Gretna Green is a parish in the southern county of Dumfries and Galloway, is situated on the Scottish side of the borders of Scotland and England, defined by the small river Sark, which flows into the estuary of the western contiguous Solway Firth. It was the first village in Scotland, following the old coaching route from London to Edinburgh. Gretna Green railway station serves both Gretna; the Quintinshill rail disaster, the worst rail crash in British history, occurred near Gretna Green in 1915. Gretna Green sits alongside the main town of Gretna. Both are near the border of Scotland with England. Gretna Green is most famous for weddings, following the 1754 Marriage Act which prevented couples under the age of 21 marrying in England or Wales without their parents' consent; as it was still legal in Scotland to marry, couples began crossing the border in to Scotland and their first stop was the Famous Blacksmiths Shop, Gretna Green. Gretna Green is one of the world's most popular wedding destinations, due to its romantic wedding traditions dating back over centuries, which originated from cross-border elopements stemming from differences between Scottish and English marriage laws.
Gretna's "runaway marriages" began in 1754 when Lord Hardwicke's Marriage Act came into force in England. Under the Act, if a parent of a person under the age of 21 objected to the minor's marriage, the parent could veto the union; the Act tightened the requirements for marrying in England and Wales but did not apply in Scotland, where it was possible for boys to marry at 14 and girls at 12 with or without parental consent. It was, only in the 1770s, with the construction of a toll road passing through the hitherto obscure village of Graitney, that Gretna Green became the first reachable village over the Scottish border. Scottish law allowed for "irregular marriages", meaning that if a declaration was made before two witnesses anybody had the authority to conduct the marriage ceremony; the blacksmiths in Gretna became known as "anvil priests", culminating with Richard Rennison, who performed 5,147 ceremonies. The local blacksmith and his anvil became lasting symbols of Gretna Green weddings.
Two in particular, The Famous Blacksmith's Shop, built in 1713, Gretna Hall Historic Marriage House and Hotel became, in popular folklore at least, the focal tourist points for the marriage trade. The Famous Blacksmiths Shop opened to the public as a visitor attraction in 1885, under the ownership of Hugh Mackie. Gretna Green Ltd, now owned by the fourth-generation of the Mackie Family, Alasdair Houston MBE, with the support of his sister, Susan Clark, is now a Visit Scotland Five-Star, award-winning visitor attraction and remains one of the UK's most popular wedding venues. Victorian chronicler Robert Smith Surtees described Gretna Green at length in his 1848 New Monthly Magazine serial, The Richest Commoner in England: Few of our readers —none we should think of our fair ones— but at some period or other of their lives, have figured to themselves the features of Gretna Green. Few we should think but have pictured to themselves the chaise stained "with the variations of each soil", the galloping bustle of the hurrying postboys, urging their foaming steeds for the last stage that bears them from Carlisle to the border.
It is a place whose name is typical of brightening prospects. The poet sings of the greenest spot on memory's waste, Gretna Green was the particular spot he had under consideration. Gretna Green! The mind pictures a pretty straggling, half Scotch, half English village, with clean white rails, upon a spacious green, happy rustics in muffin caps, high cheek bones, looking out for happier couples to congratulate; the legend of the blacksmith who forged the links of love, added interest to the place, invested the whole with fairy feature. How much better, more promising, in short, a Gretna Green marriage sounds than a Coldstream or Lamberton toll-bar one! and yet they are efficacious. Gretna Green indeed, is as superior in reality, it looks as if it were the capital of the God of Love, while the others exhibit the bustling, money-making pursuits of matter-of-fact life. Though we dare say Gretna Green is as unlike what most people fancy, still we question that any have gone away disappointed, it is a pretty south country-looking village, much such as used to exist in the old days of posting and coaching.
A hall house converted into an hotel, the dependents located in the neighbouring cottages. Gretna Hall stands a little apart from the village on the rise of what an Englishman would call a gentle eminence, a Scotchman a dead flat, is approached by an avenue of stately trees, while others are plentifully dotted about, one on the east side, bearing a board with the name of the house, the host and high-priest, "Mr. Linton". There is an air of quiet retirement about it that eminently qualifies it for its holy and hospitable purpose. Since 1929, both parties in Scotland have had to be at least 16 years old, but they still may marry without parental consent. In England and Wales, the age for marriage is now 16 with 18 without. Of the three forms of irregular marriage that had existed under Scottish law, all but the last were abolished by the Marriage Act 1939, which came in force from 1 July 1940. Prior to this act, any citizen was able to witness a public promise. Gretna's two blacksmiths' shops and countless inns and smallholding became the backdrops for tens of thousands of weddings.
Today there are several wedding venues in and around Gretna Green, from former churches to purpose-built chapels. The services at all the venu
Cygnet River is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia located on Kangaroo Island about 192 kilometres south-west of the state capital of Adelaide and about 12 kilometres from the municipal seat of Kingscote. Its boundaries were created in 2002 in respect to “the long established name”, reported to be derived from the stream located within its boundaries; the major land use within the locality is primary production. The locality includes the Kingscote Airport and the Cygnet Estuary Conservation Park. Cygnet River contains the following places listed on the South Australian Heritage Register - the Farm and Eucalyptus Oil Distillery Ruins, Duck Lagoon and the Dwelling & Eucalyptus Oil Distillery Ruins. Cygnet River is located within the federal division of Mayo, the state electoral district of Mawson and the local government area of the Kangaroo Island Council. List of rivers of South Australia Cygnet Notes Citations
Peoria Air National Guard Base, located in Peoria County, Illinois, is the base of the 182d Airlift Wing, an Air Mobility Command -gained unit of the Illinois Air National Guard and "host" wing for the installation. Located at Greater Peoria Regional Airport, at this joint civil-military airport; the 182d Airlift Wing air mobility mission is the ability to move personnel and equipment anywhere in the world when needed, to sustain that force for as long as needed. This will include the strategic airlift of personnel and cargo, tactical airdrop of personnel and supplies and the transport of litters and ambulatory patients during aeromedical evacuations when required; the wing's C-130H3 Hercules performs the tactical portion of the airlift mission. The aircraft is capable of operating from rough, dirt strips and is the prime transport for airdropping troops and equipment into hostile areas; the 182d Airlift Wing consists of the following units: 182d Operations Group169th Airlift Squadron182nd Air Support Operations Group 168th Air Support Operations Squadron 169th Air Support Operations Squadron 264th Combat Communications Squadron 566th Air Force Band Colonel Daniel R. McDonough - November 2017 – Present Peoria Air National Guard Base, 2416 S.
Don Andrés Almonester y Roxas de Estrada was a Spanish civil servant and philanthropist of New Orleans, today chiefly remembered for his numerous charitable benefactions made to the city of New Orleans. Born of a noble Andalusian family, as the son of Don Miguel José de Almonester and Maria Juana Roxas de Estrada, Almonester married, Maria Paula Rita del Rosario Martinez, in 1748, Paula died shortly after delivering their first child, who had not survived birth. Almonester arrived to Louisiana in 1769, during its early days of Spanish rule, appointed escribano publico or notary public, which Grace King described as "an office rich in salary and business opportunities, he soon acquired wealth in it, or through it." Among his investments was a large tract of land downtown, purchased from Governor O'Reilly on perpetual lease. Almonester became an alcalde or city councilman for Louisiana's governing authority, the Cabildo, afterwards bought the office of Alferez Real or royal standard bearer, he was made Knight of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III in 1796.
His nearest allies appear to have been Governor Esteban Rodríguez Miró, Père Antoine, the de La Ronde family, to which he joined through marriage. Approaching his 60th birthday, Almonester wed Marie-Louise Denis de La Ronde, a renowned Creole beauty half his age, in the parish church, Iglesia San Luis, in 1787 — the year before it was destroyed by fire. In the author's introduction to their daughter's Pulitzer Prize-nominated biography, Intimate Enemies, Christina Vella describes Louise as "a poor French Creole, famed for marrying her father," yet while noting the status quo in Chapter One: "The French and Spanish oligarchs of the colony... dividing the lucrative offices among themselves and circulating their wealth within careful limits by intermarriage." Family fortunes declined with the death of her father, Hardly a pauper. Louise was the well-connected eldest child of French-Canadian Naval Officer Pierre Denys de La Ronde, re-assigned from Nouvelle-France to Nouvelle-Orleans by his godfather, future French Louisiana Governor, Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnial, was distinguished in the French and Indian Wars.
Through her father, Louise was the great-granddaughter of Judge and celebrated French poet René-Louis Chartier de Lotbinière of Maison Lotbinière. Louise's only brother, Pierre Denis de La Ronde, like his predecessor, enabled to wealth when he succeeded Almonester on the Cabildo, becoming the wealthiest of Louisiana plantation owners, he would distinguish himself in the Battle of New Orleans, is now remembered for his since misnamed Versailles, Louisiana plantation's legacy: a magnificent allée of Southern live oaks, still leading from the Mississippi River to the ruins of his former mansion. Through her mother, Louise was the granddaughter of a powerful military officer best remembered for his years as Louisiana's esteemed royal architect and engineer, Ignace François Broutin. Louise's mother's sister, the named Marie-Marguerite Madeleine Broutin, most married, in 1754, the Baron Jean-Joseph François Delfau de Pontalba; the unstable Baron would exert himself tormenting young Micaela for her fortune.
Decades of misery later– despite many efforts made to separate her from his control –in the wake of her protective mother's demise, he attempted to murder Micaela, but succeeded only in taking his own misspent life and thus, with the tragic twist of irony, transferring the title Baroness to the indomitable daughter-in-law whose riches he had so diligently sought for his own. The murderous Baron Pontalba was wed to Louise Marie-Anne Françoise Le Breton des Chapelles, first cousin of the notorious Marie-Delphine de Macarty, better known today as Delphine LaLaurie. Following the death of Don Almonester, his widow, became well known as "a superbly competent businesswoman who had increased the inheritance since Almonester's death." After the Great New Orleans Fire, Don Almonester funded a public school for the city, as well as a house for the use of the clergy and the charity hospital at the then-considerable cost of $114,000. He rebuilt the buildings on either side of the cathedral, the hospital, the boys' school, a chapel for the Ursulines.
Almonester funded the building of New Orleans' parish church. The Church of Saint Louis was dedicated in 1794, becoming a cathedral the following year, was never pulled down as some sources may say. In 1849 the cathedral was badly damaged due to the removal of supports which led to the co
Dorcen is a Chinese car marque introduced in September 2018 and owned by Dorcen Motor Co. Ltd; the marque vehicles are produced at facilities owned by JMCG's JMCGL and Zotye Domy. In May 2014, a company called Dancheng Motor Co. Ltd. was established in Jintan District, based on a Zotye facility aimed at producing Domy-badged vehicles. The founder was a son of a former Zotye chief. A Changzhou production base for the Dorcen company and Zotye was completed in 2015. In May 2017, Jiangsu Jintan Changdanghu New Energy Technology Co. Ltd. the holding company of Dorcen Motor Co. Ltd. reorganised Fuzhou-based JMCGL, a JMCG subsidiary focused on the production of Qiling-badged pickups and minivans. In January 2018, JMCGL changed its name to Jiangxi Dorcen Motor Company. JMCG got a 19% of its shares, Fuzhou High-tech Zone Development Investment Group a 14% and Dorcen Motor Co. Ltd. a controlling 67%. In September 2018, Dorcen Motor Co. Ltd. unveiled its new marque, with three models: the electric city car E20, the mid-sized crossover G70S and the G60S compact crossover.
The G70S was put on sale and the E20 that year. A second Fuzhou plant for the assembly of the G60/G60S crossover was completed in December 2018. Dorcen has plants for assembly in Jiangxi; the Jiangsu plant, established in 2015 by Zotye and the Jintan Auto Group, is located in the Jintan District of Changzhou. Dorcen has two plants in Jiangxi: the former JMCGL one, aimed at producing pickups and minivans, the Jiangxi Dorcen Automotive Technology Industrial Park, established in December 2018; the marque has a 1000-people research and development facility that collaborates with META Power Labs, FEV Power Labs and Torino CREA Styling Centre. According to Dorcen, the logo represents a multiplication sign and "embodies the concepts of openness and interoperability"; the company said the marque name refers to " multiplication". The vehicle nomenclature for its G-series models is described by the company as "SE0"; the S final-badged models stand for "super" and are the ones with more equipment, the E final-badged stand for "electric" and are the electric ones.
The models without a final letter are the more basic ones. Dorcen sells crossovers based on Zotye Domy and Hanteng products. Dorcen sells products from the related Qiling pickup marque. In June 2018, Jiangxi Dorcen unveiled a Qiling-badged light, forward control truck named as the H300, based on the Isuzu N-series. An upcoming Chinese market product for Qiling, the T15 pickup, was unveiled at the 2019 Shanghai Motor Show. Qiling products introduced after Dorcen Motor Co. Ltd. acquisition may be identified by the JDMC badging. Products from Dorcen are listed below: Dorcen E20- Electric city car Dorcen G60/G60E- Compact crossover Dorcen G60S- Compact crossover Dorcen G70S- Mid-size crossover Qiling T5 Qiling T7 Qiling T100 Qiling H300 Qiling T15 English-language website
Mount Annan Christian College is an independent non-denominational Christian co-educational early learning and secondary day school, located in Mount Annan, a suburb in the region of Macarthur, New South Wales. Mount Annan Christian College was founded as a ministry of C3 New Hope on February 12th, 1999 in order to establish a leading Prep to Year 12 school in the heart of the Macarthur region, New South Wales. Mount Annan Christian College is a member of Australian Independent Schools; the school consists of one large campus in the rural suburb of Mount Annan, this campus facilitates the three sections of the school: Prep Primary School - Years K-6 Secondary School - Years 7-12 The following individuals have served as Headmasters of Mount Annan Christian College: Kindergarten to Year 6 study the six Key Learning Areas: English, Mathematics and Technology, Human Society and its Environment, Creative Arts, Personal Development and Physical Education. In Stage 5, students study a program that comprises two elective classes and Christian Studies, as well as the courses mandated by NSW Education Standards.
The compulsory core subjects are: English, Science, Australian History and Geography and PDHPE. Electives are chosen from: In the final school stage students are prepared for the New South Wales Higher School Certificate. NSW Education Standards requires Stage 6 students to study a minimum of 12 units in Year 11 and 10 units in Year 12. HSC English is compulsory. Students may choose from the following: In addition, students may study VET subjects at local TAFE campuses or completed courses via Open High School; the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme is offered to all students in Years 8-11 and students are encouraged to complete the three-year training involved. Camping and hiking expeditions which are a compulsory element of the Scheme are undertaken during school time with options for domestic or international hikes. Year 8-9 - Bronze Level Year 10 - Silver Level Year 11 - Gold Level College sport allows students to choose team sports that they are interested in, such as Basketball, Touch Football, Netball, Futsal, Cricket and Soccer.
Upon entry to the school, each student is allocated, according to age and gender, or family tradition, to one of the four Houses present on campus: Houses form the basis for sporting and cultural competitions or interactions within the school. List of non-government schools in New South Wales