayya from another family crisis. Ousted by Guruji, they reach RajaMahal and spoil an attempt to kill Maharaja by Jaggarayudu and Minister, they convinced Chitralekha to marry the Maharajah. During the marriage ceremony, they regain their sainthood. N. T. Rama Rao as Nandivardhana Maharaju K. R. Vijaya as Chitralekha L. Vijayalakshmi as Ranjani Chittor V. Nagaiah as Paramanandayya Sobhan Babu as Lord Siva Satyanarayana as Jaggarayudu Padmanabham as Nandi Allu Ramalingaiah as Bhringi Raja Babu as Phani Mukkamala as Minister Chaya Devi as Anandam Dr. Sivaramakrishnaiah as Virupakshayya Vangara as Parabrahma Sastry Sarathi as Modukuri Satyam as Ramachandra Rao as Art: Vaali Choreography: Vempati Stills: D. Radhakrishna Murthy Fights: Sambasiva Rao Story - Dialogues: Vempati Sadasivabrahmam Lyrics: Vempati Sadasivabrahmam, Samudrala Sr, C. Narayana Reddy, Sri Sri, Kosaraju Playback: Ghantasala, P. Susheela, S. Janaki, P. Leela, Pithapuram Nageswara Rao, Chakravarthy Music: Ghantasala Editing: B.

Gopala Rao Cinematography: C. Nageshwara Rao Producer: Thota Subba Rao Screenplay - Director: C. Pullaiah Banner: Sridevi Productions Release Date: 7 April 1966 Music composed by Ghantasala. Music released by Audio Company. VCDs & DVDs on - SHALIMAR Video Company, Hyderabad Paramandayya Shishyula Katha, 1966 film at IMDb. Watch Paramandayya Shishyula Katha movie at Mee g Listen to Paramandayya Shishyula Katha songs at Watch Paramanandayya Shishyula Katha 1966 Telugu Movie Online at


Hellsinki is a 2009 Finnish film directed by Aleksi Mäkelä. The film is based on Tom Sjöberg. Hellsinki follows the journey of two criminals and Krisu, in Punavuori, a neighbourhood in Helsinki, from the mid-1960s to the late 1970s. Samuli Edelmann as Tomppa Peter Franzén as Krisu Pihla Viitala as Monika Kari Hietalahti as Gypsy Kari Juha Veijonen as Koistinen Jasper Pääkkönen as Korppu Kristo Salminen as Arska Pekka Valkeejärvi as Uki Hiski Grönstrand as Pera Tommi Rantamäki as Sale Santeri Kinnunen as Teukka Kalle Holmberg as Lindström Leena Uotila as Tomppa's mother Pirkko Mannola as Tyyne, Kari's mother Hellsinki on IMDb

Lakis Nikolaou

Lakis Nikolaou is a Greek former professional footballer who played as a defender. He is the current Medical Director of AEK Athens. Born on the island of Ios, Nikolaou played for AEK Athens forming a powerful defending duo with Petros Ravousis, he played a total of 15 games. He was a participant at the 1980 UEFA European Football Championship. Lakis studied medicine in University of Athens while still being a professional footballer and managed to become a successful medicine professor and surgeon, he became doctor of AEK Athens and now of Olympiakos On 13 October 1997 he became AEK Athens' thirty fifth president, serving from 1997 until 1998. Lakis Nikolaou – FIFA competition record