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Great Rift Valley

The Great Rift Valley is a series of contiguous geographic trenches 6,000 kilometres in total length, that runs from the Beqaa Valley in Lebanon in Asia to Mozambique in Southeast Africa. While the name continues in some usages, it is used in geology as it is considered an imprecise merging of separate though related rift and fault systems. Today, the term is most used to refer to the valley of the East African Rift, the divergent plate boundary which extends from the Afar Triple Junction southward across eastern Africa, is in the process of splitting the African Plate into two new separate plates. Geologists refer to these incipient plates as the Nubian Plate and the Somali Plate. Today these rifts and faults are seen as distinct, although connected, but the Great Rift Valley was thought to be a single feature that extended from Lebanon in the north to Mozambique in the south, where it constitutes one of two distinct physiographic provinces of the East African mountains, it included what today is called the Lebanese section of the Dead Sea Transform, the Jordan Rift Valley, Red Sea Rift and the East African Rift.

These rifts and faults were formed 35 million years ago. The northernmost parts of the Rift corresponds to the central section of what is called today the Dead Sea Transform or Rift; this midsection of the DST forms the Beqaa Valley in Lebanon, separating the Lebanon from the Anti-Lebanon Mountains. Further south it is known as the Hula Valley separating the Golan Heights; the Jordan River begins here and flows southward through Lake Hula into the Sea of Galilee in Israel. The Rift continues south through the Jordan Rift Valley into the Dead Sea on the Israeli-Jordanian border. From the Dead Sea southwards, the Rift is occupied by the Wadi Arabah the Gulf of Aqaba, the Red Sea. Off the southern tip of Sinai in the Red Sea, the Dead Sea Transform meets the Red Sea Rift which runs the length of the Red Sea; the Red Sea Rift comes ashore to meet the East African Rift and the Aden Ridge in the Afar Depression of East Africa. The junction of these three rifts is called the Afar Triple Junction; the East African rift has the Western Rift Valley and the Eastern Rift Valley.

The Western Rift called the Albertine Rift, is bordered by some of the highest mountains in Africa, including the Virunga Mountains, Mitumba Mountains, Ruwenzori Range. It contains the Rift Valley lakes. Much of this area lies within the boundaries of national parks such as Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwenzori National Park and Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda, Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda. Lake Victoria is considered to be part of the rift valley system although it lies between the two branches. All of the African Great Lakes were formed as the result of the rift, most lie within its rift valley. In Kenya, the valley is deepest to the north of Nairobi; as the lakes in the Eastern Rift have no outlet to the sea and tend to be shallow, they have a high mineral content as the evaporation of water leaves the salts behind. For example, Lake Magadi has high concentrations of soda and Lake Elmenteita, Lake Bogoria, Lake Nakuru are all alkaline, while the freshwater springs supplying Lake Naivasha are essential to support its current biological variety.

The southern section of the Rift Valley includes Lake Malawi, the third-deepest freshwater body in the world, reaching 706 metres in depth and separating the Nyassa plateau of Northern Mozambique from Malawi. Great Rift Valley, Ethiopia The Great Rift: Africa's Wild Heart, a BBC/Animal Planet production Main earthquakes 1837 Galilee earthquake 2005 Lake Tanganyika earthquake 2008 Lake Kivu earthquake Africa's Great Rift Valley, 2001, ISBN 0-8109-0602-3 Tribes of the Great Rift Valley, 2007, ISBN 978-0-8109-9411-9 East African Rift Valley lakes, 2006, OCLC 76876862 Photographic atlas of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge Rift Valley, 1977, ISBN 0-387-90247-3 Rift Valley fever: an emerging human and animal problem, 1982, ISBN 92-4-170063-7 Rift valley: definition and geologic significance, Giacomo Corti – The Ethiopian Rift Valley, 2013, Big crack is evidence that East Africa could be splitting in two, by Lucia Perez Diaz, CNN. Updated April 5, 2018 Article on geology.com Geological Structure "Great Rift Valley".

New International Encyclopedia. 1905

Nowy Łupków

Nowy Łupków is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Komańcza, within Sanok County, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, in south-eastern Poland, close to the border with Slovakia. It lies 11 kilometres south of Komańcza, 34 km south of Sanok, 87 km south of the regional capital Rzeszów; the village has a population of 390. The village emerged when the local railway station was built in 1872, along the line from Zagórz to then-Hungarian-owned Slovakia. At first, its inhabitants were working on the railways, it is the southernmost railroad station in Poland, a rail border crossing with Slovakia. In 1890-1898 the village was linked with narrow-gauge Bieszczadzka Forest Railway. A penal colony was built here after the Second World War, in which a number of Solidarność representatives were imprisoned during the Martial law in Poland period in 1981 and 1982

Joe Vitt

Joe Vitt is an American football coach for the New York Jets of the National Football League. He was the assistant head coach and linebackers coach of the New Orleans Saints of the National Football League, he was the interim head coach for the New Orleans Saints during the 2012 season and the St. Louis Rams for their last eleven games in 2005. Vitt was raised in Blackwood, New Jersey where he graduated from Highland Regional High School in 1973 before spending a year at Staunton Military Academy in Virginia, he was a three-year letterman as a linebacker at Towson State University despite being an undersized 5'10" and smallish 190 pounds. He entered the National Football League as the strength/quality control coach for the Baltimore Colts from 1979 through 1981. Vitt was the Seattle Seahawks' strength coach when Chuck Knox came to be head coach in 1983, he promoted Vitt to defensive backs coach. Vitt moved with Knox to the Los Angeles Rams, where he worked, along with Mike Martz, on his staff from 1992 to 1994.

Vitt has been an assistant for the Philadelphia Eagles and Green Bay Packers. He served under former St. Louis Rams coach Dick Vermeil for the Kansas City Chiefs for three years until Martz brought him to St. Louis as the assistant head coach and linebackers coach, it marked Vitt's eighth time in the National Football League, the second with the franchise. During the 2005 NFL season, Vitt served as the interim Head Coach of the Rams while Martz was out due to a bacterial heart infection, he coached the team from Week 5 until the end of the regular season. Vitt had a record of 4–7, was replaced by Scott Linehan in the off-season; the New York Jets had interest in bringing in Vitt as their head coach after Herman Edwards signed with the Kansas City Chiefs before hiring Eric Mangini. Instead, Vitt was hired by the New Orleans Saints on January 27, 2006 to serve as their assistant head coach/linebackers coach; the Saints' new head coach, Sean Payton, who had never been a head coach before, chose Vitt to provide a degree of experience that Payton lacked: Vitt's role has been half-seriously compared to that of a consigliere in a Mafia crime family.

In that position, Vitt earned a Super Bowl ring as part of the 2009 Saints team that won Super Bowl XLIV. As assistant head coach, Vitt spent a portion of 2011 serving in the head coaching capacity as Sean Payton recovered from a broken leg. In March 2012, the NFL suspended Vitt for the first six games of the 2012 season after it found he had been complicit in the New Orleans Saints bounty scandal. According to a league statement, Vitt had been assigned to monitor Williams, but failed to tell anyone about the slush fund Williams implemented to pay defensive players for deliberately trying to knock opponents out of games; the league found that he had helped to cover up the scheme during both of its inquiries into the matter. In December 2012 the Associated Press reported that, according to transcripts of the players' appeal hearing, former Saints defensive coordinator Gregg Williams, under investigation for starting the bounty program, testified that he wanted to end the program after the NFL began investigating, but Vitt overruled him.

However, Vitt denied the claims, offered to take a polygraph test. Vitt stated that witnesses of the program had lied in the investigation; the year after his suspension and the Saints ended their season with an 11-5 record. From there, the Saints saw three straight years of 7–9 records. After the 2016 season, Vitt along with other assistants were fired from the coaching staff on January 5, 2017. Despite the suspension, on April 12, Vitt was named as interim coach of the Saints for the 2012 season while Payton sat out a year-long suspension. Offensive line coach Aaron Kromer ran the team while Vitt sat out the first six games of the regular season. Saints quarterback Drew Brees called Vitt the "obvious choice" to replace Sean Payton. After being fired by the Saints, son-in-law and Miami Dolphins head coach Adam Gase hired him as a consultant for the 2017 season. In February 2019, Vitt joined the New York Jets. Vitt has two children, his son, Joe Vitt, Jr. is a scout for the Saints. His daughter, Jennifer, is married to Adam Gase, the head coach of the New York Jets and Vitt's current boss.

New Orleans Saints profile

Julio Chávez

Julio Chávez is an Argentine film and television actor. He was born in Buenos Aires, received his first film role in 1973. Since 1976, he has had leading roles in Argentine cinema and, more in Argentine television. No toquen à la nena La parte del león Señora de nadie La pelicula del rey a.k.a. A King and His Movie Un Muro de Silencio a.k.a. A Wall of Silence El Visitante La Sombra Un Oso Rojo a.k.a. A Red Bear Dormir al Sol El Custodio a.k.a. The Minder El Otro, a.k.a. The Other De Poeta y de Loco Archivo Negro Epitafios a.k.a. Epitaphs Tratame bien Epitafios 2: El final ahora tiene dos caras El puntero Farsantes El Maestro El Tigre Verón Wins Argentine Film Critics Association Awards: Silver Condor, Best Actor, for El Otro. Lleida Latin-American Film Festival: Best Actor, for A Red Bear. Bogota Film Festival: Honorable Mention, Best Actor, for El Custodio. Berlin International Film Festival: Silver Bear, Best Actor, for El Otro. Association of Latin Entertainment Critics Awards: Best Actor, for El Custodio.

Tato award as best lead actor in drama for Farsantes, 2013 2013 Martín Fierro Awards: best actor of daily drama Nominations Argentine Film Critics Association Awards: Silver Condor, Best Actor, for El Visitante. Argentine Film Critics Association Awards: Silver Condor, Best Actor, for Extraño. Julio Chávez on IMDb Julio Chávez at Cinenacional.com

Helena River

The Helena River is a tributary of the Swan River in Western Australia. The river rises in country east of Mount Dale and flows north-west to Mundaring Weir, where it is dammed, it flows west until it reaches the Darling Scarp. It passes through the western edge of the Darling Scarp between Gooseberry Hill, Greenmount Hill before joining the Swan River at the southern edge of the historic town, now suburb, of Guildford. Many of the tributaries of the Helena River are unnamed due to their size. However, Nyaania Creek on the northern side of the catchment and Piesse Brook on the southern side are significant through moving through built up areas, which makes them susceptible to urban environment issues. Upper Helena catchment has on the north side of Lake C. Y. O'Connor a range of named creeks that occur in State Forest no 71 and 13: Manns Gully Chinaman Gully Jones Gully Michael Gully Chauncy Gully Middle Brook Helena Brook Hancock Brook Emu Brook Warin Brook In higher ground the Helena River passes through State Forest or reserve.

This has been beneficial for some of the catchment area, as it has been an important buffer between the urban settlements in the Mundaring and Kalamunda areas. The flora of the Helena Valley has been recognised as being of importance because of the relative richness. At Darlington, the locality of Helena Valley there is housing and agriculture on its banks before it emerges out on to the Swan Coastal Plain. At Bellevue and Midland the river has passed hazardous industrial sites; this includes the Midland livestock sale yards. It is dammed in two places – the best known is the upper river dam known as Mundaring Weir, part of C. Y O'Connor's Goldfields Water Supply Scheme. Since the lower dam – known as the Lower Helena Pipehead Dam has been constructed in the 1970s, flooding of the lower Helena River has been reduced. Most of the water collected in the Pipehead Dam is pumped back into Mundaring Weir. Due to this, restrictions in the Helena River catchment have been made to not allow activities that affect the quality of the Pipehead Dam – despite being adjacent to the built up areas within the Shire of Mundaring on the north side of the Helena River catchment.

The bridges design and strength were relevant to higher water flow prior to the construction of the Pipehead Dam, as significant flooding occurred in the early and mid twentieth century. The main bridges are at: – Mundaring - Below Mundaring Weir, constructed: 1965, structure type: reinforced concrete, superstructure: solid flat slab, length: 48.76 metres, width: 9.12 metres. Helena Valley - Scott Street, constructed: 1933, structure type: timber, superstructure: round timber: length: 44 metres, width: 10.77 metres. Helena Valley – Roe Highway, constructed: 1985, structure type: prestressed concrete, superstructure: integral beam & slab, length: 54 metres, width: 17.64 metres. Midland – Military Road, constructed: 1952, structure type: timber, superstructure: round timber: length: 55.92 metres, width: 8.7 metres. Woodbridge – Amherst Road, constructed: 1969, structure type: prestressed concrete, superstructure: inverted t-beam, length: 73.4 metres, width: 11.6 metres. East Guildford – Water Street, named: Morrison Bridge, constructed: 1964, structure type: prestressed concrete, superstructure: solid flat slab, length: 70.12 metres, width: 10.54 metres.

Guildford – Great Eastern Highway / Johnson Street, constructed: 1935, structure type: timber, superstructure: round timber: length: 92.95 metres, width: 11.8 metres

Madeline K. Sofia

Madeline K. Sofia known as Maddie Sofia, is an American journalist and science communicator, she is the host of NPR's daily science podcast. Sofia earned her PhD in microbiology from the University of Rochester Medical Center. Prior to graduate school, she got a BS in biology at the University of Mount Union. Sofia is the co-host of Short Wave, NPR's science podcast, which launched in October 2019. Prior to beginning her work on Short Wave, Sofia was an assistant producer and associate producer on the NPR Science Desk. Sofia collaborated with Joe Palca on an NPR program that trains young science communicators, NPR Scicommers, she was part of a special series, Maddie About Science, a series of seven videos about science