Grimes County is a county located in southeastern Texas in the United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 26,604; the seat of the county is Anderson. The county was formed from Montgomery County in 1846, it is named for Jesse Grimes, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and early European-American settler of the county. The Navasota and Brazos rivers form the western boundary of the county. Eastern areas of the county are part of the watershed of the San Jacinto River. In the historic period and Spanish explorers encountered the Bidai Indians, who were mentioned in Spanish records from 1691. Like other tribes, they suffered high fatalities from new infectious diseases caught from the Spanish and joined with the remnants of other Native American people in the historic period; the area saw little settlement by Europeans or creole Spanish during the century of Spanish colonial rule. However, after Mexico gained its independence, it invited settlers from the United States to come to eastern Texas.
They were allowed them to practice their own religion, as long as they swore loyalty to the Mexican government. A few historic buildings in Anderson, such as the Fanthorp Inn, date from this period, as well as some from the Republic of Texas and the early statehood years. For this reason, the town and nearby area have been designated the "Anderson Historic District", listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Anglo-American migration to what became Grimes County began in the 1820s, when it was part of Mexico. Early settlers were from the South Alabama, many brought enslaved African Americans with them to work the land; the first cotton gin in Texas was built by Jared E. Groce, who arrived with 90 slaves and developed a cotton plantation near today's Hempstead, Texas. Texas achieved its independence in 1836, settlers arrived in greater numbers from the United States; the fertile lowlands were used for cotton plantations in the late antebellum period. Grimes County was organized in 1846, one year after the Republic of Texas agreed to be annexed by the United States.
From 1850 to the Civil War the white population increased, since the newcomers continued to bring slaves, the African American population increased faster. Planters continued to grow corn as commodity crops. By 1860 there were 4,852 white inhabitants in the county, plus 5,468 slaves, who made up 53% of the population; the white population had doubled in the preceding decade. Grimes had a total of 505 slaveholding families in 1860, with 77 owning 20 slaves or more, that number considered the minimum for major planters, it more than 10 slaves each. In such conditions, whites were anxious after the emancipation of slaves, struggled with adapting to a free labor market. White violence rose after the war, the Ku Klux Klan established a local chapter in 1868 to assert dominance. Federal troops were stationed in the area and the Freedman's Bureau had an office in the county, they were not successful in protecting freedmen, but the Bureau established schools inDetermined to crush populist efforts and alliances with Republicans that resulted in victories in 1896 and 1898, white Democrats formed what became the White Man's Union, a secret, oath-bound organization that violently took over elections in 1900, after killing several black Populist leaders.
It selected all county officials until 1958. White violence continued after Reconstruction and into the early 20th century, when whites committed 9 lynchings of blacks in the county, part of racial terrorism to suppress the freedmen. Grimes and Freestone counties had the same number of lynchings in this period, ranking as the fifth-highest totals in a state where lynchings were widespread and conducted in many counties; the economy declined in the late 19th century. In 1859 the Houston and Texas Central extended its line into the county. Anderson, the county seat, rejected it and was bypassed for Navasota, which soon surpassed it in size. Anderson got a railroad in the early 1900s, but never caught up with Navasota. In the late 19th and 20th centuries, the Burlington Northern Santa Fe and the Union Pacific became the major railroads in the county. In response to the violence and takeover by the White Man's Union, African Americans began to leave the county in large numbers; the population of the county declined markedly from 1900 to 1920, after 1930 to 1980.
These were periods of the Great Migration, as African Americans left Texas and other parts of the South to leave behind the oppression of Jim Crow and disenfranchisement, seek better work. From 1940 on, many migrated to the West Coast for jobs in the expanding defense industry. Rural whites left the South for industrial cities; the county remained rural and agricultural until the late 20th century, which contributed to its continuing population losses. Timber harvesting and processing were part of early industry in the 20th century, but stock raising and dairy farms contributed more to the overall agricultural economy in the 20th century, making up 93% of its revenues. In addition, crops have become more diversified. Railroad restructuring in the late 20th century resulted in mergers among some lines. In the 21st century, State Highway 90 is the major north-south thoroughfare, state highways 30 and 105 run east and west. With some new manufacturing, population began to increase since the late 1970s.
In 2014 the census estimated 27,172 people living in Grimes County. About 59.5 percent were Anglo, 22.6 percent were Hispanic, 16.5 percent were African American. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a t
Chronicles is a compilation album produced by Jon and Vangelis, released by Polydor/Spectrum Music in 1994. "I Hear You Now" "He Is Sailing" "Thunder" "Beside" "Birdsong" "A Play Within a Play" "And When the Night Comes" "Deborah" "Curious Electric" "The Friends of Mr. Cairo" "Back to School" "Italian Song" "Polonaise" "Love Is" Jon Anderson - vocals Vangelis - keyboards / synthesisers / programmingMusic composed by Vangelis & Jon Anderson Lyrics by Jon Anderson Arranged and Produced by Vangelis
Larissa Samuelson is an American psychologist known for her exploration in the fields of word learning, cognitive development, the use of dynamic systems as a framework for understanding the developmental process. She is Professor at the School of Psychology of the University of East Anglia. Samuelson was the recipient of the 2010 Award for Distinguished Scientific Early Career Contributions to Psychology from the American Psychological Association. Dr. Samuelson received a Bachelors of Science with honors in 1993 and a joint Ph. D in Psychology and Cognitive Science from Indiana University in 2000, where she worked under the supervision of Linda B. Smith. From 2000 to 2015, she was faculty of the Department of Psychology at the University of Iowa, she and her husband, John Spencer, joined the faculty of School of Psychology at the University of East Anglia in 2015. Samuelson's research has been funded by grants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Samuelson and her associates have conducted numerous studies of word learning in toddlers examining the basis for children's extensions of nouns to novel referents.
These and earlier studies suggest that toddlers operate with a "shape bias" that prompts them to generalize usage of count nouns to other objects of the same shape, for example by referring to a zebra as a horse. Samuelson and her colleagues claim that children are "biased to attend to the shape of solid rigid objects when learning novel names." This association between count nouns and shape is learned as children develop their early noun vocabularies, resulting in their attention being drawn to shape as a common organizing principle. Samuelson's lab has examined conditions under which children will generalize usage of a noun based on various features in addition to shape, such as material. In one of her studies and her colleagues gave 16-month-olds a variety of substances, including applesauce, pudding and juice; some of the toddlers got to play with the food in their high chairs. When presenting each substance, the researchers named it using a made-up word, such as kiv. After allowing the child a minute to explore the substance, the researchers showed them the same food in a different container and asked them to say its "name".
Children tested in the highchair demonstrated better recall of the names of the substances. Their results support the view. Horst, J. S. & Samuelson, L. K.. Fast mapping but poor retention by 24-month-old infants. Infancy, 13, 128-157. Samuelson, L. & Smith, L. B.. Grounding development in cognitive processes. Child Development, 71, 98-106. Samuelson, L. K. Smith, L. B. Perry, L. K. & Spencer, J. P.. Grounding word learning in space. PLOS One, 6, e28095. Smith, L. B. Jones, S. S. Landau, B. Gershkoff-Stowe, L. & Samuelson, L.. Object name learning provides on-the-job training for attention. Psychological Science, 13, 13-19. Spencer, J. P. Blumberg, M. S. McMurray, B. Robinson, S. R. Samuelson, L. K. & Tomblin, J. B.. Short arms and talking eggs: Why we should no longer abide the nativist–empiricist debate. Child Development Perspectives, 3, 79-87. Spencer, J. P. Perone, S. Smith, L. B. & Samuelson, L. K.. Learning words in space and time: Probing the mechanisms behind the suspicious-coincidence effect. Psychological Science, 22, 1049-1057.
St Abb's Head is a rocky promontory by the village of St Abbs in Berwickshire, a national nature reserve administered by the National Trust for Scotland. St Abb's Head Lighthouse was designed and built by the brothers David Stevenson and Thomas Stevenson and began service on 24 February 1862; the layered sedimentary rocks of greywacke and siltstone which lie to the north and south of the Head were laid down at the bottom of the sea between 460 and 410 million years ago. The Head itself is made from hard volcanic rock which formed as lava flowed from volcanoes around 400 million years ago; the different type of rocks accounts for the contrast in colour between the rocks of the Head and those of mainland cliffs. The softer sedimentary rocks have eroded over time, leaving behind the high headland made from the harder rock; however this tough volcanic rock has been affected by the actions of the sea, leaving steep gullies and sea stacks which are ideal for nesting seabirds. The harder rocks of the Head are separated from the sedimentary rock to the southwest by the northwest slanting St Abb's Head Fault, marked by a low lying valley which at times of higher sea level would have been flooded, cutting off the headland from the mainland.
St Abb's Head is home to a 60,000 strong seabird colony. Guillemots and razorbills nest on the offshore stacks, with guillemots nesting together in packed crowds whilst razorbills prefer to nest in single pairs or in smaller groups. Kittiwakes breed on the sheer cliff faces of St Abb's Head, building nests from grass and mud on narrow ledges, whilst fulmars prefer grass-covered ledges and crevices. Shags, herring gulls, puffins are present. Although best known for its seabirds, the reserve has flower rich grasslands and a freshwater loch. To preserve the marine habitat, the NTS in conjunction with the Scottish Wildlife Trust, the local fishing community and diving clubs, have set up a Voluntary Marine Reserve which stretches south down the coast to the town of Eyemouth; the grazing on the Head is leased by the Trust to Northfield Farm which stands just to the south of the Head near St Abbs village. The grassland is rich for a coastal situation, in some places it is possible to find over 20 different species of plant in one square metre.
There are at least 10 different kinds of butterfly on the Head including the northern brown argus, a nationally rare butterfly in the UK. The butterflies drink nectar from the flowers of the wild thyme and the caterpillars eat the leaves of rock rose, the areas in which these two plants grow are protected from sheep grazing by fencing. Just inland from the lighthouse is Mire Loch, a 600-metre-long artificially created lake. Just 0.5 km to the SE of the lighthouse is Kirk Hill. On the summit of this hill are the remains of the 7th century monastery settlement of Saint Æbbe. About AD 643 Æbbe established the monastery on Kirk Hill within the remains of a 6th-century fort known as Urbs Coludi. Both monks and nuns lived at the monastery in basic beehive huts made from mud and branches. Æbbe remained as abbess until her death around 680, a few years the monastery was accidentally burned down and was not replaced. The settlement was protected by a massive three-metre-high turf rampart on the landward side, the remains of this rampart can be seen as a low ridge around the rim of the hill.
These are the only remnants of the 7th-century monastic settlement of Æbbe. However, there are faint outlines of buildings, field boundaries and a rectangular burial site dating from the 12th century; these are the scant traces of a Benedictine chapel established in 1188 and dedicated to Æbbe by monks from Coldingham Priory. On the north side of the Head is Pettico Wick Bay this provides a natural trap for salmon as they swim down the coast. A fishing station was established here in 1880 and lasted until around 1950. A jetty was built in the bay so supplies could be landed for the lighthouse. A signal station was established on the cliffs before 1820 and the facilities were shared by Trinity House and Her Majesty's Coastguard; the Northern Lighthouse Board recommended the building of a lighthouse at St Abb's Head after the sinking of the "Martello" on Carr Rock in 1857. The lighthouse was designed and built by the brothers David Stevenson and Thomas Stevenson and assisted navigation before and after sight of the Bell Rock and Isle of May lights disappeared from view.
The light began service on 24 February 1862 and used oil to generate its light, it was converted to incandescent power in 1906 and to electricity in 1966 and automated in 1993. Before automation the lighthouse was staffed by three full-time keepers whose duties included keeping detailed weather records; the NTS has an information point for St Abb's Head located at Northfield Farm which has an exhibition with information about the Head, coffee shop, art gallery and textile shop. There are maps describing the walk to the Head and as well as Ranger led. March 2011 saw the opening of the latest addition to the many attractions of St Abbs in the form of the new St Abbs Visitor Centre; this facility is located in St Abbs old village hall, located at the cliff edge. Built as a resource for both visitors and locals, the centre offers free admission, interactive exhibits, library area, web access and historical artefacts, it provides visitors with information on the history of the village, the geology and the local flora and fauna they are may encounter.
The position of the building offers a 180-degree view from St Abb's Head all the way to the harbour and beyond. The centre is run by an independent Scottish charity. Land around St Abb's Head was designated as a national nature reserve in 1984; the reserve is managed by the National Tr
Perris–Downtown is a train station in Perris, that opened on June 6, 2016, along with the Perris Valley Line extension of the Metrolink commuter rail system. It is located near the Perris Depot. From 1892 to 1947, passenger service was provided by the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway. Service ceased due to decrease in ridership. Freight service continued on the line. Proposals to return passenger service to Perris was first proposed in the 1990sPlanning was formalized in the form of an extreme commuter train station in the early 2010s; the bus portion of the station opened in January 2010, at the time, rail service was to start in late 2011, this was postponed indefinitely. The rail plan was approved on January 16, 2013 At the time, it was reported that service would start in 2014, but, pushed back by nearly two years. Train service began on June 6, 2016, marking the first scheduled passenger train to arrive in Perris in nearly 59 years. Metrolink service is offered from Los Angeles Union station.
Eastbound trains proceed to a staging yard next to the Perris-South station after departing. As of the October 2019 timetable, trains operate during peak hours, with two trains per day, per direction on weekends and bank holidays. In addition to the main platform, a track pocket will be constructed to allow trains from the Southern California Railway Museum to turn around. Construction will begin; the Riverside Transit Agency operates a feeder network of buses around the Inland Empire, RTA assigns bus bays to any future bus operator at the station. In addition, intercity bus service is provided by Thruway to connect to the San Joaquin train in Bakersfield. Perris Downtown at the Metrolink website
San Procolo is an early Gothic-style, Roman Catholic church and former monastery-hospital located on Via Massimo D'Azeglio #52 in central Bologna, region of Emilia Romagna, Italy. The church was erected by Benedictine Monks from the Abbey of Monte Cassino by 1087, it was dedicated to the martyred soldier Proculus of Bologna. The church and adjacent monastery remained under Benedictine rule, until 1796, when Napoleon suppressed the Benedictine order in Bologna; the Benedictine order, in addition to its contemplative activities, maintained a hostel for pilgrims. In 1297, an adjacent hospital was converted into a hospital, run by nuns of the order of Santa Maria degli Angioli or degl'Innocenti, for the abandoned children. In the early 19th century, the Ospizio degli Esposti was moved from elsewhere in Bologna to this monastery. A major reconstruction of the church started at the end of the 14th century under a Bartolomeo Gillij. A new façade was added in 1400; the Gothic tracery of the ceiling was added from 1383 to 1407.
From 1535 to 1557 the architect Antonio Morandi called Terribilia participated in reconstruction. In 1744, the architect Carlo Francesco Dotti directed the reconstruction of the interior, stopped under the Napoleonic rule; the brick façade was refurbished in the 19th century. The adjacent monastery has cloister. A second cloister was started in 1622 designed by Giulio della Torre, restored in 1734 by Luigi Casoli. At this time a statue of San Procolo was erected by Angelo Pio in this courtyard. To the right of the entrance, the first altar has a depiction of the Crucifixion with Sant'Andrea and San Giovanni attributed to Giacomo Lippi, moved her from the deconsecrated Sant Andrea degli Ansaldi; this altar once held a painting by Giovanni Battista Grati a pupil of Mattioli and Dal Sole, member of the Accademia Clementina. The second altar has a Glory of St Benedict by Bartolommeo Cesi. In 1764, the chapel was refurbished with an altarpiece by Pietro Maria Scandellari, decorated by Raimondi Compagnini, Gaetano Caponeri, Lorenzo Pranzini with prospective design of Antonio Galli Bibiena.
The third chapel, Capella del Crocifisso, is a relief of Christ attributed to Floriano del Buono. The fourth chapel has a work depicting the Virgin with Benedictine Saints by Ercole Graziani the Younger; the main altar was designed Alfonso Torreggiani with a tabernacle by Giacomo Molinari, with silver-work by Bonaventura Gambari, statues by Toselli. The choir was designed by Giulio Dalla Torre and Carlo Francesco Dotti, with paintings by Giuseppe Pedretti depicting the Martyrdom of St Proculus; the engraved wooden choir stalls are by Maestro Andrea di Pietro Campana. The chapels on the left side included a St Cyrus with the Madonna by the school of Carlo Cignani. In the chapel of the Holy Sacrament is a Last Supper by Ginerva Cantofoli; the fresco decoration of the chapel is by Onofrio Zanotti. The first chapel on the left, holding since the 13th century the relics of both the martyrs Proculus of Bologna and Pozzuoli, was refurbished in 1750 by Alfonso Torreggiani and Antonio Cartolari. Quadratura by Michele Mastellari.
The main altarpiece was by Francesco l'Anges. In the Refectory is a canvas depicting The Miracle of the Fishes by Lionello Spada, it is noticed that the church includes a canvas by Alessandro Tiarini. Among those buried in the church was Bulgaro the jurist.