Gregory Palamas was a Byzantine Greek prominent theologian and ecclesiastical figure of the late Byzantine period. A monk of Mount Athos and archbishop of Thessaloniki, he is famous for his defense of hesychast spirituality, the uncreated character of the light of the Transfiguration, the distinction between God's essence and energies, his teaching unfolded over the course of three major controversies, with the Italo-Greek Barlaam between 1336 and 1341, with the monk Gregory Akindynos between 1341 and 1347, with the philosopher Gregoras, from 1348 to 1355. His theological contributions are sometimes referred to as Palamism, his followers as Palamites. Gregory is venerated since 1368 as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church; some of his writings are collected in the Philokalia, since the Ottoman period, the second Sunday of Great Lent is dedicated to the memory Gregory Palamas in the Orthodox Church. The Byzantine Synodikon of Orthodoxy celebrates his memory and theology while condemning his opponents, including some anti-Palamites who flourished after Gregory's death.
Gregory was born in Constantinople around the year 1296. His father, was a courtier of the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos, but died when Gregory was still young; the Emperor himself took part in the raising and education of the fatherless boy and hoped that the gifted Gregory would devote himself to government service, but Palamas chose monastic life on Mt. Athos. Gregory's mother and siblings would embrace monasticism, the entire family was canonized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 2009. Before leaving for Mt. Athos, Gregory received a broad education, including the study of Aristotle, which he would display before Theodore Metochites and the emperor. Despite the Emperor's ambitions for him, Gregory barely twenty years old, withdrew to Mount Athos in the year 1316 and became a novice there in the Vatopedi monastery under the guidance of the monastic Elder St Nicodemos of Vatopedi, he was tonsured a monk, continued his life of asceticism. After the demise of the Elder Nicodemus, Gregory spent eight years of spiritual struggle under the guidance of a new Elder, Nicephorus.
After this last Elder's repose, Gregory transferred to the Great Lavra of St. Athanasius the Athonite on Mount Athos, where he served the brethren in the trapeza and in church as a cantor. Wishing to devote himself more to prayer and asceticism he entered a skete called Glossia, where he taught the ancient practice of mental prayer known as "prayer of the heart" or hesychasm. In 1326, because of the threat of Turkish invasions, he and the brethren retreated to the defended city of Thessaloniki, where he was ordained a priest. Dividing his time between his ministry to the people and his pursuit of spiritual perfection, he founded a small community of hermits near Thessaloniki in a place called Veria, he served for a short time as Abbot of the Esphigmenou Monastery but was forced to resign in 1335 due to discontentment regarding the austerity of his monastic administration. Hesychasm attracted the attention of Barlaam, a convert to Eastern Orthodoxy who encountered Hesychasts and heard descriptions of their practices during a visit to Mount Athos.
Trained in Western Scholastic theology, Barlaam was scandalized by hesychasm and began to combat it both orally and in his writings. As a private teacher of theology in the Western Scholastic mode, Barlaam propounded a more intellectual and propositional approach to the knowledge of God than the hesychasts taught. On the hesychast side, the controversy was taken up by Palamas, asked by his fellow monks on Mt Athos to defend hesychasm from the attacks of Barlaam. Palamas was well-educated in Greek philosophy. Gregory wrote a number of works in its defense and defended hesychasm at six different synods in Constantinople triumphing over its attackers in the synod of 1351. Although Barlaam came from southern Italy, his ancestry was Greek and he claimed Eastern Orthodoxy as his Christian faith. Arriving in Constantinople around 1330, Barlaam was working on commentaries on Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite under the patronage of John VI Kantakouzenos. Around 1336, Gregory received copies of treatises written by Barlaam against the Latins, condemning their insertion of the Filioque into the Nicene Creed.
Although this condemnation was solid Orthodox theology, Palamas took issue with Barlaam's argument in support of it, namely that efforts at demonstrating the nature of God should be abandoned, because God is unknowable and undemonstrable to humans. Thus, Barlaam asserted. According to Sara J. Denning-Bolle, Palamas viewed Barlaam's argument as "dangerously agnostic". In his response titled "Apodictic Treatises", Palamas insisted that it was indeed demonstrable that the Holy Spirit proceeded from the Father but not from the Son. A series of letters ensued between the two but they were unable to resolve their differences amicably. In response to Barlaam's attacks, Palamas wrote nine treatises entitled "Triads For The Defense of Those Who Practice Sacred Quietude"; the treatises are called "triads". The Triads were wri
Nataly Chilet Bustamante, is a beauty pageant contestant from Santiago, Chile. She began her participation in beauty pageants in 2005, when she competed in Miss Earth Chile 2005, she won the national competition and she competed in Miss Earth 2005, realized in Manila, Philippines. She made the top eight and won the Miss Photogenic award. Miss Venezuela, Alexandra Braun was crowned. In 2006, Chilet crowned Hil Hernández as Miss Earth Chile. Hernández won the title of Miss Earth 2006, she competed in Miss Continente Americano 2007 in June, 2007 where she classified in the top six. The pageant was held in Guayaquil and the winner was Marianne Cruz, Miss Dominican Republic. In October, 2007, she participated in "Beauty for a cause" realized in Dominican Republic and in 2008, she took part in "Fiesta de la fruta y de las flores" in Ambato, Ecuador. Nataly was selected as Miss World Chile 2008 by Chilean Charm, she represented her country in Miss World 2008 in Johannesburg, South Africa. She didn't classify in the contest, won by Ksenia Sukhinova, Miss Russia.
She's a veterinarian student, the adoption of animals without home was her topic exposed in Miss World's beauty purpose competition. As Miss World Chile 2008, she was invited in 2009 to the Cayman Island Couture Fashion Show. In October, 2009 she represented Chile in Reina Hispanoamericana 2009 in Bolivia, she won the Beautiful Face Yanbal 2009 award. Nataly Chilet on Flickr by missmodel.agency
The Sulawesi hawk-eagle known as Celebes hawk-eagle, is a medium-sized 64 cm long, crestless brown raptor in the family Accipitridae. The adults have rufous-brown, boldly marked head and chest feathers, dark brown wings and black-barred white below; the young underparts. An Indonesian endemic, the Sulawesi hawk-eagle is distributed in rainforests of Sulawesi and its satellite islands of Buton, Muna and Sula Islands; the diet consists of birds, lizards and mammals. Widespread throughout its habitat range, the Sulawesi hawk-eagle is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, it is listed on Appendix II of CITES. BirdLife Species Factsheet
Minet el-Beida is a small bay located 10 kilometers north of Latakia, Syria on the Mediterranean Sea. It is an important archaeological site because it served as the harbor town and necropolis for Ugarit. Cities of the ancient Near East Watson, Wilfred G. E.. Handbook of Ugaritic studies, Part 1, Volume 39. BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-10988-9. Younger, K. Lawson. Ugarit at Seventy-Five. EISENBRAUNS. ISBN 978-1-57506-143-6. Gates, Charles. Ancient cities: the archaeology of urban life in the Ancient Near East and Egypt and Rome. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-12182-8. Hansen, Mogens Herman. A comparative study of thirty city-state cultures: an investigation. Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab. ISBN 978-87-7876-177-4
The 1888 Sundsvall fire was a fire in Sundsvall, Sweden on 25 June 1888. The fire occurred during a storm; the same day, a fire occurred in Umeå. The spark from the steam boat Selånger traveling on Selångersån landed in the brewhouse of the widow Märta Charlotta Styf on Stora Nygatan; the fire was quick - and devastating. At 12:25 all of the city's bells rang to warn people, but the fire was overpowering. Strong winds to the northwest and the dry hot air made did that the wooden houses one by one soon was devoured by the flames. 9,000 people became homeless in just 9 hours. In addition to thousands of people left homeless the property damage was estimated to SEK 30 million, corresponding to SEK 2 billion in 2015. In the wake of the fire the city was looted on; when evening came on 25 June the city of Sundsvall was a smoking. A major investigation into the cause of the fire was started, which included hearing of the captain of Selånger, he stated that he saw smoke rising up through the bridge cabin chimney when passing the Styfska yard, a claim which, contested by all the witnesses.
There was no other reasonable explanation than that the fire was started by sparks from one of the steamboats Selånger, or Högom. Four people died in the fire: the workers Mikael Olof Norvall and Charlotta Eufrosina Askling, the maritime pilot C. E. Carlsson and a man so burned that he could not be identified; the coppersmith journeyman Arvid Göhle from Hudiksvall without regard to himself saved several lives, including the wife of tailor Otzén and her newborn child, born during the morning of that day. Without considering to first save his own belongings he went into the house and carried out the bed with the wife, the newborn baby and a little girl on the farm. With the bed set on a cart, he pulled the whole equipage through the burning city via Norrmalm and on to Heffners, away from the flames; when he returned to his own home everything he had owned was burnt. Umeå city fire Boström, Svenåke. Den tändande gnistan: berättelsen om den största brandkatastrofen i Sveriges historia. Solna: Design Sundsvall.
ISBN 9789163754937. LIBRIS 16488878
Henry A. Tuckett was an American hymn writer and poet in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Tuckett was born in St. Louis, United States, his parents Henry Tuckett and his wife Mary Mercy Westwood were converts to the LDS Church who had immigrated from Great Britain and would soon move on to Utah. Tuckett was involved in music on the side, he wrote the music to "Choose the Right" and the music to "We Are Sowing". Tuckett conducted a choir in the 12th Ward in downtown Salt Lake City, in which ward he served as superintendent of the Sunday School; as of 1888 Tuckett was a vocal music instructor on the faculty of the University of Deseret. In 1890, Tuckett was an unsuccessful candidate for Salt Lake City council. Tuckett was married to Agnes Sproul. From 1894 to 1896 Tuckett served a mission to Great Britain. Jensen, The Historical Record, Volumes 5-8, pp. 317–318, OCLC 9513567 Cornwall, J. Spencer, Stories of Our Mormon Hymns, Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, p. 119, OCLC 6639608 Hymn 239,Choose the Right, Hymns of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints "What's Up?", New Era: 33, February 2006 bio of Tuckett connected with the Madge Harris Tuckett papers at University of Utah Marriott library