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Greenland, Arkansas

Greenland is a city in Washington County, United States. The community is located in the Boston Mountains, deep in the Ozark Mountains. Early settlers found prosperity by growing fruit, including apples and a variety of berries, raising chickens; the completion of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway through the mountains in 1882 further grew the local economy, leading Greenland to incorporate in 1910. Located south of Fayetteville in the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Greenland has been experiencing a population boom in recent years, as indicated by a 39% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses. Greenland is located at 35°59′41″N 94°10′51″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles, of which 2.7 square miles is land and 0.37% is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 907 people, 335 households, 259 families residing in the city; the population density was 331.9 people per square mile. There were 361 housing units at an average density of 132.1/sq mi.

The racial makeup of the city was 95.48% White, 1.10% Black or African American, 1.21% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.55% from other races, 1.21% from two or more races. 2.21 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 335 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.2% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.4% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.08. In the city, 78% were indicated to have received a high school diploma, 13% to have received a bachelor's degree exclusively from U of A. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,643, the median income for a family was $33,875. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $14,750 for females, indicative of the large income disparity among males and females living in the region; the per capita income for the city was $16,127. About 57.9% of families and 33.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.2% of those under age 18 and 41.3% of those age 65 or over. Greenland School District operates area public schools including Greenland High School. Located south of Fayetteville, the city is served by Interstate 49 along the western edge and by US Highway 71 through central Greenland. Together, these routes form the Boston Mountains Scenic Loop, one of eleven scenic byways in the state. Highway 265 runs in extreme western Greenland as the Butterfield Overland Mail Arkansas Heritage Trail. Drake Field and operated by the City of Fayetteville, is located north of Greenland.

Northwest Arkansas's primary aviation facility until the construction of Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport, Drake Field provides general aviation service to the residents and organization around the area. The facility saw 35,267 operations in 2009; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Greenland has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. City of Greenland, Arkansas official website

Felipe Pigna

Felipe Pigna is an Argentine historian and writer. He is among the best selling book authors from Argentina. Pigna teaches at the Escuela Superior de Comercio Carlos Pellegrini, directing the Ver la Historia project that produced 13 documentaries covering the 1776–2001 period of the History of Argentina, he is a columnist, appears on radio programs, contributes to newspapers and magazines such as Noticias, Veintitrés and Todo es Historia. He is the director of Caras y Caretas magazine, he has served as a history adviser for TV networks such as HBO, People and Arts, Italy's RAI, Spain's Antena 3. He was a columnist of an Argentine TV show. Pigna writes for the historically-focused website El Historiador, he is seen in the media talking about historical subjects. He is the host of a television program of historical documentaries and interviews. With Mario Pergolini, Pigna wrote and hosted Algo habrán hecho por la historia argentina, a TV show aired in 2005 which combines documentary and free reenactments of historical events.

The show granted him a Martín Fierro award, in his acceptance speech he dedicated the prize to some of his historical national heroes, namely Mariano Moreno, Juan José Castelli, Manuel Belgrano and Manuel Dorrego. The works of Felipe Pigna are not aimed to the masses. To this purpose, he employs slang, plain language, some humor and references to the reader, he attempts to relate the historical Argentina with modern Argentina, setting parallels between past and modern events or circumstances. He considers that events do not repeat themselves because circumstances change, but the consequences are to be broadly the same, such as wealth gaps leading to authoritarian governments, his works describe history as a dispute between the people and the powerful classes, where the latter ones oppressed the population both now and and so people would manage to achieve some victories if short-lived. Historians Tulio Halperín Dongui and Luis Alberto Romero made strong criticism of Pigna's style, refuse to consider his work as real history books if Pigna is a professional historian.

They consider that his works do not show historiographical culture, general culture or literary talent, that the works cited in them are misquoted or taken out of context. Pigna replied that foreign works accept and acknowledge subjective views, that his aim was to make the history of Argentina easy to understand by all people, that an opposing approach to the topic was elitist; some of Pigna's works include: Historia. El mundo contemporáneo ISBN 950-534-616-6. Historia. La Argentina contemporánea ISBN 950-534-651-4. Pasado en Presente. Historia Confidencial ISBN 950-49-0991-4. Los mitos de la historia argentina ISBN 987-545-149-5; the Myths of Argentine History ISBN 987-545-228-9. Los Mitos de la Historia Argentina 2 ISBN 950-49-1342-3. Lo pasado pensado Los mitos de la historia argentina 3 Historia confidencial, with José Ignacio García Hamilton and Pacho O'Donnell 1810 – La otra historia de nuestra Revolución fundadora, Editorial Planeta, Buenos Aires 2010 ISBN 978-950-49-2288-9 Libertadores de América Mujeres tenían que ser Devoto, Fernando.

Historiadores, ensayistas y gran público. Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos. ISBN 978-950-786-778-1. Official webpage of Felipe Pigna on El Historiador Felipe Pigna personal site

Nick Williams (baseball)

Billy Nicholas Williams, is an American professional baseball outfielder for the Philadelphia Phillies of Major League Baseball. He was drafted in the second round of the 2012 Major League Baseball draft. Williams made his major league debut in 2017. Williams was raised in Galveston, Texas, he went to Ball High School in Galveston, graduating in 2012. Williams was drafted by the Texas Rangers in the second round of the 2012 Major League Baseball draft out of high school, he signed with the Rangers for a $500,000 signing bonus. He made his professional debut in 2012 with the Arizona League Rangers, hitting.313/.375/.448 with two home runs in 201 at bats over 48 games. He played the 2013 season with the Hickory Crawdads, he played in 95 games during the season, hitting.293/.337/.543 with 17 home runs, 15 walks, 110 strikeouts over 376 at bats. Prior to the 2014 season, Williams was ranked by Baseball America as the Rangers fourth-best prospect, the 97th-best overall in baseball. Playing for three minor league teams in 2014, he hit.283 with 22 walks and 140 strikeouts in 452 at bats.

After the season he played for the Surprise Saguaros in the Arizona Fall League, hit.277 with 1 walk and 32 strikeouts in 112 at bats. On July 31, 2015, Williams was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies along with Matt Harrison, Jorge Alfaro, Jake Thompson, Alec Asher, Jerad Eickhoff in exchange for Cole Hamels and Jake Diekman. In 2016, in 125 games for the Lehigh Valley IronPigs in the International League in Triple A, Williams batted.258 with 13 home runs and 64 RBIs along with a.287 on-base percentage. He walked 19 times, struck out 136 times in 497 at bats; that season, Manager Dave Brundage benched him a number of times, for disciplinary reasons ranging from him failing to hustle to him showing up opponents. Williams reacted to his benching by his manager. I can’t do anything about it." Phillies manager Pete Mackanin said he was concerned about Williams "because we’re trying to establish a culture of playing the game the right way and we want players who grind it out, we want players who show energy."

The Phillies added him to their 40-man roster after the 2016 season. In 2017, he batted.280/.328/.511 with 15 home runs and 44 RBIs for Lehigh Valley, walked 16 times while striking out 90 times in 282 at bats. In 2019 he batted.316/.381/.574 with 10 home runs and 25 RBIs for Lehigh Valley, walked 14 times while striking out 52 times in 190 at bats. The Phillies promoted Williams to the major leagues on June 30, 2017, Williams made his MLB debut that night. On July 9, Williams hit his first MLB home run off of Trevor Cahill of the Padres. Nine days on July 18 Williams hit his first career grand slam against the Brewers; as to his defense in the outfield and baserunning, beat writer Matt Gelb wrote in the Philadelphia Inquirer: "Progress is needed on defense and the bases. Williams has overcome bad reads in the outfield with his speed, but he’s shown cracks there. And, as a baserunner, Williams has committed mental mistakes, his instincts are not the sharpest. Sometimes, raw talent can rise above that."

He batted.288/.338/.473 for the 2017 season with the Phillies with 12 home runs, one stolen base, 55 RBIs, walked 20 times while striking out 97 times in 313 at bats. On defense, he had a -9 Defensive Runs Saved rating, the worst in the National League among right fielders. In 2018 he batted.256/.330/.434, with 16 home runs, 3 stolen bases, 58 RBIs, 111 strikeouts in 407 at bats. On defense, he had a -15 Defensive Runs Saved rating, the 2nd-worst in the National League among right fielders, behind Bryce Harper. In 2019 he batted.151/.196/.245, with 2 home runs, 5 RBIs, 43 strikeouts in 106 at bats. His batting average, on base percentage, OPS were the lowest of all 219 NL batters who had 100 or more plate appearances, his strikeout percentage was the highest. Williams began dating Brianna Goodfriend. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet

Chabahar Port

Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar located in southeastern Iran, on the Gulf of Oman. It serves as Iran's only oceanic port, consists of two separate ports named Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti, each of which has five berths. Development of the port was first proposed in 1973 by the last Shah of Iran, though development was delayed by the 1979 Iranian Revolution; the first phase of the port was opened in 1983 during the Iran–Iraq War as Iran began shifting seaborne trade east towards the Pakistani border in order to decrease dependency on ports in the Persian Gulf which were vulnerable to attack by the Iraqi Air Force. India and Iran first agreed to plans to further develop Shahid Beheshti port in 2003, but did not do so on account of sanctions against Iran; as of 2016, the port has ten berths. In May 2016, India and Iran signed a bilateral agreement in which India would refurbish one of the berths at Shahid Beheshti port, reconstruct a 600 meter long container handling facility at the port.

The port is intended to provide an alternative for trade between India and Afghanistan as it is 800 kilometers closer to the border of Afghanistan than Pakistan's Karachi port. The port handled 2.1 million tons of cargo in 2015, planned to be upgraded to handle 8.5 million tons by 2016, to 86 million tons in the future. Following the re-imposition of sanctions against Iran, foreign companies became reluctant to participate in the port’s expansion, only 10% of the ports 8.5 million ton total capacity was utilized in 2019. In July 2016, India began shipping US$150 million worth of rail tracks to Chabahar to develop the port container tracks and build US$1.6 billion Chabahar–Zahedan railway built by India's Ircon International for which India pledged additional US$400 million and Iran allocated US$125 million in December 2016, thus taking the total allocation to US$575 million till the end of 2016. In October 2017, India's first shipment of wheat to Afghanistan was sent through the Chabahar Port.

In December 2018, India took over the port's operations. The port of Chabahar is located on the Makran coast of Sistan and Baluchistan Province, next to the Gulf of Oman and at the mouth of Strait of Hormuz, it is the only Iranian port with direct access to the Indian Ocean. Being close to Afghanistan and the Central Asian countries of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan etc. it has been termed the "Golden Gate" to these land-locked countries. Chabahar is 700 km away from Zahedan, the capital of the Sistan and Baluchistan province, 950 km away from Milak, the closest city to the Afghan border, 1,827 km away from Sarakhs on the Turkmen border; the marine distance to Dubai is 353 nautical miles, Karachi in Pakistan is 456 nmi, Mumbai in India is 843 nmi. Pakistan's Chinese-funded deep sea port at Gwadar is on the Makran coast, at a distance of mere 76 nautical miles. Gwadar claims to provide access to Central Asia, comparisons between the two ports are made by analysts; because 90 percent of Iran's population is concentrated in the western part of the country, the eastern part is less developed.

Iran is intending to change that by the development around Chabahar port, with a free trade zone, road and rail links between Chabahar and Central Asia. Its plan is to use Chabahar port as the gateway to Central Asia and maintain the Bandar Abbas port, which handles 85% of Iran's seaborne trade, as a hub for trade with Russia and Europe; the congested Bandar Abbas port is not a deep water port and cannot handle the 250,000 ton ocean-going cargo ships. At present, such ships dock in the United Arab Emirates and the cargo is transferred to smaller 100,000 ton ships for onward shipment to Iran; this represents a loss of revenue. Unlike Bandar Abbas, Chabahar has the ability to handle standard cargo ships. A former port named Tis in Chabahar's neighborhood dates back to 2500 BC, known during Alexander the Great's conquests. Alberuni wrote; the Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque gained control of Chabahar and Tis, staying there until 1621. The British, the Portuguese in the 17th century entered this region.

Modern Chabahar dates back to around 1970, when it was declared a municipality, large port projects were started by order of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran. The Shah planned to construct a $600 million naval base at Chabahar employing American companies as contractors; the American naval officials held talks with their Iranian counterparts on securing an "option" to operate out of Chabahar in the event of an emergency. However, in 1977, the Shah got strapped for cash, caught in a tug of war between the OPEC and western oil companies over oil prices, the construction of Chabahar base was postponed. Soon afterwards, the Shah was overthrown in the 1979 Iranian revolution. After the Iranian revolution, the foreign companies left the projects and Iranian public companies linked to the Ministry of Jahad-e Sazandegi took them over; the Iran–Iraq War caused Chabahar to gain in logistical and strategic importance. War brought insecurity to the Strait of Hormuz and ships were unable to enter the Persian Gulf.

Accordingly, Chabahar became a major port during the war. The Chabahar port contains two separate ports called Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti. Between 1982 and 1983, Iran constructed four 45 meters berths at Shahid Kalantari and four 150 meters berths at Shahid Beheshti. Two larger berths, 235 meters and 265 meters meters long, were c

Music in Tunisian Arabic

Music in Tunisian Arabic has appeared in the 17th century. It has developed a lot since the 19th century and has spread all over Tunisia after the creation of Radio Tunis and Établissement de la radiodiffusion-télévision tunisienne. Nowadays, Tunisian Arabic has become the main language of songs in Tunisia including Tunisian music, Underground music and Opera; the oldest lyrics found written in Tunisian, dates back to the 17th century, by Sheykh Abu el-Hassan el-Karray, who died in 1693 in the medina quarter of Sfax and wrote a poem in Tunisian Arabic during his youth: Moreover, another Tunisian Arabic poem was written in the 17th century to cite the qualities of Karray: The effective beginning of Tunisian Arabic written songs came in the early 19th century, when Tunisian Jews in the Beylik of Tunis began writing songs in Tunisian Arabic about love and other libertine subjects. The current strengthened at the beginning of the 20th century and affected the Tunisian ma'luf and folklore. Judeo-Tunisian song flowered in the 1930s, with such Jewish artists as Cheikh El Afrit and Habiba Msika.

This tendency was promoted by the creation of Radio Tunis in 1938, which allowed many musicians to better disseminate their works and helped spread the use of Tunisian Arabic in songs. The pioneers of Tunisian Arabic song between 1930 and 1950 drew most of their inspiration from traditional Tunisian music, oriental or to occidental colors were Kaddour Srarfi, Hedi Jouini, Salah El Mahdi, Hassiba Rochdi, Fethia Khaïri, Hassiba Rochdi, Mohamed Triki, Mohamed Jamoussi, Sadok Thraya and Ali Riahi. Following the creation of the ERTT broadcasting organization in 1966, a generation of composers and interpreters working in the ERTT orchestra, emerged. In this wave, the range occupies a prominent place. Kalaï Ridha, Salah El Mahdi, Kaddour Srarfi, Ali Shalgham, Chedly Anwar, Abdelhamid Sassi and others helped to train several singers, including Naâma, Zouheïra Salem, Safia Chamia, Youssef Temimi, Mustapha Charfi, Hana Rached, Choubeila Rached, Ezzeddine Idir and many others. Tahar Gharsa worked to promote the characteristically modal and rhythmic traditional music written with Tunisian Arabic lyrics.

The director Raoul Journo, in the same line, is a judeo-Tunisian singer, distinguished by his interpretation of taâlila. This kind of music developed under the National Troupe of Music, created in the early 1980s. At the same time, popular music developed in the early 19th century, using Tunisian Arabic poems accompanied by Tunisian musical instruments. Popular music includes Rboukh, accompanied by a Mezoued, Salhi, accompanied by a Ney and Sufi music that are religious songs accompanied by Tambourins; this kind of music was promoted by the National Troupe of the Popular Arts, created in 1962. Adaptation and promotion of popular songs by Ahmed Hamza and Kacem Kefi, further developed Tunisian music. Natives of Sfax, they were both influenced by Mohamed Ennouri and Mohamed Boudaya, leading masters of popular music in that city. Nowadays, this kind of music is popular. Tunisian Arabic became the main variety used in writing lyrics of songs in Tunisia and the main technical words in music have their synonyms in Tunisian Arabic.

In the early 1990s, underground music in Tunisian Arabic appeared. This consisted of rap and was not successful in the beginning because of the lack of media coverage. Tunisian Underground music became successful in the 2000s, thanks to its spread over the Internet, came to involve other alternative genres like reggae and rock. Underground music reached a height of popularity during and just after the Tunisian Revolution of 2011, as it spoke to the dire social matters faced by people in Tunisia. In 2014, the first opera songs in Tunisian Arabic had appeared, they were the ones of Yosra Zekri that were written by Emna Rmilli and composed by Jalloul Ayed

Ramblewood, Pennsylvania

Ramblewood is an unincorporated area and census-designated place in Centre County, United States. It is part of Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 849 at the 2010 census. Ramblewood is located in southern Centre County at 40°44′3″N 77°56′40″W, south of the center of Ferguson Township, it consists of an area of several small residential developments. Pennsylvania Route 45 forms the southern edge of the community, leading northeast 8 miles to the borough of State College. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.10 square miles, all of it land. At the 2010 census, there were 849 people, 311 households and 243 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 127.8 per square mile. There were 319 housing units at an average density of 48.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.7% White, 1.1% Asian, 0.8% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population. There were 311 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 1.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.9% were non-families.

17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.10. 24.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 32.7% from 45 to 64, 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median household income was $54,464 and the median family income was $60,250; the per capita income for the CDP was $29,996. About 4.5% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line