Redfern railway station
The Redfern railway station is a heritage-listed former railway bridge and now railway station located on the Main Suburban railway line in the inner western Sydney suburb of Redfern in the City of Sydney local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was built by Department of Railways, it is known as Redfern Railway Station group and Tenterfield railway. The property is owned by an agency of the Government of New South Wales, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The station that opened on 26 September 1855 is located on what was the Illawarra line, it is now served by all Sydney Trains lines except the Cumberland Line, Carlingford Line and the airport branch of the Airport & South Line. Some NSW TrainLink Intercity services call at the station. Redfern's natural landscape was defined by sand swamps; the Carrahdigang, more known as the Cadigal people, valued the area for its abundant supply of food. The name Redfern originates from an early land grant to William Redfern in 1817.
It was known as Roberts Farm and Boxley's Swamp. William Redfern was a surgeon's mate in the Royal Navy and was aboard HMS Standard when its crew took part in the revolt in 1797 known as the Mutiny of the Nore; because he had advised the men to be more united, he was included among leaders who were court-martialled. Although sentenced to death, he was reprieved because of his youth and in 1801 arrived in Sydney as a convict, he served on Norfolk Island as an assistant surgeon. In 1803 he was pardoned, but remained on the island until 1808, when he returned to Sydney and was appointed assistant surgeon after being examined in medicine and surgery by Surgeons Jamison and Bohan. In 1816 he maintained a private practice. In 1814 he reported on conditions on convict transport ships and his recommendation that all have a surgeon on board whose duties were to superintend the health of convicts was put into practice, he resigned from Government service in 1819 when not appointed to succeed D'Arcy Wentworth as principal surgeon.
Despite his valuable service, many were contemptuous of him as he was an emancipist, although he had the friendship of Governor Macquarie. In 1818 Redfern received a grant of 526 hectares in Airds and received more land in the area and by his death in 1823 he owned, by grant and purchase, over 9,308 hectares in NSW. In 1817 he had been granted 40 hectares in the area of the present suburb of Redfern; the boundaries were the present-day Cleveland, Regent and Elizabeth Streets. The commodious home Redfern built on his land was considered to be a country house, surrounded by flower and kitchen gardens, his neighbours were John Baptist and Captain Cleveland, an officer of the 73rd regiment, remembered by today's street of that name, before its demolition, by Cleveland House, his home. The passing of the Sydney Slaughterhouses Act in 1849 brought other businesses to the district; this act banned noxious trades from the city. Tanners, wool scourers and wool-washers, boiling down works and abattoirs had ten years to move their businesses outside city boundaries.
Many of the trades moved to Redfern and Waterloo - attracted by the water. The sand hills still existed but by the late 1850s Redfern was a flourishing suburb housing 6,500 people; the Municipalities Act of 1858 gave districts the option of municipal incorporation. Public meetings were held and after a flurry of petitions Redfern Municipality was proclaimed on August 11, 1859, the fourth in Sydney to be formed under the Act. Redfern Town Hall opened in 1870 and the Albert Cricket Ground in 1864. Redfern Post Office came in 1882; the majority of houses in Redfern in the 1850s were of timber. From the 1850s market gardeners congregated in Alexandria south of McEvoy Street, around Shea's Creek and Bourke Road; when Sydney's original railway terminus was built in the Cleveland Paddocks, which extended from Devonshire and Cleveland Streets to Chippendale, the station's name was chosen to honour William Redfern. The station was built of iron and the first stationmaster was a Mr Fielding. In 1874 the station was replaced by a stone structure, covering two platforms.
At that time the present Redfern station was known as Eveleigh, after a lovely old home standing on the western side of the railway line. When Central railway station was built, on the site of the Devonshire Street cemetery, the name of Eveleigh Station was changed to Redfern; the name Eveleigh was retained for the huge railway workshops, just beyond the station, on the site of the original Hutchinson Estate. All that remains of the Cleveland Paddocks is Prince Alfred Park, where the exhibition building was erected in 1870 for an inter-colonial exhibition opened by Governor Belmore, after whom Belmore Park was named, on 30 August 1870. Redfern was the scene of the maiden trip of the first double-decker tram in 1879, it travelled between the old Redfern station to the corner of Hunter and Elizabeth Streets in the city. In 1885 the Sands Sydney Directory listed 54 market gardens. While many were worked by European-Australians, by the 1870s Chinese market gardeners had acquired leases in the district and a decade were dominating the trade.
The Eveleigh complex in 1886 became one of the largest employers in the state. Redfern was an industrial working class suburb by the end of the 19th century. Reschs brewery and other factories attracted migrants; the Syrian/Lebanese community began settling around Surry Hills by the 1880s. In the early history of the New South Wales Government Ra
Sydney Trains is the suburban passenger rail network serving the city of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The network is a hybrid suburban-commuter rail system with a central underground core that covers over 815 km of track and 178 stations over eight lines, it has metro-equivalent train frequencies of every three minutes or better in the underground core, 5–10 minutes at most major stations all day and 15 minutes at most minor stations all day. During weekend services trains are less frequent with headways of upwards of a half-hour on outer stations with frequencies of less than 10 minutes in the underground core; the network is controlled by the New South Wales Government's transport authority, Transport for NSW, is part of the authority's Opal ticketing system. In 2017-18, 359.2 million passenger journeys were made on the network. In May 2012 the Minister for Transport announced a restructure of RailCorp, the organisation that owned and managed the metropolitan rail network and operated passenger services throughout the New South Wales.
Two new organisations were created to take over operation of the services from 1 July 2013. Sydney Trains acquired all suburban services in the Sydney metropolitan area bounded by Berowra, Emu Plains and Waterfall from RailCorp's CityRail division. Intercity and Hunter Line services operated by CityRail were taken over by NSW Trains. RailCorp remained as the owner of the network infrastructure; when first created as subsidiaries of RailCorp, Sydney Trains and NSW Trains were not controlled entities of RailCorp, but were instead controlled by Transport for NSW. In July, they ceased to be subsidiaries of RailCorp and became independent standalone agencies in July 2017; the first expansion of the Sydney suburban network during the Sydney Trains era occurred in 2015 when the South West Rail Link opened between Glenfield and Leppington. Beginning in 2018, some sections of the network are being transferred to the city’s metro and light rail networks; the line between Chatswood and Epping will form part of Sydney Metro Northwest and closed for conversion in September 2018.
The section of line between Sydenham and Bankstown will form part of Sydney Metro Southwest. This is due to open in 2024; the section of line between Camellia and Carlingford will form part of the Parramatta Light Rail network. The adjacent section of track between Clyde and Camellia, including Rosehill railway station, will become disused; the light rail is expected to open in 2023. A new rail link has been announced to serve the under-construction Western Sydney Airport; the line will link with the Western Line at St Marys station. The line is the first stage of a proposed "North-South Link" between Macarthur. However, this line is to be delivered using metro or light metro technology. In addition, a proposed extension to the South West Rail Link would connect Leppington to the Badgerys Creek Aerotropolis interchange south of the Western Sydney Airport. In July 2013 Howard Collins, the former Chief Operating Officer of London Underground, was appointed as Chief Executive of Sydney Trains. In addition to operating suburban train services, Sydney Trains maintains the New South Wales Metropolitan Rail Area, maintains all but a handful of operational railway stations in the state.
Sydney Trains operates eight suburban lines across metropolitan Sydney. In conjunction with a new timetable released on 20 October 2013, the Sydney Trains network was reorganised with a new numbering system; the number of lines was reduced from eleven to seven by merging several lines together. An eighth line was created on 26 November 2017 by splitting the T2 line into two separate lines. T5 services were modified to no longer travel to and from Campbelltown, instead starting and terminating at Leppington. From 28 April 2019, the T1 line from Gordon to Hornsby via Strathfield will be renumbered T9, whilst the portion from Berowra to Richmond & Emu Plains via Chatswood and Parramatta will remain T1; the new line will be red in colour. The main hub of the Sydney Trains system is Central station. Central is the terminus of most NSW TrainLink lines. After leaving Central, trains coming from the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line, T3 Bankstown Line and T8 Airport & South Line travel through the City Circle - a ring line beneath the Sydney central business district.
After completing the City Circle, these trains pass through Central for a second time and return to the suburbs. The T1 North Shore, Northern & Western Line and T4 Eastern Suburbs & Illawarra Line pass through the central business district and continue on to other areas of Sydney; the T5 Cumberland Line serves Western Sydney and provides access to the major centre of Parramatta from the south west of the city without requiring a change of trains at Granville. The T6 Carlingford Line and T7 Olympic Park Line are suburban shuttle services. NightRide bus services established in 1989, replace trains between midnight and 4:30am, leaving the tracks clear of trains for maintenance work; such bus services stop near stations operating at hourly intervals. Many services depart the city from bus stops near Town Hall station. NightRide services are contracted to external bus operators and are identified by route numbers beginning with "N". Sydney Trains operates a fleet of double deck electric multiple units.
The trainsets are divided into the following classes: Though operated by NSW TrainLink, some H sets are used on suburban services. Sydney Trains is taking delivery of 24 eight-carriage series 2 Waratah trains, which are similar to the original A sets, it maintains intercity trains for NSW TrainLink. The Sydney Trains network is divided into
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders"; as of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to 65% of the state's population. Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, thousands of engravings remain throughout the region, making it one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites. During his first Pacific voyage in 1770, Lieutenant James Cook and his crew became the first Europeans to chart the eastern coast of Australia, making landfall at Botany Bay and inspiring British interest in the area.
In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city Sydney in recognition of 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney. In the 2016 Census, about 35.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 45.4% of the population reported having been born overseas, making Sydney the 3rd largest foreign born population of any city in the world after London and New York City, respectively. Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities.
It is classified as an Alpha+ World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as Australia's financial capital and one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826. Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics; the city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country.
Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network; the first people to inhabit the area now known as Sydney were indigenous Australians having migrated from northern Australia and before that from southeast Asia. Radiocarbon dating suggests human activity first started to occur in the Sydney area from around 30,735 years ago. However, numerous Aboriginal stone tools were found in Western Sydney's gravel sediments that were dated from 45,000 to 50,000 years BP, which would indicate that there was human settlement in Sydney earlier than thought; the first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April 1770 when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan.
He noted in his journal that they were somewhat hostile towards the foreign visitors. Cook was not commissioned to start a settlement, he spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain. Prior to the arrival of the British there were 4,000 to 8,000 native people in Sydney from as many as 29 different clans; the earliest British settlers called the natives Eora people. "Eora" is the term the indigenous population used to explain their origins upon first contact with the British. Its literal meaning is "from this place". Sydney Cove from Port Jackson to Petersham was inhabited by the Cadigal clan; the principal language groups were Darug and Dharawal. The earliest Europeans to visit the area noted that the indigenous people were conducting activities such as camping and fishing, using trees for bark and food, collecting shells, cooking fish. Britain—before that, England—and Ireland had for a long time been sending their convicts across the Atlantic to the American colonies.
That trade was ended with the Declaration of Independence by the United States in 1776. Britain decided in 1786 to found a new penal outpost in the territory discovered by Cook some 16 years ear
Macarthur railway station
Macarthur railway station is located on the Main South line, serving the Sydney suburb of Campbeltown. It is served by NSW TrainLink Southern Highlands Line services, it is the southern extremity of the electrified Sydney Trains network. In 1976, a plan was created to build a new station 488m in the southern direction of the existing Campbelltown railway station; the plan for a "new" Campbelltown station was dropped and the plan was modified to be an unmanned, station. The plan was changed to be 1800m to its current location, being built to serve a shopping centre being build 500m away; the station was supposed to be named Ambarvale, after the suburb it is located, but this was changed to Macarthur, the name of the region. Construction started in November 1983 with the station opening on 28 July 1985, it was only served by a few peak-hour services until a new timetable was introduced on 16 November 1986. The station consisted of two side platforms; because suburban trains terminating on the main lines caused congestion to through trains, a side turnback platform was added in time for the 2000 Summer Olympics.
Under the CityRail Clearways Project, Macarthur received an upgrade. This work, completed in late 2010, included refurbishment of the station, a bus interchange, a new carpark. In a proposed second stage, Macarthur was to receive a fourth platform for through trains heading south, the project was cancelled. In January 2013, the Southern Sydney Freight Line opened to the west of the station. Electrification through the Macarthur station site was completed in 1968 as part of the Liverpool-Glenlee electrification project. Electric passenger trains terminated at Campbelltown, but freight trains continued to Glenlee coal siding and loader so that electrically hauled coal trains could connect it and Port Kembla; the Glenlee coal loader has closed and electric trains are stopped at Macarthur, with the wires only extending a few hundred metres down the line. Media related to Macarthur railway station at Wikimedia Commons Macarthur station details Transport for New South Wales
Kingsgrove railway station
Kingsgrove railway station is located on the East Hills line, serving the Sydney suburb of Kingsgrove. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 South line services. Kingsgrove station opened on 21 September 1931 when the East Hills line opened from Tempe to East Hills, it was the original terminus of the double track electrified section from Tempe. Until 1939, passengers transferred at Kinsgrove to a CPH railmotor or steam service to continue their journey towards East Hills; the line was duplicated and electrified beyond Kingsgrove in 1948. In 2000, as part of the quadruplication of the line from Wolli Creek to just west of Kingsgrove station, through lines were added on either side of the existing pair. A headshunt was provided to the west of the station in association with this project, this is used by terminating services. In 2013, the quadruplication was extended to Revesby as part of the Rail Clearways Program. On 6 October 2000, an eight car Tangara derailed at low speed near Kingsgrove station causing the rear three carriages to topple onto their side.
The derailment was caused by a track buckling as a result of high temperatures. Ten people were hospitalised; the station is accessible with one lift from the west side of Kingsgrove Road to the single island platform. Transdev NSW operates one route to and from Kingsgrove station: 455: to Rockdale Plaza via Kingsway West and KogarahTransit Systems operate three routes via Kingsgrove station: 490: Drummoyne to Hurstville via Five Dock and Campsie 492: Drummoyne to Rockdale via Five Dock and Campsie 493: Roselands Shopping Centre to Rockdale via Beverly Hills, Bexley North and BexleyKingsgrove station is served by one NightRide route: N20: Riverwood station to Town Hall station via Narwee and Airport Media related to Kingsgrove railway station at Wikimedia Commons Kingsgrove station details Transport for New South Wales
Mascot railway station
Mascot railway station is located on the Airport line, serving the Sydney suburb of Mascot. It is served by Sydney Trains T8 South line services. Mascot station opened on 21 May 2000. Like other stations on the line, Mascot was built and is operated by the Airport Link Company as part of a public–private partnership. Prior to March 2011, passengers were required to pay an access fee to use the station; the access fee was removed after the State Government reached an agreement with the Airport Link Company to pay the fee at Mascot and Green Square stations on behalf of passengers. Patronage increased by around 70% at the two stations in the months following the removal of the fee; the concourse of Mascot station contains the Mascot Operations Room, responsible for operation of the four operated stations on the Airport line. At the platforms the station is signed "Mascot Suburban", to prevent confusion with the stations for the nearby airport, referred to as Mascot Airport. State Transit operates three routes via Mascot station: 307: to Port Botany depot 357: to Bondi Junction via Kingsford 400: Bondi Junction to Sydney Airport via Westfield EastgardensTransit Systems operates three routes via Mascot station: 418: Westfield Burwood to Kingsford via Sydenham 420: Westfield Burwood to Westfield Eastgardens via Sydney Airport.
420N: Westfield Burwood to Westfield Eastgardens Night service. Media related to Mascot railway station, Sydney at Wikimedia Commons Mascot Station at Transport for New South Wales Mascot Station Public Transport Map Transport for NSW
Own This Club
"Own This Club" is a song by British/Australian-based singer Marvin Priest, released as the first single from his debut album Beats & Blips on 25 February 2011. The song has peaked at six on the ARIA Singles Chart, being certified double platinum with sales exceeding 140,000 copies. "Own This Club" was produced by Australian songwriting team DNA Songs. The song was the seventh most added song to radio on the week commencing 7 March 2011. "Own This Club" debuted on the ARIA Singles Chart at number forty-three on the issue dated 14 March 2011. After falling out of the top fifty two weeks it re-entered the chart at forty-one on 11 April 2011 and reached the peak position of six on 23 May 2011, staying at that spot for three consecutive weeks and spending nine weeks in the top ten; the song charted on the New Zealand Singles Chart, debuting at thirty-seven on the week dated 25 April 2011 and reached the top ten five weeks peaking at seven. It has since been certified gold by RIANZ; the music video for "Own This Club" premiered on Marvin Priest's VEVO YouTube channel on 22 February 2011.
It was directed by Silo Collective in Sydney and shows scenes with Marvin walking through Kings Cross station and Green Square while the ACE dance group are dancing behind him. The ending of the video shows Marvin Priest and the dancers inside a club with several other people and cuts to scenes with Marvin in front of a pink background in between. Digital download"Own This Club" – 3:21Digital EP"Own This Club" – 3:21 "Own This Club" – 5:50 "Own This Club" – 4:40