James Blood Ulmer
James "Blood" Ulmer is an American jazz, free funk and blues guitarist and singer. Ulmer plays a Gibson Byrdland guitar, his guitar sound has been described as "jagged" and "stinging". His singing has been called "raggedly soulful". Willie James Ulmer was born in South Carolina, he began his career playing with soul jazz ensembles, first in Pittsburgh, from 1959–1964, in the Columbus, Ohio from 1964–1967. He recorded with organist Hank Marr in 1964. After moving to New York in 1971, Ulmer played with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, Joe Henderson, Paul Bley, Rashied Ali, Larry Young. In the early 1970s, Ulmer joined Ornette Coleman, he has credited Coleman as a major influence. Coleman's reliance on electric guitar in his fusion-oriented recordings owes a debt to Ulmer, his appearance on Arthur Blythe's two consecutive Columbia albums, Lenox Avenue Breakdown and Illusions, was followed by Ulmer's signing to that label. That resulted in three albums: Free Lancing, Black Rock, Odyssey, the inaugural release of Odyssey The Band with drummer Warren Benbow and violinist Charles Burnham.
The trio was called "avant-gutbucket" by music critic Bill Milkowski to describe the music as "conjuring images of Skip James and Albert Ayler jamming on the Mississippi Delta." Ulmer formed Music Revelation Ensemble around 1980, co-led with David Murray for the first decade and lasting into the 1990s. Versions of the band included Arthur Blythe, Sam Rivers, Pharoah Sanders, John Zorn. In the 1980s he co-led the quartet Phalanx with saxophonist George Adams. Ulmer has recorded as a leader, including blues-oriented albums produced by Vernon Reid: Memphis Blood, No Escape from the Blues, Bad Blood in the City, Birthright, he was a judge for the 8th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent musicians. In a 2005 Down Beat interview, he said, he stated technique could advance "if the guitar would stop following the piano" and indicated he tunes his guitar strings to A. In 2009, Ulmer started the label American Revelation. In spring 2011, he joined James Carter's organ trio as a special guest with Nicholas Payton on trumpet for a six-night stand of performances at Blue Note New York.
Tales of Captain Black Are You Glad to Be in America? Free Lancing Black Rock Live at the Caravan of Dreams America - Do You Remember the Love? Blues Allnight Revealing Black and Blues Blues Preacher Harmolodic Guitar with Strings Live at the Bayerischer Hof Music Speaks Louder Than Words Forbidden Blues Blue Blood Memphis Blood: The Sun Sessions No Escape from the Blues: The Electric Lady Sessions Birthright Bad Blood in the City: The Piety Street Sessions Blues Legacy: Solo Live Live: Black Rock Reunion In and Out With Music Revelation Ensemble No Wave Music Revelation Ensemble Elec. Jazz After Dark In the Name of... Knights of Power Cross Fire With New Jazz Art Quartet with John Hicks, Reggie Workman, Rashied Ali Live at Birdland 2000 With Odyssey the Band Odyssey. Y. C. 1986 Grant Calvin Weston with James "Blood" Ulmer and Jamaaladeen Tacuma: Dance Romance Jayne Cortez & the Firesplitters: Borders of Disorderly Time Hakim Jami Revelation Ensemble: Revealing James Carter Organ Trio with Special Guests: Out of Nowhere Frank Wright: Blues for Albert Ayler Joe Henderson: Multiple Jamaaladeen Tacuma: Show Stopper Karl Berger: Conversations: Duets With..
Riot: The Privilege of Power The Roots: Phrenology James Carter: Out of Nowhere World Saxophone Quartet: Political Blues Juma Sultan's Aboriginal Music Society: Whispers from the Archive SOLOS: The Jazz Sessions James Blood Ulmer at AllMusic James Blood Ulmer Online Archive at the Wayback Machine (archiv
Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. It has its roots in 1940s and 1950s rock and roll, a style which drew on the genres of blues and blues, from country music. Rock music drew on a number of other genres such as electric blues and folk, incorporated influences from jazz and other musical styles. Musically, rock has centered on the electric guitar as part of a rock group with electric bass and one or more singers. Rock is song-based music with a 4/4 time signature using a verse–chorus form, but the genre has become diverse. Like pop music, lyrics stress romantic love but address a wide variety of other themes that are social or political. By the late 1960s "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music subgenres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock, folk rock, country rock, southern rock, raga rock, jazz-rock, many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock, influenced by the countercultural psychedelic and hippie scene.
New genres that emerged included progressive rock. In the second half of the 1970s, punk rock reacted by producing stripped-down, energetic social and political critiques. Punk was an influence in the 1980s on new wave, post-punk and alternative rock. From the 1990s alternative rock began to dominate rock music and break into the mainstream in the form of grunge and indie rock. Further fusion subgenres have since emerged, including pop punk, electronic rock, rap rock, rap metal, as well as conscious attempts to revisit rock's history, including the garage rock/post-punk and techno-pop revivals at the beginning of the 2000s. Rock music has embodied and served as the vehicle for cultural and social movements, leading to major subcultures including mods and rockers in the UK and the hippie counterculture that spread out from San Francisco in the US in the 1960s. 1970s punk culture spawned the goth and emo subcultures. Inheriting the folk tradition of the protest song, rock music has been associated with political activism as well as changes in social attitudes to race and drug use, is seen as an expression of youth revolt against adult consumerism and conformity.
The sound of rock is traditionally centered on the amplified electric guitar, which emerged in its modern form in the 1950s with the popularity of rock and roll. It was influenced by the sounds of electric blues guitarists; the sound of an electric guitar in rock music is supported by an electric bass guitar, which pioneered in jazz music in the same era, percussion produced from a drum kit that combines drums and cymbals. This trio of instruments has been complemented by the inclusion of other instruments keyboards such as the piano, the Hammond organ, the synthesizer; the basic rock instrumentation was derived from the basic blues band instrumentation. A group of musicians performing rock music is termed as a rock group. Furthermore, it consists of between three and five members. Classically, a rock band takes the form of a quartet whose members cover one or more roles, including vocalist, lead guitarist, rhythm guitarist, bass guitarist and keyboard player or other instrumentalist. Rock music is traditionally built on a foundation of simple unsyncopated rhythms in a 4/4 meter, with a repetitive snare drum back beat on beats two and four.
Melodies originate from older musical modes such as the Dorian and Mixolydian, as well as major and minor modes. Harmonies range from the common triad to parallel perfect fourths and fifths and dissonant harmonic progressions. Since the late 1950s and from the mid 1960s onwards, rock music used the verse-chorus structure derived from blues and folk music, but there has been considerable variation from this model. Critics have stressed the eclecticism and stylistic diversity of rock; because of its complex history and its tendency to borrow from other musical and cultural forms, it has been argued that "it is impossible to bind rock music to a rigidly delineated musical definition." Unlike many earlier styles of popular music, rock lyrics have dealt with a wide range of themes, including romantic love, rebellion against "The Establishment", social concerns, life styles. These themes were inherited from a variety of sources such as the Tin Pan Alley pop tradition, folk music, rhythm and blues.
Music journalist Robert Christgau characterizes rock lyrics as a "cool medium" with simple diction and repeated refrains, asserts that rock's primary "function" "pertains to music, or, more noise." The predominance of white and middle class musicians in rock music has been noted, rock has been seen as an appropriation of black musical forms for a young and male audience. As a result, it has been seen to articulate the concerns of this group in both style and lyrics. Christgau, writing in 1972, said in spite of some exceptions, "rock and roll implies an identification of male sexuality and aggression". Since the term "rock" started being used in preference to "rock and roll" from the late-1960s, it has been contrasted with pop music, with which it has shared many characteristics, but from wh
African-American music is an umbrella term covering a diverse range of music and musical genres developed by African Americans. Their origins are in musical forms that arose out of the historical condition of slavery that characterized the lives of African Americans prior to the American Civil War. Following the Civil War, Black Americans, through employment as musicians playing European music in military bands, developed a new style of music called ragtime which evolved into jazz. In developing this latter musical form, African Americans contributed knowledge of the sophisticated polyrhythmic structure of the dance and folk music of peoples across western and sub-Saharan Africa; these musical forms had a wide-ranging influence on the development of music within the United States and around the world during the 20th century. The modern genres of blues and ragtime were developed during the late 19th century by fusing West African vocalizations - which employed the natural harmonic series, blue notes.
The earliest jazz and blues recordings were made in the 1920s. African-American musicians developed related styles such as Blues in the 1940s. In the 1960s, soul performers had a major influence on white UK singers. In the mid-1960s, Black musicians developed funk and they were many of the leading figures in late 1960s and 1970s genre of jazz-rock fusion. In the 1970s and 1980s, Black artists developed hip-hop, in the 1980s introduced the disco-infused dance style known as house music. In the 2000s, hip-hop attained significant mainstream popularity. Modern day music is influenced by previous and present African-American music genres; as well as bringing harmonic and rhythmic features from western and sub-Saharan Africa to meet European musical instrumentation, it was the historical condition of chattel slavery forced upon black Americans within American society that contributed the conditions which would define their music. Many of the characteristic musical forms that define African-American music have historical precedents.
These earlier forms include: field hollers, beat boxing, work song, spoken word, scatting and response, improvisation, blue notes, polyrhythms and harmony. In the late 18th century folk spirituals originated among Southern slaves, following their conversion to Christianity. Conversion, did not result in slaves adopting the traditions associated with the practice of Christianity. Instead they reinterpreted them in a way, they sang the spirituals in groups as they worked the plantation fields. Folk spirituals, unlike much white gospel, were spirited: slaves added dancing and other forms of bodily movements to the singing, they changed the melodies and rhythms of psalms and hymns, such as speeding up the tempo, adding repeated refrains and choruses, replaced texts with new ones that combined English and African words and phrases. Being passed down orally, folk spirituals have been central in the lives of African Americans for more than three centuries, serving religious, social and historical functions.
Folk spirituals were spontaneously performed in a repetitive, improvised style. The most common song structures are the repetitive choruses; the call-and-response is an alternating exchange between the other singers. The soloist improvises a line to which the other singers respond, repeating the same phrase. Song interpretation incorporates the interjections of moans, hollers etc... and changing vocal timbres. Singing is accompanied by hand clapping and foot-stomping. Suggested listening: Spirituals The influence of African Americans on mainstream American music began in the 19th century, with the advent of blackface minstrelsy; the banjo, of African origin, became a popular instrument, its African-derived rhythms were incorporated into popular songs by Stephen Foster and other songwriters. In the 1830s, the Second Great Awakening led to a rise in Christian revivals and pietism among African Americans. Drawing on traditional work songs, enslaved African Americans originated and began performing a wide variety of Spirituals and other Christian music.
Some of these songs were coded messages of subversion against slaveholders. During the period after the Civil War, the spread of African-American music continued; the Fisk University Jubilee Singers toured first in 1871. Artists including Jack Delaney helped revolutionize post-war African-American music in the central-east of the United States. In the following years, professional "jubilee" troops toured; the first black musical-comedy troupe, Hyers Sisters Comic Opera Co. was organized in 1876. In the last half of the 19th century, U. S. barbershops served as community centers, where most men would gather. Barbershop quartets originated with African-American men socializing in barbershops; this generated a new style, consisting of four-part, close-harmony singing. White minstrel singers adopted the style, in the early days of the recording industry their performances were recorded and sold. By the end of the 19th century, African-American music was an integral part of mainstrea
Dayton Daily News
The Dayton Daily News is a daily newspaper published in Dayton, United States. It is a product of Cox Media Group Ohio, an integrated broadcasting, direct marketing and digital media company owned by parent company Cox Enterprises, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, it is the flagship publication of Cox Media Group Ohio. The DDN has its headquarters at the Cox Media Group Ohio Media Center at 1611 South Main Street in Dayton, is located near the University of Dayton campus; the newspaper’s editorial and business offices were moved there in April 2007. For more than 100 years the paper's editorial offices and printing presses were located in downtown Dayton. From 1999 to 2017, the paper was printed at the Print Technology Center near Interstate 75 in Franklin about 15 minutes to the south. In 2017, CMG came to an agreement with Gannett for the paper to be printed at Gannett's facility in Indianapolis; this resulted in closure of the Franklin facility. CMG Ohio publishes two other daily newspapers and websites in Southwest Ohio: Journal-News and the Springfield News-Sun.
CMG Ohio publishes weekly papers Today's Pulse and Oxford Press, had published several other weekly papers until CMG Ohio ceased their operations in January 2013, including The Western Star the oldest weekly paper published in the state, the Pulse-Journal and the Fairfield Echo. In late 2010, Cox Enterprises merged all of its local media holdings under the CMG Ohio brand and consolidated locations to The Media Center. In addition to its print publications, holdings include broadcast media WHIO-TV, MeTV WHIO Classic Television. Radio stations WHIO -FM, K99.1FM WHKO, WZLR The Eagle. On August 15, 1898, James M. Cox purchased the Dayton Evening News. One week on August 22, 1898 he renamed it the Dayton Daily News; the paper was founded with the intention of pioneering a new type of journalism, keeping weak ties to politicians and advertisers while seeking objectivity and public advocacy as primary functions. These goals pushed the paper in the direction of valuing the public interest. A Sunday edition was launched on November 2, 1913.
In 1948, Cox purchased two morning papers, The Journal and The Herald, from the Herrick-Kumler Company. The next year he combined them to form The Journal-Herald. For the next four decades, The Journal-Herald was the conservative morning paper, the Dayton Daily News was the liberal evening paper; the papers operated newsrooms on separate floors of the same building in downtown Dayton. On September 15, 1986, The Journal-Herald and the Daily News were merged to become a morning paper, the Dayton Daily News and Journal-Herald, with both names appearing on the front page; the Journal-Herald name last appeared on the paper's front-page flag on December 31, 1987. Cox was the Democratic Party's candidate for U. S. President in the election of 1920, the city of Dayton has voted for the Democratic candidate in presidential elections since. Cox's running mate for vice president was Franklin Delano Roosevelt, elected president in 1932; the paper was led by Jeff Bruce as editor from 1998 to 2008. Bruce replaced Max Jennings.
When Bruce retired in 2007 Kevin Riley, 44, a graduate of the University of Dayton, was named editor. Riley spent most of his career with the paper, starting as a copy editor and serving as sports editor, Internet general manager, publisher of the Springfield News-Sun in Springfield, Ohio, he was promoted from deputy editor. In 2010, Riley was named editor of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution and that paper's editor, Julia Wallace, under whose leadership the AJC won Pulitzer Prizes in 2006 and 2007, moved to Dayton to become Senior Vice President of news and programming for CMG Ohio heading a new combined newspaper and radio newsroom, she was soon after named the first female publisher and retired in 2016. In 2011, Jana Collier was promoted from managing editor to editor-in-chief of CMG Ohio and is responsible for content and operations for all daily and weekly papers. Collier is the first woman to be editor-in-chief of the Dayton Cox newspaper organization. In 1998, reporters Russell Carollo and Jeff Nesmith won the Pulitzer Prize for their reporting on dangerous flaws and mismanagement in the military health care system, a series relevant to its readership because of the presence of Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in neighboring Greene County.
The paper is the home of cartoonist Mike Peters, who draws the Mother Goose and Grimm strip and won the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning in 1981, columnist Dale Huffman, who had written a daily metro column every day for more than eight years before beginning a hiatus on January 30, 2008, after he was diagnosed with kidney cancer. The following people at some point worked at or wrote for the Dayton Daily News: Erma Bombeck Si Burick Ritter Collett Charlotte Reeve Conover James M. Cox Bob Englehart Clem Hamilton Marj Heyduck Dale Huffman Hal McCoy Jeff Nesmith Mike Peters Tom Archdeacon John Scalzi Myron Scott Charley Stough III Dann StuppClara Weisenborn Roz Young In 1988, Daily News publisher Dennis Shere was fired by Cox Newspapers because he rejected a health lecture advertisement by homosexual groups. Shere cited his "Christian perspective" in declining to print the ad; the Southern Baptist Convention subsequently passed a resolution calling on "all media to refuse advertising that promotes homosexuality or any other lifestyle, destructive to the family".
Washington, D. C. formally the District of Columbia and referred to as Washington or D. C. is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father; as the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually; the signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast. The U. S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U. S. Congress, the District is therefore not a part of any state; the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria.
The City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital. In 1846, Congress returned the land ceded by Virginia. Washington had an estimated population of 702,455 as of July 2018, making it the 20th most populous city in the United States. Commuters from the surrounding Maryland and Virginia suburbs raise the city's daytime population to more than one million during the workweek. Washington's metropolitan area, the country's sixth largest, had a 2017 estimated population of 6.2 million residents. All three branches of the U. S. federal government are centered in the District: Congress and the U. S. Supreme Court. Washington is home to many national monuments, museums situated on or around the National Mall; the city hosts 177 foreign embassies as well as the headquarters of many international organizations, trade unions, non-profit, lobbying groups, professional associations, including the World Bank Group, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, AARP, the National Geographic Society, the Human Rights Campaign, the International Finance Corporation, the American Red Cross.
A locally elected mayor and a 13‑member council have governed the District since 1973. However, Congress may overturn local laws. D. C. residents elect a non-voting, at-large congressional delegate to the House of Representatives, but the District has no representation in the Senate. The District receives three electoral votes in presidential elections as permitted by the Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified in 1961. Various tribes of the Algonquian-speaking Piscataway people inhabited the lands around the Potomac River when Europeans first visited the area in the early 17th century. One group known as the Nacotchtank maintained settlements around the Anacostia River within the present-day District of Columbia. Conflicts with European colonists and neighboring tribes forced the relocation of the Piscataway people, some of whom established a new settlement in 1699 near Point of Rocks, Maryland. In his Federalist No. 43, published January 23, 1788, James Madison argued that the new federal government would need authority over a national capital to provide for its own maintenance and safety.
Five years earlier, a band of unpaid soldiers besieged Congress while its members were meeting in Philadelphia. Known as the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783, the event emphasized the need for the national government not to rely on any state for its own security. Article One, Section Eight, of the Constitution permits the establishment of a "District as may, by cession of particular states, the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States". However, the Constitution does not specify a location for the capital. In what is now known as the Compromise of 1790, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson came to an agreement that the federal government would pay each state's remaining Revolutionary War debts in exchange for establishing the new national capital in the southern United States. On July 9, 1790, Congress passed the Residence Act, which approved the creation of a national capital on the Potomac River; the exact location was to be selected by President George Washington, who signed the bill into law on July 16.
Formed from land donated by the states of Maryland and Virginia, the initial shape of the federal district was a square measuring 10 miles on each side, totaling 100 square miles. Two pre-existing settlements were included in the territory: the port of Georgetown, founded in 1751, the city of Alexandria, founded in 1749. During 1791–92, Andrew Ellicott and several assistants, including a free African American astronomer named Benjamin Banneker, surveyed the borders of the federal district and placed boundary stones at every mile point. Many of the stones are still standing. A new federal city was constructed on the north bank of the Potomac, to the east of Georgetown. On September 9, 1791, the three commissioners overseeing the capital's construction named the city in honor of President Washington; the federal district was named Columbia, a poetic name for the United States in use at that time. Congress held its first session in Washington on November 17, 1800. Congress passed the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 that organized the District and placed the entire territory under the exclusive control of the federal
Artforum is an international monthly magazine specializing in contemporary art. The magazine is published ten times a year, September through May, along with an annual summer issue. Distinguished by its 10½ inch square format, with each cover devoted to the work of a single artist, the magazine is acknowledged as a decisive voice in its field; the magazine features in-depth articles and reviews of contemporary art, as well as book reviews, columns on cinema and popular culture, numerous full-page advertisements from prominent galleries around the world. Artforum was founded in 1962 in San Francisco by Jr.. The next publisher/owner Charles Cowles moved the magazine to Los Angeles in 1965 before settling it in New York City in 1967, where it maintains offices today; the move to New York encompassed a shift in the style of work championed by the magazine, moving away from California style art to late modernism the leading style of art in New York City. The departure of Philip Leider as editor-in-chief in 1971 and the tenure of John Coplans as the new editor-in-chief coincided with a shift towards more fashionable trends and away from late modernism.
A focus on minimal art, conceptual art, body art, land art and performance art provided a platform for artists such as Robert Smithson, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt and others. In 1980, after opening his own gallery in New York City, Charles Cowles divested himself of the magazine. A sister magazine, was started in 1994. In October 2017, publisher Knight Landesman resigned in the wake of allegations of sexual misconduct with nine women including a former employee who filed a lawsuit. Artforum backed Landesman, saying the allegations were "unfounded" and suggested that lawsuit was “an attempt to exploit a relationship that she herself worked hard to create and maintain.” The magazine's editor Michelle Kuo resigned in response to the publishers' handling of the allegations. Artforum staff released a statement condemning the way. A book by Amy Newman chronicling the early history of the magazine, Challenging Art: Artforum 1962–1974, was published by Soho Press in 2000. Sarah Thornton's documentary book Seven Days in the Art World contains a chapter titled "The Magazine", set in the offices of Artforum.
In it, Thornton says, "Artforum is to art what Vogue is to fashion and Rolling Stone was to rock and roll. It’s a trade magazine with crossover cachet and an institution with controversial clout." David Velasco Michelle Kuo Tim Griffin Jack Bankowsky Ida Panicelli Ingrid Sischy Joseph Masheck In February 1977 Nancy Foote operated as the managing editor without a head editor John Coplans Philip Leider Artforum website