click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Green Mountain Boys

The Green Mountain Boys was a militia organization first established in the late 1760s in the territory between the British provinces of New York and New Hampshire, known as the New Hampshire Grants and in 1777 as the Vermont Republic. Headed by Ethan Allen and members of his extended family, it was instrumental in resisting New York's attempts to control the territory, over which it had won de jure control in a territorial dispute with New Hampshire; some companies served in the American Revolutionary War, including notably when the Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen captured Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain on May 10, 1775. In early June 1775, Ethan Allen and his subordinate, Seth Warner, induced the Continental Congress at Philadelphia to create a Continental Army ranger regiment from the New Hampshire Grants. Having no treasury, the Congress directed that New York's revolutionary Congress pay for the newly authorized regiment. In July 1775, Allen's militia was granted support from the New York revolutionary Congress.

The Green Mountain Boys disbanded more than a year before Vermont declared its independence in 1777 from Great Britain "as a separate and independent jurisdiction or state". The Vermont Republic operated for 14 years, before being admitted in 1791 to the United States as the 14th state; the remnants of the Green Mountain Boys militia were reconstituted as the Green Mountain Continental Rangers. Command of the newly formed regiment passed from Allen to Seth Warner. Allen joined the staff of the Northern Army of New York's Major General Philip Schuyler and was given the rank of lieutenant colonel. Under Warner the regiment fought at the battles of Hubbardton and Bennington in 1777; the regiment was disbanded in 1779. The Green Mountain Boys mustered again during the War of 1812, the Civil War, the Spanish–American War, the Vietnam War, the Afghanistan War and the Iraq War. Today it is the informal name of the Vermont National Guard, which comprises both the Army and Air National Guards; the original Green Mountain Boys were a militia organized in what is now southwestern Vermont in the decade prior to the American Revolutionary War.

They comprised settlers and land speculators who held New Hampshire titles to lands between the Connecticut River and Lake Champlain, an area known as the New Hampshire Grants, now modern Vermont. New York was given legal control of the area by a decision of the British crown and refused to respect the New Hampshire titles and town charters. Although a few towns with New York land titles, notably Brattleboro on the Connecticut River, supported the change, the vast majority of the settlers in the sparsely populated frontier region rejected the authority of New York. With several hundred members, the Green Mountain Boys controlled the area where New Hampshire grants had been issued, they were led by Ethan Allen, his brother Ira Allen, their cousins Seth Warner and Remember Baker. They were based at the Catamount Tavern in Bennington. By the 1770s, the Green Mountain Boys had become an armed military force and de facto government, a militia, that prevented New York from exercising its authority in the northeast portion of the Province of New York.

New York authorities had standing warrants for the arrest of the leaders of the rebellious Vermonters, but were unable to exercise them. New York surveyors and other officials attempting to exercise their authority were prevented from doing so and in some cases were beaten, settlers arriving to clear and work land under New York–issued grants were forced off their land, sometimes had their possessions destroyed. At the same time, New York sought to extend its authority over the territory. During an event once known as the Westminster massacre, anti-Yorkers occupied the courthouse in Westminster to prevent a New York judge from holding court, two men were killed in the ensuing standoff. Ethan Allen went to Westminster with a band of Boys, organized a convention calling for the territory's independence from New York; when the American Revolutionary War started in 1775, Ethan Allen and a troop of his men, along with Connecticut Colonel Benedict Arnold, marched up to Lake Champlain and captured the strategically important British military posts at Fort Ticonderoga, Crown Point, Fort George, all in New York.

The Boys briefly held St. John's in Québec, but retreated on word of arriving British regulars; the Green Mountain Boys formed the basis of the Vermont militia that selected Seth Warner as its leader. Some of the Green Mountain Boys preferred to stick with Ethan Allen and were captured along with Allen in August 1775 in a bungled attempt to capture the city of Montreal; some members of this unit were Lieutenant Benjamin Tucker. Benjamin Tucker joined the British Military during his capture. Vermont declared itself an independent nation in January 1777, organized a government based in Windsor; the army of the Vermont Republic was based upon the Green Mountain Boys. Although Vermont supported the American Revolutionary War and sent troops to fight John Burgoyne's British invasion from Quebec in battles at Hubbardton and Bennington in 1777, Vermont adopted a more neutral stance and became a haven for deserters from both the British and colonial armies. George Washington, who had more than sufficient difficulties with the British, brushed off Congressional demands that he subdue Vermont.

During the Haldimand Affair, some members of the Green Mountain Boys became involved in secret negotiations with British officials about restoring the Crown's rule over the territory. The Vermont A

San Miguel el Alto

San Miguel el Alto is a town and municipality, in Jalisco in central-western Mexico. The municipality covers an area of 580 km²; as of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 40,000. The municipality includes the town of San José de los Reynoso, it was the setting and filming location for the 1957 film, Los chiflados del rock and roll, starring Luis Aguilar. San Miguel is known for its beautiful patronal festival that lasts from 19 September to 29 September; the celebration is in honor of Saint Michael the Arch Angel. Many events like horse races, artist performance and the coronation of the fiesta queen take place. Big Spring, United States "La belleza eterna de San Miguel el Alto", retrieved 26 June 2017

1935–36 NHL season

The 1935–36 NHL season was the 19th season of the National Hockey League. The St. Louis Eagles dropped out of the league; the Detroit Red Wings were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the Toronto Maple Leafs three games to one in the final series. Prior to the season, the St. Louis Eagles franchise owners asked the league for permission to suspend operations for a year and relocate back to Ottawa, however the league denied the requests. On October 15, 1935, the NHL bought back the franchise and players contracts for $40,000 and suspended operations. Chicago would not participate in the dispersal draft, while St. Louis would not have another NHL team until 1967. During the season, the New York Americans were up for sale. Leo Dandurand, who had sold his interest in the Montreal Canadiens, was interested as was Joseph Cattarinich. Cattarinich said, it was announced there would be no deal. Howie Morenz incurred the wrath of Chicago owner Frederic McLaughlin, he was subsequently traded to the New York Rangers.

This was the year of Detroit. They finished first in the American Division; the Montreal Maroons finished first in the Canadian Division, but fans were starting to stay away from games they played, which worried now team president and coach Tommy Gorman. At one point, Lionel Conacher had to run the team when Gorman experienced health and nervous problems. At.500 at mid-season, they traded Toe Blake for Lorne Chabot, owned by the Canadiens after being suspended by Chicago and refusing demotion to the minors, the team began to win with Chabot in the net. Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, GF = Goals For, GA = Goals Against, Pts = Points Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold; this was the final year. The first game of the Maroons-Red Wings series set a record for the longest game in Stanley Cup playoff history, as well as the longest ice hockey game played; the game began at 8:30 p.m. at the Forum in Montreal, ended at 2:25 a.m. The game was scoreless until the sixth overtime, when Mud Bruneteau scored on Maroon goaltender Lorne Chabot to win the game.

Normie Smith shut out the Maroons in the next game, the Red Wings beat the Maroons to win the series. Eddie Shore won his second consecutive Hart trophy. Frank Boucher's run of seven Lady Byng trophy awards came to an end. Tiny Thompson won the Vezina trophy for the third time in his career. Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes Source: NHL. Boston Bruins: Frank Patrick Chicago Black Hawks: Clem Loughlin Detroit Red Wings: Jack Adams New York Rangers: Lester Patrick Montreal Canadiens: Sylvio Mantha Montreal Maroons: Tommy Gorman New York Americans: Rosie Helmer Toronto Maple Leafs: Dick Irvin The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1935–36: Ray Getliffe, Boston Bruins Woody Dumart, Boston Bruins Mike Karakas, Chicago Black Hawks Mud Bruneteau, Detroit Red Wings Alex Shibicky, New York Rangers Babe Pratt, New York Rangers Neil Colville, New York Rangers Phil Watson, New York Rangers Reg Hamilton, Toronto Maple Leafs The following is a list of players of note that played their last game in the NHL in 1935–36: Joe Primeau, Toronto Maple Leafs List of Stanley Cup champions Ice hockey at the 1936 Winter Olympics 1935 in sports 1936 in sports Diamond, Dan, ed..

Total Hockey. Total Sports. ISBN 1-892129-85-X. Dinger, Ralph, ed.. The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book 2012. Dan Diamond & Associates. ISBN 978-1-894801-22-5. Dryden, Steve, ed.. Century of hockey. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart Ltd. ISBN 0-7710-4179-9. Fischler, Stan; the Hockey Chronicle: Year-by-Year History of the National Hockey League. Publications International Inc. ISBN 0-7853-9624-1. McFarlane, Brian; the Story of the National Hockey League. New York, NY: Pagurian Press. ISBN 0-684-13424-1. Notes Hockey Database NHL.com

Operation Amherst

Operation Amherst was a Free French and British SAS attack designed to capture intact Dutch canals and airfields during World War II. It was led by Brigadier Mike Calvert of Chindit fame; the operation began with the drop of 700 French Special Air Service troopers of 3 and 4 SAS on the night of 7 April 1945. The teams spread out to defend key facilities from the Germans. Advancing Canadian troops of the 8th Reconnaissance Regiment relieved the isolated French SAS; the majority of the French paratroopers were dropped over the north-western part of the province of Drenthe. Here they occupied a series of bridges and conducted hit and run attacks on the withdrawing German troops. A small group of paratroopers under the command of Captain Pierre Sicaud were dropped in south-east Friesland close to the border of Drenthe. Under the cover of heavy clouds, several sticks consisting of 15 paratroopers each managed to land without being detected by the Germans. Captain Sicaud, landed in a pine tree and his eye was pierced by a branch limiting the use of his eye.

Some of the French paratroopers were discovered by a band of Dutch resistance fighters who had made their shelter in the vast forests south of the small village of Appelscha. Led by an agent of the Dutch government in exile in England, the paratroopers re-grouped and conducted a series of attacks on German troops retreating through the area to Germany. Sicaud and his paratroopers occupied an important bridge frustrating German troop movements. A series of running battles between the French, the Germans, Dutch Nazi collaborators were conducted near the bridge; the civilian population of Appelscha, after a calm five years of German occupation, experienced five days of heavy fighting that left no civilian casualties but plenty of German dead. One group of paratroopers was dropped too far from Captain Sicaud and ended up on the outskirts of the small village of Haulerwijk, ten kilometers north of Appelscha. German troops discovered the French in the early morning of 8 April and a fire fight broke out between the French and the Germans.

One French SAS trooper was killed, while some of the French were captured and some managed to flee and catch up with the French fighting in and around Appelscha. In disarray, the Germans managed to counterattack with the rest of their troop; some SAS and civilians were killed. This mini battle was referred to as "the last Amherst" where part of the town was destroyed, a huge conflict ensued. Bonnecarrère, Paul. Qui Ose Vaincra. Marabout Université. ISBN 2-501-00748-4

Deep End (film)

Deep End is a 1970 British-West German drama film directed by Jerzy Skolimowski and starring Jane Asher and John Moulder Brown. Set in London, the film focuses on the relationship between two young co-workers at a suburban bath house and swimming pool. In 2009, Bavaria Media, a subsidiary of Bavaria Film, which co-produced the film in 1970 through its subsidiary Maran Film, began a digital restoration as part of the film's 40th anniversary, in cooperation with the British Film Institute; the restored film was re-released in UK cinemas on 6 May 2011 and was released on Blu-ray Disc and DVD on 18 July 2011 in BFI's BFI Flipside series. In March 2012 it was first shown on TV by Film4. Mike, a 15-year-old dropout, finds a job in a public bath. There he is trained by a woman ten years his senior. Susan is a tease who plays with Mike's and other men's feelings, acting sometimes warm and affectionate and other times cold and distant. Working in the bathhouse turns out to involve providing services to clients of a more or less sexual nature, in exchange for a tip.

For example, an older woman is sexually stimulated by pushing Mike's head into her bosom and talking suggestively about football. Mike is confused by this and at first does not want to accept the tip he gets, but Susan tells him that these services are a normal practice, including exchange of her female clients for his male clients whenever a client prefers the opposite sex. Mike fantasizes about Susan and falls in love with her though she has a wealthy and handsome young fiancé, Chris. Mike discovers that Susan is cheating on her fiancé with an older, married man, Mike's physical education teacher and works at the baths as a swimming instructor for teenage girls, touching them inappropriately. Mike begins trying to disrupt them. Although Susan gets angry at Mike for this, she provides just enough encouragement to cause him to continue the behavior. Mike's infatuation with Susan continues despite his friends mocking him, his mother being treated rudely by Susan, his bicycle being destroyed by Susan, his activities drawing the ire of Susan's boyfriends, local police, Mike's boss at work.

Obsessed with Susan, Mike refuses other outlets for sex, such as his former girlfriend and a prostitute who offers him a discount. While following Susan on a date, Mike sees and steals a life-size advertising photo cutout of a naked girl who resembles Susan, he confronts Susan with it on the London Underground, flying into a violent tantrum in front of other passengers when Susan teasingly refuses to tell him whether she posed for the nude photo. Mike takes the cutout to the deserted baths after hours and swims naked with it, embracing it; the next morning, Mike disrupts the instructor's foot race and punctures the tyres of the instructor's car while Susan is driving it. Susan gets mad and hits Mike, in the process losing the diamond from her new engagement ring in the snow. Anxious to find the lost diamond and Susan collect the surrounding snow in plastic bags and take it back to the closed baths to melt it, using a lowered ceiling lamp outlet to heat an electric kettle in the empty pool. While Susan is out of the room, Mike finds the diamond in the melted snow, lies down naked in the dry pool with the diamond on his tongue.

He teases Susan by refusing to give her the diamond. She does so, he gives her the diamond and she is about to leave, but she reconsiders and lies down next to him, they have a sexual encounter. Chris telephones and Susan rushes around the empty pool hurriedly gathering her clothes to go and meet him. Mike begs her to stay and talk to him. Meanwhile an attendant has arrived, unaware of the presence of Mike and Susan, opens the valve to start filling the dry pool with water. Mike becomes more insistent, chasing Susan around the filling pool, hitting her in the head with the ceiling lamp injuring her, she falls into the water of the pool. Mike embraces nude Susan underwater, just as he embraced the photo cutout; the film was made from conception to completion. It was shot in Munich, while some exterior scenes were shot in London's Soho and Leytonstone. "The cast were free to improvise, were instructed to remain in character if a take went awry."The film features the song "Mother Sky" by the band Can in an extended sequence set in Soho and "But I Might Die Tonight", the Cat Stevens song, used at the film's finale.

Many years Jane Asher denied suggestions that she had used a body double for some of her scenes: "I didn't!... And, looking back, I like the way it's done." The film received critical acclaim, with Andrew Sarris comparing it with the best of Godard and Polanski, while Penelope Gilliatt called it "a work of peculiar, cock-a-hoop gifts". "The consensus when it premiered at the Venice Film Festival in September 1970 was that it would have been assured of winning the Golden Lion, if only the prize-giving hadn't been suspended the previous year. " Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film two-and-a-half stars out of four and called it an "observant and sympathetic movie" that "deserves a better ending." Roger Greenspun of The New York Times wrote, "Although it has a strong and good story,'Deep End' is put together out of individual comic routines. Many of these don't work, but many more work well." Variety observed, "Sharply-edged hues, taut editing, a fine musical accomp, good playing alongside t

Calgary Fringe Festival

The Calgary Fringe Festival is an annual fringe theatre festival in Calgary, Alberta. The earliest Fringe-type drama festival in Calgary was the Plan B Festival, held in 2000 at a variety of locations in both Calgary's downtown and the neighbouring community of Inglewood; the Plan B Festival arose after the 2000 Calgary Fringe Festival was cancelled due to administrative difficulties, involved many of the same artists that were planning on partaking in the aborted Fringe. Calgary Artist/Activist Patricia Anne Duquette, on behalf of Green Fools Physical Theatre Co. coordinated a massive community effort to rescue the festival with the additional aims of setting a precedent for future fundraising efforts. 5,000 people attended the adhoc presentations and events over the course of five days, establishing an overwhelming show of interest among Calgarians. The first official Fringe festivals in Calgary took place in 2001 and 2002, organized by the Loose Moose Theatre company, based in the inner-city neighbourhood of Inglewood.

These were short, three-day festivals, held the weekend after the Edmonton International Fringe Festival. However, after the completion of the 2002 festival, Loose Moose lost their lease on the Garry Theatre, were thus unable to produce the Fringe in subsequent years. A new license to produce a Fringe in Calgary was secured from the Canadian Association of Fringe Festivals in 2005 by a new team headed by Blair Gallant and Jason Rothery, a new Fringe was held in the summer of 2006. Many elements have changed from the earlier Fringes, including time and locations; the Fringe is now a full-length 8-day Fringe: 2016 dates are Fri. July 29--Sat. Aug. 6 the same time as Saskatoon Fringe, just before the Aug. 11 start of the Edmonton Fringe. In previous years when they overlapped, a number of shows were performed at both Fringes, either closing in Calgary early or opening in Edmonton late. In addition to the theatrical performances, the 2006 Calgary Fringe included street performances and vendors as well as a film festival, visual arts displays and live music.

The 2006 Calgary Fringe was held at a number of venues. The festival is held in the Inglewood neighbourhood of Calgary. Michele Gallant is Producer. Compared to other fringe festivals, the Calgary Fringe is classified as a smaller festival, averaging about 30 shows a year. Audiences must make a one-time purchase of a Fringe Button to gain admittance to all festival events, including shows. Tickets to individual shows can be purchased on the festival website. To gain entrance to a show, audiences must have a button for the festival and a ticket for the event. Artists receive 100 % of fees; the artist draw for the Calgary Fringe happens at the beginning of December. The 2019 draw was held December 5th, at Village Brewery, it was hosted by The Kinkonauts. The event was live-streamed on Facebook. There are two kinds of venues in the Calgary Fringe: Lottery and BYOV. Lottery venues are assigned to artists drawn in the festival lottery. BYOV venues are run by artists who were not drawn in the lottery and are therefore arranging their own venue.

BYOV venues that are outside the festival neighbourhood of Inglewood are sometimes referred to as "satellite" venues. 2018 Lantern Church, Festival Hall, The Artpoint Gallery, Alexandra Centre 2018 Gravity Espresso & Wine Bar, Inglewood Fine Arts Gallery, Lolita’s Lounge, Lunchbox Theatre The Calgary Fringe Festival awards the following each year: One show per lottery venue is selected for this award. Selected shows are given an extra performance on the last Saturday of the festival; this award is determined by a special festival patron feedback. Fringe Theatre Festivals in Alberta Official website