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Greifswald

Greifswald the University and Hanseatic City of Greifswald, is a city in northeastern Germany. It is situated in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, at an equal distance of about 250 kilometres from Germany's two largest cities and Hamburg, 80 km from the Polish border; the town belongs to Western Pomerania and flanks the Baltic Sea, is crossed by a small river, the Ryck. It is located near Germany's two largest islands, Rügen and Usedom, it is close to three of Germany's 14 national parks, it has been the capital of the newly established district of Vorpommern-Greifswald since the September 2011 district reforms. Together with Stralsund, Greifswald forms one of four urban centers of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern; the city's population was listed at 55,659 in 2013, including many of the 12,500 students and 5,000 employees of the University of Greifswald. Greifswald draws international attention due to the university, its surrounding BioCon Valley, the Nord Stream gas pipeline and the Wendelstein 7-X nuclear fusion projects.

Greifswald is located in the northeast of Germany equidistant from Germany's two largest islands, Rügen and Usedom. The town is situated at the south end of the Bay of Greifswald, the historic centre being about 5 kilometres up the river Ryck that crosses the town; the area around Greifswald is flat, hardly reaches more than 20 metres above sea level. Two islands and Riems, are part of Greifswald. Three of Germany's fourteen national parks can be reached by car in one hour or less from Greifswald. Greifswald is roughly equidistant from Germany's two largest cities and Hamburg; the nearest larger towns are Rostock. The coastal part of Greifswald at the mouth of the Ryck, named Greifswald-Wieck, evolved from a fishing village. Today it provides a marina and the main port for Greifswald. Greifswald was founded in 1199. In 1250, Wartislaw III, Duke of Pomerania, granted town privileges to Greifswald according to the Lübeck law. In medieval times, the site of Greifswald was an unsettled woodland which marked the border between the Danish Principality of Rügen and the Pomeranian County of Gützkow, which at that time was under Danish control.

In 1199, the Rugian Prince Jaromar I allowed Danish Cistercian monks to build Hilda Abbey, now Eldena Abbey, at the mouth of the River Ryck. Among the lands granted the monks was a natural salt evaporation pond a short way up the river, a site crossed by an important south-north via regia trade route; this site was named Grypswold, the Low German precursor of the city's modern name – which means "Griffin's Forest." Legend says the monks were shown the best site for settlement by a mighty griffin living in a tree that grew on what became Greifswald's oldest street, the Schuhagen. The town's construction followed a scheme of rectangular streets, with church and market sites reserved in central positions, it was settled by Germans in the course of the Ostsiedlung, but settlers from other nations and Wends from nearby were attracted, too. The salt trade helped Eldena Abbey to become an influential religious center, Greifswald became a known market; when the Danes had to surrender their Pomeranian lands south of the Ryck, after losing the Battle of Bornhöved in 1227, the town succeeded to the Pomeranian dukes.

In 1241, the Rugian prince Wizlaw I and the Pomeranian duke Wartislaw III both granted Greifswald market rights. In 1250, the latter granted the town a charter under Lübeck law, after he had been permitted to acquire the town site as a fief from Eldena Abbey in 1248; when Jazco of Salzwedel from Gützkow founded a Franciscan friary within the walls of Greifswald, the Cistercians at Eldena lost much of their influence on the city's further development. Just beyond Greifswald's western limits, a town-like suburb arose, separated from Greifswald by a ditch. In 1264, Neustadt was incorporated and the ditch was filled in. Eldena Abbey and the major buildings of Greifswald were erected in the North German Brick Gothic style, found along the entire southern coast of the Baltic. Due to a steady population increase, Greifswald became at the end of the 13th century one of the earliest members of the Hanseatic League, which further increased its trade and wealth. After 1296, Greifswald's citizens no longer needed to serve in the Pomeranian army, Pomeranian dukes did not reside in the city.

In 1456, Greifswald's mayor Heinrich Rubenow laid the foundations of one of the oldest universities in the world, the University of Greifswald, one of the first in Germany, was, the single oldest in Sweden and Prussia. In the course of Reformation, Eldena Abbey ceased to function as a monastery, its possessions fell to the Pomeranian dukes. Eldena lost its separate status and was absorbed into the town of Greifswald; the religious houses within the town walls, the priories of the Blackfriars in the northwest and the Greyfriars in the southeast, were secularized. The buildings of the Dominicans were turned over to the university; the Franciscan friary and its succeeding buildings are now the Pomeranian State Museum. During the Thirty Years' War, Greifswald was occupied by Imperial forces from 1627 to 1631, thereafter, under the Treaty of Stettin, by Swedish forces. During the Thirty Years' War, S

Limca Book of Records

Limca Book of Records is an annual reference book published in India documenting human and natural world records. The world records achieved by humans are further categorised in education, agriculture, medical science, sports, adventure and cinema with Limca book of Records rules. Limca Book of Records is an extension of the Limca brand. Launched in India in 1990, it is the second book of records in the world after Guinness Book of World Records; the Limca Book of Records is published annually in English. Limca Book of Records was first published in 1990, when the Limca soft drink brand was owned by Parle Bisleri, it was created as for the Limca line of soft drinks, purchased by the Coca-Cola company. The book continued to be published by Coca-Cola; the Limca Book of Records annual world record reference book is now published with the patronage of Coca-Cola India which manufactures the soft drink Limca. It was started by Ramesh Chauhan, who sold it to Coca-Cola in 1993; the current editor is Vijaya Ghose.

Its year 2006 edition was launched in New Delhi by Atul Singh, CEO of Coca-Cola India. On September 25, 2007, a special edition of it was released by Coca-Cola to commemorate 60 years of India's independence. On May 30, 2008, the 19th Edition was launched in New Delhi, India. Amit Mitra, secretary-general of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry addressed the attendees in this event; the 20th edition of this book was released by Amitabh Bachchan in March 2009. Indian Space Research Organisation chief G. Madhavan Nair participated in this event; the 21st text edition of the book was launched on March 29, 2011. As the sports achievers special edition, it pays special tribute to the Indian sportspersons in the 2010 Commonwealth Games and Asian Games; the 25th edition marking the Silver Jubilee of publication the book was launched on International Women’s Day in 2014. The 26th edition of Limca Book of Records was launched at the Jaipur Literature Festival in January 2015; the 27th edition of Limca Book of Records is The Specially Abled Edition in 2016.

Since 1992, Limca Book of Records has featured'People of the Year'. A panel of judges selects people who have contributed to'Indian excellence'. Coca-colaindia.com published an online Limca book of records archive featuring several landmark records set in India. In 1996, the Indian national television channel Doordarshan telecast 19 episodes of Limca Book Of Records Ki Anokhi Duniya which were hosted by Siddharth Kak and featured events from the book. In 2008, Star TV News Channel aired Limca Book of Records Wah India Show on Saturdays and Sundays from April to December. Siddarth Kak made film Triumph of the Spirit about the Limca Book of Records; the film was broadcast by the National Geographic group Fox History and Entertainment channel in 2010. India Book of Records Limca Book of Records Official Website

Sons and Daughters (Star Trek: Deep Space Nine)

"Sons and Daughters" is the third episode in the sixth season of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. It is the 127th episode overall. On Deep Space Nine Kira navigates a difficult occupation. A Klingon Bird of Prey spacecraft must escort a cargo shipment to an exoplanet during the Dominion war. Actress Gabrielle Union guest stars as the Klingon N'Garen. Benjamin Sisko and his crew have been rescued from the uncharted planet in Dominion space upon which they were marooned in the previous episode, they are dropped off at Starbase 375 by General Martok's ship, the Rotarran, which still includes Worf as first officer; the Rotarran picks up some new recruits, including Alexander, Worf's estranged son, who has joined the Klingon Defense Force without his father's knowledge. Worf and Alexander argue about Alexander's motivation for joining the military, Worf tells his son that he does not have the heart of a warrior. Worf had accepted this, he is now confused by seeing Alexander's determination to fight. Another member of the crew taunts Alexander about not being a true Klingon, as Alexander was raised by humans, a fight breaks out.

Worf breaks up the combat, afraid that Alexander will be injured or killed, a choice of which General Martok is critical. Alexander humiliates himself further on the command deck when he mistakes a simulation program for an attack on the ship. Worf attempts to train his son in personal combat, but the training session breaks down into an argument between father and son. Alexander asks if his father will send him away, as he did the last time that they were together, says that Worf will be glad when he is dead. In an attempt to quash the tension between Worf and Alexander, Martok reassigns Alexander to a transport ship, which provokes another confrontation; this is interrupted by an attack on the ship by Jem'Hadar fighters. Alexander distinguishes himself in the ensuing battle by stopping a plasma leak, though he somehow gets himself locked in a room and needs to be rescued. Worf gains a new respect for his son, as well as an understanding that, as an adult, he must choose his own path, asks if they may start over, saying that he will try to be a better father.

The episode ends with Alexander joining the House of Martok. Meanwhile, on Deep Space Nine, Kira Nerys and Odo attempt to get their new resistance movement off the ground. Gul Dukat brings his daughter Ziyal on board, hoping to use Kira's affection for Ziyal to bring her closer to him; when Ziyal's art is accepted into a prestigious exhibition, Dukat invites Kira to a party to celebrate, sending her a beautiful dress as a gift. Kira is tempted by Dukat's offer, having had conflicted feelings about him for some time, but finds that she cannot face herself in the dress and angrily returns it to him; this episode established the brevity of Klingon childhood. Alexander Rozhenko had been conceived nine years prior in the Star Trek: The Next Generation second episode, “The Emissary”, first appeared as a young child in season 4's “Reunion”. Alexander was still a school-aged child when the series ended, but appears as an adult in this episode, four seasons later. A 2015 binge-watching guide for Star Trek: Deep Space Nine by W.

I. R. E. D. Recommended not skipping this essential episode; this episode was noted for a surprising guest acting role by TV Guide, which notes that Gabrielle Union guest stars the alien N'Garen in this 1997 Star Trek episode. The actress being noted for her role in the year 2000 film, Bring it On. In 2018, SyFy recommend this episode for its abbreviated watch guide for the Bajoran character Kira Nerys, they recommend it as part of sequence of seven episodes including a "Call to Arms," "A Time to Stand," "Rocks and Shoals," "Sons and Daughters," "Behind the Lines," "Favor the Bold," and "Sacrifice of Angels". Sons and Daughters on IMDb "Sons and Daughters" at TV.com Sons and Daughters at Memory Alpha Sons and Daughters at StarTrek.com