Adair County, Kentucky
Adair County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,656, its county seat is Columbia. The county was founded in 1801 and named for John Adair Speaker of the House in Kentucky and Governor of Kentucky. Adair County has one of the few surviving American Chestnut trees in the United States. Adair County is a wet county as of March 23, 2016. Adair County was formed on December 1801, from sections of Green County. Columbia was chosen as the county seat the following year and the first courthouse was built in 1806; the county was named in honor of John Adair, a veteran of the Revolutionary War and Northwest Indian War. He commanded Kentucky troops in the Battle of New Orleans, he served as the eighth Governor of Kentucky. This was the 44th of Kentucky's 120 counties to be organized. After the American Civil War, a gang of five men, believed to include Frank and Jesse James from Missouri, robbed the Bank of Columbia of $600 on April 29, 1872, they killed the cashier, R.
A. C. Martin, in the course of the robbery; the courthouse on the Columbia town square, completed in 1884, replaced the original 1806 courthouse. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles, of which 405 square miles is land and 7.1 square miles is water. It is part of western Appalachia. Over 40% of the county's land is covered with timber; the Green River is the county's major waterway. The river was impounded to form Green River Lake, the major feature of Green River Lake State Park, which lies in Adair and Taylor counties. Taylor County – north Casey County – northeast Russell County – east Cumberland County – south Metcalfe County – southwest Green County – northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 17,244 people, 6,747 households, 4,803 families residing in the county; the population density was 42 per square mile. There were 7,792 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.00% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races.
0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,747 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $24,055, the median income for a family was $29,779. Males had a median income of $23,183 versus $17,009 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,931.
About 18.20% of families and 24.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.60% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over. Adair County's agrarian economy produces livestock, dairy products and tobacco; the county experienced a minor oil boom in the 1960s. Lack of adequate transportation infrastructure hindered the county's prosperity well into the 20th century; the completion of the Cumberland Parkway in 1973 ameliorated this problem. The county is served by Adair County Schools, its schools are: Adair County Primary Center Adair County Elementary School Adair County Middle School Adair County High School. Columbia Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Adair County. A more complete listing is available here. Breeding Glens Fork Gradyville Knifley Neatsville Pellyton Sparksville Thomas E. Bramlette, Governor of Kentucky Robert Porter Caldwell, United States Congressman, was born in Adair County. E. A. Diddle, men's basketball coach for Western Kentucky University Janice Holt Giles, a writer noted for her regional novels and nonfiction, lived in Adair County from 1949 until her death in 1979.
James R. Hindman, Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky Sergeant Dakota Meyer and educated in Adair County, received the Medal of Honor in 2011 for his actions in Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan in 2009 Pinkney H. Walker, Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court, was born in Adair County. Evelyn West, burlesque actress Frank Lane Wolford, U. S. Representative from Kentucky National Register of Historic Places listings in Adair County, Kentucky Kleber, John E.. "Adair County". In John E. Kleber; the Kentucky Encyclopedia. Associate editors: Thomas D. Clark, Lowell H. Harrison, James C. Klotter. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0. Retrieved 2011-02-11. Flowers, Randy. Adair County, Kentucky: A Pictorial History. Columbia, Kentucky: Adair County Genealogical Society. P. 152. Columbia & Adair Chamber of Commerce Columbia Magazine Burtons of Adair County
Taylor County, Kentucky
Taylor County is a county located in the U. S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,512, its county seat is Campbellsville. Settled by people from Virginia, Pennsylvania and North Carolina after the American Revolutionary War, the county was organized in 1848 in the Highland Rim region, it is named for United States Army General Zachary Taylor President of the United States. Taylor County was the 100th of the 120 counties created by Kentucky; the Campbellsville Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Taylor County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 277 square miles, of which 266 square miles is land and 10 square miles is water. Marion County Casey County Adair County Green County LaRue County As of the census of 2000, there were 22,927 people, 9,233 households, 6,555 families residing in the county; the population density was 85 per square mile. There were 10,180 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.62% White, 5.06% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races.
0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 9,233 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.00% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,089, the median income for a family was $33,854. Males had a median income of $26,633 versus $20,480 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,162.
About 14.20% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.70% of those under age 18 and 18.30% of those age 65 or over. Taylor County is represented in the Kentucky House of Representatives by Republican John "Bam" Carney and in the state Senate by another Republican, Max Wise. In 2019, Republican Barry Smith will take office as county judge. Smith unseated the Democrat Eddie Rogers in the general election held on November 6, 2018. National Register of Historic Places listings in Taylor County, Kentucky
LaRue County, Kentucky
LaRue County is a county located in the center of the U. S. state of Kentucky, outside the Bluegrass Region and larger centers of population. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,193, its county seat is Hodgenville, a city best known as the birthplace of United States President Abraham Lincoln. The county was formed on March 4, 1843 from portions of Hardin County and named after John LaRue, an early settler. LaRue County is included in the Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Louisville/Jefferson County-Elizabethtown-Madison, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area. LaRue is dry county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 264 square miles, of which 262 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. Nelson County Marion County Taylor County Green County Hart County Hardin County Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site As of the census of 2000, there were 13,373 people, 5,275 households, 3,866 families residing in the county.
The population density was 51 people per square mile. There were 5,860 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.65% White, 3.54% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races. 1.05% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,275 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females, there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,056, the median income for a family was $37,786. Males had a median income of $30,907 versus $20,091 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,865. 15.40% of the population and 12.60% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 18.90% are under the age of 18 and 16.40% are 65 or older. Hodgenville Upton – Buffalo Magnolia Athertonville Lyons Mount Sherman Tonieville Hodgenville Pentecostal Church Hodgenville United Methodist Church Our Lady of Mercy Catholic Church LaRue Baptist Church, an Independent Baptist church Victory Baptist Church First Baptist Church of Hodgenville First Baptist Church on Lincoln Blvd, Hodgenville Buffalo Baptist Church, Buffalo Mt. Tabor Baptist Church Union Christian Church Magnolia Baptist Church Roanoke House of Prayer Lane Lincoln Baptist Church Athertonville Baptist Church Oakhill Baptist Church South Fork Baptist Church Wesley Meadows United Methodist Church Levelwoods United Methodist Church Parkway Baptist Church The county sponsors the annual Lincoln Days celebration, which takes place on the first full weekend of each October.
The festival is Friday through Sunday. Highlights include the Lincoln Look-A-Like contests, rail-splitting competitions, a parade at noon on Saturday, shopping booths and concerts by local talent. Dry county Louisville-Elizabethtown-Scottsburg, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area National Register of Historic Places listings in LaRue County, Kentucky
Per capita income
Per capita income or average income measures the average income earned per person in a given area in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita income is national income divided by population size. Per capita income is used to measure an area's average income and compare the wealth of different populations. Per capita income is used to measure a country's standard of living, it is expressed in terms of a used international currency such as the euro or United States dollar, is useful because it is known, is calculable from available gross domestic product and population estimates, produces a useful statistic for comparison of wealth between sovereign territories. This helps to ascertain a country's development status, it is one of the three measures for calculating the Human Development Index of a country. In the United States, it is defined by the U. S. Census Bureau as the following: "Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man and child in a geographic area."
Critics claim that per capita income has several weaknesses in measuring prosperity: Comparisons of per capita income over time need to consider inflation. Without adjusting for inflation, figures tend to overstate the effects of economic growth. International comparisons can be distorted by cost of living differences not reflected in exchange rates. Where the objective is to compare living standards between countries, adjusting for differences in purchasing power parity will more reflect what people are able to buy with their money, it does not reflect income distribution. If a country's income distribution is skewed, a small wealthy class can increase per capita income while the majority of the population has no change in income. In this respect, median income is more useful when measuring of prosperity than per capita income, as it is less influenced by outliers. Non-monetary activity, such as barter or services provided within the family, is not counted; the importance of these services varies among economies.
Per capita income does not consider whether income is invested in factors to improve the area's development, such as health, education, or infrastructure. List of countries by average wage List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP at market or government official exchange rates per inhabitant List of countries by GDP per capita—GDP calculated at purchasing power parity exchange per inhabitant List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by GNI per capita List of countries by income equality Total personal income
Kentucky's 2nd congressional district
Kentucky's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Kentucky. Located in west central Kentucky, the district includes Bowling Green and Elizabethtown; the district has not seen an incumbent defeated since 1884. The district is represented by Republican Brett Guthrie. Former Representative Democrat William Natcher is noted for holding the record for most consecutive roll call votes in the history of Congress - more than 18,000 votes; the district is similar in character to the 1st district. While Democrats still hold most local offices in the district, they tend to be conservative on social issues, a trend that leads them to vote Republican in most national elections; as of June 2016, there were 532,145 registered voters: 267,853 Democrats, 222,631 Republicans, 29,501 "Others". All of the "Others" included 11,071 Independents, 843 Libertarians, 146 Greens, 65 Constitutionalists, 16 Reforms, 19 Socialists; until January 1, 2006, Kentucky did not track party affiliation for registered voters who were neither Democratic nor Republican.
The Kentucky voter registration card does not explicitly list anything other than Democratic Party, Republican Party, or Other, with the "Other" option having a blank line and no instructions on how to register as something else. Kentucky counties within the 2nd congressional district: Barren, Breckinridge, Butler, Edmonson, Grayson, Hancock, Hart, Jessamine, LaRue, Mercer, Spencer, Washington As of June 2017, there is one living former member from the district; the most recent representative to die was William Huston Natcher on March 29, 1994. Kentucky's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
Nathanael Greene was a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. He emerged from the war with a reputation as General George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer, is known for his successful command in the southern theater of the war. Born into a prosperous Quaker family in Warwick, Rhode Island, Greene became active in the resistance to British revenue policies in the early 1770s and helped establish the Kentish Guards, a state militia. After the April 1775 Battles of Lexington and Concord, the legislature of Rhode Island established an army and appointed Greene to command it. In the year, Greene became a general in the newly-established Continental Army. Greene served under Washington in the Boston campaign, the New York and New Jersey campaign, the Philadelphia campaign before being appointed quartermaster general of the Continental Army in 1778. In October 1780, General Washington appointed Greene as the commander of the Continental Army in the southern theater.
After taking command, Greene engaged in a successful campaign of guerrilla warfare against the numerically superior force of General Charles Cornwallis. He inflicted heavy losses on British forces at Battle of Guilford Court House, the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, the Battle of Eutaw Springs, eroding British control of the Southern United States. Major fighting on land came to an end following the surrender of Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown in October 1781, but Greene continued to serve in the Continental Army until late 1783. After the war, he sought to become a successful planter in the South, but died in 1786 at his Mulberry Grove Plantation in Chatham County, Georgia. Many places in the United States are named after Greene. Greene was born on August 7, 1742, on Forge Farm at Potowomut in the township of Warwick, Rhode Island, part of British North America, he was Nathanael Greene Sr. a prosperous Quaker merchant and farmer. Greene was descended from John Greene and Samuel Gorton, both of whom were founding settlers of Warwick.
Greene had two older half-brothers from his father's first marriage, was one of six children born to Nathanael and Mary. Due to religious beliefs, Greene's father discouraged book learning, as well as dancing and other activities. Nonetheless, Greene convinced his father to hire a tutor, he studied mathematics, the classics and various works of the Age of Enlightenment. At some point during his childhood, Greene gained a slight limp that would remain with him for the rest of his life. In 1770, Greene moved to Coventry, Rhode Island to take charge of the family-owned foundry, he built a house in Coventry called Spell Hall. In the year and his brothers inherited the family business after their father's death. Greene began to assemble a large library that included military histories by authors like Caesar, Frederick the Great, Maurice de Saxe. In July 1774, Greene married the nineteen-year-old Catharine Littlefield, a niece-by-marriage of his distant cousin, William Greene, an influential political leader in Rhode Island.
That same year, one of Greene's younger brothers married a daughter of Samuel Ward, a prominent Rhode Island politician who became an important political ally until his death in 1776. Greene and Catherine's first child was born in 1776, they had six more children between 1777 and 1786. After the French and Indian War, the British Parliament began imposing new policies designed to raise revenue from British North America. After British official William Dudington seized a vessel owned by Greene and his brothers, Greene filed an successful lawsuit against Dudington for damages. While the lawsuit was pending, Dudington's vessel was torched by a Rhode Island mob in what became known as the Gaspee Affair. In the aftermath of the Gaspee Affair, Greene became alienated from the British government. At the same time, Greene drifted away from his father's Quaker faith, he was suspended from Quaker meetings in July 1773. In 1774, after the passage of revenue-raising measures that colonials derided as the "Intolerable Acts," Greene helped organize a local militia known as the Kentish Guards.
Because of his limp, Greene was not selected as an officer in the militia. The American Revolutionary War broke out with the April 1775 Battles of Concord. In early May, the legislature of Rhode Island established the Rhode Island Army of Observation and appointed Greene to command it. Greene's army marched to Boston, where other colonial forces were laying siege to a British garrison, he missed the June 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill because he was visiting Rhode Island at the time, but he returned immediately after the battle and was impressed by the performance of colonial forces. That same month, the Second Continental Congress established the Continental Army and appointed George Washington to command all colonial forces. In addition to Washington, Congress appointed sixteen generals, Greene was appointed as a brigadier general in the Continental Army. Washington took command of the Siege of Boston in July 1775, bringing with him generals such as Charles Lee, Horatio Gates, Thomas Mifflin. Washington organized the Continental Army into three divisions, each consisting of regiments from different colonies, Greene was given command of a brigade consisting of seven regiments.
The Siege of Boston continued until March 1776. After the end of the siege, Greene served as the commander of military forces in Boston, but he rejoined Washington's army in April 1776. Washington established his headquarters in Manhattan, Greene was tasked with preparing for the i
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf