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Grey seal

The grey seal is found on both shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. It is a large seal of the family Phocidae which are referred to as "true seals" or "earless seals", it is the only species classified in the genus Halichoerus. Its name is spelled gray seal in the US. There are two recognised subspecies of this seal: Halichoerus grypus grypus, earlier known as H. g. macrorhynchus and H. g. balticus Halichoerus grypus atlantica The type specimen of H. g. grypus was rediscovered in 2016, a DNA test showed it belonged to a Baltic Sea specimen rather than from Greenland, as had been assumed. The name H. g. grypus was therefore transferred to the Baltic subspecies, the name H. g. atlantica resurrected for the Atlantic subspecies. Molecular studies have indicated that the eastern and western Atlantic populations have been genetically distinct for at least one million years, could be considered as separate subspecies; this is a large seal, with bulls in the eastern Atlantic populations reaching 1.95–2.3 m long and weighing 170–310 kg.

Individuals from the western Atlantic are much larger, with males averaging up to 2.7 m and reaching a weight of as much as 400 kg and females averaging up to 2.05 m and sometimes weighing up to 250 kg. Record sized. A common average weight in Great Britain was found to be about 233 kg for males and 154.6 kg for females whereas in Nova Scotia, Canada adult males averaged 294.6 kg and adult females averaged 224.5 kg. It is distinguished from the smaller harbour seal by its straight head profile, nostrils set well apart, fewer spots on its body. Wintering hooded seals can be confused with grey seals as they are about the same size and somewhat share a large-nosed look but the hooded has a paler base colour and evidences a stronger spotting. Grey seals lack external ear characteristically have large snouts. Bull Greys have a less curved profile than common seal bulls. Males are darker than females, with lighter patches and scarring around the neck. Females are silver grey to brown with dark patches.

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the grey seal breeds in several colonies on and around the coasts. Notably large colonies are at Blakeney Point in Norfolk, Donna Nook in Lincolnshire, the Farne Islands off the Northumberland Coast and North Rona. off the north coast of Scotland, Lambay Island off the coast of Dublin and Ramsey Island off the coast of Pembrokeshire. In the German Bight, colonies exist on Heligoland. In the Western North Atlantic, the grey seal is found in large numbers in the coastal waters of Canada and south to Nantucket in the United States. In Canada, it is seen in areas such as the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Maritimes, Quebec; the largest colony in the world is at Sable Island, NS. In the United States it is found year-round off the coast of New England, in particular Maine and Massachusetts. Archaeological evidence confirms grey seals in southern New England with remains found on Block Island, Martha's Vineyard and near the mouth of the Quinnipiac River in New Haven, Connecticut.

Its natural range now extends much further south than recognised with confirmed sightings in North Carolina. There is a report by Farley Mowat of historic breeding colonies as far south as Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. An isolated population exists in the Baltic Sea. Besides these large colonies, many much smaller ones exist, some of which are well known as tourist attractions despite their small size; such colonies include one on the Carrack rocks in Cornwall. During the winter months grey seals can be seen hauled out on rocks and shoals not far from shore coming ashore to rest. In the spring weaned pups and yearlings strand on beaches after becoming separated from their group. Grey seals are vulnerable to typical predators for a pinniped mammal. Large sharks are known to prey on grey seals in Canada great white sharks but upon evidence, additionally Greenland sharks. In the waters of Great Britain, grey seals are a common prey species for killer whales. Grey seal pups are sometimes taken alive by white-tailed eagles, as well.

The grey seal feeds on a wide variety of fish benthic or demersal species, taken at depths down to 70 m or more. Sand eels are important in its diet in many localities. Cod and other gadids, herring and skates are important locally. However, it is clear that the grey seal will eat whatever is available, including octopus and lobsters; the average daily food requirement is estimated to be 5 kg, though the seal does not feed every day and it fasts during the breeding season. Recent observations and studies from Scotland, The Netherlands and Germany show that grey seals will prey and feed on large animals like harbour seals and harbour porpoises. In 2014, a male grey seal in the North Sea was documented and filmed killing and cannibalising 11 pups of its own species over the course of a week. Similar wounds on the carcasses of pups found elsewhere in the region suggest that cannibalism and infanticide may not be uncommon in grey seals. Male grey sea

La Chaux (Cossonay)

La Chaux is a municipality of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland, located in the district of Morges. La Chaux is first mentioned in 1228 as La Chaus. In 1277 it was mentioned as de Calce, it was known as La Chaux until 1953. In the 13th century the village belonged to the Knights Templar and it came into the possession of the Order of St John in 1315, it was united with the settlement at Cransaz to form a commandry, headed by the preceptors of Vaud. The Preceptors were, until 1580, the patrons of Montbrelloz and Saint-Jean de Grosset, Pays de Gex; the commandery was abolished during the Protestant Reformation. La Chaux has an area, as of 2009, of 6.75 square kilometers. Of this area, 5.17 km2 or 76.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.16 km2 or 17.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.42 km2 or 6.2% is settled, 0.03 km2 or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 or 0.1% is unproductive land. Of the built up area and buildings made up 2.5% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.6%.

Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.6% of the area Out of the forested land, 15.6% of the total land area is forested and 1.6% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 61.9% is used for growing crops and 13.6% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water; the municipality was part of the Cossonay District until it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, La Chaux became part of the new district of Morges. The village of La Chaux is located on the left bank of the Veyron river with the village of Ittens on the right bank of the river; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per fess Argent and Gules, two Maltese Crosses one and one counterchanged. La Chaux has a population of 410; as of 2008, 8.2% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 17.4%. It has changed at a rate of 6.2 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks French, with German being second most common and Portuguese being third.

There are 4 people. Of the population in the municipality 104 or about 29.5% were born in La Chaux and lived there in 2000. There were 145 or 41.2% who were born in the same canton, while 40 or 11.4% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 62 or 17.6% were born outside of Switzerland. In 2008 there were 4 deaths of Swiss citizens. Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens remained the same while the foreign population remained the same. At the same time, there was 1 non-Swiss man and 1 non-Swiss woman who immigrated from another country to Switzerland; the total Swiss population change in 2008 was an increase of 8 and the non-Swiss population decreased by 7 people. This represents a population growth rate of 0.3%. The age distribution, as of 2009, in La Chaux is. Of the adult population, 46 people or 11.5 % of the population are between 29 years old. 57 people or 14.3% are between 30 and 39, 64 people or 16.0% are between 40 and 49, 61 people or 15.3% are between 50 and 59.

The senior population distribution is 38 people or 9.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 17 people or 4.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 5 people or 1.3% who are between 80 and 89, there are 2 people or 0.5% who are 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 144 people who never married in the municipality. There were 20 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 139 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.5 persons per household. There were 44 households that consist of 13 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 141 households that answered this question, 31.2% were households made up of just one person. Of the rest of the households, there are 36 married couples without children, 53 married couples with children There were 6 single parents with a child or children. In 2000 there were 43 single family homes out of a total of 88 inhabited buildings. There were 25 multi-family buildings, along with 18 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 2 other use buildings that had some housing.

Of the single family homes 29 were built before 1919, while 2 were built between 1990 and 2000. The most multi-family homes were built before 1919 and the next most were built between 1919 and 1945. There was 1 multi-family house built between 1996 and 2000. In 2000 there were 143 apartments in the municipality; the most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 42. There were 50 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments, a total of 127 apartments were permanently occupied, while 8 apartments were seasonally occupied and 8 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 5 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.66%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 23.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP and the Green Party. In the federal e

Real Club de la Puerta de Hierro

The Real Club de la Puerta de Hierro known as Puerta de Hierro, is a private country club, based in Madrid, Spain. It owes its name to the nearby iron memorial arch situated in El Pardo, it was founded in 1895 as a polo club by a group of prominent Spanish nobles led by the 16th Duke of Alba, with avid support from the King of Spain, Alfonso XIII. Along with the Ritz Hotel, its foundation took place as an effort to equal the likes of the most luxurious venues of London and Paris. In 1904, Harry Colt and Tom Simpson designed in the club what was to become mainland Spain's first golf course, "el de arriba". In 1966, Robert Trent Jones Jr. and John Harris designed the second course, "el de abajo". The golf courses at Puerta de Hierro have hosted the Spain Open, Madrid Open, the 1970 Eisenhower Trophy and the 1981 Vagliano Trophy, are considered "one of the finest and most classic courses in continental Europe". Besides golf, the club has a long-recorded history and sections in the fields of Equestrianism, Padel and Swimming.

Puerta de Hierro is well known for its strict membership policy. For more than 30 years, admission remains closed; as a result, the club has been referred to as "the most exclusive and segregated club not only in Spain, but in the world, were one can fraternize with the restrictive high society of Madrid". Groucho Marx's quote, "I don't care to belong to any club that will have me as a member" has been used to describe the club's sought-after membership. On June 23, 1940, Edward VIII visited Madrid as Duke of Windsor; the purpose of this extra-official visit, in the midst of the German invasion of France, was to negotiate possible alliances with Nazi Germany from Axis-leaning Spain. On June 24, The Duke of Windsor spent the day at Puerta de Hierro, where he played golf and attended a St John's Eve party at the club accompanied by the Marquess of Estella, son of former dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera and brother of José Antonio Primo de Rivera. During the celebration, Windsor was surprised with news from a British aristocrat who owned wineries in Spain and had returned from London.

As he was told, his brother King George VI had granted an Earldom to former Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, who he loathed. He complained "why on earth would Bertie reward such nauseating reptile?". The Duke of Windsor would return to the club on several occasions, most notably in 1960, when he famously played golf under pouring rain. 1895 – 1896 The Duke of Alba 1896 – 1901 The Duke of Arión 1901 – 1905 The Duke of Santoña 1905 – 1931 The Duke of Alba 1931 – 1932 The Marquess of Portago 1932 – 1936 Rafael Silvela y Tordesillas 1939 – 1944 Joaquín Santos-Suárez y Jabat 1944 – 1950 Rafael Silvela y Tordesillas 1950 – 1952 The Count of Fontanar 1952 – 1954 The Duke of Lécera 1954 – 1958 The Count of Fontanar 1958 – 1962 The Duke of Frías 1962 – 1966 H. R. H. Ataúlfo de Órleans y Sajonia-Coburgo-Gotha 1966 – 1970 The Marquess of Silvela 1970 – 1974 The Count of Villacieros 1974 – 1978 The Duke of Fernán Núñez 1978 – 1986 The Duke of Bailén 1986 – 1990 The Marquess of Estepa 1990 – 1994 The Marquess of Bolarque 1994 – 2006 The Count of Elda 2006 – 2011 Pedro Morenés y Álvarez de Eulate 2011 – 2016 Luis Álvarez de las Asturias Bohorques y Silva 2016 – The Count of Bornos Royal Order of Sports Merit Real Sociedad de Tenis de la Magdalena Real Club de Polo de Barcelona

How Are Things in Glocca Morra?

"How Are Things in Glocca Morra?" is a popular song about a fictional village in Ireland, with themes of nostalgia and homesickness. It was introduced by Ella Logan in the original 1947 Broadway production of Finian's Rainbow; the music was composed by Burton Lane and the lyrics were written by E. Y. Harburg; the song was introduced in the 1947 musical Finian's Rainbow. There is no actual Glocca Morra in Ireland. In a television interview late in his life, Harburg revealed that the name "Glocca Morra" was made up by composer Lane, who had devised a dummy lyric beginning with the line, "There's a glen in Glocca Morra". Harburg liked the name but insisted on changing the line to "How are things in Glocca Morra?" because this is personal and evocative of nostalgia and homesickness. James Stephens' work The Crock of Gold refers to "the leprechauns of Gort na Cloca Mora", it is unknown whether this is a coincidence. Many versions of this song were recorded in 1946 and 1947, including a version by Dick Haymes, recorded on December 29, 1946, released by Decca Records as catalog number 23830.

The record reached the Billboard charts on March 29, 1947, peaking at #9, spent five weeks on the chart. Other early versions included the Buddy Clark version, recorded on October 14, 1946, released by Columbia Records as catalog number 37223, it spent eight weeks on the chart, peaking at #6. In addition, legendary jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins recorded this tune for his Blue Note Records debut, Sonny Rollins, Volume One. In the publication Cash Box, which combined sales of all artists into a single position; the song reached #4. The song, performed by Petula Clark, is part of the soundtrack of the 1968 film version of the stage musical, she has included the number in her concert repertoire since. Numerous others have recorded the song, including Bing Crosby in 1975 for his album At My Time of Life, Barbra Streisand, Julie Andrews. In 1969 it was recorded by Scottish singer Moira Anderson. Gracie Fields first recorded this in 1947 and re-recorded it in 1956 and 1970; this song was performed in her cabaret acts and live performances with a trademark headscarf.

She performed this during her famous two-week run at The Batley Variety Club in 1965. Jazz guitarist Gene Bertoncini recorded a solo guitar arrangement of this song on his 1999 release and Soul; the song was a particular favorite of President John F. Kennedy; the song was parodied by Scotland the What? about their fictional Aberdeenshire village Auchterturra in "How Are Things in Auchterturra?" In the movie Party Monster, Seth Green's character, James Saint James, makes a reference to the perfect sentence: "Last night, I dreamt of Glocca Morra...again." The song is referenced in the Sports Night episode "Celebrities" and the song title is directly used as the title of an episode from Season 1. When Goody Rickles comically mangles the name of the deadly compound "Pyrogranulate" in the comic book Jimmy Olsen 139, by Jack Kirby, what comes out is "Pyro-Glocca-Morra". In an episode of All in the Family, Archie Bunker refers to New York City as a "regular Sodom and Glocca Morra." In "A Shift in the Night", an episode of "ER", Dr. Mark Greene asks a colleague "How are things in Glocca Morra?"

The song was referenced by Daffy Duck in the 1948 cartoon Daffy Dilly. The title was parodied on comedians Abbott and Costello's radio show as "How are things in Glocca, moron?" In Mad Men: "For Immediate Release", Roger Sterling asks his airline ticket attendant girlfriend, Daisy, "How are things in Gloccamora?" Indie rock band Glocca Morra named their group after the phrase. Includes list of performers who have recorded the song

Phoebus Dhrymes

Phoebus James Dhrymes was a Cypriot American econometrician. He was a professor of economics at Columbia University. Dhrymes made substantial contributions to econometric theory through journal textbooks. Born on Cyprus, Dhrymes arrived in the United States in 1951, settling with relatives in New York City. After a few months, he volunteered to be drafted into the US Army for a two-year tour of duty, afterwards attended the University of Texas at Austin on the G. I. Bill. In 1961 he earned his Ph. D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology under supervision of Edwin Kuh and Robert Solow. He was appointed associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1963 and became a full professor in 1967. Since 1973, he had been a professor at Columbia University, he died on April 8, 2016. Dhrymes, Phoebus J.. "A Critical Reexamination of the Empirical Evidence on the Arbitrage Pricing Theory". Journal of Finance. 39: 323–346. Doi:10.1111/j.1540-6261.1984.tb02312.x. Dhrymes, Phoebus J.. "Some Extensions and Tests for the CES Class of Production Functions".

Review of Economics and Statistics. 47: 357–366. JSTOR 1927764. Dhrymes, Phoebus J.. "Technology and Scale in Electricity Generation". Econometrica. 32: 287–315. Doi:10.2307/1913038. Website at Columbia University

Dan Frawley

Dan Frawley was a pioneer Australian rugby league footballer, a national representative player. He played his career as a wing with the Eastern Suburbs club in Sydney and is considered one of the nation's finest footballers of the 20th century. A fast and agile wing, with an ability to effortlessly change direction, Frawley was at club and representative levels positioned on the outside of rugby league Immortal Dally Messenger, creating a formidable combination, he was a noted speedster who, on the 1908–09 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain, was acclaimed as the "100 yards champion" of the squad. Of Irish parentage, Frawley grew up in the inner Sydney harbourside suburb of Woolloomooloo, he served as a Trooper in the 3rd Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse during the Second Boer War in South Africa. He first experienced rugby union during his time in South Africa and was chosen in a Commonwealth Serviceman's team which competed against a representative Australian side. In 1908 back in Sydney, Frawley turned to the new professional code and in rugby league's early years he was one of the game's most exciting players.

In the 1908 NSWRFL season Frawley played in Easts' first match and was selected to represent City New South Wales against Queensland. He missed his club's appearance in the final at the end of the season as he had been selected to go on the inaugural Kangaroo tour of 1908-09 playing in two Tests and 22 tour matches, he scored 13 tries on the tour. Frawley spent the Australian summer of 1909-10 playing in the 1909–10 Northern Rugby Football Union season with English club Warrington, after having signed with them during the previous year's Kangaroo Tour, his sign-on fee was 125 pounds. And a further 3 pounds, 5 shillings a week during the season. Frawley played in 19 matches for Warrington club scoring 8 tries. After returning to Australia in 1910 Frawley made a guest appearance for England team in their tour match against Newcastle, he played in Easts' first premiership-winning side of NSWRL season 1911. When he toured England a second time, with the 1911–12 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain a dispute broke out over his playing eligibility due to an outstanding contractual matter from his 1909–10 Northern Rugby Football Union season spell with Warrington.

The dispute saw him miss the first part of the tour, but after being granted a clearance Frawley scored 18 tries in the remaining 12 matches. Frawley won a second premiership with the Eastern Suburbs club the following year. Frawley was a member of the first NSW sides to tour New Zealand in 1912 and 1913, he took out a third consecutive premiership in NSWRL season 1913. This gave the club permanent ownership of the New South Wales Rugby League's first trophy, the Royal Agricultural Society Shield. Frawley captained the side in his final season 1914, the year, his penultimate Test match against England was the first Test to be played at the Sydney Cricket Ground and his final Test match in Sydney in 1914 was the famous'Rorke's Drift Test' in which England, reduced to just 10 men, held out to win the match 14-6 and with it the series. All up he played a total of fifty-nine first grade matches for his club side Eastern Suburbs and in seven Test matches for Australia, making two Kangaroo Tours, he was awarded Life Membership of the New South Wales Rugby League in 1914.

He appeared in an Australian film In the Last Stride. Frawley was said to be quick-witted and competitive in nature, he appears to have been one of the game's earliest sledgers. Former teammate Horrie Miller, many years recalled "I remember Dan walking onto the field one day against a champion winger; the first thing he did was to go up to him and say'I saw your dad this morning. He asked me not to dump you too hard.' later in the game, having dumped his rival hard from an offside position, he jawed at him,'so you're so-and-so, the great international winger. Well, I got you that time. I don't think you're so hot'." Frawley, an emergency for the rebel series against the New Zealand'All Golds', was made a life member of the New South Wales Rugby League for his role in the series that helped to establish rugby league in this country. For many years he worked at the NSW Leagues Club in Sydney as Chief Steward. In The First Kangaroos, a 1988 British–Australian made for TV sports film, Frawley's role was played by Tony Martin.

In February 2008, Frawley was named in the list of Australia's 100 Greatest Players, commissioned by the NRL and ARL to celebrate the code's centenary year in Australia. On his death in 1967, the Rugby League News called Frawley "one of rugby league's most colourful identities" and declared that "he would have been an immortal in the code's history for any one of a number of just reasons." Whiticker, Alan & Hudson, Glen The Encyclopedia of Rugby League Players, Gavin Allen Publishing, Sydney Andrews, Malcolm The ABC of Rugby League Austn Broadcasting Corpn, Sydney Heads and Middleton, David A Centenary of Rugby League, MacMillan Sydney