Greater Houston, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land, is the fifth-most populous metropolitan statistical area in the United States, encompassing nine counties along the Gulf Coast in Southeast Texas. With a population of 6,997,384 people as of 2018 census estimates, Greater Houston is the second-most populous in Texas after the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex; the 10,000-square-mile region centers on Harris County, the third-most populous county in the U. S. which contains the city of Houston—the largest economic and cultural center of the South—with a population of 2.3 million. Greater Houston is part of the Texas Triangle megaregion along with the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, Greater Austin, Greater San Antonio. Greater Houston has been among the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States; the area grew 25.2% between 1990 and 2000—adding more than 950,000 people—while the country's population increased only 13.2% over the same period, from 2000 to 2007 alone, the area added over 910,000 people.
The Greater Houston Partnership projects the metropolitan area will add between 4.1 and 8.3 million new residents between 2010 and 2050. Greater Houston has the seventh-highest metropolitan-area gross domestic product in the United States, valued at $490 billion in 2017. A major trade center anchored by the Port of Houston, Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land has the second-highest trade export value of all MSAs, at over $84 billion in 2016, accounting for 42% of the total exports of Texas; the MSA is home to the headquarters of ranking fourth among all MSAs. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area has a total area of 10,062 square miles, of which 8,929 sq mi are land and 1,133 sq mi are covered by water; the region is smaller than the state of Massachusetts and larger than New Jersey. The U. S. Office of Management and Budget combines the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugarland MSA with four micropolitan statistical areas to form the Houston–The Woodlands, TX combined statistical area.
The metropolitan area is located in the Gulf Coastal Plains biome, its vegetation is classified as temperate grassland. Much of the urbanized area was built on forested land, swamp, or prairie, remnants of which can still be seen in surrounding areas. Of particular note is the Katy Prairie to the west, the Big Thicket to the northeast, the Galveston Bay ecosystem to the south. Additionally, the metropolitan region is crossed by a number of creeks and bayous, which provide essential drainage during rainfall events; the upper drainage basin of Buffalo Bayou is impounded by two large flood control reservoirs, Barker Reservoir and Addicks Reservoir, which provide a combined 400,000 acre-feet of storage during large rainfall events and cover a total land area of 26,100 acres. Greater Houston's flat topography, susceptibility to high-intensity rainfall events, high level of impervious surface, inadequately-sized natural drainage channels make it susceptible to catastrophic flooding events. Underpinning Greater Houston's land surface are unconsolidated clays, clay shales, poorly cemented sands up to several miles deep.
The region's geology developed from stream deposits formed from the erosion of the Rocky Mountains. These sediments consist of a series of sands and clays deposited on decaying organic matter that, over time, transformed into oil and natural gas. Beneath these tiers is a water-deposited layer of a rock salt; the porous layers were forced upward. As it pushed upward, the salt dragged surrounding sediments into dome shapes trapping oil and gas that seeped from the surrounding porous sands; this thick, rich soil provides a good environment for rice farming in suburban outskirts into which the city continues to grow near Katy. Evidence of past rice farming is still evident in developed areas as an abundance of rich, loamy topsoil exists; the Houston region is earthquake-free. While the city of Houston contains over 150 to 300 active surface faults with an aggregate length of up to 310 miles, the clay below the surface precludes the buildup of friction that produces ground-shaking in earthquakes; these faults move at a smooth rate in what is termed "fault creep".
Greater Houston has a humid subtropical climate typical of the Southern United States. It is rainy most of the year. Prevailing winds come from the south and southeast during most of the year, which bring heat and moisture from the nearby Gulf of Mexico and Galveston Bay Area. A number of tropical storms and hurricanes have hit the metropolitan area, including: 1900 Galveston Hurricane, which devastated Galveston and was the deadliest natural disaster in United States history, killing between 8,000 and 12,000. Hurricane Carla, the most recent Category 4 hurricane to strike Texas until Harvey in 2017. Hurricane Alicia, which struck the area as a Category 3, was at the time, the costliest Atlantic hurricane. Tropical Storm Allison, until Harvey, which brought the worst flooding in Houston history and was the first tropical storm to be retired. Hurricane Rita, which triggered one of the largest evacuations in United States history in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Tropical Storm Erin, a minor tropica
East Antrim is a constituency in the Northern Ireland Assembly. The seat was first used for a Northern Ireland-only election for the Northern Ireland Forum in 1996. Since 1998, it has elected members to the current Assembly. For Assembly elections prior to 1996, the constituency was part of the North Antrim and South Antrim constituencies. From 1997 to 2010 it shared boundaries with the East Antrim UK Parliament constituency. For further details of the history and boundaries of the constituency, see East Antrim. Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election. Successful candidates are shown in bold
Alfred Hart Everett was a British civil servant and administrator in Borneo as well as being a naturalist and natural history collector. Everett was born on Norfolk Island to British parents: George, the doctor at the penal colony, from Wiltshire, Anna-Maria, from Jersey, they left in 1851 to return to England via Tasmania, so he was educated in England. In 1869 he went to Sarawak in north-western Borneo. After two years there he entered the service of the Kingdom of Sarawak, as a Resident in the Baram district, under the White Rajahs. In 1878 and 1879 he was engaged by the Royal Society and British Association to explore'the Caves of Borneo' in search of the remains of ancient man; the explorations were unsuccessful in their primary aim. In 1885 he was appointed the Rajah’s Consul to the Court of the Sultan of Brunei, he served in North Borneo in the administration of the British North Borneo Company. In 1891, Everett became a member of the British Ornithologists' Union, he never married. He died in London.
Everett collected for the Marquess of Walter Rothschild, as well as others. He is best known for the collections he made of mammals in Borneo and the Philippines, he is commemorated in the names of several animals, including: BirdsBornean spiderhunter Brown-backed flowerpecker Chestnut-crested yuhina Everett's thrush Everett's white-eye Russet-capped tesia Sumba buttonquail Sumba hornbill White-tipped monarch Yellowish bulbul MammalsBornean ferret-badger Bornean mountain ground squirrel Mindanao treeshrew Philippine forest rat SnakesEverett's reedsnake Jewelled kukri snake Sabah striped coralsnake FrogsEverett's treefrog FishClown barb Anon. "Death of Mr Alfred Hart Everett". The Sarawak Gazette. 29: 136–137. M. J. van Steenis Kruseman. "Flora Malesiana: Collectors: Alfred Hart Everett". Beolens, Bo; the Eponym Dictionary of Mammals. JHU Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-9304-9. Anon. "SARAWAK News". The Straits Times: 3. "Genealogical notes on the Benests of St Heliers, their ancestors & descendants". Bernau, Charles A..
Internet Archive. Retrieved 18 September 2010. "Everett, Alfred Hart". Biodiversity and Systematic Biology – Collections Sources. National Museum Wales. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2010. "British Ornithologists' Union, 1896". The Ibis. II: viii. 1896. A. Hart Everett. "Distribution of minerals in Sarawak". Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 1, Singapore, pp13-30. A. Hart Everett. "Report on the Exploration of the Caves of Borneo". Proceedings of the Royal Society. 30, London, pp310-324. L. Harrison Matthews. "The Missing Links Will we know the truth?". New Scientist. 91