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Great Otway National Park

The Great Otway National Park, located in the Barwon South West region of Victoria, Australia. The 103,185-hectare national park is situated 162 kilometres southwest of Melbourne, it contains a diverse range of landscapes and vegetation types and is situated within the Otway Ranges. The Otway forests enjoy a long logging history and have been a rich source of timber for over 150 years; the production has since reduced over the years. The forests standing tall today showcase the time needed to regrow and reproduce the giants of the past. Several wildfires have burnt through the park in this century which shape its ecology and plant and animal diversity - the last major fire was Ash Wednesday in 1983; the park was declared in 2004 when Otway National Park, Angahook-Lorne State Park, Carlisle State Park, Melba Gully State Park, areas of the Otway State Forest and a number of Crown Land reserves were combined into one park. The parks were combined after a campaign by the local community and the Otway Ranges Environment Network and were gazetted on 11 December 2005.

The park is a popular area for interstate and international tourists, with companies operating tours in the region. It contains three camping areas at Aire River and Blanket Bay; the park is accessed from the east via Apollo Bay, from the north via Forrest or Beech Forest, or from the west via Princetown. The park covers both coastline and hinterland in the Otway Ranges and so includes both beaches and forest, accessible via walking trails; the park and the Aire River campground are home to a significant koala population. The Cape Otway Lighthouse is open to tourists throughout the week. Migrating whales and dolphins such as southern right and southern humpback, bottlenose dolphins can be observed from the coasts. Glow worms, which are the bioluminescent larvae of small flies known as fungus gnats, can be seen at night along the stream banks and walking tracks at Angahook-Lorne State Park, Beauchamp Falls, Hopetoun Falls, Stevenson Falls and Melba Gully State Park; the park has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because it supports populations of rufous bristlebirds, striated fieldwrens and pink robins, as well as numerous other species.

The Great Otway National Park is rich in fungal diversity. Although hundreds of species of flora and fauna are listed in the Great Otway National Park Management Plan, there is only a single reference to fungi; the reference is to Chalara australis that affects myrtle beech. However, the great majority of fungi in the Park perform beneficial ecological roles. In fact, most fungi perform positive rather than negative roles. Parasitic fungi – regarded only negatively – are a vital part of healthy ecosystems, regulating ecosystem functions; as primary recyclers of organic matter, saprobic fungi break down fallen branches and leaf litter, making vital nutrients available to other organisms. Other fungi form symbiotic relationships with other organisms. Although acknowledged, the great majority of plants in the Great Otway National Park form mutually beneficial mycorrhizal relationships with fungi. Given the great diversity of plants, specialist habitats and micro-climates in the park, a great diversity of fungi, including lichens, is expected to occur there.

Two hundred and seventy-eight species of fungi are listed in the Atlas of Living Australia. This is to be only a fraction of the total number of fungal species that grow in the Park. Despite their essential roles in underpinning terrestrial ecosystems, fungi are recognised as a vital part of Australia's biodiversity. Although Australia has national and state level biodiversity conservation strategies and has ratified international conventions, most overlook fungi. There is no statewide biodiversity strategy for managing biodiversity in Victoria and the Colac Otway Shire Environment Strategy makes no reference to fungi. There is however, a great deal of interest in fungi among the local community; the Southern Otways Landcare Network have been involved in learning about and surveying the Park's fungi in recent years and produced a guide to one hundred of the more recognisable fungal species found in the park. The Australian citizen-science organisation, Fungimap is documenting and mapping the distribution of fungi including those that occur in the Great Otway National Park.

One of the tiniest yet conspicuous species found in the wetter parts of the park is the ruby bonnet. The ghost fungus grows on trees and is another recognisable species at night when it glows a pale green; the rosette fungus appears in funnel-shaped rosettes at the base of trees and among leaf litter and is widespread throughout the park. The flame fungus grows singly or in groups on soil. Great Ocean Walk Protected areas of Victoria Triplet Falls Great Otway National Park Otway Ranges Environment Network Otways Accommodation

User agent

In computing, a user agent is software, acting on behalf of a user, such as a web browser that "retrieves and facilitates end user interaction with Web content". An email reader is a mail user agent. In many cases, a user agent acts as a client in a network protocol used in communications within a client–server distributed computing system. In particular, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol identifies the client software originating the request, using a user-agent header when the client is not operated by a user; the Session Initiation Protocol protocol followed this usage. In the SIP, the term user agent refers to both end points of a communications session; when a software agent operates in a network protocol, it identifies itself, its application type, operating system, software vendor, or software revision, by submitting a characteristic identification string to its operating peer. In HTTP, SIP, NNTP protocols, this identification is transmitted in a header field User-Agent. Bots, such as Web crawlers also include a URL and/or e-mail address so that the Webmaster can contact the operator of the bot.

In HTTP, the User-Agent string is used for content negotiation, where the origin server selects suitable content or operating parameters for the response. For example, the User-Agent string might be used by a web server to choose variants based on the known capabilities of a particular version of client software; the concept of content tailoring is built into the HTTP standard in RFC 1945 "for the sake of tailoring responses to avoid particular user agent limitations.” The User-Agent string is one of the criteria by which Web crawlers may be excluded from accessing certain parts of a website using the Robots Exclusion Standard. As with many other HTTP request headers, the information in the "User-Agent" string contributes to the information that the client sends to the server, since the string can vary from user to user; the User-Agent string format is specified by section 5.5.3 of HTTP/1.1 Semantics and Content. The format of the User-Agent string in HTTP is a list of product tokens with optional comments.

For example, if a user's product were called WikiBrowser, their user agent string might be WikiBrowser/1.0 Gecko/1.0. The "most important" product component is listed first; the parts of this string are as follows: product name and version layout engine and version During the first browser war, many web servers were configured to only send web pages that required advanced features, including frames, to clients that were identified as some version of Mozilla. Other browsers were considered to be older products such as Mosaic, Cello, or Samba, would be sent a bare bones HTML document. For this reason, most Web browsers use a User-Agent string value as follows: Mozilla/. For example, Safari on the iPad has used the following: Mozilla/5.0 AppleWebKit/531.21.10 Mobile/7B405 The components of this string are as follows: Mozilla/5.0: Previously used to indicate compatibility with the Mozilla rendering engine.: Details of the system in which the browser is running. AppleWebKit/531.21.10: The platform the browser uses.: Browser platform details.

Mobile/7B405: This is used by the browser to indicate specific enhancements that are available directly in the browser or through third parties. An example of this is Microsoft Live Meeting which registers an extension so that the Live Meeting service knows if the software is installed, which means it can provide a streamlined experience to joining meetings. Before migrating to the Chromium code base, Opera was the most used web browser that did not have the User-Agent string with "Mozilla". Since July 15, 2013, Opera's User-Agent string begins with "Mozilla/5.0" and, to avoid encountering legacy server rules, no longer includes the word "Opera". Automated web crawling tools can use a simplified form, where an important field is contact information in case of problems. By convention the word "bot" is included in the name of the agent. For example: Googlebot/2.1 Automated agents are expected to follow rules in a special file called "robots.txt". The popularity of various Web browser products has varied throughout the Web's history, this has influenced the design of websites in such a way that websites are sometimes designed to work well only with particular browsers, rather than according to uniform standards by the World Wide Web Consortium or the Internet Engineering Task Force.

Websites include code to detect browser version to adjust the page design sent according to the user agent string received. This may mean that less-popular browsers are not sent complex content or, in extreme cases, refused all content. Thus, various browsers have a feature to cloak or spoof their identification to force certain server-side content. For example, the Android browser identifies itself as Safari. Other HTTP client programs, like download managers and offline browsers have the ability to change the user agent string. Spam bots and Web scrapers use fake user agents. A result of user agent spoofing may be that collected statistics of Web browser usage are inaccurate. User agent sniffing is the practice of websites showing different or adjusted content when viewed with certain user agents. An e

Amblygaster leiogaster

The smoothbelly sardinella known as blue sardine, blue sprat, bluebait, is a reef-associated marine species of sardinellas in the herring family Clupeidae. It is one of the three species of genus Amblygaster, it is found in the marine waters along Indo-West Pacific regions towards south western Australia. The fish has 12 to 23 anal soft rays, it grows up to a maximum length of 23 cm. The flank becomes black while preservation. Belly is more rounded and scutes are not prominent, it is rather resemble Amblygaster clupeoides, but the latter has few lower gill rakers than Smoothbelly sardinella. The fish feeds on minute organisms like zooplankton. Amblygaster clupeoides Amblygaster sirm Commercial fish of Sri Lanka

2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster

The 2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster occurred in central Nepal during the month of October and resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people of various nationalities, including at least 21 trekkers. Injuries and fatalities resulted from unusually severe snowstorms and avalanches on and around the mountains of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri; the incident was said to be Nepal's worst trekking disaster. On 14 October 2014, a snowstorm and series of avalanches occurred on and around Annapurna and Dhaulagiri in the Manang and Mustang Districts of Nepal within the Himalaya range. According to an unnamed expert the storm arose from Cyclone Hudhud and was the worst in a decade with 1.8 metres of snow falling within 12 hours. The storm resulted from the unusual merger of a tropical cyclone with an upper trough, an occurrence made more by climate change. Electric power, cell phone service, internet connections failed in the Manang District, hampering relief efforts. Trekkers in the area at the time of the storm consisted of citizens from several countries including 78 from New Zealand.

One of the first calls for international assistance was raised by the Israeli embassy in Kathmandu after trapped tourists sent a hand-written note from the top of the pass with a local guide who descended the mountain. Twenty-one trekkers and guides from Nepal and Germany were rescued on 15 October after the avalanche the previous day; when search and rescue operations ceased on 19 October, up to 400 people had been rescued from various areas including Thorong La, the Manang and Mustang areas and the Tukuche basecamp of Mustang. The storms resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people. Among the dead were 21 trekkers from several countries walking the Annapurna Circuit, including two Slovak climbers at Dhaulagiri base camp, several local Nepali mountain guides and yak herders. Up to 50 people were estimated to be missing with 175 reported to have injuries such as severe frostbite. Local authorities were criticised for not giving sufficient warning of approaching bad weather to the trekkers and local residents.

However, some officials believe that those killed or injured were inexperienced and inadequately equipped. The Prime Minister of Nepal, Sushil Koirala, called the loss of life “extremely tragic at a time when worldwide weather updates are available every second”, said that weather warning systems would be improved; the Nepal Tourism Ministry said that the incident "has taught us a lesson”, that more emergency shelters and better weather tracking and communication were needed to avert future tragedies. Newly proposed procedures and regulations include a trekkers registry, checkpoints, GPS tracking units and mandatory use of trained local guides. However, regulations at the time required trekkers to check in at various waypoints and licensed guides were recommended. There was no system in place at the time to inform trekkers of weather conditions en route; the Nepali Trekking Guide certification is very basic and the training is far below the quality of the training found in developed countries and does not adequately train guides in crossing and navigating snowy terrain.

List of avalanches 2020 Annapurna teacher missing

East Bay Athletic League

The East Bay Athletic League is a high school sports league in the North Coast Section of the California Interscholastic Federation. The league was created in 1964, its member institutions are located in the eastern region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in the cities of Concord, San Ramon, Dublin and Livermore. In the fall of 2016 the E. B. A. L. Expanded to a 10 team league by adding Dublin High School, Dougherty Valley High School. De La Salle stopped competing in EBAL Football in 2012-13 and now competes as an Independent school in football; the league has eleven affiliated schools. Amador Valley High School, Pleasanton California High School, San Ramon Carondelet High School - Concord De La Salle High School - Concord Dougherty Valley High School, San Ramon Dublin High School, Dublin Foothill High School, Pleasanton Granada High School, Livermore Livermore High School, Livermore Monte Vista High School, Danville San Ramon Valley High School, Danville Former Members Salesian High School Berkeley High School Liberty High School St. Vincent High School Albany High School John Swett High School It fields nineteen sports.

Badminton Baseball Basketball Cross Country Football Boys' Golf Girls' Golf Lacrosse Soccer Softball Stunt Swimming and Diving Boys' Tennis Girls' Tennis Track and Field Boys' Volleyball Girls' Volleyball Water Polo Wrestling

European hamster

The European hamster known as the Eurasian hamster, black-bellied hamster or common hamster, is the only species of the genus Cricetus. It is native to a large range in Eurasia, extending from Belgium to the Altai mountains and Yenisey River in Russia. Where abundant the animal is considered a farmland pest, it has been trapped for its fur. Across its global range, it is considered of least concern, but in many individual Western European countries it is considered critically endangered. Cricetus is a monotypic genus; the European hamster has brown dorsal fur with white patches. The chest and belly are black; the tail is furred. It is much larger than the Syrian or dwarf hamsters, which are kept as pets, it can grow to 20 -- 35 cm long with a tail of 40 -- 60 mm. Its dental formula is The common hamster is a crepuscular species, it lives in a complex burrow system. It eats seeds, root vegetables and insects, it transports its food in its elastic cheek pouches to the food storage chambers.

These may consist of a total of 65 kg of food. It hibernates between March. During this time, it wakes every five to seven days to feed from the storage chambers; the adults reach sexual maturity when they are about 43 days old and breed from early April to August. The gestation period is 18–20 days and the size of the litter ranges from three to 15 young, which are weaned when aged three weeks, they are solitary animals. It is found in low-lying farmland with soft loam or loess soils, although it may inhabit meadows, gardens or hedges, it is found from Belgium and Alsace in the west, to Russia in the east, Bulgaria in the south. In captivity, the European hamster has an unusually long lifespan, living up to eight years; the Court of Justice in Luxembourg, the European Union's highest court, ruled in 2011 that France had failed to protect the European hamster. The court said that if France did not adjust its agricultural and urbanisation policies sufficiently to protect it, the government would be subject to fines of up to $24.6 million.

Media related to Cricetus cricetus at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Cricetus cricetus at Wikispecies