Christmas ornaments, baubles, "christmas bulbs" or "Christmas bubbles" are decorations that are used to festoon a Christmas tree. Ornaments take many different forms, from a simple round ball to artistic designs. Ornaments are always reused year after year rather than purchased annually, family collections contain a combination of commercially produced ornaments and decorations created by family members; such collections are passed on and augmented from generation to generation. Santa Claus is a used figure. Candy canes, animals, snowmen and snowflake images are popular choices. Lucretia P. Hale's story "The Peterkins' Christmas-Tree" offers a short catalog of the sorts of ornaments used in the 1870s: There was every kind of gilt hanging-thing, from gilt pea-pods to butterflies on springs. There were shining flags and lanterns, bird-cages, nests with birds sitting on them, baskets of fruit, gilt apples, bunches of grapes; the modern-day mold-blown colored glass Christmas ornament was invented in the small German town of Lauscha in the mid-16th century.
The first decorated trees were adorned with apples, white candy canes and pastries in the shapes of stars and flowers. Glass baubles were first made in Lauscha, Germany, by Hans Greiner, who produced garlands of glass beads and tin figures that could be hung on trees; the popularity of these decorations grew into the production of glass figures made by skilled artisans with clay molds. The artisans heated a glass tube over a flame inserted the tube into a clay mold, blowing the heated glass to expand into the shape of the mold; the original ornaments were only in the shape of nuts. After the glass cooled, a silver nitrate solution was swirled into it, a silvering technique developed in the 1850s by Justus von Liebig. After the nitrate solution dried, the ornament was topped with a cap and hook. Other glassblowers in Lauscha recognised the growing popularity of Christmas baubles and began producing them in a wide range of designs. Soon, the whole of Germany began buying Christmas glassware from Lauscha.
On Christmas Eve 1832, a young Victoria wrote about her delight at having a tree, hung with lights and presents placed round it. In the 1840s, after a picture of Victoria's Christmas tree was shown in a London newspaper decorated with glass ornaments and baubles from her husband Prince Albert's native Germany, Lauscha began exporting its products throughout Europe. In the 1880s, American F. W. Woolworth discovered Lauscha's baubles during a visit to Germany, he made a fortune by importing the German glass ornaments to the United States. The first American-made glass ornaments were created by William DeMuth in New York in 1870. In 1880, Woolworth's began selling Lauscha glass ornaments. Other stores began selling Christmas ornaments by the late 19th century and by 1910, Woolworth's had gone national with over 1000 stores bringing Christmas ornaments across America. New suppliers popped up everywhere including Dresden die-cut fiberboard ornaments which were popular among families with small children.
By the 20th century, Woolworth's had imported 200,000 ornaments and topped $25 million in sales from Christmas decorations alone. As of 2009, the Christmas decoration industry ranks second to gifts in seasonal sales. Many silver companies, such as Gorham, Towle and Reed & Barton, began manufacturing silver Christmas ornaments in 1970 and 1971. In 1973, Hallmark Cards started manufacturing Christmas ornaments; the first collection included 18 ornaments, including six glass ball ornaments. The Hallmark Keepsake Ornament collection is available for just one year. By 1998, 11 million American households collected Hallmark ornaments, 250,000 people were member of the Keepsake Ornament Collector's Club. There were as many as 400 local Keepsake Ornament Collector's Club chapters in the US. One noted Christmas ornament authority is Clara Johnson Scroggins who has written extensively on the topic and has one of the largest private collections of Christmas ornaments. In 1996, the ornament industry generated $2.4 billion in total annual sales, an increase of 25% over the previous year.
Industry experts estimated more than 22 million US households collected Christmas ornaments, that 75% of those households collected Hallmark Keepsake Ornaments. After World War II, the East German government turned most of Lauscha's glassworks into state-owned entities, production of baubles in Lauscha ceased. After the Berlin Wall came down, most of the firms were reestablished as private companies; as of 2009, there are still about 20 small glass-blowing firms active in Lauscha that produce baubles. One of the producers is Krebs Glas Lauscha, part of the Krebs family, now one of the largest producers of glass ornaments worldwide. Although glass baubles are still produced, as expensive good-quality ornaments found at markets, baubles are now made from plastic and available worldwide in a huge variety of shapes and designs. There are a large number of manufacturers producing sophisticated Christmas glass ornaments in Poland, which produce "bombka" or the plural form "bombki", they are made in Chignahuapan, Mexico.
Handcrafted Christmas ornaments have become a staple of craft fairs and many smaller online businesses owing much of the success to both the internet and the growth of craft stores. Christmas tree ornaments Christmas tree Pleated Christmas hearts Snow baby Tree-topper Witch ball Media related to Christmas baubles at Wikimedia Commons
A Christmas carol is a carol whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, and, traditionally sung on Christmas itself or during the surrounding holiday season. Christmas carols may be regarded as a subset of the broader category of Christmas music; the first known Christmas hymns may be traced to 4th-century Rome. Latin hymns such as Veni redemptor gentium, written by Ambrose, Archbishop of Milan, were austere statements of the theological doctrine of the Incarnation in opposition to Arianism. Corde natus ex Parentis by the Spanish poet Prudentius is still sung in some churches today. In the 9th and 10th centuries, the Christmas "Sequence" or "Prose" was introduced in Northern European monasteries, developing under Bernard of Clairvaux into a sequence of rhymed stanzas. In the 12th century the Parisian monk Adam of Saint Victor began to derive music from popular songs, introducing something closer to the traditional Christmas carol. In the 13th century, in France and Italy, under the influence of Francis of Assisi a strong tradition of popular Christmas songs in regional native languages developed.
Christmas carols in English first appear in a 1426 work of John Awdlay, a Shropshire chaplain, who lists twenty five "caroles of Cristemas" sung by groups of'wassailers', who went from house to house. The songs we know as carols were communal songs sung during celebrations like harvest tide as well as Christmas, it was only that carols began to be sung in church, to be associated with Christmas. Many carols which have gained popularity today were printed in Piae Cantiones, a collection of late medieval Latin songs, first published in 1582. Early, Latin forms of carols such as "Christ was born on Christmas Day", "Good Christian Men, Rejoice" and "Good King Wenceslas" can be found in this book. "Adeste Fideles" appears in its current form in the mid-18th century, although the words may have originated in the 13th century. The origin of the tune is disputed. Carols gained in popularity after the Reformation in the countries where Protestant churches gained prominence; this was a consequence of the fact.
The publication of Christmas music books in the 19th century helped to widen the popular appeal of carols. The first appearance in print of "God Rest Ye Merry, Gentlemen", "The First Noel", "I Saw Three Ships" and "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" was in Christmas Carols Modern by William Sandys. Composers like Arthur Sullivan helped to repopularise the carol, it is this period that gave rise to such favourites as "Good King Wenceslas" and "It Came Upon the Midnight Clear", a New England carol written by Edmund H. Sears and Richard S. Willis; the publication in 1871 of Christmas Carols and Old by Henry Ramsden Bramley and Sir John Stainer was a significant contribution to a revival of carols in Victorian Britain. In 1916, Charles Lewis Hutchins published Carols Old and Carols New, a scholarly collection which suffered from a short print run and is rarely available today; the Oxford Book of Carols, first published in 1928 by Oxford University Press, was a notably successful collection. The singing of carols was further popularised in the 20th century when OUP published one of the most popular carol books in the English-speaking world, Carols for Choirs.
First published in 1961 and edited by David Willcocks and Reginald Jacques, this bestselling series has since expanded to a five-volume set. Along with editor John Rutter, the compilers included many arrangements of carols derived from sources such as Piae Cantiones, as well as pieces by modern composers such as William Walton, Benjamin Britten, Richard Rodney Bennett, William Mathias and John Rutter. Today carols are sung at Christian religious services; some compositions have words that are not of a religious theme, but are still referred to as "carols". For example, the 16th-century song "A Bone, God Wot!" Appears to be a wassailing song, but is described in the British Library's Cottonian Collection as a Christmas carol. As as 1865, Christmas-related lyrics were adopted for the traditional English folk song Greensleeves, becoming the internationally popular Christmas carol "What Child is This?". Little research has been conducted on carol singing, but one of the few sociological studies of caroling in the early 21st century in Finland determined that the sources of songs are misunderstood, that it is simplistic to suggest caroling is related to Christian beliefs, for it reinforces preservation of diverse national customs and local family traditions.
A modern form of the practice of caroling can be seen in "Dial-A-Carol," an annual tradition held by students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, wherein potential audiences call the singers to request a performance over phone call. It is not clear whether the word carol derives from the French "carole" or the Latin "carula" meaning a circular dance. In any case the dancing seems to have been abandoned quite early; the typical 3/4 time would tend to support the latter meaning. Traditionally, carols have been based on medieval chord patterns, it is this that gives them their uniquely characteristi
Benedict Timothy Carlton Cumberbatch is an English actor who has performed in film, television and radio. A graduate of the Victoria University of Manchester, he continued his training at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art, obtaining a Master of Arts in Classical Acting, he first performed at the Open Air Theatre, Regent's Park in Shakespearean productions and made his West End debut in Richard Eyre's revival of Hedda Gabler in 2005. Since he has starred in the Royal National Theatre productions After the Dance and Frankenstein. In 2015, he played William Shakespeare's Hamlet at the Barbican Theatre. Cumberbatch's television work includes appearances in Silent Witness and Fortysomething before playing Stephen Hawking in the television film Hawking in 2004, he has starred as Sherlock Holmes in the series Sherlock since 2010. He has headlined Tom Stoppard's adaptation of Parade's End, The Hollow Crown: The Wars of the Roses and Patrick Melrose. In film, Cumberbatch has starred in Amazing Grace as William Pitt the Younger, Star Trek Into Darkness as Khan, 12 Years a Slave as William Prince Ford, The Fifth Estate as Julian Assange and The Imitation Game as Alan Turing.
From 2012 to 2014, through voice and motion capture, he played the characters of Smaug and the Necromancer in The Hobbit film series. Cumberbatch portrays the Marvel Comics character Dr. Stephen Strange in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, appearing in Doctor Strange, Thor: Ragnarok and Avengers: Infinity War. Cumberbatch has received numerous awards and nominations for acting including three Laurence Olivier Award nominations, winning Best Actor in a Play for Frankenstein, he has received six Primetime Emmy Award nominations, winning Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie for Sherlock. His performance in The Imitation Game earned him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. In addition, he has received seven BAFTA nominations, five Screen Actors Guild Award nominations and two Golden Globe Award nominations among others. In 2014, Time magazine included him in its annual Time 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World", he was appointed with a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II in June 2015 for his services to the performing arts and to charity.
Cumberbatch was born at Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital in the White City district of West London's Hammersmith and Fulham borough, to actors Timothy Carlton and Wanda Ventham. He grew up in the Royal Borough of Chelsea, he has Tracy Peacock, from his mother's first marriage. His grandfather, Henry Carlton Cumberbatch, was a submarine officer of both World Wars, a prominent figure of London high society, his great-grandfather, Henry Arnold Cumberbatch, was a diplomat who served as consul in Turkey and Lebanon. His great-great-grandfather, Robert William Cumberbatch was a British consul in Turkey and the Russian Empire. Cumberbatch is third cousin 16 times removed of King Richard III, whom he portrayed in The Hollow Crown. Motivated by this connection, he read a poem. Cumberbatch attended boarding schools from the age of 8, he was a member of The Rattigan Society, Harrow's principal club for the dramatic arts, named after Old Harrovian and playwright Terence Rattigan. He was involved in numerous Shakespearean works at school and made his acting debut as Titania, Queen of the Fairies, in A Midsummer Night's Dream when he was 12.
Cumberbatch's drama teacher, Martin Tyrell, called him "the best schoolboy actor" he had worked with. After leaving Harrow, Cumberbatch took a gap year to volunteer as an English teacher at a Tibetan monastery in Darjeeling, India, he attended the Victoria University of Manchester, where he studied Drama. He continued his training as an actor at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art graduating with an MA in Classical Acting. On 16 January 2018, it was announced that Cumberbatch would succeed Timothy West as President of LAMDA. On being appointed Cumberbatch stated it would be "an honour to watch the next generation of actors and technicians blossom". Since 2001, Cumberbatch has had major roles in a dozen classic plays at the Regent's Park Open Air, Royal Court and Royal National Theatres, he was nominated for an Olivier Award for Best Performance in a Supporting Role for his role as George Tesman in Hedda Gabler, which he performed at the Almeida Theatre on 16 March 2005 and at the Duke of York's Theatre when it transferred to the West End on 19 May 2005.
This transfer marked his first West End appearance. In June 2010, Cumberbatch led the revival of Terence Rattigan's After the Dance directed by Thea Sharrock at the Royal National Theatre, he played 1920s aristocrat David Scott-Fowler to critical success. The play won four Olivier Awards including Best Revival. Cumberbatch acted in Danny Boyle's The Children's Monologues, a theatrical charity event at London's Old Vic Theatre, on 14 November 2010; the show was produced by Dramatic Need. In February 2011, Cumberbatch began playing, on alternate nights, both Victor Frankenstein and his creature, opposite Jonny Lee Miller, in Danny Boyle's stage production of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein at the Royal National Theatre. Frankenstein was broadcast to cinemas as a part of National Theatre Live in March 2011. Cumberbatch achieved the "Triple Crown of London Theatre" in 2011 when he received the Olivier Award, Evening Standard Award and Critics' Circle Theatre Award for his perf
Hans Georg Conried, Jr. was an American actor and voice actor, active in voice-over roles and known for providing the voices of Walt Disney's Mr. George Darling, Captain Hook in Peter Pan, for playing the title role in The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T, Dr. Miller on The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show, Professor Kropotkin on the radio and film versions of My Friend Irma, his work as Uncle Tonoose on Danny Thomas's sitcom Make Room for Daddy, multiple roles on I Love Lucy. Conried was born on April 15, 1917 in Baltimore, Maryland to parents Edith Beryl and Hans Georg Conried, Sr, his Connecticut-born mother was a descendant of Pilgrims, his father was a Jewish immigrant from Vienna, Austria. He was raised in New York City, he went on to play major classical roles onstage. Conried worked in radio before working in movies in 1939. During World War II, he enlisted in the United States Army in September 1944. Conried trained at Fort Knox as a tank crewman until the army decided, he became a heavy mortar crewman was sent to the Philippines as an engineer labourer until fellow actor Jack Kruschen obtained his release for service with the Armed Forces Radio Service.
One of Conried's early radio appearances came in 1937, when he appeared in a supporting role in a broadcast of The Taming of the Shrew on KECA in Los Angeles, California. Four years a newspaper reported about his role on Hedda Hopper's Hollywood: "But at the mike he's convincing as old men, dialeticians, or Shakesperean tragedians. Miss Hopper favors him for her dramatizations when the script will allow him, as she puts it,'to have his head.'"Conried appeared on radio during the 1940s and 1950s. He was in the regular cast of Orson Welles's Ceiling Unlimited, for which he wrote the December 14, 1942, episode, "War Workers". On CBS's The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show he played a psychiatrist whom George consulted for help in dealing with the ditzy Gracie. Conried made his Broadway debut in Can-Can and was credited in six films, all in 1953. Other Broadway productions include Girls, 70 and Irene, he can be heard on the original cast recordings of Cole Porter's "Can-Can" and Kander & Ebb's "70, Girls, 70" where, among other songs, Conried performs a sensational fast-paced patter song called "The Caper."
Conried's inimitable growl and impeccable diction were well suited to the roles he played, whether portraying the dim Professor Kropotkin in the radio show My Friend Irma or portraying comic villains and mock-sinister or cranky types, such as Walt Disney's Mr. Darling, Captain Hook in Peter Pan, The Grinch/Narrator from Dr. Seuss' Halloween is Grinch Night. According to the DVD commentary of Futurama, he was the inspiration for the voice created for that series' "Robot Devil". Conried was a cast member of other Dr. Seuss specials, The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, voicing the character of Snidely Whiplash in the Dudley Do-Right shorts, a creation of Jay Ward and Bill Scott, as well as Wally Walrus on The Woody Woodpecker Show, Uncle Waldo P. Wigglesworth on Hoppity Hooper, Dr. Dred on Drak Pack, he performed as the "slave in the mirror" character, hosting several memorable episodes of Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color. Besides hosting Fractured Flickers, Conried was a regular panelist on CBS's pantomime program, Stump the Stars and a semi-regular guest on the Ernie Kovacs-hosted game show Take a Good Look.
He was a regular guest on Jack Paar's Tonight Show on NBC from 1959 to 1962. Conried joined the cast of The Tony Randall Show during the 1977-78 season. Guest appearances included I Love Lucy Davy Crockett, The Californians, Meet McGraw, Jeannie!, The Ray Milland Show, The DuPont Show with June Allyson, The Real McCoys, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Mister Ed, The Islanders, Ben Casey, Dr. Kildare, Lost in Space, Daniel Boone, The Beverly Hillbillies, The Lucy Show, Gilligan's Island, The Monkees, Have Gun – Will Travel, American Style, Here's Lucy, Alice, Laverne & Shirley, The Love Boat, Hogan's Heroes, Match Game, The Donna Reed Show, What's It For, Fantasy Island and Quark. From 1955-64, Conried made twenty-one guest appearances as Danny Thomas's Lebanese "Uncle Tonoose" in Make Room for Daddy on ABC and CBS, he was featured in the 1958 episode "What Makes Opera Grand?" on the anthology series Omnibus. The episode, an analysis by Leonard Bernstein showing the powerful effect of music in opera, featured Conried as Marcello in a spoken dramatization of Act III of Puccini's La Bohème.
The program demonstrated the effect of the music in La Bohème by having actors speak portions of the libretto in English, followed by opera singers singing the same lines in the original Italian. He married Margaret Grant on January 29, 1942. Conried had a history of heart problems and suffered a stroke in 1974 and a mild heart attack in 1979, he managed to remain active until his death on January 5, 1982, one day after suffering a massive heart attack and three weeks short of his 40th wedding anniversary. His remains were donated to medical science. Hans Conried on IMDb Hans Conried at the Internet Broadway Database Hans Conried at the TCM Movie Database Hans Conried at AllMovie Hans Conried at Find a Grave Hans Conried radiography at Radio Gold Index
William Henry Pratt, better known by his stage name Boris Karloff, was an English actor, known for his roles in horror films. He portrayed Frankenstein's monster in Bride of Frankenstein and Son of Frankenstein, he appeared as Imhotep in The Mummy. In non-horror roles, he is best known to modern audiences for narrating and as the voice of Grinch in the animated television special of Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas!. For his contribution to film and television, Boris Karloff was awarded two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Boris Karloff was born William Henry Pratt on 23 November 1887, at 36 Forest Hill Road, Surrey, but Pratt stated that he was born in nearby Dulwich, his parents were Jr. and Eliza Sarah Millard. His brother, Sir John Thomas Pratt, was a British diplomat. Edward John Pratt, Jr. was an Anglo-Indian, from a British father and Indian mother, while Karloff's mother had some Indian ancestry, thus Karloff had a dark complexion that stood out in British society at the time.
His mother's maternal aunt was Anna Leonowens, whose tales about life in the royal court of Siam were the basis of the musical The King and I. Pratt was bow-legged, had a lisp, stuttered as a young boy, he conquered his stutter, but not his lisp, noticeable throughout his career in the film industry. Pratt spent his childhood years in the County of Middlesex, he was the youngest of nine children, following his mother's death was brought up by his elder siblings. He received his early education at Enfield Grammar School, at the private schools of Uppingham School and Merchant Taylors' School. After this, he attended King's College London where he took studies aimed at a career with the British Government's Consular Service. However, in 1909, he left university without graduating and drifted, departing England for Canada, where he worked as a farm labourer and did various odd itinerant jobs until happening upon acting. Pratt began appearing in theatrical performances in Canada, during this period he chose Boris Karloff as his stage name.
Some have theorised that he took the stage name from a mad scientist character in the novel The Drums of Jeopardy called "Boris Karlov". However, the novel was not published until 1920, at least eight years after Karloff had been using the name on stage and in silent films, opening the possibility that the Karlov character might have been named after Karloff after the novel's author noticed it in a cast listing and liked the sound of it rather than being a coincidence. Warner Oland played "Boris Karlov" in a film version in 1931. Another possible influence was thought to be a character in the Edgar Rice Burroughs fantasy novel H. R. H; the Rider which features a "Prince Boris of Karlova", but as the novel was not published until 1915, the influence may be backward, that Burroughs saw Karloff in a play and adapted the name for the character. Karloff always claimed he chose the first name "Boris" because it sounded foreign and exotic, that "Karloff" was a family name. However, his daughter Sara Karloff publicly denied any knowledge of Slavic forebears, "Karloff" or otherwise.
One reason for the name change was to prevent embarrassment to his family. Whether or not his brothers considered young William the "black sheep of the family" for having become an actor, Karloff worried they felt that way, he did not reunite with his family until he returned to Britain to make The Ghoul worried that his siblings would disapprove of his new, macabre claim to world fame. Instead, his brothers jostled for position around him and posed for publicity photographs. After the photo was taken, Karloff's brothers started asking about getting a copy of their own; the story of the photo became one of Karloff's favorites. Karloff joined the Jeanne Russell Company in 1911 and performed in towns like Kamloops and Prince Albert. After the devastating tornado in Regina on 30 June 1912, Karloff and other performers helped with clean-up efforts, he took a job as a railway baggage handler and joined the Harry St. Clair Co. that performed in Minot, North Dakota, for a year in an opera house above a hardware store.
Whilst he was trying to establish his acting career, Karloff had to perform years of manual labour in Canada and the U. S. in order to make ends meet. He was left with back problems from; because of his health, he did not enlist in World War I. During this period, Karloff worked in various theatrical stock companies across the U. S. to hone his acting skills. Some acting companies mentioned were the Harry St. Clair Players and the Billie Bennett Touring Company. By early 1918 he was working with the Maud Amber Players in Vallejo, but because of the Spanish Flu outbreak in the San Francisco area and the fear of infection, the troupe was disbanded, he was able to find work with the Haggerty Repertory for a while. According to Karloff, in his first film he appeared as an extra in a crowd scene for a Frank Borzage picture at Universal for which he received $5. Once Karloff arrived in Hollywood, he made dozens of silent films, but this work was sporadic, he had to take up manual labour such as digging ditches or delivering construction plaster to earn a living.
His first on
How the Grinch Stole Christmas (2000 film)
How the Grinch Stole Christmas! is a 2000 American Christmas fantasy comedy film directed by Ron Howard and written by Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman. Based on Dr. Seuss's 1957 book of the same name, the film was the first Dr. Seuss book to be adapted into a full-length feature film; the film stars Jim Carrey in the title role, Jeffrey Tambor, Christine Baranski, Bill Irwin, Molly Shannon and Taylor Momsen. Because the film is based on a children's picture book, many additions were made to the storyline to bring it up to feature-length, including some information about the backstory of the title character and reworking the story's minor character Cindy Lou Who as a main character. Most of the rhymes that were used in the book were used in the film, though some of the lines were to some degree changed and several new rhymes were put in; the film borrowed some music and character elements that originated in the 1966 animated television special. Produced by Howard and Brian Grazer's Imagine Entertainment, Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! was released by Universal Pictures on November 17, 2000 to mixed reviews from critics, with Carrey's performance being favorably praised.
The film grossed over $345 million worldwide, becoming the sixth-highest grossing film of 2000 and was the second highest-grossing holiday film of all-time behind Home Alone, until both movies were surpassed in 2018 by the second film adaptation of the story. It won the Academy Award for Best Makeup as well as getting nominations for Best Art Direction and Best Costume Design. All the residents of Whoville enjoy celebrating Christmas, except for the Grinch, a misanthropic and egotistical creature who hates it and the Whos. No one likes the Grinch, due to the vengeful and harmful stunts he pulls on them. Six-year-old Cindy Lou Who believes everyone is missing the point about Christmas by focusing on the gifts and festivities, instead of personal relationships, she has a face-to-face encounter with the Grinch at the post office, in which he reluctantly saves her life, she becomes interested in his history. She asks everyone what they discovers his tragic past; the Grinch arrived in Whoville as a baby, was adopted by two spinster sisters.
He showed some sadistic tendencies as a child, but was timid and not as cruel as he would become. In school, the Grinch had a crush on Martha May Whovier, was Augustus Maywho’s rival for Martha May's affections. One year, the Grinch made a Christmas gift for Martha, cut his face attempting to shave after Maywho pointed out he had a beard; when his classmates laughed at his cut face, he lost his temper, destroyed the Christmas gift, trashed the classroom, exiled himself to the top of Mount Crumpit, north of Whoville. Touched by this story, Cindy Lou decides to nominate the Grinch to be the Christmas Whobilation "Holiday Cheermeister", much to the displeasure of Maywho, now the mayor of Whoville, she climbs Mount Crumpit to invite the Grinch to the Whobilation. As Cheermeister, he endures being made to wear an ugly sweater and judge all the Whos' Christmas food concoctions, but he enjoys showing unsportsmanlike conduct by beating all the children in the competitions. Maywho reminds him of his childhood humiliation by giving him an electric shaver as a present publicly proposes marriage to Martha May, giving her a large ring and promising her a new car paid for by the local taxpayers.
In response, the Grinch berates the Whos, telling them that Christmas is only about gifts that they will end up throwing in the garbage, dumped on Mount Crumpit near his home. He proceeds to ruin the party by burning down the town's Christmas tree and causing chaos throughout Whoville, his actions prove fruitless, as the Whos have a spare tree, which they are able to erect before he leaves. The mayor shames Cindy Lou for inviting the Grinch. Since the Grinch's attack has failed to crush the Whos' Christmas spirit, he concocts a plan to steal all of their presents and food while they are sleeping. Creating a Santa suit and powered sleigh, dressing his dog Max as a reindeer, the Grinch descends to Whoville and steals all of the Christmas gifts; when Cindy Lou catches him stealing the tree, he tells her he is taking it to Santa's workshop to repair a defective light. On Christmas morning, the Whos discover the theft, Maywho reproaches Cindy Lou for letting this happen to Whoville, her father, Lou Lou Who, the most happiest Who in Whoville, the town's postmaster, defends her honor for reminding the Whos that Christmas is about love of family and friends, not just gifts.
The people start singing Seuss's Welcome Christmas. Before the Grinch can push the stolen gifts off the top of Mount Crumpit, he hears the Whos' singing and sees he has failed to prevent Christmas, has an epiphany that Christmas "doesn't come from a store", but "perhaps... means a little bit more". His heart grows three sizes, as the sleigh full of gifts begins to slide over the edge of the cliff, he strains to save them, but cannot, he sees Cindy Lou on top of the sleigh because she has come to spend Christmas with him. Motivated to save not just gifts but Cindy's life, the Grinch finds the strength to lift the loaded sleigh and Cindy Lou to safety, they ride the sleigh down the mountain to return the gifts. The Grinch confesses to the burglary and surrenders himself to the police chief; the chief accepts the Grinch's apology, refuses to follow t
Charles Martin Jones was an American animator, cartoonist, author and screenwriter, best known for his work with Warner Bros. Cartoons on the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies shorts, he wrote, and/or directed many classic animated cartoon shorts starring Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner, Pepé Le Pew, Porky Pig, Michigan J. Frog, the Three Bears, a slew of other Warner characters. After his career at Warner Bros. ended in 1962, Jones started Sib Tower 12 Productions, began producing cartoons for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, including a new series of Tom and Jerry shorts and the television adaptation of Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas!. He started his own studio, Chuck Jones Enterprises, which created several one-shot specials, periodically worked on Looney Tunes related works. Jones was nominated for an Oscar eight times and won three times, receiving awards for the cartoons For Scent-imental Reasons, So Much for So Little, The Dot and the Line, he received an Honorary Academy Award in 1996 for his work in the animation industry.
Film historian Leonard Maltin has praised Jones' work at Warner Bros. MGM and Chuck Jones Enterprises, he said that the "feud" that there may have been between Jones and colleague Bob Clampett was because they were so different from each other. In Jerry Beck's The 50 Greatest Cartoons, ten of the entries were directed by Jones, with four out of the five top cartoons being Jones shorts. Jones was born on September 21, 1912, in Spokane, the son of Mabel McQuiddy and Charles Adams Jones, he moved with his parents and three siblings to the Los Angeles, California area. In his autobiography, Chuck Amuck, Jones credits his artistic bent to circumstances surrounding his father, an unsuccessful businessman in California in the 1920s, his father, Jones recounts, would start every new business venture by purchasing new stationery and new pencils with the company name on them. When the business failed, his father would turn the huge stacks of useless stationery and pencils over to his children, requiring them to use up all the material as fast as possible.
Armed with an endless supply of high-quality paper and pencils, the children drew constantly. In one art school class, the professor gravely informed the students that they each had 100,000 bad drawings in them that they must first get past before they could draw anything worthwhile. Jones recounted years that this pronouncement came as a great relief to him, as he was well past the 200,000 mark, having used up all that stationery. Jones and several of his siblings went on to artistic careers. During his artistic education, he worked part-time as a janitor. After graduating from Chouinard Art Institute, Jones got a phone call from a friend named Fred Kopietz, hired by the Ub Iwerks studio and offered him a job, he worked his way up starting as a cel washer. I went on to take animator's drawings and traced them onto the celluloid. I became what they call an in-betweener, the guy that does the drawing between the drawings the animator makes". While at Iwerks, he met a cel painter named Dorothy Webster, who became his first wife.
Jones joined Leon Schlesinger Productions, the independent studio that produced Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies for Warner Bros. in 1933 as an assistant animator. In 1935, he was promoted to animator, assigned to work with new Schlesinger director Tex Avery. There was no room for the new Avery unit in Schlesinger's small studio, so Avery and fellow animators Bob Clampett, Virgil Ross, Sid Sutherland were moved into a small adjacent building they dubbed "Termite Terrace"; when Clampett was promoted to director in 1937, Jones was assigned to his unit. Jones became a director himself in 1938; the following year Jones created his first major character, Sniffles, a cute Disney-style mouse, who went on to star in twelve Warner Bros. cartoons. He was involved in efforts to unionize the staff of Leon Schlesinger Studios, he was responsible for recruiting animators, layout men, background people. All animators joined, in reaction to salary cuts imposed by Leon Schlesinger; the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio had signed a union contract, encouraging their counterparts under Schlesinger.
In a meeting with his staff, Schlesinger talked for a few minutes turned over the meeting to his attorney. His insulting manner had a unifying effect on the staff. Jones gave a pep talk at the union headquarters; as negotiations broke down, the staff decided to go on strike. Schlesinger locked them out before agreeing to sign the contract. A Labor Management Committee was formed and Jones served as a moderator; because of his role as a supervisor in the studio, he could not himself join the union. Jones created many of his lesser-known characters during this period, including Charlie Dog and Bertie, The Three Bears. During World War II, Jones worked with Theodor Geisel, better known as Dr. Seuss, to create the Private Snafu series of Army educational cartoons. Jones collaborated with Seuss on animated adaptations of Seuss' books, including How the Grinch Stole Christmas! in 1966. Jones directed such shorts as The Weakly Reporter, a 1944 short that related to shortag