Atlantis, Western Cape
Atlantis is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa, a suburb of the City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality. Atlantis is 40 km north of the Cape Town Central Business District; as of 2011, it has 67,491 residents. Unemployment, lack of housing and crime are major challenges in the area; the suburb of Atlantis was established during the 1970s by the Apartheid government as an industrial centre and a community for the coloured population of Cape Town under the Group Areas Act. In order to attract industry and residents to Atlantis the government introduced various incentives to attract manufacturing firms via a system of relocation tax credit. In its heyday in the early to mid-1980s there were 50 industrialists in Atlantis employing people drawn from nearly 8 000 households; these industries included large manufacturing concerns such as Atlantis Diesel Engines. Manufacturing activities in Atlantis declined with the termination of the incentive programmes and the defence manufacturing contracts from the mid-1980s.
The withdrawal of incentives reduced the attractiveness of the area and while Atlantis has since been through a series of mini economic booms and busts the trend declined in the economy of the area. Only about 3% of the original companies still have business in Atlantis but numerous new factories and businesses have started to operate in Atlantis. Over the past three years over R1bn has been invested into Atlantis by large multinationals. Hisense opened a factory in the town in June 2013 injecting ZAR 350 million into the first phase of the Atlantis plant, creating 300 production positions and accompanied by a skills-transfer programme led by technicians and engineers from China. Over R600m has been invested by the green manufacturing industry, for the manufacture of wind towers, wind tower internals and solar panels and the like; the investment is the result of cooperation between the City of Cape Town, the Western Cape Provincial Government, the South African Department of Trade and Industry and GreenCape.
In 2013, the City of Cape Town in cooperation with the Western Cape Provincial Government declared Atlantis as a priority area for economic development, establishing a Greentech hub for manufacturing of components for the renewable energy and other green industries. An application has been submitted for the Atlantis Industrial Area to be declared a Special Economic Zone with the focus on green technology; the SEZ status will provide investors a range of incentives, including the benefits of co-loation, access to established markets. There have been a range of other interventions to revitalize the local economy: Upgrading of infrastructure such as the electricity supply, improved public transport system, installation of a fiber optic network to improve the broad band utilization and load shedding curtailment agreements. A special package of investment incentives for Atlantis, which comprises fast-tracking of building plan approval and land use applications, the waiver of building plan scrutiny fees, reduced electricity tariffs for large electricity users, partial waiver of development contributions, as well as the establishment of an Investment Facilitation Office in Atlantis.
Through these initiatives it is now easier to do business in Atlantis and the cost of doing has been driven down. The biggest new investment is the GRI South Africa factory which manufactures wind turbine towers, the investment is about R400m and created 230 new jobs. There are 94 factories and 77 services businesses in Atlantis. Atlantis Diesel Engines
Crossroads, Cape Town
Crossroads is a high-density township in Cape Town, South Africa. It is situated near Cape Town International Airport and borders Nyanga, Heideveld and Mitchells Plain. Crossroads is one of Cape Town's largest townships; the establishment of Crossroads as a settlement began in the 1970s when workers from a nearby farm were told to leave and move to'the crossroads'. By the year of1977 a survey indicated. An added motivation for the initial settlers in what was unsettled Cape Flats Dune Strandveld was the opportunity for families to build individual, more respectable homes than the hostels of Gugulethu allowed for. Since the Apartheid authorities considered the settlement temporary, orders to evict and dismantle it were issued in 1975; these orders were not enforced due to the efforts of a Men's Committee and a Women's Committee, formed to oppose the order as well as the Black Sash. The Women's Committee was successful at organising and gaining support from within and from outside of the community.
In 1978 Crossroads was declared an'emergency camp' thereby obliging the City Council to supply basic municipal services. Once Crossroads had been declared a legal settlement by the government they began to focus on dismantling the growing informal settlements in the surrounding area; the government's focus on destroying these settlements was driven by a desire to neutralise the threat the government faced in the wake of 1976 Soweto uprisings. From this group of activists the Development Action Group was established in 1986. A non-governmental organisation that a former mayor of Cape Town, Nomaindia Mfeketo, used to work for prior to becoming mayor. Although the'Save Crossroads' campaign was successful violence broke out within the community due to a feud between supporters of the head of the residents committee Johnson Ngxobongwana, those who accused him of favouritism and rewarding his henchmen. By 1983 the violence in Crossroads began to spread into the neighboring areas of Nyanga. Older Crossroads residents resented the rising influence of the United Democratic Front and in response a group of these residents formed an organisation known as the'witdoeke' and allied with the police to suppress the UDF.
The'witdoeke' attacked neighbouring townships and set fire to all the shanty settlements in old Crossroads thereby leaving 60,000 people homeless. As a result, some residents moved to a tented town near Site C in Khayelitsha to avoid the violence
Coloureds are a multiracial ethnic group native to Southern Africa who have ancestry from more than one of the various populations inhabiting the region, including Khoisan, Afrikaner, Austronesian, East Asian or South Asian. Because of the combination of ethnicities, different families and individuals within a family may have a variety of different physical features. In the Western Cape, a distinctive Cape Coloured and affiliated Cape Malay culture developed. In other parts of Southern Africa, people classified as Coloured were the descendants of individuals from two distinct ethnicities. Genetic studies suggest. Mitochondrial DNA studies have demonstrated that the maternal lines of the Coloured population are descended from African Khoisan women; this ethnicity shows a gender-biased admixture. Male lines have been African, Asian Indian, Southeast Asian. Coloureds are to be found in the western part of South Africa. In Cape Town, they form 45.4% of the total population, according to the South African National Census of 2011.
The apartheid-era Population Registration Act, 1950, subsequent amendments, codified the Coloured identity, defined its subgroups. Indian South Africans were classified under the act as a subgroup of Coloured; the Coloured community is predominantly descended from numerous interracial sexual unions between Western European men and Khoisan or mixed-race women in the Cape Colony from the 17th century onwards. In KwaZulu-Natal, the Coloured possess a diverse heritage including British, German, Saint Helenian, Indian and Zulu. Zimbabwean Coloured are descended from Shona or Ndebele and Afrikaner settlers, as well as Arab and Asian people. Griqua, on the other hand, are descendants of Afrikaner Trekboers. Despite these major differences, as both groups have ancestry from more than one naturalised racial group, they are classified as coloured in the South African context; such mixed-race people did not self-identify this way. The Griqua were subjected to an ambiguity of other creole people within Southern African social order.
According to Nurse and Jenkins, the leader of this “mixed” group, Adam Kok I, was a former slave of the Dutch governor, manumitted and provided land outside Cape Town in the eighteenth century. With territories beyond the Dutch East India Company’s administration, Kok provided refuge to deserting soldiers, runaway slaves, remaining members of various Khoikhoi tribes. In South Africa and neighbouring countries, the white minority governments segregated Africans from Europeans after settlement had progressed, they classified all such mixed race people together in one class, despite their numerous ethnic and national differences in ancestry. The imperial and apartheid governments categorized them as Coloured. In addition, other distinctly homogeneous ethnic groups traditionally viewed the mixed-race populations as a separate group. During the apartheid era in South Africa of the second half of the 20th century, the government used the term "Coloured" to describe one of the four main racial groups it defined by law.
This was an effort to maintain racial divisions. Individuals were classified as white South Africans, black South Africans and Indians. Coloured people may have ethnic ancestry from Indonesia, mixed-race, Khoisan ancestry; the Apartheid government treated them as one people, despite their differences.'Cape Muslims' were classified as'coloured.' They have Indonesian and black ancestry, as many Indonesian slaves had children with African partners. Many Griqua began to self-identify as Coloureds during the apartheid era, because of the benefits of such classification. For example, Coloureds did not have to carry a dompas, while the Griqua, who were seen as an indigenous African group, did. In the 21st century, Coloured people constitute a plurality of the population in the provinces of Western Cape, a large minority in the Northern Cape, both areas of centuries of mixing among the populations. In the Eastern Cape, they make up 8.3% of the population. Most speak Afrikaans, as they were descendants of Dutch and Afrikaner men and grew up in their society.
About twenty percent of the Coloured speak English as their mother tongue those of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal. All Cape Town Coloured are bilingual; some can comfortably codeswitch between Kaapse taal and suiwer Afrikaans, South African English. At least one genetic study indicates that Cape Coloureds have ancestries from the following ethnic groups. Indigenous Khoisan: Bantu peoples, chiefly from Southern Africa: Peoples from Western Europe, chiefly the Low Countries: Peoples from South and Southeast Asia: The Malagasy component in the Coloured composite gene pool is itself a blend of Malay and Bantu genetic markers; this genetic admixture appears to be gender-biased. A majority of maternal genetic material is Khoisan; the Coloured population is descended predominantly from unions of European and European-African males with autochthonous Khoisan females. Colou
The Western Cape is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country. It is the fourth largest of the nine provinces with an area of 129,449 square kilometres, the third most populous, with an estimated 6.6 million inhabitants in 2018. About two-thirds of these inhabitants live in the metropolitan area of Cape Town, the provincial capital; the Western Cape was created in 1994 from part of the former Cape Province. The Western Cape Province is L-shaped, extending north and east from the Cape of Good Hope, in the southwestern corner of South Africa, it stretches about 400 kilometres northwards along the Atlantic coast and about 500 kilometres eastwards along the South African south coast. It is bordered on the north on the east by the Eastern Cape; the total land area of the province is 129,462 square kilometres, about 10.6% of the country's total. It is the size of England or the State of Louisiana, its capital city and largest city is Cape Town, some other major cities include Stellenbosch, Worcester and George.
The Garden Route and the Overberg are popular coastal tourism areas. The Western Cape is the southernmost region of the African continent with Cape Agulhas as its southernmost point, only 3800 km from the Antarctic coastline; the coastline varies from sandy between capes, to rocky to mountainous in places. The only natural harbour is Saldanha Bay on the west coast, about 140 km north of Cape Town; however a lack of fresh water in the region meant that it has only been used as a harbour. The province's main harbour was built in Table Bay, which in its natural state was exposed to the northwesterly storms that bring rain to the province in winter, as well as the uninterrupted dry southeasterly winds in summer, but fresh water coming off Table Mountain and Devil's Peak allowed the early European settlers to build Cape Town on the shores of this less than satisfactory anchorage. The province is topographically exceptionally diverse. Most of the province falls within the Cape Fold Belt, a set of nearly parallel ranges of sandstone folded mountains of Cambrian-Ordovician age.
The height of the mountain peaks in the different ranges vary from 1000m to 2300m. The valleys between ranges are very fertile as they contain the weathered loamy soils of the Bokkeveld mudstones; the far interior forms part of the Karoo. This region of the Province is arid and hilly with a prominent escarpment that runs close to the Province's most inland boundary; the Escarpment marks the southwestern edge of South Africa's central plateau. It runs parallel to the entire South African coastline except in the far northeast, where it is interrupted by the Limpopo River valley, the far northwest, where it is interrupted by the Orange River valley; the 1000 km-long northeastern stretch of the escarpment is called the Drakensberg, geographically and geologically quite distinct from the Cape Fold Mountains, which originated much earlier and independently of the origin of the escarpment. The principal rivers of the province are the Berg and Olifants which drain into the Atlantic Ocean, the Breede and Gourits which drain into the Indian Ocean.
The vegetation is extremely diverse, with one of the world's seven floral kingdoms exclusively endemic to the province, namely the Cape Floral Kingdom, most of, covered by Fynbos. These evergreen heathlands are rich in species diversity, with at least as many plant species occurring on Table Mountain as in the entire United Kingdom, it is characterised by various types of shrubs, thousands of flowering plant species and some grasses. With the exception of the Silver tree, Leucadendron argenteum, which only grows on the granite and clay soils of the Cape Peninsula, open fynbos is treeless except in the wetter mountain ravines where patches of Afromontane forest persist; the arid interior is dominated by Karoo drought-resistant shrubbery. The West Coast and Little Karoo are semi-arid regions and are typified by many species of succulents and drought-resistant shrubs and acacia trees; the Garden Route on the south coast is lush, with temperate rainforest covering many areas adjacent to the coast, in the deep river valleys and along the southern slopes of the Outeniqua mountain range.
Typical species are hardwoods of exceptional height, such as Yellowwood and Ironwood trees. The Western Cape is climatologically diverse, with many distinct micro- and macroclimates created by the varied topography and the influence of the surrounding ocean currents; these are the warm Agulhas Current which flows southwards along South Africa's east coast, the cold Benguela Current, an upwelling current from the depths of the South Atlantic Ocean along South Africa's west coast. Thus climatic statistics can vary over short distances. Most of the province is considered to have a Mediterranean climate with cool, wet winters and warm, dry summers. Both the Great Karoo and Little Karoo, in the interior, have an arid to semi-arid climate with cold, frosty winters and hot summers with occasional thunderstorms; the Garden Route and the Overberg on the south coast have a maritime climate with cool
Post office box
A post office box is a uniquely addressable lockable box located on the premises of a post office station. In some regions in Africa, there is no door to door delivery of mail. Renting a PO box has traditionally been the only way to receive mail in such countries. However, some countries, like Egypt, have introduced mail home delivery. Post office boxes are rented from the post office either by individuals or by businesses on a basis ranging from monthly to annual, the cost of rent varies depending on the box size. Central business district PO boxes are more expensive than rural PO boxes. In the United States, the rental rate used to be uniform across the country. Now, however, a postal facility can be in any of seven fee groups by location. In the United Kingdom, Royal Mail PO boxes are little more than pigeon-holes in the secure section of a sorting office and are accessible only by staff. In such cases, the renter of the PO box will be issued with a card showing the PO box number and delivery office name and must produce this to the desk staff when collecting mail.
For an additional fee, the Royal Mail will deliver received items to the renter's geographical address. Some private companies offer similar services of renting a mailbox in a public location; the difference is that mail sent there is addressed to a street address, instead of just addressed to "PO Box CSX". The quantity of post office boxes in a station varies widely. Stations of small areas are equipped with fewer than 100 boxes, while stations in a central business district area may offer a combined quantity of over 200,000 post office boxes. Post office boxes are mounted in a wall of the post office, either an external wall or a wall in a lobby, so that staff on the inside may deposit mail in a box, while a key holder in the lobby or on the outside of the building may open his or her box to retrieve the mail. In many post offices in the U. S. the PO box lobby is separate from the window-service lobby, so that the former may be kept open for longer hours or around the clock, while the latter is locked after business hours.
In the U. S. since the 1980s, in cities and large urban areas, post offices have tended to close box lobbies overnight because of the tendency of homeless people to use them for sleeping quarters. As a result, some box lobbies are accessible after hours by customers who are provided a code to a door keypad. In addition, some post offices are located in rented facilities such as shopping malls; as a result, PO boxes can only be accessed. If a parcel does not fit in a PO box, the postmaster will leave a note advising that customer to pick up that parcel from the counter. In some post offices, a key will be left in the PO box that corresponds to a larger, locked box where the patron may pick up his or her package if a signature is not required. Most in this case, once the key is used to open the larger, locked box, the key cannot be removed again by the patron, but the door cannot be secured either. Notes will be left in the PO box in respect of cash on delivery and registered mail that has to be signed for.
In 2011, the United States Postal Service began a pilot program called "gopost" which installed larger boxes to handle package pickup from an unstaffed station. A given box can be used by multiple customers thanks to the integration of a computer which accepts a delivery code; the system uses U. S. Patent 6,690,997, issued February 10, 2004 to Michael A. Rivalto. Deutsche Post started a similar concept called a Packstation in 2001; the operated Amazon Locker, started in 2011, is a similar one-time-use pickup facility for parcels sent to and from the company. Until 2012, package delivery to USPS post office boxes was not available from private carriers like UPS, FedEx and others. In early 2012, the Postal Service introduced a P. O. Box Street Address service that allows box-holders to combine the street address of the post office where their box is located with their post office box number into a street address format. A mailing industry publication called the new service "a great service for people who have a PO Box and don't want their packages delivered to their home."
Users receiving large quantities of mail can use "locked bags", which are numbered like PO boxes. In the United States, this service is called caller service, the assigned number is called a caller number, although mail is addressed to "PO Box." Each country has its own regulations as to how one can retrieve mail at a PO Box. Some countries, such as the United States or the United Kingdom, may require one or more forms of identification. Not all countries offer locked PO Boxes. In the United States, two forms of identification are required. Many countries offer some type of PO Boxes for different uses. There are an increasing number of private companies that provide similar PO Box services to the official postal service under the guise of mail forwarding. In Namibia, PO boxes are the only form of mail delivery to private individuals. Small settlements feature a block of PO boxes for rent. In Windhoek and the only large town, blocks of PO boxes are scattered all over the city and not located at post of
Century City, Cape Town
Century City is a 250 ha suburb of Cape Town, South Africa. Century City is structured as a mixed-use development including entertainment, residential and office components. Development began under Monex Development in 1997 and continues under the new owners, Rabie Property Group. Investment thus far exceeds ZAR10 billion, it is located 10 km to the north-east of central Cape Town along the N1 motorway and is traversed by numerous waterways and canals. Century City's original developments were the Ratanga Junction theme park and Canal Walk shopping centre. Canal Walk was the largest shopping mall in Africa and the Southern Hemisphere in lettable area when it was opened in December 2000 at 125,000m². More expanded to 141 000m², the mall contains over 400 stores, 20 movie theatres, many restaurants and bars and an entertainment section. Two twin office towers - the Canal Walk Towers - rest atop of the mall. Ratanga Junction was a theme park that had many monetary issues, resulting in downsizing, off-season closures and the addition of year-round conferences and entertainment facilities.
It permanently is to be redeveloped to residential use. The Colosseum is a mixed-use R300 million development, including ground-floor cafes, offices and a 70-room four-star hotel. Construction was completed in January 2007. Adjacent to the mall are two 11-storey towers called the Crystal Towers that opened at the end of 2009, it is the largest development in the precinct. The R750 million development consists of Century City's first 5-star hotel with 180 rooms, as well as 91 luxury apartments and an office block. Century Gate and The Estuaries are two additional commercial developments, collectively costing R500 million. ABSA occupies 5-star Green Star twin development Bridge Park in Bridgeways Precinct. Built on a wetland area, Century City needed to comply with conservation measures. Intaka Island is a 16-hectare wetland area within the development; the wetland cleans the water in the canals and provides a green lung in an otherwise high-density development. There were concerns that Century City would cause decentralisation from the Cape Town central business district, but thanks to the city improvement district and urban renewal efforts spearheaded by the Cape Town Partnership, this has not happened.
This development thus remains another commercial node in the Cape Town metropolitan area while the city centre remains vibrant. More the development has been criticized for causing traffic problems. Measures have been taken with an aim to improve congestion during peak hours
Camps Bay is an affluent suburb of Cape Town, South Africa, the small bay on the west cost of the Cape Peninsula after which it is named. In summer it attracts a large number of foreign visitors as well as South Africans; the first residents of Camps Bay were the San and the Goringqhaique, Khoi pastorates. When Jan van Riebeek established a refreshment station for the VOC, the Twelve Apostles were covered in forests with lion and antelope. In competition with the more recent settlers, the Gringqhaique lost their grazing lands on the south east slopes of Table Mountain and in 1657 were restricted to Camps Bay. By 1713 the number of Gringqhaique population had been reduced by measles and smallpox. All, left of their settlement was an old kraal; the area was granted to John Lodewyk Wernich and passed from father to son. Johan Wernich married Anna Koekemoer, who on his death in 1778, married Fredrick Ernst von Kamptz, a sailor and the area became known as “Die Baai van von Kamptz”. For most of the 1800s Camps Bay was undeveloped.
Lord Charles Somerset used the Roundhouse as his lodge. Kloof Road was built in 1848 and in 1884 Thomas Bain was commissioned to build a road from Sea Point to Camps Bay using convict labour; the road was completed in 1887 and named Victoria road to honour Queen Victoria’s jubilee in 1888. The road allowed people to cycle out to Camps Bay; this led to the development, in 1901 of the Camps Bay tramway to bring people out for the day and with it the development of the tidal pools, the Rotunda and a pavilion for concerts and shows. In 1913 Camps Bay was incorporated into Cape Town although it was still seen as a recreational area rather than a residential area. Oudekraal is made up of a collection of tiny beaches sheltered amongst the boulders and a well established picnic area with lawns, covered seating areas with tables and public toilets. Lui Bay is a popular dive site. In 1977 two scrap vessels, the Antipolis and Romelia, were being towed around the cape when their tow line broke in a storm.
This caused the Antipolis to run aground near Oudekraal, while the Romelia foundered further south between Llandudno and Sandy Bay. The hull of the Antipolis is now visible at low tide. Koeël Bay has an African open-air curio market. Bakoven gets its name because of a large rock just off-shore with what appears as an oven door in its side. There are several sheltered coves located in Bakoven. There is a sea rescue base stationed here and a popular swimming beach is off Beta Close. In the early 1940s a row of beach front houses were erected to house honored members of the South African Army who fought during World War II. Many of these old houses still stand and are now registered as South African National Heritage Sites. Camps Bay Beach, a Blue Flag Beach since 2008, is the largest white sand beach in Camps Bay. There is a seasonal life guard station with toilets at the west end of the beach; the beach is opposite Camps Bay's main tourist hub, featuring multiple hotels and shops. Glen Beach, at the far right of Camps Bay beach, is known as Camps Bay's best surfing beach.
Short, fast rides and a small take-off area makes Glen Beach one of the hardest of Cape Town's beach breaks to surf and has resulted in a strong local atmosphere. Camps Bay was used as the scene of the virtual'perfect' town San Junipero in the episode of the same name in season 3 of Black Mirror. Additionally, Apple’s Watch Series 4 advertisement features multiple parts of Cape Town including Camps Bay. Dean Furman, professional footballer Beaches of Cape Town Camps Bay, Cape Town, South Africa Camps Bay Villa, Cape Town, South Africa