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Great Western Railway

The Great Western Railway was a British railway company that linked London with the southwest and west of England, the West Midlands, most of Wales. It was founded in 1833, received its enabling Act of Parliament on 31 August 1835 and ran its first trains in 1838, it was engineered by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who chose a broad gauge of 7 ft —later widened to 7 ft 1⁄4 in —but, from 1854, a series of amalgamations saw it operate 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard-gauge trains. The GWR was the only company to keep its identity through the Railways Act 1921, which amalgamated it with the remaining independent railways within its territory, it was merged at the end of 1947 when it was nationalised and became the Western Region of British Railways; the GWR was called by some "God's Wonderful Railway" and by others the "Great Way Round" but it was famed as the "Holiday Line", taking many people to English and Bristol Channel resorts in the West Country as well as the far southwest of England such as Torquay in Devon, Minehead in Somerset, Newquay and St Ives in Cornwall.

The company's locomotives, many of which were built in the company's workshops at Swindon, were painted a Brunswick green colour while, for most of its existence, it used a two-tone "chocolate and cream" livery for its passenger coaches. Goods wagons were painted red but this was changed to mid-grey. Great Western trains included long-distance express services such as the Flying Dutchman, the Cornish Riviera Express and the Cheltenham Spa Express, it operated many suburban and rural services, some operated by steam railmotors or autotrains. The company pioneered the use of more economic goods wagons than were usual in Britain, it operated a network of road motor routes, was a part of the Railway Air Services, owned ships and hotels. The Great Western Railway originated from the desire of Bristol merchants to maintain their city as the second port of the country and the chief one for American trade; the increase in the size of ships and the gradual silting of the River Avon had made Liverpool an attractive port, with a Liverpool to London rail line under construction in the 1830s Bristol's status was threatened.

The answer for Bristol was, with the co-operation of London interests. The company was founded at a public meeting in Bristol in 1833 and was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1835. Isambard Kingdom Brunel aged twenty-nine, was appointed engineer; this was by far Brunel's largest contract to date. He made two controversial decisions. Firstly, he chose to use a broad gauge of 7 ft to allow for the possibility of large wheels outside the bodies of the rolling stock which could give smoother running at high speeds. Secondly, he selected a route, north of the Marlborough Downs, which had no significant towns but which offered potential connections to Oxford and Gloucester; this meant. From Reading heading west, the line would curve in a northerly sweep back to Bath. Brunel surveyed the entire length of the route between London and Bristol himself, with the help of many, including his solicitor Jeremiah Osborne of Bristol law firm Osborne Clarke who on one occasion rowed Brunel down the River Avon himself to survey the bank of the river for the route.

George Thomas Clark played an important role as an engineer on the project, reputedly taking the management of two divisions of the route including bridges over the River Thames at Lower Basildon and Moulsford and of Paddington Station. Involvement in major earth-moving works seems to have fed Clark's interest in geology and archaeology and he, authored two guidebooks on the railway: one illustrated with lithographs by John Cooke Bourne; the first 22 1⁄2 miles of line, from Paddington station in London to Maidenhead Bridge station, opened on 4 June 1838. When Maidenhead Railway Bridge was ready the line was extended to Twyford on 1 July 1839 and through the deep Sonning Cutting to Reading on 30 March 1840; the cutting was the scene of a railway disaster two years when a goods train ran into a landslip. This accident prompted Parliament to pass the 1844 Railway Regulation Act requiring railway companies to provide better carriages for passengers; the next section, from Reading to Steventon crossed the Thames twice and opened for traffic on 1 June 1840.

A 7 1⁄4-mile extension took the line to Faringdon Road on 20 July 1840. Meanwhile, work had started at the Bristol end of the line, where the 11 1⁄2-mile section to Bath opened on 31 August 1840. On 17 December 1840, the line from London reached a temporary terminus at Wootton Bassett Road west of Swindon and 80.25 miles from Paddington. The section from Wootton Bassett Road to Chippenham was opened on 31 May 1841, as was Swindon Junction station where the Cheltenham and Great Western Union Railway to Cirencester connected; that was an independent line worked by the GWR, as was the Bristol and Exeter Railway, the first section of which from Bristol to Bridgwater was opened on 14 June 1841. The GWR main line remained incomplete during the construction of the 1-mile-1,452-yard Box Tunnel, ready for trains on 30 June 1841, after which trains ran the 152 miles from Paddington through to Bridgwater. In 1851, the GWR purchased the Kennet and Avon Canal, a competing carrier between London, Reading and Bristol.

The G

Tripsichord Music Box

The Tripsichord Music Box was an American psychedelic rock group of the 1960s. They were managed by Matthew Katz, who worked with Jefferson Airplane, Moby Grape and It's a Beautiful Day, their loyalty to Katz, at a time when many San Francisco bands were signing recording deals with Los Angeles-based labels, may have contributed to their unknown status today. Led by guitarist and singer/songwriter David Zandonatti, Tripsichord recorded a full-length LP and several singles for Katz's San Francisco Sound label, they were the first San Francisco group to record on 8-track equipment. Frank Straight, Tony McGuire, Oliver McKinney and Randy Guzman, performing as The Ban and based in Lompoc, released one 45 RPM single in 1965 on a small label called Brent records. McGuire was drafted into the military, circa 1966 Zandonatti joined The Ban as a bassist, they moved to Los Angeles, signed to Jack Berle's Embassy record label, changed their name to The Now, played some Sunset Strip clubs, released a single on Embassy, "I Want" / "Fly Like a Bird".

Soon they moved to San Francisco and signed up to be managed by Matthew Katz, who came up with the name Tripsichord Music Box. Around 1969, Zandonatti converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which became an influence on songs he wrote, some of which appeared on the band's LP. Tripsichord's other songwriter, Bill Carr, is Jewish and as Zandonatti was the only committed Mormon in the band, they were never a "Mormon band". Towards the end of their stay in San Francisco, Ron McNeely joined as vocalist and, when Tripsichord Music Box folded, Straight and McNeely moved to Utah and formed a band named Free Spirit. Straight departed soon after, leaving Zandonatti and McNeely to get involved in the Sons of Mosiah, more of a troupe than a band. Next, Guzman, Dennis MacGregor and Danny Coletti formed Natty Bumppo, which relocated to Los Angeles. Zandonatti stayed with them until 1981/82. Italian re-issue label Akarma released a 2-LP re-issue of the Tripsichord Music Box LP; the tracks on the four sides are:- Side 1 - On The Last Ride, We Have Passed Away, Black Door, The New Word.

Side 2 - Son Of The Morning, Short Order Steward, The Narrow Gate. Side 3 - Fly Baby, Everlasting Joy. You're The Woman, It's Not Good. Side 4 - Family Song. Times And Seasons, Sunday The Third. In 2012, Kismet released a CD with the same lineup as the Arkama 2-LP set, with extensive liner notes. Randy Guzman—drums Frank Straight—guitar Dave Zandonatti—bass Oliver McKinney—keyboards and organ Bill Carr—vocals Ron McNeely-vocals Tripsichord Music Box LP (San Francisco Sound/Janus Records 1971 Tripsichord 2-LP (Akarma Records Tripsichord CD 2012 The Ban "Bye-Bye" / "That I'm Hoping" 1965 The Now "I Want" / "Fly Like a Bird" 1967 Tripsichord Music Box "Times and Seasons" / "Sunday the Third" 1969 "We Have Died" / "Fly Baby" 1971 "You’re the Woman" / "It’s Not Good" / "Family Song" - San Francisco Sound compilation 1969 "You're the Woman" / "Fly Baby" - Then And Now, Vol. 1, "Family Song" / "On the Last Ride" - Then And Now, Vol. 2, San Francisco Sound label website Tripsichord on Tripsichord on Grateful Dead family discography page

David Samson (rabbi)

David Samson is an Orthodox rabbi and one of the leading English-speaking Torah scholars in the Religious Zionist movement in Israel, an educational entrepreneur. Rabbi Samson has written five books, most of which are on the teachings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook and Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook. Rabbi Samson was born in Maryland, his grandfather was Rabbi Chaim Eliezer Samson, the Rosh Yeshiva of the Talmudical Academy of Baltimore for over 50 years. After moving to Israel, he studied under the tutelage of Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook for twelve years, he served as a congregational rabbi of Kehillat Dati Leumi synagogue in Jerusalem. He taught Jewish Studies at Yashlatz. Rabbi David Samson is the founder of Arutz Sheva English broadcasting and created his own radio talk show from now until midnight, he appeared on the weekly TV feature magazine "Israeli Salad" on Arutz Sheva broadcast. In 2003, he founded a non-profit organization for youth at risk, he founded Maale Erev Institutions in 2004, a set of high schools for youth at risk, Yeshivat Lech Lecha, a mobile high school based in jeeps.

In recent years Rabbi Samson has opened up a number of schools. In 2008 he started Yerushalayim Torah Academy, a Yeshiva High School for English speakers located in Jerusalem, it is designed for the immigrant community and offers a new and innovative program that has become the model for the Ministry of Education. He opened YTA for girls, a similar program for girls located in Ramot Jerusalem. In September 2011, he founded a third yeshiva high school for English speakers, this one located in Kfar Saba. In 2014, he founded a network of language schools in Texas, he is presently the founder and dean of Atid institutions in Israel, the founder and dean of the Lone Star Language Academy in Texas. Samson, David. Torat Eretz Yisrael. Jerusalem: Torat Eretz Yisrael Publications. Samson, David. Lights Of Orot. Jerusalem: Torat Eretz Yisrael Publications. ISBN 965-90114-0-7. Samson, David. War and Peace. Jerusalem: Torat Eretz Yisrael Publications. ISBN 965-90114-2-3. Samson, David; the Art of T'Shuva. Jerusalem: Beit Orot Publications.

ISBN 965-90114-3-1. Samson, David. Tzvi Fishman. Ask the Rabbi. Arutz Sheva Publications. ISBN 965-90114-7-4. Sazner, Shlomo. "Mobile Yeshiva". - Israel News. Retrieved 2007-02-26. Fendel, Hillel. "Love for Environment & Land of Israel: Cleaning Golan's Gum Rock". IsraelNN Syndications. Retrieved April 27, 2009. IsraelNN Staff. "Breakthrough For English-Speaking High School Students in Israel". IsraelNN Syndications. Retrieved April 27, 2009. Http:// Maale Erev Institutions Video about yeshivat Lech Lecah on YouTube YTA's Official site Atid ynet Hanukkah and ynet Passover - projects of Rabbi Samson to make history relevant to young people


The Zirbitzkogel, at 2,396 m, is the highest point of the Seetal Alps in Austria. It lies south of the Upper Mur valley in the Styria near its border with Carinthia; the Lavant, a left tributary of the Drau, has its source on the southern slopes of the mountain. Its name is not derived, as popularly supposed, from the Swiss pine trees that dominate the woods in places, but from the Slovenian word zirbiza, that can be translated as "red mountain pasture", a reference to the red-petalled alpenrose, common hereabouts. In the local region this rhododendron plant is known as Almrausch an indication of the toxicity of the plants; the summit block of the Zirbitzkogel is formed of crystalline rock. In spite of its comparatively low height it exhibits a definite high mountain character, its relief was formed by subsequent slope movements. In the spring-rich region are several tarns, such as the two Winterleitenseen. Dense spruce forests cover the slopes up to the subalpine zone before being succeeded by scattered stands of spruce and Swiss pine.

In the summit area a ragged sedge grassland dominates, interspersed with level plateaus. The summit became well known to ornithologists as a breeding habitat for the dotterel, a few pairs of which bred all year round until 1995. Thereafter no more broods were sighted, although individual migrants and roosting birds were observed. Wind-exposed spots are dominated by various lichens; the area is known to butterfly researchers for several rare species, including the endemite, Elophos zirbitzensis. The touristically well developed Zirbitzkogel is a popular hiking and touring region. At its summit is the Zirbitzkogelhaus, other huts lie along the routes of ascent. Suitable starting points for climbing the Zirbitzkogel are St. Anna and St. Wolfgang bei Obdach on the northern side and Neumarkt on the southern side; the Zirbitzkogel region was incorporated into the Natura 2000 regions and has been designated a European protected area since May 2006. Winterleiten Hut northeast in the middle of the Schmelz Training Area.

Sabathy Hut, at the eastern foot of the Zirbitzkogel Zirbitzkogelhaus, just below the summit of the Zirbitzkogel Waldheim Hut, halfway up between Obdach and the Zirbitzkogel Tonner Hut, halfway up between Mühlen and the Zirbitzkogel List of Alpine peaks by prominence Zirbitzkogel -

Troy Trojans (MLB team)

The Troy Trojans were a Major League Baseball team in the National League for four seasons from 1879 to 1882. Their home games were played at Putnam Grounds and Haymakers' Grounds in the upstate New York city of Troy, at Troy Ball Clubs Grounds across the Hudson in Watervliet, or "West Troy" as it was known at the time; the first Grand Slam home run in Major League history was hit by Roger Connor of this franchise in 1881 in East Albany in what is now the Rensselaer Riverfront Park. The site in present day Rensselaer was infrequently used to host games when their normal field was unavailable. A baseball diamond in the park is in use close to where the diamond would have been back in the 1880s; the site of the historic grand slam was only discovered as it was assumed to have occurred in eastern Albany. Overall, the franchise won 131 games and lost 194; the Trojans, along with the Worcester NL team, were expelled from the league shortly before the end of the 1882 season, as Troy and Worcester were seen as too small for the league's ambitions, but were encouraged to play out the rest of their seasons as lame-duck teams.

On September 28, 1882, only six fans appeared to watch Worcester host the Trojans in the second-to-last game of the season only 25 arrived for the last game between the two teams. Among games that have had at least one paying attendee, the attendance figure of six is the lowest attendance recorded at a Major League baseball game. In 1883 the New York Gothams known as the Giants, took the Trojans' former slot in the National League. Four of the original Gotham players were former members of the disbanded Trojans, including three Hall of Famers: Buck Ewing, Roger Connor and Mickey Welch. A previous team named the Union Base Ball Club of Lansingburgh was organized in 1860, the successor to the Victories of Troy, was a member of the National Association of Base Ball Players; that team was given the nickname Haymakers by a defeated New York City team. Notable players for the Trojans included Hall of Famers Dan Brouthers, Ewing, Tim Keefe, Welch. Another Troy Trojans minor league team continued play until at least 1916.

1879 Troy Trojans season 1880 Troy Trojans season 1881 Troy Trojans season 1882 Troy Trojans season Troy Trojans all-time roster

Dan Conner

Dan Conner is a fictional character in the Roseanne television series. He is the husband to fellow primary character Roseanne Conner, father to two daughters Darlene and Becky Conner, two sons D. J. Conner and Jerry Garcia Conner, he is portrayed by John Goodman. Throughout the years, Goodman has won several awards, including a Golden Globe, for his portrayal of Dan Conner. Roseanne ran from 1988 to 1997, it was revived in 2018 and had been renewed again, but was cancelled in May soon after the revival season as Roseanne Barr, who played Roseanne Conner, made controversial racist remarks on social media. Broadcaster ABC and the other cast members wished to keep the show going in some form without Barr, this culminated in the announcement of The Conners, a separate series from Roseanne with Dan as the protagonist, on June 21, 2018. Barr is not involved in any capacity and her character was killed off; when John Goodman was chosen to play Dan, co-star Roseanne Barr stated that she was happy, adding that she had a "big crush" on him from the start.

Dan is a loving, funny, witty family man who at the beginning of the series was looking for a job, but became a drywall contractor. At one point during the second to last season, Goodman walked off the set after Barr had an on-set outburst, it was speculated. While he considered leaving for good, Goodman held negotiations with its producers. At first, he agreed to finish the episode, but agreed to do an episode to explain his exit. However, Goodman agreed to return to the series and chose to reduce his role in Roseanne to focus on his film career. After this announcement, he was in negotiations with the producers on how many episodes he would appear in the following season. Ted Harbert, boss of ABC Entertainment, commented that Barr was excited to return for a ninth season, with or without Goodman, which could be about her and her sister, Jackie Harris, as single parents, he attempted to dismiss the role of Dan, stating that Jackie has a lot more screen time than he does. Los Angeles Daily News editor Phil Rosenthal criticized Harbert for his comments, describing Dan as the emotional anchor of the series.

Rosenthal compared Dan to daughter Becky Conner, portrayed by two different actresses due to scheduling conflicts over the years, son D. J. Conner, portrayed by a different actor in the pilot than the one in episodes, he called Metcalf a wonderful actress, but added that Dan's love for his wife showed viewers that she could be lovable despite her abrasiveness to Edith Bunker and Archie Bunker in All in the Family. Rosenthal brought up similar departures that caused their respective programs to slip in quality, warned that Roseanne may suffer the same fate if Goodman left. In the end, Goodman signed on for one more season. Dan Conner is an hardworking father. Throughout the series he holds many occupations and is seen balancing work and personal interests, he is the typical working-class father who provides comic relief, but is a good example for his children. He is an avid fan of Chicago sports teams, including the Bears, Bulls and Blackhawks. Many of the shows make mention of the teams, he watches their games, talks about them, wears their clothing.

He enjoys junk food, playing poker, fixing motorcycles with his friends. In many ways, he epitomizes the stereotypical American father and is considered one of the best TV dads of all time. During the final episode of season 9, when Roseanne reveals that the entire ninth season was written as a book based on her life and family, she changed certain elements of what she had not liked. In 2017, news of a revival of the series is said to be in the works, with most of the original cast members reprising their roles, including Goodman. In season 10, Dan is alive and well and stumbles upon an unpublished novel of Roseanne's where he states that the book would have been a success had she not killed off the "most interesting character". A list of the top 25 television dad earners created by Brookstone listed Dan in the 24th place, with $17,856 a year, they came to this determination through use of data from the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and human research firms. Dan Conner has been described as one of John Goodman's most famous roles.

In an article about television dads, The Post and Courier editor Mindy Spar began discussing how 1990s TV dads became goofier than dads from earlier decades, calling Dan more like one of the children than the father. IGN editor Edgar Arce called Dan Conner a prototypical everyman. MSNBC commentator Gael Fashingbauer Cooper called Dan one of the first TV dads to be seen struggling to make ends meet, she praised the character, stating that without him, the Conner family home would not be able to last. She added that in the seasons, the series took risks with the character, such as his heart attack, his affair, the revelation that he had died, she compared this to the revelation of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Blake's death in the M*A*S*H television series. The relationship between Roseanne and Dan has received praise. An article in the Sarasota Herald-Tribune called their relationship realistic, commenting that while they mock each other, viewers can feel their love while they deal with the kinds of problems real families face.

During the final season and Roseanne live apart after Dan cheats on her. Daily News editor David Bianculli stated that while they were the most entertaining and realistic couples on television, they were one of the lea