Great Royal Wife, or alternatively, Chief King's Wife, is the term, used to refer to the principal wife of the pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, who served many official functions. While most Ancient Egyptians were monogamous, a male pharaoh would have had other, lesser wives and concubines in addition to the Great Royal Wife; this arrangement would allow the pharaoh to enter into diplomatic marriages with the daughters of allies, as was the custom of ancient kings. In the past the order of succession in Ancient Egypt was thought to pass through the royal women; this theory, referred to as the Heiress Theory, has been rejected regarding the eighteenth dynasty since a 1980s study of its royalty. The throne just passed to the eldest living son of those pharaohs; the mother of the heir to the throne was not always the Great Royal Wife, but once a pharaoh was crowned, it was possible to grant the mother of the king the title of Great Royal Wife, along with other titles. Examples include Iset, the mother of Thutmose III, the mother of Thutmose IV and Mutemwia, the mother of Amenhotep III.
Meretseger, the chief wife of Senusret III, may be the earliest queen whose name appears with this title. However, she is only attested in the New Kingdom; the first holder of its title was Nubkhaes of the Second Intermediate Period. A special place in the history of great royal wives was taken by Hatshepsut, she was Great Royal Wife to her half-brother Thutmose II. During this time Hatshepsut became God's Wife of Amun. After the death of her husband, she became regent because of the minority of her stepson, the only male heir, who would become Thutmose III. During this time Hatshepsut was crowned as pharaoh and ruled as a regent successfully in her own right for many years. Although other women before her had ruled Egypt, Hatshepsut was the first woman to take the title, pharaoh, as it was a new term being used for the rulers, not having been used before the eighteenth dynasty; when she became pharaoh, she designated her daughter, Neferure, as God's Wife of Amun to perform the duties of high priestess.
Her daughter may have been the great royal wife of Thutmose III, but there is no clear evidence for this proposed marriage. Elsewhere, in Kush and other major states of ancient Africa, the rulers structured their households in much the same way as has just been described. Asiya, the adoptive mother of Moses confused with Pharaoh's daughter, is regarded to be the chief consort of the Biblical Pharaoh according to Islam. List of consorts of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty, for the modern queens and sultanas of Egypt God's Wife of Amun Divine Adoratrice of Amun Interregnum queen Great Wife, for the modern aristocratic consorts of Africa
Bressay transmitting station is a broadcasting transmission facility for the Shetland Islands, located on the isle of Bressay and operated by Arqiva. The transmitting station is based on the Ward of the island's highest peak; the facility includes two steel lattice towers both over 70m high. It first came into service on 1 April 1964 transmitting BBC Television on Band I VHF channel 3 and the Scottish Home Service, Light Programme and Third on Band II VHF, using the same frequencies as today.. † Licensed to transmit at 50 kW. The digital switchover happened in two stages. In Stage One, BBC Two Scotland was switched off and anyone with Freeview, BT Vision or Top Up TV needed to re-tune; the date for this was 5 May 2010. In Stage Two, analogue was permanently switched off and anyone with Freeview, BT Vision or Top Up TV needed to re-tune again; the date for this stage was 19 May 2010. HD and high-powered Freeview services replaced the analogue signals. List of masts List of tallest buildings and structures in Great Britain List of radio stations in the United Kingdom The Transmission Gallery: Bressay Transmitter photographs and information The Transmission Gallery: Television coverage map The Transmission Gallery: Radio coverage map www.mds975.co.uk: Images and info on Bressay transmitter
Carol Ann Hirschfeld is a New Zealand journalist, documentary maker, broadcaster and media executive. She is best known for her role as a TV3 News presenter alongside John Campbell from 1998 until 2005; as a broadcast media executive she has been a powerful advocate for improving the coverage of Māori issues, of increasing the diversity of voices within the media. "I think. And one of my concerns has been how to integrate an informed Māori viewpoint into the fabric of our news.” Hirschfeld is Ngāti Porou, lost her mother Ngawiki when she was ten. Her father was an Australian immigrant of German ancestry, she graduated from the University of Auckland in 1984 with a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature and Indonesian. She started her career after going to the ATI journalism school, at what is now AUT University, in Auckland After graduating with a diploma in journalism, Hirschfeld was hired by Radio New Zealand and sent to work at Lakeland FM in Taupo in 1984. Following this she worked as a sub-editor, first with the Auckland Star newspaper with TVNZ where she became a current affairs director/producer for Frontline and Assignment.
She was briefly a presenter-reporter on Fair Go and co-presented Crimewatch with Ian Johnstone for several years. In 1998 she left TVNZ to become a newsreader on TV3's 6.00pm bulletin with John Campbell. Together the pair created and produced Home Truths, a late night interview show, A Queen's Tour, a travel series retracing Queen Elizabeth II's royal tour of New Zealand in 1953. In 2005 Hirschfeld and Campbell were succeeded by Hilary Barry and Mike McRoberts. Hirschfeld moved with John Campbell to his then-new 7.00pm weekday current-events show Campbell Live as the producer, taking the role as presenter on Fridays. She left TV3 in August 2009 to become head of programming at Māori Television. In 2014, Hirschfeld resigned from Māori Television after a proposed restructuring of the broadcasting service, she became Radio New Zealand's head of content, responsible for news, music, spoken features and the broadcaster's international service, Radio New Zealand International. She implemented RNZ's first foray into multi-media journalism with the launch of Checkpoint with John Campbell in 2016.
On 27 March 2018, she resigned after questions were raised in parliament over whether a meeting she'd had with Broadcasting Minister Clare Curran had been official or otherwise. Radio New Zealand was subsequently required to correct its record of the meeting at a Parliamentary Select Committee. In June 2018 Hirschfeld was appointed Head of Video/Audio & Content Partnerships at news website Stuff. Hirschfeld is married to Finlay Macdonald, a former editor of the New Zealand Listener and book publisher; the couple live in Auckland, have two children. Best News or Current Affairs Programme: Assignment, TV Guide New Zealand Film and Television Awards, 1996Best presenter, 3 News, NZ Television Awards, 2002 Distinguished Alumni Award, University of Auckland, 2017 Hirschfeld has been active in a number of charities and trusts: Teach First NZ, the Hone Tuwhare Charitable Trust, New Zealand LAM Charitable Trust and Breast Cancer Cure. List of New Zealand television personalities