SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Greg Kinnear

Gregory Buck Kinnear is an American actor and television personality. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in As Good. Kinnear has appeared in many popular films, including Sabrina, You've Got Mail, Nurse Betty, Someone like You, We Were Soldiers, Auto Focus, Stuck on You, Little Miss Sunshine, Green Zone, The Last Song, Heaven Is for Real, television roles, such as Friends, Talk Soup, The Kennedys, Modern Family, House of Cards, Rake. Kinnear was born in Logansport, Indiana, to Suzanne, a homemaker, Edward Kinnear, a career diplomat who worked for the US State Department, he has two brothers and Steven. He is of Scots-Irish descent. Kinnear grew up a "Foreign Service brat", having moved around from Beirut to Athens. While a student at the American Community Schools in Athens, Kinnear first ventured into the role of talk show host with his radio show School Daze With Greg Kinnear. Returning to the United States for a university education, he attended the University of Arizona, graduating in 1985 with a degree in broadcast journalism.

While there, he was a member of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity. Kinnear hosted a short-lived game show, College Mad House, spun off from the kids' show Fun House, he became the creator, co-executive producer and host of Best of the Worst, which aired from 1991 to 1992. In 1991, Kinnear became the first host of Talk Soup, which he hosted until 1995, when he left the show for the NBC late-night talk show Later with Greg Kinnear. After his film debut, Kinnear won the part of David Larrabee in Sydney Pollack's 1995 remake of Billy Wilder's 1954 classic Sabrina, he played the lead role in the 1996 comedy Dear God. In 1997, he was cast in James L. Brooks' comedy-drama As Good as It Gets, received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, he starred in A Smile Like Yours with Lauren Holly, as part of a couple trying to have a baby. His next film was the popular. Other films are Mystery Men, Nurse Betty, The Gift and Someone Like You. Kinnear alternated roles playing good guys like a righteous principal in The Gift or a gay painter in As Good as It Gets, to bad guys such as a sleazy college professor in Loser, a womanizer in Someone Like You as well as Sabrina and an egotistical soap opera star in Nurse Betty.

Kinnear starred in Auto Focus about the life and murder of actor Bob Crane in 2002. Kinnear portrayed Crane. In 2003, he starred in the comedy Stuck On You, with Matt Damon as a conjoined twin who pursues his dream of becoming a Hollywood actor in spite of his joined brother's desire for a different kind of life. In 2005, he starred in the black comedy The Matador with Pierce Brosnan and voiced Phineas T. Ratchet in the computer-animated film Robots. Kinnear co-starred with Steve Carell in the Oscar-winning comedy-drama Little Miss Sunshine in 2006, with Mark Wahlberg in Invincible, based on the true story of a bartender who tries out for the Philadelphia Eagles football team, he appeared in Fast Food Nation, playing a fast food executive who discovers secrets about his company. In 2008, he starred in Flash of Genius, a docudrama about Robert Kearns who invented the intermittent windshield wiper, his portrayal of then-Major Bruce P. Crandall in 2002's We Were Soldiers brought public attention to Crandall's heroism during the 1965 Battle of Ia Drang.

In Baby Mama Kinnear played a local smoothie shop owner and the romantic interest of Kate. In 2010, he starred as the estranged father of Miley Cyrus' character in The Last Song. In 2011, Kinnear starred in the miniseries The Kennedys playing the lead role as John F. Kennedy, it was planned to air on the History Channel. It was subsequently picked up by ReelzChannel and first aired on April 3, 2011. Kinnear played a famous novelist in the Josh Boone's directorial debut film Stuck in Love, which followed his relationships with his ex-wife and teenage children. Kinnear married British glamour model Helen Labdon on May 1, 1999, they have three daughters. Greg Kinnear on IMDb "Greg Kinnear interview". Archived from the original on 2008-02-11. Greg interview on WHO.com

British narrow-gauge railways

There were more than a thousand British narrow-gauge railways ranging from large significant common carriers to small, short-lived industrial railways. Many notable events in British railway history happened on narrow-gauge railways including the first use of steam locomotives, the first public railway and the first preserved railway; the earliest narrow-gauge railways were crude wooden trackways used in coal mines to guide wooden tubs. Because of the restricted loading gauge of the tunnels and the need for the tubs to be small enough to be pushed by one man, these railways were all narrow gauge; these underground lines had short above-ground sections as well. After the start of the Industrial Revolution it became possible to create railways with iron tracks and wheels, which reduced the friction involved in moving wagons and made longer horse-hauled trains possible; these could move more material over longer distances, allowing the construction of railways from mines and quarries to transshipment points on rivers and the coast.

The earliest narrow-gauge railways that were more than internal mine or quarry systems were all horse-drawn industrial railways. Prominent examples include: the 3 ft 6 in gauge; the Lake Lock Rail Road is recognized as the world's first public railway. Meanwhile, the development of the stationary steam engine was proceeding to the point where early steam locomotives were being proposed. In 1804, Richard Trevithick demonstrated the first locomotive-hauled railway in the world: the 4 ft gauge Penydarren Tramway in south Wales. Although this first use of locomotives was a limited and short-lived experiment, in 1812, the 4 ft 1 in gauge Middleton Railway in Leeds became the first in the world to make commercial use of steam haulage. Steam technology developed in the early 19th century, allowing smaller locomotives to haul more goods; the horse-drawn Ffestiniog Railway opened in 1836 to connect the slate quarries at Blaenau Ffestiniog with the coastal port of Porthmadog. The traffic on the line grew to the point where the horses could no longer haul the empty slate wagons back to the quarries enough to meet demand.

In 1863, steam locomotives were introduced on the 1 ft 11 1⁄2 in gauge railway, with passenger services following in 1865. This was the first steam operated railway providing both freight and passenger services on such a small gauge and it proved the model for the introduction of narrow-gauge railways across the world. In 1846, the British Parliament passed the Gauges Act that established 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in as the standard gauge for Britain. After the Gauges Act, most of the railway track laid in Great Britain was to standard gauge; however many minor railways, both public and industrial, were built to narrower gauges. These lines either followed local traditions or were built in locations where the smaller size of the railway proved more economical or was necessary due to physical limitations such as bridges and tunnels; the success of the Ffestiniog Railway triggered a boom in the construction of narrow-gauge railways, not just in Britain but around the world. In the United Kingdom, the centre of narrow gauge construction was North Wales.

The mountains of the north held large quantities of slate and their narrow valleys and steep hillsides meant that the smaller narrow-gauge railways were cost effective. The major slate mining regions at Bethesda, Blaenau Ffestiniog and Corris all developed multiple railways to serve the quarries; some of these lines, like the Ffestiniog Railway, the Corris Railway and the Talyllyn Railway were common carriers, while others like the Penrhyn Quarry Railway and the Padarn Railway were purely industrial lines. Outside Wales, other industries started to use narrow-gauge railways to move freight, notably ironstone, china clay, brick clay and metals. Many common carrier lines were built: all of the railways on the Isle of Man were narrow gauge – 3 ft gauge. A number of railways were built to connect standard gauge railways with smaller towns, including the Southwold Railway, the Wolverton and Stony Stratford Tramway and the famous Lynton and Barnstaple Railway in Devon; these lines allowed communities that did not merit a full railway service to connect to the mainline network at low cost.

The 1880s were the high point of British narrow-gauge railways as traffic on many of these lines reached its peak volume and new lines were built across the country. There were many narrow-gauge lines, as the 1904 Railway Clearing House Railway Atlas shows: In 1896, the Light Railways Act was passed which allowed the construction of railways to less stringent standards than had been allowed; this led to a short resurgence in the building of narrow-gauge railways in rural locations. In Wales, the Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway was built to serve farming communities. However, rail traffic was declining and the invention of the practical motor car at the turn of the 20th century marked the beginning of the decline of public narrow gauge lines in Britain. Most of these railways were built to serve marginal traffic; as road competition increased, many existing lines fell into decline and few new railways were built. The First World War saw a brief resurgence of the narrow gauge as surplus equipment from the War Department Light Railways became available.

Several industrial railways were built using second hand

Grace Blood

Grace Violet Blood known as Grace Violet, is a fictional character from the third generation of the British teen drama Skins. She is portrayed by Jessica Sula. In Series 5, Grace's story arc revolves around her conflicting social roles — as daughter of arrogant David Blood, as the quieter, more docile friend of Mini McGuinness and Liv Malone, as the girlfriend, eventual fiancée of Rich Hardbeck. On a trip to Morocco with her friends in Series 6, Grace is injured in a car crash, the consequences of which set into motion the events of the sixth series. Grace Blood, who goes by the alias Grace Violet, is the only daughter of David Blood, the headmaster of Roundview College, she is shown to be imaginative and endearingly childish, though sometimes bordering on the point of naive, with actress Jessica Sula commenting that "...a kooky, eccentric side" to her personality. However, Grace can be level-headed and practical minded, as shown in her series 5 episode, where she did not let her friends' personal affairs and conflicts disrupt her theatre production, instead using the tension to harness an effective and successful performance.

She is hinted at to be the wallflower of the gang, staying on the sidelines but assessing everything for example, during a sleepover at her place, when she figured out Franky's attraction to Matty, as her uneasiness in talking about her sexuality, thus changing the topic. Grace is depicted to be culturally aware and fond of literature and the arts, she is fond of Shakespearean drama and loves romantic films and musicals, citing Moulin Rouge!, Casablanca and Grease as some examples. Grace herself is a theatre performer and a talented ballet dancer, as evident from Rich's series 5 episode, where her dance recital moved him to tears, she states that her lifelong ambition is "..to be cast as Odette in Swan Lake, with The Royal Ballet... because you get to play the black swan and the white swan." Her ideal man is Mr. Darcy. In her Skins page, she talks in lengthy details about her love for cats and everything Disney-related. In an interview with E4 dated March, 2011, Sula describes her character thus:".....

She is quite unique. She is elegant, she likes Audrey Hepburn / Grace Kelly style. She's a romantic. At the same time she can be quite naive as to what's going on around her, or she likes to think she's not aware of issues going on around her, she likes to block them out and believe that everything is a fairytale fantasy world.... She's quite sensible in her own strange way. I think she is there to remind the group sometimes, "Are you sure you want to do this? Think about it." But she brings a lightheartedness and she is kind to everyone, so I think she is a bridge builder. She will try and fix things."In contrast to the hedonistic and wild nature of typical Skins characters, Grace is portrayed as responsible, sweet-tempered, goal-oriented. Being brought up by her strict father, David Blood, she is far more conservative and practical than the more rebellious Mini and Liv. Noteworthy, she is one of the few Skins characters who are never seen smoking in any scene, the only romantic relationship she has in the entire show is with her boyfriend, Rich Hardbeck.

She is often cited to be beautiful, not just by Rich but by other members of the gang, including Alo, who calls her one of the most attractive people in their college. In "Franky", Grace is introduced as one of Mini McGuinness's friends. Unlike Mini and Liv, she takes an immediate liking to Franky, whose quiet, isolated nature earns her sympathy, she accompanies the gang on a trip to the local shopping centre. After escaping the police, Mini and Grace go to Franky's house, where they discover some embarrassing pictures of Franky have been left on her social networking account, she is dismayed when Mini has the pictures pasted onto the walls of the school, when Franky returns home, she discovers Grace has come to apologise personally. Grace appeals to Franky to come to Mini's party. At the party, Franky confronts Mini. Instead, she gets Alo and Rich to kidnap Franky and take her to the local swimming pool, they bond as a gang of their own. In Rich, Franky recommends Grace help Rich learn to interact with girls, due to his own shyness around them.

Rich is much against the idea at first, because Grace "represents everything he despises in the world"-feminine, soft-spoken and dreamy as she is. He makes constant rude remarks and sexist comments to her that get on her nerves. Though, she is able to use her acting skills to transform herself into a cynical metalhead much like Rich, is able to quote some of his favourite bands, but Rich, though impressed, tells her that her meek nature allows her friends to walk all over her, to her offense. Rich is unsuccessful in chatting up a girl he likes, Grace takes the opportunity to ask Rich out, but he turns her down, Grace is distraught. However, soon after, Rich has a change of heart after getting deafened by a record and watching a beautiful ballet performance of hers, she takes him to a Napalm Death concert, at which they have a good time. Although Grace is reluctant to let Mini and Liv know she has feelings for Rich, they agree to remain in touch. In Mini, Grace recruits the help of Franky to organise the dresses for the charity fashion show Roundview is organising, but their reasonable ideas are laughed at by Mini who, out of