A Green party is a formally organized political party based on the principles of green politics, such as social justice and nonviolence. Greens believe that these issues are inherently related to one another as a foundation for world peace. Green party platforms embrace social-democratic economic policies and forming coalitions with other left-wing parties. Green parties exist in nearly 90 countries around the world. There are distinctions between "Green" parties. Any party, faction, or politician may be labeled "green". In contrast, formally organized Green parties may follow a coherent ideology that includes not only environmentalism, but also other concerns such as social justice, consensus decision-making and nonviolence. Greens believe that these issues are inherently related to one another as a foundation for world peace; the best-known statement of the above Green values is the Four Pillars of the Green Party, adopted by the German Greens in 1979–1980. The Global Greens Charter lists six guiding principles which are ecological wisdom, social justice, participatory democracy, nonviolence and respect for diversity.
Political parties campaigning on a predominantly environmental platform arose in the early 1970s in various parts of the world. The world's first political parties to campaign on a predominantly environmental platform were the United Tasmania Group contested the April 1972 state election in Tasmania and the Values Party of New Zealand, which contested the November 1972 New Zealand general election, their use of the name'Green' derived from the'Green Bans': an Australian movement of building workers who refused to build on sites of cultural and environmental significance. The first green party in Europe was the Popular Movement for the Environment, founded in 1972 in the Swiss canton of Neuchâtel; the first national green party in Europe was PEOPLE, founded in Britain in February 1973, which turned into the Ecology Party, the Green Party. Several other local political groups were founded in beginning of the 1970s and Fons Sprangers was the first Green mayor in the world, elected in 1970 in Meer, active until 2006 for the Flemish Greens.
The first political party to use the name "Green" seems to have been the Lower Saxon "Green List for Environmental Protection", founded Sept. 1, 1977. The first Green Party to achieve national prominence was the German Green Party, famous for their opposition to nuclear power, as well as an expression of anti-centralist and pacifist values traditional to greens, they have been in coalition governments at state level for some years. They were in federal government with the Social Democratic Party of Germany in a so-called Red-Green alliance from 1998 to 2005. In 2001, they reached an agreement to end reliance on nuclear power in Germany, agreed to remain in coalition and support the government of Chancellor Gerhard Schröder in the 2001 Afghan War; this put them at odds with many Greens worldwide. In Finland, in 1995, the Finnish Green Party was the first European Green party to be part of a national Cabinet. Other Green parties that have participated in government at national level include the Groen! and Ecolo in Belgium, The Greens in France and the Green Party in Ireland.
In the Netherlands GroenLinks was founded in 1990 from four small left-wing parties and is now a stable faction in the Dutch parliament. The Australian Greens supported a Labor minority government from 2010 to 2013, have participated in several state governments. Around the world, individuals have formed many Green parties over the last thirty years. Green parties now exist in most countries with democratic systems: from Canada to Peru. There is Green representation at national and local levels in many countries around the world. Most of the Green parties are formed to win elections, so organize themselves by the presented electoral or political districts, but that does not apply universally: The Green Party of Alaska is organized along bioregional lines to practice bioregional democracy. Academic research has uncovered striking international consistency in the typical demographic and attitudinal profile of Green party supporters. In particular, Green voters tend to be young educated, disproportionately female, employed in the social and cultural services, whilst displaying above-average levels of environmentalism and social liberalism.
Additionally, Green parties tend to attract greater levels of support in countries defined by high levels of economic development and low levels of unemployment, as well as the presence of tangible environmental disputes and active major party competition on the environmental issue. The former two factors are believed to generate cohorts of voters with enough material security to devote their attention to'higher' goals such as environmentalism. Depending on local conditions or issues and alliances may vary. In line with the goal of democracy, neighboring ecoregions may require different policies or protections. Green parties are formed in a given jurisdiction by a coalition of scientific ecologists, community environmentalists, local leftist groups or groups concerned with peace or cit
John Reeves Jones Daniel was a Congressional Representative from North Carolina. Daniel was born near Halifax, North Carolina and was instructed at home, he graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1821. After studying law, he was practiced law in Halifax, he was elected to the State house of commons, serving from 1832–34. Daniel was elected attorney general of North Carolina in 1834; the popular politician was elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-seventh United States Congress and to the five succeeding Congresses, where he served as Chairman of the Committee on Claims. Daniel was not a candidate for renomination in 1852 to the Thirty-third Congress, he resumed the practice of law in Halifax. He moved to Louisiana in 1860 and settled near Shreveport, where he continued the practice of law and engaged in planting, he was buried there. His son, Junius Daniel, became a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army, dying as a result of a mortal wound at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House in 1864.
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The Sudebnik of 1497 was a collection of laws introduced by Ivan III in 1497. It played a big part in the centralisation of the Russian state, creation of the nationwide Russian Law and elimination of feudal fragmentation, it took its roots from Old Russian Law, including Russkaya Pravda, Legal Code of Pskov, princely decrees, common law, the regulations of, upgraded with reference to social and economic changes. Sudebnik was a collection of legal procedures, it established a universal system of the judicial bodies of the state, defined their competence and subordination, regulated legal fees. Sudebnik expanded the range of acts, considered punishable by the standards of criminal justice, it renewed the concept of different kinds of a crime. Sudebnik established the investigative nature of legal proceedings, it provided different kinds of punishment, such as death penalty, flagellation etc. In order to protect the feudal landownership, Sudebnik introduced certain limitations in the law of estate, increased the term of limitation of legal actions with regards to princely lands, introduced flagellation for the violation of property boundaries of princely and monastic lands - violation of peasant land boundaries entailed a fine.
Sudebnik introduced a fee for peasants who wanted to leave their feudal lord, established a universal day across the Russian state for peasants, who wanted to switch their masters. Old Russian Law Russkaya Pravda Sudebnik of 1550 Stoglav Sobornoye Ulozheniye Law of the Russian Federation Law of the Soviet Union