Great Salt Lake

The Great Salt Lake, located in the northern part of the U. S. state of Utah, is the largest salt water lake in the Western Hemisphere, the eighth-largest terminal lake in the world. In an average year the lake covers an area of 1,700 square miles, but the lake's size fluctuates due to its shallowness. For instance, in 1963 it reached its lowest recorded size at 950 square miles, but in 1988 the surface area was at the historic high of 3,300 square miles. In terms of surface area, it is the largest lake in the United States, not part of the Great Lakes region; the lake is the largest remnant of Lake Bonneville, a prehistoric pluvial lake that once covered much of western Utah. The three major tributaries to the lake, the Jordan and Bear rivers together deposit 1.1 million tons of minerals in the lake each year. As it is endorheic, it has high salinity and its mineral content is increasing. Due to the high density resulting from its mineral content, swimming in the Great Salt Lake is similar to floating.

Its shallow, warm waters cause frequent, sometimes heavy lake-effect snows from late fall through spring. Although it has been called "America's Dead Sea", the lake provides habitat for millions of native birds, brine shrimp and waterfowl, including the largest staging population of Wilson's phalarope in the world; the Great Salt Lake is a remnant of a much larger prehistoric lake called Lake Bonneville. At its greatest extent, Lake Bonneville spanned 22,400 square miles, nearly as large as present-day Lake Michigan, ten times the area of the Great Salt Lake today. Bonneville reached 923 ft at its deepest point, covered much of present-day Utah and small portions of Idaho and Nevada during the ice ages of the Pleistocene Epoch. Lake Bonneville existed until about 16,800 years ago, when a large portion of the lake was released through the Red Rock Pass in Idaho. With the warming climate, the remaining lake began to dry, leaving the Great Salt Lake, Utah Lake, Sevier Lake, Rush Lake behind; the Shoshone and Paiute have lived near the Great Salt Lake for thousands of years.

At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One of the local Shoshone tribes, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the Great Salt Lake entered written European history through the records of Silvestre Vélez de Escalante, who learned of its existence from the Timpanogos Utes in 1776. No European name was given to it at the time, it was not shown on the map by Bernardo Miera y Pacheco, the cartographer for the expedition. In 1824, it was observed independently, by Jim Bridger and Etienne Provost. Shortly thereafter other trappers walked around it. Most of the trappers, were illiterate and did not record their discoveries; as oral reports of their findings made their way to those who did make records, some errors were made. Escalante had been on the shores of Utah Lake, it was the larger of the two lakes. Other cartographers charted Lake Timpanogos as the largest lake in the region.

As people came to know of the Great Salt Lake, they interpreted the maps to think that "Timpanogos" referred to the Great Salt Lake. On some maps the two names were used synonymously. In time "Timpanogos" was dropped from the maps and its original association with Utah Lake was forgotten. In 1843, John C. Fremont led the first scientific expedition to the lake, but with winter coming on, he did not take the time to survey the entire lake; that happened in 1850 under the leadership of Howard Stansbury. John Fremont's overly glowing reports of the area were published shortly after his expedition. Stansbury published a formal report of his survey work which became popular, his report of the area included a discussion of Mormon religious practices based on Stansbury's interaction with the Mormon community in Great Salt Lake City, established three years earlier in 1847. Beginning in November 1895, artist and author Alfred Lambourne spent a year living on the remote Gunnison Island, where he wrote a book of musing and poetry, Our Inland Sea.

From November 1895 to March 1896, he was alone. In March, a few guano sifters arrived to harvest and sell the guano of the nesting birds as fertilizer. Lambourne included musings about these guano sifters in his work. Lambourne left the island early in the winter of 1896 along with the first group of guano sifters; the Great Salt Lake lends its name to Salt Lake City named "Great Salt Lake City" by the president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Brigham Young, who led a group of Mormon pioneers to the Salt Lake Valley southeast of the lake on July 24, 1847. The lake lies in parts of five counties: Box Elder, Tooele and Salt Lake. Salt Lake City and its suburbs are located to the south-east and east of the lake, between the lake and the Wasatch Mountains, but land around the north and west shores are uninhabited; the Bonneville Salt Flats are to the west, the Oquirrh and Stansbury Mountains rise to the south. The Great Salt Lake is fed by several minor streams; the three major rivers are each fed directly or indirectly from the Uinta Mountain range in northeastern Utah.

The Bear River starts on the north slope of the Uintas

Rucheng County

Rucheng County is a county in Hunan Province, China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Chenzhou. Located on the southeastern corner of the province, the county is bordered to the northwest by Yizhang County, to the north by Zixing City, to the northeast by Guidong County, to the east by Chongyi County, to the southeast by Renhua County, to the southwest by Lechang City. Rucheng County covers 2,400.71 km2, as of 2015, It had a registered population of 407,200 and a resident population of 344,400. The county has nine towns and five townships under its jurisdiction, the county seat is Luyang Town. Rucheng County is the home of the Yao people, Yao ethnic minority accounts for 15.27% of the population.

Thomas F. Daughton

Thomas Frederick Daughton is an American diplomat and career member of the Senior Foreign Service serving as Deputy Commandant and International Affairs Advisor at the Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy at the National Defense University in Washington, D. C. From 2014 through 2017, he was the U. S. Ambassador to the Republic of Namibia. Daughton was born in Arizona, he graduated from Amherst College in 1983 and the University of Virginia School of Law in 1987. Daughton joined the United States Foreign Service in 1989 after working as an associate at the New York office of the Chicago-based law firm Sidley & Austin, his 30 years as an American diplomat have included overseas assignments at the U. S. embassies in Jamaica. S. consulate general in Greece. Daughton held the first of his three assignments as a deputy chief of mission at the U. S. Embassy in Libreville, Gabon from 2000 to 2003, where he served as chargé d'affaires, ad interim, (2001–20020 during a yearlong gap between ambassadors.

He served as deputy chief of mission at the U. S. embassies in Algiers and Beirut, Lebanon. From 2011 to 2013, Daughton was the senior advisor for security negotiations and agreements in the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs at the Department of State in Washington, D. C. For his work in that position negotiating international agreements in support of U. S. military activities in Afghanistan, he received the Secretary's Award for Excellence in International Security Affairs in 2012. Daughton was nominated by Barack Obama to be U. S. Ambassador to the Republic of Namibia on July 31, 2013; because of a dispute in the Senate over filibusters and confirmations, he became one of ten ambassadorial nominees who waited more than 400 days for confirmation. Daughton was confirmed by the Senate in a voice vote on September 17, 2014