Gregory County, South Dakota

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Gregory County, South Dakota
Dallas SD Carnegie library from NW 1.JPG
Map of South Dakota highlighting Gregory County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1862 (created)
1898 (organized)
Named forJ. Shaw Gregory
SeatBurke
Largest cityGregory
Area
 • Total1,054 sq mi (2,730 km2)
 • Land1,015 sq mi (2,629 km2)
 • Water39 sq mi (101 km2), 3.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)4,212
 • Density4.16/sq mi (1.61/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5

Gregory County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 4,271,[1] its county seat is Burke.[2] The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1898,[3] it was named for the politician J. Shaw Gregory.[4]

Geography[edit]

Gregory County lies on the south line of South Dakota, its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of Nebraska. The Missouri River flows southeastward along its east boundary line; the county terrain consists of rolling hills, sloping to the southeast. The eastern part of the county is etched with gullies and drainages, flowing to the river basin;[5] the county's highest point is in the SW corner, at 2,247' (685m) ASL.[6]

Gregory County has a total area of 1,054 square miles (2,730 km2), of which 1,015 square miles (2,630 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (3.7%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Burke Lake State Recreation Area
  • Buryanek State Game Production Area
  • Buryanek State Recreation Area
  • Central Gregory State Game Production Area
  • Dixon Dam State Game Production Area
  • Herrick Lake State Game Production Area
  • Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Landing Creek State Game Production Area
  • Missouri National Recreational River (part)
  • Randall Creek State Recreation Area
  • Scalp Creek State Game Production Area
  • Southern Gregory State Game Production Area
  • South Scalp Creek State Lakeside Use Area
  • South Shore State Lakeside Use Area
  • South Wheeler State Lakeside Area
  • Whetstone Bay State Lakeside Use Area
  • Whetstone State Game Production Area

Lakes[5][edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890295
19002,211649.5%
191013,061490.7%
192012,700−2.8%
193011,420−10.1%
19409,554−16.3%
19508,556−10.4%
19607,399−13.5%
19706,710−9.3%
19806,015−10.4%
19905,359−10.9%
20004,792−10.6%
20104,271−10.9%
Est. 20184,212[8]−1.4%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 4,792 people, 2,022 households, and 1,290 families in the county; the population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 2,405 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²); the racial makeup of the county was 93.18% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 5.59% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.0% were of German, 7.9% Czech, 6.3% Irish, 5.7% American and 5.5% English ancestry.

There were 2,022 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% were married couples living together, 5.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.20% were non-families. 33.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 24.30% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 24.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,732, and the median income for a family was $30,833. Males had a median income of $21,063 versus $16,920 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,656. About 15.10% of families and 20.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.50% of those under age 18 and 20.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,271 people, 1,936 households, and 1,172 families in the county;[14] the population density was 4.2 inhabitants per square mile (1.6/km2). There were 2,503 housing units at an average density of 2.5 per square mile (0.97/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 89.6% white, 7.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 54.5% were German, 11.4% were Irish, 10.9% were Czech, 7.1% were English, 6.0% were Norwegian, and 2.4% were American.[16]

Of the 1,936 households, 23.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.5% were non-families, and 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 48.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $33,940 and the median income for a family was $44,333. Males had a median income of $30,401 versus $25,804 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,311. About 10.7% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.1% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Burke
  • Carlock
  • Dickens
  • Dixon
  • Edens
  • Ellston
  • Fairfax
  • Jones
  • Landing Creek
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Star Valley
  • Whetstone

Unorganized territories[edit]

  • East Gregory
  • North Gregory
  • Southeast Gregory
  • Spring Valley

Economy[edit]

Farming and ranching are two main economic factors of the county.

Politics[edit]

Like all of South Dakota outside Native American counties, Gregory County is powerfully Republican. No Democrat has carried Gregory County since Jimmy Carter in 1976. Like almost all of rural America, recent swings away from the socially liberal Democratic Party have been very rapid: Donald Trump’s 76.5 percent of the county’s vote is the largest any candidate has obtained in the county since South Dakota statehood.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 76.5% 1,600 18.7% 391 4.8% 100
2012 70.1% 1,507 27.9% 599 2.1% 45
2008 63.3% 1,423 34.3% 771 2.4% 53
2004 66.2% 1,685 31.9% 813 1.9% 48
2000 65.9% 1,487 31.8% 718 2.3% 52
1996 49.7% 1,208 37.9% 923 12.4% 302
1992 39.3% 1,027 33.6% 879 27.1% 709
1988 57.5% 1,566 41.8% 1,138 0.7% 18
1984 69.2% 1,777 30.4% 780 0.5% 12
1980 68.4% 2,283 26.4% 883 5.2% 174
1976 46.9% 1,475 52.7% 1,658 0.4% 12
1972 51.6% 1,670 48.0% 1,555 0.4% 12
1968 54.4% 1,810 38.1% 1,266 7.5% 251
1964 45.2% 1,644 54.8% 1,995
1960 53.7% 2,063 46.3% 1,778
1956 52.0% 1,945 48.0% 1,795
1952 64.2% 2,463 35.8% 1,372
1948 48.4% 1,723 50.3% 1,793 1.3% 46
1944 56.2% 2,067 43.8% 1,613
1940 54.9% 2,478 45.1% 2,035
1936 41.1% 1,868 57.3% 2,603 1.6% 74
1932 26.1% 1,169 73.3% 3,278 0.6% 25
1928 53.0% 2,274 46.7% 2,001 0.3% 12
1924 44.6% 1,643 22.2% 818 33.2% 1,222
1920 57.6% 1,833 23.4% 744 19.0% 605
1916 51.9% 1,434 44.9% 1,242 3.2% 89
1912 44.5% 1,176 55.5% 1,469
1908 52.8% 1,550 43.2% 1,266 4.0% 118
1904 67.1% 675 28.0% 282 4.9% 49
1900 55.0% 323 44.1% 259 0.9% 5
1896 48.7% 110 51.3% 116

National Register of Historic Places sites[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; the Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 144.
  5. ^ a b c Gregory County SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  18. ^ Carlock SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  19. ^ Dixon, Gregory County SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  20. ^ Lucas SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.

Coordinates: 43°12′N 99°11′W / 43.20°N 99.18°W / 43.20; -99.18