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Saltillo (linguistics)

In Mexican linguistics, saltillo is the word for a glottal stop consonant. The name was given by the early grammarians of Classical Nahuatl. In a number of other Nahuan languages, the sound cognate to the glottal stop of Classical Nahuatl is, the term saltillo is applied to either pronunciation; the saltillo is written with an apostrophe, though it is sometimes written ⟨h⟩ for either pronunciation, or ⟨j⟩ when pronounced. The spelling of the glottal stop with an apostrophe-like character most originates from transliterations of the Arabic hamza, it has been written with a grave accent over the preceding vowel in some Nahuatl works, following Horacio Carochi. The saltillo represents a phoneme in many other indigenous languages of the Americas and so its presence or absence can distinguish words. However, there is no saltillo in Standard Spanish, so the sound is imperceptible to Spanish-speakers, Spanish writers did not write it when transcribing Mexican languages: Nahuatl "in a fire" and "he ascends" were both written tleco, for example.

Where saltillo is distinguished, the latter may be written tleꞌko. Although the basic meaning of the word'saltillo' is the sound, it is applied to the letter used to write that sound the straight apostrophe; the alphabet of the Tlapanec language uses both uppercase and lowercase saltillos, ⟨Ꞌ ꞌ⟩. Unicode support of the cased forms began with Unicode 5.1, with U+A78B Ꞌ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SALTILLO and U+A78C ꞌ LATIN SMALL LETTER SALTILLO. Both are rendered with a straight apostrophe-like shape sometimes described as a dotless exclamation point. Typesetters who are unfamiliar with Unicode use an apostrophe instead, but that can cause problems in electronic files because the apostrophe is a punctuation mark, not a word-building character, the ambiguous use of apostrophe for two different functions can make automated processing of the text difficult; the lowercase saltillo letter is used in Miꞌkmaq of Canada, Izere of Nigeria and in at least one Southeast Asian language, Central Sinama of the Philippines and Malaysia.

In the latter it represents both the glottal stop and the centralized vowel and derives from the historical use of hamza for those sounds in Arabic script. Examples are bowaꞌ ` mouth' as a nsꞌllan ` oil' as a vowel. Glottal stop Hamza ʻOkina Definition of saltillo

Stephanie Umoh

Stephanie Jean Umoh is an American stage actress. She stars as Angelica Schuyler in Hamilton’s first national “Angelica” tour, she played the role of Sarah in the 2009 Broadway theatre revival of the musical Ragtime which performed from Nov 15, 2009 to Jan 10, 2010. Umoh was born in Lewisville, where she attended the Lewisville High School, graduating in 2004, she attended The Boston Conservatory in Boston, where she received a Bachelor of Fine Arts in musical theatre. She studied with a voice teacher, with her senior emphasis in acting. While a student at conservatory Umoh appeared in productions of The Violet Hour, as Jesse, she appeared as Serena in the workshop production of Lucky Duck directed by book and lyrics writer Bill Russell. While still a student she appeared in U. S. regional-theater professional productions of Zanna, Don't!, as Kate, The Bubbly Black Girl Sheds Her Chameleon Skin, as Viveca, both at the Speakeasy Stage Company in Boston. Umoh appeared as Sarah in Ragtime at the New Repertory Theatre in Watertown, Massachusetts.

For this performance she was nominated for an IRNE Award. She would revive her role on Broadway, she has appeared Off Broadway in the Roundabout Theatre Company's workshop production of The Tin Pan Alley Rag, as Freedie/Treemonisha. She has participated in theatrical readings of Luck!, at the York Theatre, Time After Time. She played Mona in Hunter Foster's theatrical adaption of the 1967 film Bonnie and Clyde at the Westside Theatre, her additional regional theater credits include Hair at the Connecticut Repertory Theatre and Johnny Baseball at the American Repertory Theater. Stephanie Umoh at the Internet Broadway Database Stephanie Umoh's Boston Conservatory Showcase Resume Stephanie Umoh at Theater Mania

Liverpool, Southport and Preston Junction Railway

The Liverpool and Preston Junction Railway was formed in 1884, totaled 7 miles. In 1897 it became part of Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, on 1 May 1901, its northern terminus switched from Southport Central to Southport Chapel Street, it connected the West Lancashire Railway's lines to the north of Southport to the CLC Southport & Cheshire Lines Extension Railway at Altcar and Hillhouse railway station. Known as the Barton branch, it ran from 1 September 1887 to 21 January 1952; the Barton branch was notable for the "Altcar Bob" service, introduced in July 1906. The short section of line that contains Meols Cop is still open and has replaced a section of the original Manchester and Southport Railway; this northern part was electrified in 1904 and de-electrified sixty years later. Cotterall, J. E; the West Lancashire Railway, The Oakwood Press, ISBN 0-85361-288-9 Nock, O. S; the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway - A Concise History, Ian Allan, ISBN 0-7110-0130-8 On The Track of Altcar Bob

Phil Morrison (driver)

Philip John Morrison is an English drift driver and businessman from Birmingham, England. He is one of the most successful drivers in UK drifting, having won the 2006 D1 Great Britain series and 2010 British Drift Championship and is co-owner of automotive parts company Driftworks. Morrison started drifting in 2004, funding his interest in the sport by working for five years in a sixth form college as a technician. In 2006, Morrison won the D1 Great Britain Series in a Nissan 200SX S14. In 2008, Morrison debuted a new car, a mid-engined Nissan Silvia S15 powered by a 2JZ-GTE engine from a Toyota Supra in the European Drift Championship, he narrowly missed out on the 2009 EDC title, after spinning out in the Top 8 in the final round at Snetterton and handed the title to Mark Luney. The following season, Morrison won the 2010 British Drift Championship title at Knockhill; the S15 was sold at the end of the 2012 BDC season, to be replaced by a world first LSx powered Toyota AE86, built with the remnants of an ASCAR race car.

Morrison is the co-owner of Driftworks Ltd alongside James Robinson. The business was established out of a spare room in Morrison's home and has now grown into one of the largest suppliers of drift related parts in the UK, based out of a 12,000 sq ft facility in Tyseley, Birmingham. Driftworks

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1524

United Nations Security Council resolution 1524, adopted unanimously on 30 January 2004, after reaffirming all resolutions on Abkhazia and Georgia Resolution 1494, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia until 31 July 2004. In the preamble of the resolution, the Security Council stressed that the lack of progress on a settlement between the two parties was unacceptable, it condemned the shooting down of an UNOMIG helicopter in October 2001 which resulted in nine deaths and deplored that the perpetrators of the attack had not been identified. The contributions of UNOMIG and Commonwealth of Independent States peacekeeping forces in the region were welcomed, in addition to the United Nations-led peace process. A presidential election was held in Georgia in January 2004 and the new leadership was encouraged to pursue a settlement; the Security Council welcomed political efforts to resolve the situation, in particular the "Basic Principles for the Distribution of Competences between Tbilisi and Sukhumi" to facilitate negotiations between Georgia and Abkhazia.

It regretted the lack of progress on political status negotiations and the refusal of Abkhazia to discuss the document, further calling on both sides to overcome their mutual mistrust. All violations of the 1994 Agreement on a Cease-fire and Separation of Forces were condemned; the Council welcomed the easing of tensions in the Kodori Valley and the signing of a protocol by both parties on 2 April 2002. Concerns of the civilian population were noted and the Georgian side was asked to guarantee the safety of UNOMIG and CIS troops in the valley; the resolution urged the two parties to revitalise the peace process, including greater participation on issues relating to refugees, internally displaced persons, economic co-operation and political and security matters. It reaffirmed the unacceptability of demographic changes resulting from the conflict. Abkhazia in particular was called upon to improve law enforcement, address the lack of instruction to ethnic Georgians in their first language and ensure the safety of returning refugees.

The Council called again on both parties to take measures to identify those responsible for the shooting down of an UNOMIG helicopter in October 2001. Both parties were asked to dissociate themselves from military rhetoric and demonstrations in support of illegal armed groups, ensure the safety of United Nations personnel. Furthermore, there were concerns about the security situation in Gali region with repeated killings and there were abductions of UNOMIG and CIS peacekeeping personnel, which the Council condemned. Georgian–Abkhazian conflict List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1501 to 1600 United Nations resolutions on Abkhazia Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1524 at Wikisource Text of the Resolution at