click links in text for more info

Greek War of Independence

The Greek War of Independence known as the Greek Revolution, was a successful war of independence waged by Greek revolutionaries against the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1830. The Greeks were assisted by the Russian Empire, Great Britain, the Kingdom of France, while the Ottomans were aided by their North African vassals, the eyalets of Egypt and Tripolitania, the Beylik of Tunis. Several decades before the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453, most of Greece had come under Ottoman rule. During this time, there were several attempts by the Greeks to gain independence from Ottoman control. In 1814, a secret organization called the Filiki Eteria was founded with the aim of liberating Greece; the Filiki Eteria planned to launch revolts in the Peloponnese, the Danubian Principalities, in Constantinople and its surrounding areas. By late 1821, the insurrection had been planned for 25 March 1821, on the Feast of the Annunciation for the Orthodox Christians. However, as the plans of Filiki Eteria had been discovered by the Ottoman authorities, the revolutionary action started earlier.

The first of these revolts began on 6 March/21 February 1821 in the Danubian Principalities, but it was soon put down by the Ottomans. The events in the north urged the Greeks in the Peloponnese into action and on 17 March 1821, the Maniots declared war on the Ottomans; this declaration was the start of a spring of revolutionary actions from other controlled states against the Ottoman Empire. On 25 March the revolution was declared and by the end of the month, the Peloponnese was in open revolt against the Turks. By October 1821, the Greeks under Theodoros Kolokotronis had captured Tripolitsa; the Peloponnesian revolt was followed by revolts in Crete and Central Greece, which would soon be suppressed. Meanwhile, the makeshift Greek navy was achieving success against the Ottoman navy in the Aegean Sea and prevented Ottoman reinforcements from arriving by sea. Tensions soon developed among different Greek factions. In the meantime, the Ottoman Sultan negotiated with Muhammad Ali of Egypt, who agreed to send his son Ibrahim Pasha to Greece with an army to suppress the revolt in return for territorial gain.

Ibrahim landed in the Peloponnese in February 1825 and had immediate success: by the end of 1825, most of the Peloponnese was under Egyptian control, the city of Missolonghi fell in April 1826 after a year-long siege by the Turks. Although Ibrahim was defeated in Mani, he had succeeded in suppressing most of the revolt in the Peloponnese, Athens had been retaken. Following years of negotiation, three Great Powers—Russia and France—decided to intervene in the conflict and each nation sent a navy to Greece. Following news that combined Ottoman–Egyptian fleets were going to attack the Greek island of Hydra, the allied fleet intercepted the Ottoman–Egyptian fleet at Navarino; the battle began after a tense week-long standoff, ending in the destruction of the Ottoman–Egyptian fleet. By 1828 the Egyptian army withdrew under pressure of a French expeditionary force to which the Ottoman garrisons in the Peloponnese surrendered, while the Greeks proceeded to the Ottoman-controlled part of central Greece.

After eight years of war, Greece was recognized as an independent, sovereign state under the London Protocol of February 1830. In 1832, the London Conference and the Treaty of Constantinople defined the final borders of the new state and established Prince Otto of Bavaria as the first king of Greece; the Greek Revolution is celebrated by the modern Greek state as a national day on 25 March. The Fall of Constantinople on 29 May 1453 and the subsequent fall of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire marked the end of Byzantine sovereignty. After that, the Ottoman Empire ruled the Balkans and Anatolia, with some exceptions. Orthodox Christians were granted some political rights under Ottoman rule, but they were considered inferior subjects; the majority of Greeks were called Rayah by the Turks, a name that referred to the large mass of non-Muslim subjects under the Ottoman ruling class. Meanwhile, Greek intellectuals and humanists, who had migrated west before or during the Ottoman invasions, such as Demetrios Chalkokondyles and Leonardos Philaras, began to call for the liberation of their homeland.

Demetrius Chalcondyles called on Venice and "all of the Latins" to aid the Greeks against "the abominable and impious barbarian Turks". However, Greece was to remain under Ottoman rule for several more centuries; the Greek Revolution was not an isolated event. Throughout the 17th century there was great resistance to the Ottomans in the Morea and elsewhere, as evidenced by revolts led by Dionysius the Philosopher. After the Morean War, the Peloponnese came under Venetian rule for 30 years, remained in turmoil from on and throughout the 17th century, as the bands of klephts multiplied; the first great uprising was the Russian-sponsored Orlov Revolt of the 1770s, crushed by the Ottomans after having limited success. After the crushing of the uprising, Muslim Albanians ravaged many regions in mainland Greece. However, the Maniots continually resisted Ottoman rule, defeated several Ottoman incursions into their region, the most famous of, the invasion of 1770. During the Second Russo-Turkish War, the Greek community of Trieste financed a small fleet under Lambros Katsonis, a nuisance for the Ottoman nav

South Quay Plaza

South Quay Plaza is a residential-led scheme under construction in Millwall on the Isle of Dogs, within the borough of Tower Hamlets developed by Berkeley Group Holdings and designed by architect Foster + Partners. The site of the development lies to the immediate north of Marsh Wall and to the immediate south of the financial district Canary Wharf, it is scheduled for completion in 2022. The development includes three towers, the tallest of which will reach a height of 214.5 m making it the second tallest residential skyscraper proposed for London. There will be new public and retail space, cafés and restaurants as part of the scheme; the new development will replace three office and retail buildings on the site which were built in the 1980s. Foundation works began following the demolition of the previous buildings on the site; the proposed scheme will be located in an area, one of the first to be developed along Marsh Wall of any significance. South Quay 1 was constructed in 1986 and occupied by the Daily Telegraph until the Telegraph's move to Canary Wharf.

The building lay empty for some time. South Quay 1 was followed by South Quay 2 and South Quay 3. For a time in the early nineties, these buildings dominated the area around Marsh Wall as offices until an IRA bomb in late Autumn 1996 which led to the demolition of the original South Quay 1 and 3. South Quay 2 remained. To make way for the new development, three buildings of two and ten storeys used for offices and retail will be demolished. A fifteen storey building on the site is being refurbished. In April 2014, Berkeley obtained the South Quay Plaza buildings and site, they had developed plans in 2013 for two residential buildings of 73 and 36 storeys. However, the taller of the two buildings was considered too tall for the area; as a result, it was reduced in height to 214.5 m. The smaller building remained unchanged at 115.2 m tall. Planning permission was granted for the development by councillors at Tower Hamlets Council in November 2014. In April 2015, the scheme received approval from the London Mayor Boris Johnson meaning the development could go ahead.

In 2015, Berkeley announced they are planning to build a third tower next door to South Quay Plaza but will form part of the same development. The skyscraper, known as South Quay Plaza 4, is planned to be smaller than the largest skyscraper at 192 m with 56 storeys and contain 396 apartments as well as 20,000 sq ft of retail space. Despite being recommended for approval by planning officers, it was rejected by Tower Hamlets council on 12 May 2016, before being granted planning permission on 28 July 2016. In total, the development will provide 1,338 residential apartments, 6,000 sq m of new outdoor public space as well as cafés and restaurants. There will be two phases of development. Phase one is under way and is due to be completed in 2020, it will see the demolition of the current buildings to prepare for the largest and smallest of the three towers. Phase one will include the construction of the largest skyscraper with the construction of the smallest tower to be part of phase two of development.

Construction for phase one is expected to begin in October 2016 with phase two beginning in 2018. Construction of the second tallest tower on the neighbouring site is planned to be part of phase one or an additional phase three. In July 2015, construction company Laing O'Rourke won the contract to build the largest and smallest of the three buildings. 183-189 Marsh Wall, South Quay, within the London borough of Tower Hamlets. The development is to the south of Canary Wharf and will overlook the South Dock which lies to the immediate north; the nearest station is South Quay DLR and the closest London Underground station is Canary Wharf. List of tallest buildings and structures in London List of tallest buildings in the United Kingdom Official website for South Quay Plaza

George Cooper (Canadian politician)

George Thomas Hendery Cooper was a Progressive Conservative party member of the House of Commons of Canada. He was a lawyer, he was elected to Parliament at the Halifax riding in the 1979 general election. He served one federal term in office, the 31st Canadian Parliament, during which he was parliamentary secretary for the Attorney General and the Minister of Justice. In the 1980 federal election, Cooper was defeated by Gerald Regan of the Liberals. George Cooper was the first Canadian Chair of the Foundation for Educational Exchange between Canada and the United States. Cooper helped inaugurate Fulbright scholarships for outstanding students and academics to enhance mutual understanding between our two countries, he was managing Partner with the Law firm McInnes Cooper in the ‘90s and Board Chair from 2006-12. He retired Cooper became the 24th President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of King's College on 9 July 2012, he concluded his term on June 30, 2016. June 2017, George Cooper was awarded by the University of Calgary’s highest academic honour, the Doctor of Laws.

George Cooper – Parliament of Canada biography

Valentina Marchei

Valentina Marchei is an Italian pair and single figure skater. As a singles skater, she is a five-time Italian national champion, her highest ISU Championship placements were 4th at the 2013 European Championships and 8th at the 2012 World Championships. She placed 11th. Marchei competed as a pair skater with Ondřej Hotárek, representing Italy; the pair finished 6th at the 2018 Winter Olympics. Valentina Marchei was born 23 May 1986 in Italy, she is the daughter of a competitor in the marathon at the 1980 and 1984 Olympics. Her early interests were gymnastics, she has worked as a reporter for Italian television. Marchei began skating in 1993, she was coached by Cristina Mauri from the age of nine. Ahead of the 2007–08 season, Marchei spent the first part of July training with Viktor Kudriavtsev in Flims, Switzerland, she trained in Courchevel in the remainder of July and August and Paris and Milan in the winter, coached by Pierre Trente and Cristina Mauri. Marchei injured her knee in September 2007.

In September 2008, Marchei began working with Nikolai Morozov in New Jersey. She missed most of the 2008–09 season after injuring her right ankle on a triple Lutz at 2008 Skate America. Marchei did not receive any Grand Prix invitations in 2009–10, she finished 8th at the 2010 European Championships. In 2010–11, Marchei returned to the Grand Prix series, competing at 2010 Skate Canada International and 2010 Cup of Russia, she was 10th at the 2011 European Championships. In 2011, Marchei changed coaches to Yuka Sato in Detroit, she had ankle and knee injuries in 2011. She finished 8th at the 2012 World Championships in France. Marchei represented Italy at the 2014 Winter Olympics. In September 2014, she withdrew from both of her Grand Prix assignments, the 2014 Skate Canada International and 2014 Rostelecom Cup. On 2 July 2014, La Gazzetta dello Sport wrote that Marchei and Ondřej Hotárek were considering skating as a pair. Bruno Marcotte confirmed on 26 July 2014, they are coached by Franca Bianconi in Milan.

On 6 August 2014, Marchei sprained the medial collateral ligament of her right knee. On 8 September, she said. Commenting on her switch to pairs, Marchei stated: "At the beginning practicing pairs was just to do shows or stuff like that, but it was something that got to me. It's crazy. I still do single programs at shows, but it is strange, I'm looking around, where is he?"Marchei/Hotárek won the Italian national title in December 2014. In January 2015, they placed fourth at the European Championships in Stockholm, Sweden and 11th at the World Championships in March. On 16 September 2018 Marchei announced the end of her partnership with Hotárek via Instagram. GP: Grand Prix.

Gaushala, Mahottari

Gaushala is a municipality in Mahottari District in Province No. 2 of Nepal. The municipality was established on 18 May 2014 by merging existing Nigauli, Gaushala VDCs, it occupies an area of 144.73 sq. km with a total population of 66,673. Gaushala Bazar is the second largest business center in the Mahottari district of Nepal; the animal market of the place is well known. Gaushala is a variation of a Sanskrit word that means the house of Cow. There is a huge cattle pen named Gaushala containing more than one hundred cows, it is protected by the government of Nepal. The cow is regarded as a sacred animal in Nepal. Hindus considers the cow as mother, worship the cow as a form of Goddess. Killing cows is illegal in Nepal. Ram Lakhan Chaudhary was Ex-VDC chief of Gaushala Bazar. Gaushala is developing day by day as the roads has been being made. Everest chemical is one of the oldest sugarcane mill in Nepal; this place is blessed with some tasty street foods with pretty lower cost. One high school namely tribhuvan higher secondary school is situated here, established in 2006B.


Leonid Brailovsky

Leonid Brailovsky was a Russian architect, designer, teacher and a member of Russian apostolate in the Diaspora. Born in 1867 in Kharkiv in an Orthodox family, his father was mayor, his mother came from a noble family Sedlyarevskih. Brailovsky was educated in the classical school, he graduated from the department of architecture of the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1894 with the rank of class artist of architecture degree. During training awarded for academic success: in 1890 a small silver medal, in 1892 a large silver medal, in 1893 a small gold medal for the program "Hotel for visitors to the capital." After graduating from the Academy in 1895 -- 1898 he served in the pensioner's trip to Rome. From 1898 he taught architecture at the Moscow School of Painting and Architecture in 1899, he joined a teacher at the Stroganov Moscow State University of Arts and Industry and Served as professor of the School, in 1906 was a member of the Education Committee. Brailovsky worked as an architect, but was best known as the artist-akvalerist creating watercolors of ancient ruins, the interiors of temples and palaces.

In the 1900s he studied and copied fresco paintings in the churches of Yaroslavl and Novgorod. He participated in the exhibitions of the Society of Russian watercolors, the Moscow Association of Artists, New Society of Artists, a member of the Society of Architects and Artists, Moscow Archaeological Society and the Moscow Architectural Society, he was a member of the Editorial Board of "Yearbook of Mao." He worked as a decorator: doing interior design, performed sketches of furniture and articles of bronze. From 1909, he worked as a set designer. In this capacity ofrmlyal performances Lesser and Greater theaters. In 1916, Brailovsky was awarded the title of Academician. After the October Revolution in 1919, with his wife Rimma, emigrated first to Latvia, lived in Constantinople, in 1925 he moved to Rome. In Belgrade, the designer worked the Theatre Royal, was a member of the Union of Employees of Russian art. In 1933 he founded the Vatican Museum of Russian religious architecture in the Congregation of Eastern Churches.

In exile, created in the style of painting and graphics. In the 1920 – 1930 created a series of paintings "Visions of Old Russia." Exhibited in many cities, his wife had two solo exhibitions in Paris and the Vatican. He died in 1937 in Rome, his works are in museum collections of the Tretyakov Gallery, the Russian Museum, the Museum of the Sorbonne in Paris, the Vatican Museums and others. Contact with the world's center of Christianity, of course was reflected in the Brailovskys'life. Leonid and his wife Rima come to realize the unity of the church, they are reunited with the Catholic Church and it makes them more to love their homeland, its holy places and spiritual culture. In 1932, an exhibition of 40 paintings by Brailovsky depicting monuments of Russian religious art; this collection was donated by Pope Pius XI and the latter has decided to organize a special unit of Russian painting. Secretary Pacelli and other dignitaries, as well as four Brailovsky was opened section of monuments of church art in Russia, in quantity of 100 paintings and 20 plans depicting the monuments of Russian ecclesiastical art and architecture.

One of those places where you could take a sip of his native air was Russicum with the Russian church, with family icons and expensive Slavic rites. Brailovsky were parishioners of the church. Years Archpriest Alexander Sipyagin who knew Leonid Mikhailovich wrote in his obituary: "Here, in the Church of St. Anthony, the late felt like at home". In 1933, the artist Leonid and his wife Rimma Brailovsky staged creative exhibition in Rome. Information about this event was placed in the press. Namely: "Messadzhero" published an article, a small article appeared in the "Tribune" and the "Osservatore Romano" has been placed an illustrated essay. Memorial feedback on the Leonid Brailovsky left his confessor of. Alexander Sipiagin: "Far from home, went out the artist's life, Christian, his ashes taken to the cemetery of Campo Verano. "Mortal remains... Russian Catholics – Leonid Mikhailovich Brailovsky known artist" rest in the grave "on a site donated by a pious cardinal to bury foreigners dying in Rome".

"Woe from Wit" by Alexander Griboyedov "Glass of Water" OE Scribe "The Duchess of Padua" O. Wilde "Assembly" Pyotr Gnedich "Merchant of Venice" by William Shakespeare "Don Giovanni" WA Mozart Competition project apartment building Pertsova PN The project's own villa Contest project of the new building MUZHVZ Private Villa Tombstone of Anton Chekhov, with Fyodor Schechtel Headstone composer Vasily Kalinnikov The theater building, together with Ivan Zholtovsky Workshop building and rebuilding his own mansion Nashokin, M. B. Architects Moscow Art Nouveau. Creative portraits. – Publication of the third. – M.: Giraffe, 2005. – S. 97–98. – 2500 copies. – ISBN 5-89832-043-1 Architects Moscow time eclectic and neoclassical: ill. Biographical. Dictionary / State. Scientific-issled. Museum of Architecture. Shchusev etc. – M.: crab, 1998. – S. 40–410. – 320. – ISBN 5-900395-17-0