Cinema of Hong Kong
The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, the cinema of Taiwan. As a former British colony, Hong Kong had a greater degree of political and economic freedom than mainland China and Taiwan, developed into a filmmaking hub for the Chinese-speaking world. For decades, Hong Kong was the third largest motion picture industry in the world and the second largest exporter. Despite an industry crisis starting in the mid-1990s and Hong Kong's return to Chinese sovereignty in July 1997, Hong Kong film has retained much of its distinctive identity and continues to play a prominent part on the world cinema stage. In the West, Hong Kong's vigorous pop cinema has long had a strong cult following, now arguably a part of the cultural mainstream available and imitated. Economically, the film industry together with the value added of cultural and creative industries represents 5 per cent of Hong Kong's economy. Unlike many film industries, Hong Kong has enjoyed little or no direct government support, through either subsidies or import quotas.
It is a commercial cinema: corporate, concentrating on crowd-pleasing genres like comedy and action, relying on formulas and remakes. Hong Kong film derives a number of elements from Hollywood, such as certain genre parameters, a "thrill-a-minute" philosophy and fast pacing and film editing, but the borrowings are filtered through elements from traditional Chinese drama and art a penchant for stylisation and a disregard for Western standards of realism. This, combined with a fast and loose approach to the filmmaking process, contributes to the energy and surreal imagination that foreign audiences note in Hong Kong cinema. In 2010, the box office gross in Hong Kong was HK$1.339 billion and in 2011 it was HK$1.379 billion. There were 56 Hong Kong films and 220 foreign films released in 2011. In 2017, the box office gross was HK$1.85 billion compared with HK$1.95 billion in 2016. 331 films were released in 2017, dropped from 348 the year before. According to McDonald, a star system emerged in Hollywood as talent scouts and publicists were involved with finding performers and making them into stars.
In the vertically integrated Hollywood film industry of the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, these responsibilities were all undertaken by the studios themselves. The studios made the stars and, due to notoriously restrictive terms imposed by exclusive services contracts, the studios owned the stars; as is common in commercial cinema, the industry's heart is a developed star system. In earlier days, beloved performers from the Chinese opera stage brought their audiences with them to the screen. For the past three or four decades, television has been a major launching pad for movie stardom, through acting courses and watched drama and variety series offered by the two major stations. More important is the overlap with the Cantonese pop music industry. Many, if not most, movie stars have recording sidelines, vice versa. In the current commercially troubled climate, the casting of young Cantopop idols to attract the all-important youth audience is endemic. In the small and knit industry, actors are kept busy.
During previous boom periods, the number of movies made by a successful figure in a single year could reach double digits. Films are low-budget when compared with American films. A major release with a big star, aimed at "hit" status, will cost around US$5 million. A low-budget feature can go well below US$1 million. Occasional blockbuster projects by the biggest stars or international co-productions aimed at the global market, can go as high as US$20 million or more, but these are rare exceptions. Hong Kong productions can achieve a level of gloss and lavishness greater than these numbers might suggest, given factors such as lower wages and value of the Hong Kong dollar. Films in the Cantonese language have been made in Hong Kong since the beginning. In the 1950s, it became a center of Mandarin language film making after the Communist takeover in mainland China and the entertainment industry shifted from Shanghai to Hong Kong. From the 1960s to mid-1970s, Mandarin film productions became dominant those made by the Shaw Brothers studio in Hong Kong.
There was a short-lived period whereby Hokkien films were produced in Hong Kong, there were films made in the Teochew dialect. Cantonese films made a comeback in the 1970s, since the 1980s, films have been made in Cantonese. For decades, films were shot silent, with dialogue and all other sound dubbed afterwards. In the hectic and low-budget industry, this method was faster and more cost-efficient than recording live sound when using performers from different dialect regions. Many busy stars would not record their own dialogue, but would be dubbed by a lesser-known performer. Shooting without sound contributed to an improvisatory filmmaking approach. Movies went into production without finished scripts, with scenes and dialogue concocted on the
Drive Angry is a 2011 American fantasy action film starring Nicolas Cage and Amber Heard, directed by Patrick Lussier. It was released on February 25, 2011. Shot in 3-D, the film was met with a mixed reception and grossed $29 million. John Milton is an undead criminal who has escaped Hell and stolen Satan's gun, labeled the Godkiller, to kill Jonah King, a cult leader who tricked Milton's daughter into joining his followers in the wake of Milton's death ten years prior, only to kill her and her husband and steal their infant daughter to be sacrificed in a Satanist ritual. King believes. After interrogating and murdering some of King's followers, Milton discovers that the ritual will take place in Stillwater, an abandoned prison in Louisiana, he stops by a diner, where he meets Piper, a waitress. Milton's car is damaged in the pursuit, so he sabotages Piper's car, a 1969 blue Dodge Charger R/T 440 and follows her to fix it in exchange for a ride on the way to Stillwater to find King. Entering her room, Piper walks in on her boyfriend, having sex with another woman.
Piper beats assaults Frank, getting knocked to the ground. Milton, in a phone booth nearby, hears the commotion and comes to Piper's aid, kicking Frank in the face as he is about to continue assaulting Piper, punching Frank repeatedly. Milton steals his car. Meanwhile, a supernatural operative of Satan, The Accountant, arrives on Earth with the mission to bring Milton back to Hell and take the gun back. After interrogating Frank, he discovers that Milton and Piper are heading to Louisiana, murders Frank with a bat before tricking a pair of state troopers into helping him by impersonating an FBI agent. At a shady hotel, Milton is attacked by King and his men, who heard about his return, but he kills most of them; the Accountant appears with the police and chases after Milton and Piper, who are chasing after King's van. Milton uses the Godkiller to shoot the Accountant out of the road, they follow King to a church, only to find it filled with King's followers. They are captured. Piper is kidnapped and Milton is shot in the eye and left for dead, but he awakens and kills King's men before pursuing the RV once again.
Inside, Piper breaks free and fights King before jumping out onto Milton's car. King disables the car by shooting its engine. Milton and Piper meet Milton's friend Webster, who provides them a new car, a 1971 red Chevrolet Chevelle SS. Piper discovers that Milton is undead and had to abandon his daughter to protect her from his former companions, why she was so manipulated by King. Webster reveals that Milton died 10 years prior in a shootout, that Webster carried his coffin, she discovers that the Godkiller was stolen by Milton from Satan and has the power to destroy one's soul, preventing it from going to either Heaven or Hell. Meanwhile, one of King's men who survived Milton's attack is found by the Accountant who questions their connection to Milton, the man tells the Accountant that Milton is chasing them and why. After arming himself, Milton tells Piper that he cannot guarantee her safety and that she should leave, but she assures him that she has never had a worthy cause to fight for until now, that she is with him regardless of the consequences.
Milton tells Webster to stay behind, not wishing him to die. With the help of the Accountant, they evade the troops of Sheriff Cap and arrive at Stillwater; the Accountant captures Piper and forces Milton to give up the Godkiller before he can engage King, but he allows Milton to go into battle against King and his followers to save his granddaughter, noting that Satan is more of a well-educated, calm warden of a large prison, rather than the face of evil, that he despises the sacrifices of innocent lives in his name. While Milton slaughters King's men before they can sacrifice the child, Piper escapes The Accountant's clutches with the Godkiller. King gets the upper hand on Milton and savagely beats him. Piper fires the Godkiller at King, but hits one of his few surviving men instead, she is knocked out by the gun's recoil. King orders one of his female servants to murder the child. However, the woman, caring for the baby since King stole her, finds herself unable to carry out the deed, making King angry.
The Accountant attracts King's attention, allowing Milton to grab the Godkiller and shoot King, destroying his soul. The Accountant allows Milton to say goodbye to her. Milton gives her to Piper, who promises to protect her. Webster arrives and looks on as Milton "dies". After both Piper and Webster have left, Milton is revealed to still not be dead and with the Accountant. Following this, Milton makes good on his earlier promise to Webster, nonchalantly drinks a beer out of what is left of King's skull, he agrees to go back to Hell, but warns that if he is punished too for his actions, he will escape again. The Accountant claims that he looks forward to it, insinuating that chasing Milton is the most fun he has had, before he wiggles his keys and manifests a black 1957 Chevrolet Bel Air, he throws the keys to Milton. Nicolas Cage as Milton, he died 10 years prior to the events of the movie, he returned from Hell to save his granddaughter. He managed to steal the Godkiller, in order to delay the Accountant.
He describes Hell as a terrible place.
Chillerama is a 2011 horror comedy anthology film consisting of four stories that take place at a drive-in theater playing monster movies. Each segment is a homage to a different style; the first was directed and written by Adam Rifkin spoofing 1950s monster movies. The second segment is "I Was a Teenage Werebear" and was directed and written by Tim Sullivan which parodies Rebel Without a Cause and The Twilight Saga and is set in 1962; the third is called "The Diary of Anne Frankenstein" and was directed and written by Adam Green and spoofs Frankenstein and The Diary of Anne Frank. The last segment is "Zom-B-Movie", a spoof of zombie films, was directed and written by Joe Lynch. Tying each segment of the anthology together is a framing story: a worker for the theater, in a drunken state, digs up his deceased wife's body and attempts oral sex on it, only for her to turn into a zombie and bite his genitals, causing him to turn into a zombie between segments as he is working. Filming took place in late 2010 and was released at Fantasy Filmfest on August 22, 2011.
On September 29, 2011, it was released to video on demand and on DVD and Blu-ray on November 29, 2011. Adam Rifkin and Tim Sullivan met while working on Detroit Rock City and discovered they shared a mutual love of horror and drive-in b-movies, so they began developing an idea to make an anthology called Famous Monsters of Filmland, loosely based on the magazine they'd grown up reading, with each short dedicated to a different era in film. First they came up with names and mock-up posters for each of the mini-features: The Diary of Anne Frankenstein, I Was a Teenage Vampire Zombie Drive-In and Werewolf of Alcatraz. A deal with Famous Monsters magazine fell through, so it was pitched as a weekly MTV series to be hosted by KISS frontman Gene Simmons, but reality television was beginning to dominate American airwaves, so the project was shelved. A few years Rifkin and Sullivan met with directors Adam Green and Joe Lynch at Rainbow Bar and Grill, the idea resurfaced. Soon the quartet decided to make Chillerama as an independently produced film, with Green's studio, Ariescope Pictures, serving as the headquarters of operations.'Due to estimated budgetary constraints, Werewolf of Alcatraz was dropped and replaced with Wadzilla.
"Wadzilla" is a spoof on 1950s monster movies and is about "a guy that goes to get his sperm count raised, it creates one big sperm that attacks New York City". Adam Rifkin as Miles Munson Sarah Mutch as Louise Owen Benjamin as Larry Ray Wise as Dr. Weems Eric Roberts as General Bukkake Miles Dougal as Hobo Lin Shaye as Baglady It was directed and written by Adam Rifkin, who stars in the film. Special effects were done by The Chiodo Brothers. "I Was a Teenage Werebear" is a musical and a spoof of Rebel Without a Cause, The Lost Boys, The Twilight Saga. It is set in 1962 and is about a "closeted kid who meets these other closeted kids, who when aroused turn into leather daddy werebears". Sean Paul Lockhart as Ricky Anton Troy as Talon Gabby West as Peggy Lou Adam Robitel as Butch Lin Shaye as Nurse Maleva Ron Jeremy as Playbear Tim Sullivan as Coach Tuffman Thomas C. Colby-Dog as the Head Wearbear It was written by Tim Sullivan. Sullivan, gay, included some gay culture in the segment; the word bear is slang for "big hairy burly men" in the gay community.
It includes roll songs performed by the actors. Casting was difficult as straight actors declined the role and many gay actors were not allowed to do the role by their representatives. Former porn star Sean Paul Lockhart was cast as the lead role. On November 5, 2010, a scene was filmed on the beach of Sycamore Cove near Malibu. Robert Pendergraft provided the practical effects. All tracks written by Tim Patrick Copeland except where otherwise noted. In February 2012, writer/director Tim Sullivan began selling copies of the CD soundtrack for I Was a Teenage Werebear on eBay, as a bonus he included an autographed 8x10 still of star Sean Paul Lockhart clad in a pair of red briefs. After a few of the auctions had ended, eBay pulled down the listing and canceled all finalized orders of the album and 8x10. Sullivan thought it was a mistake, but when he spoke to people in eBay’s safety & trust department, he was told that the auction included a photo of a man with "engorged genitalia" which they deemed "sexually and morally offensive."
The exact same photo appeared on the cover of the May 2011 issue of Odyssey magazine which has sold on eBay without incident, thus led Sullivan to believe he was being discriminated against because his auction's accompanying text emphasized the gay content of the production. Sullivan was told that he could re-list the auction, but only in the adults-only section of the site that features pornographic material. After two failed appeals to reinstate the auction in the regular site, eBay told him that he couldn't relist it at all without the offending photo. Rather than wasting more time and risk further jeopardizing his eBay seller feedback rating, Sullivan decided to give up and just sell the album and 8x10 directly from his Facebook page, instructing buyers to send him an email with the header: "Fuck yes, I wanna be sexually and morally offended!" On September 20, 2012, writer/director Tim Sullivan began selling a stand-alone DVD of his segment, I Was a Teenage Werebear through his Facebook page.
Titled Uncut & Hairy Ult
Hollywood Boulevard is a major east–west street in Los Angeles, California. It begins in the west as a winding residential street at Sunset Plaza Drive in the Hollywood Hills West district. After crossing Laurel Canyon Boulevard, it proceeds due east as a major thoroughfare through Hollywood, Little Armenia and Thai Town to Vermont Avenue, it runs southeast to its eastern terminus at Sunset Boulevard in the Los Feliz district. Parts of the boulevard are popular tourist destinations the fifteen blocks between La Brea Avenue east to Gower Street where the Hollywood Walk of Fame is located. Hollywood boulevard was named Prospect Avenue until 1910, when the town of Hollywood, created by H. J. Whitley, was annexed by the neighboring City of Los Angeles. After annexation, the street numbers changed from 100 Prospect Avenue, at Vermont Avenue, to 6400 Hollywood Boulevard. In the early 1920s, real estate developer Charles E. Toberman envisioned a thriving Hollywood theatre district. Toberman was involved in 36 projects while building the Max Factor Building, Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel and the Hollywood Masonic Temple.
With Sid Grauman, he opened the three themed theatres: Egyptian, El Capitan, Chinese. In 1946, Gene Autry, while riding his horse in the Hollywood Christmas Parade — which passes down Hollywood Boulevard each year on the Sunday after Thanksgiving — heard young parade watchers yelling, "Here comes Santa Claus, here comes Santa Claus!" and was inspired to write "Here Comes Santa Claus" with Oakley Haldeman. In 1958, the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which runs from La Brea Avenue east to Gower Street, was created as a tribute to artists working in the entertainment industry. In 1985, a portion of Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood was listed in the National Register of Historic Places as part of the "Hollywood Boulevard Commercial and Entertainment District". In 1992, the street was paved with glittery asphalt between La Brea Boulevard; the El Capitan Theatre was refurbished in 1991 damaged in the 1994 Northridge earthquake. The full El Capitan building was restored and upgraded in December 1997; the Hollywood Entertainment District, a self-taxing business improvement district, was formed for the properties from La Brea to McCadden on the boulevard.
The Hollywood extension of the Metro Red Line subway was opened in June 1999, running from Downtown Los Angeles to the San Fernando Valley. Stops on Hollywood Boulevard are located at Western Avenue, Vine Street, Highland Avenue. Metro Local lines 180, 181, 217, Metro Rapid line 780 serve Hollywood Boulevard. An anti-cruising ordinance prohibits driving on parts of the boulevard more than twice in four hours. Beginning in 1995 Los Angeles City Council member Jackie Goldberg initiated efforts to clean up Hollywood Boulevard and reverse its decades-long slide into disrepute. Central to these efforts was the construction of the Hollywood and Highland Center and adjacent Dolby Theatre in 2001. In early 2006, the city made revamping plans on Hollywood Boulevard for future tourists; the three-part plan was to exchange the original streetlights with red stars into two-headed old-fashioned streetlights, put in new palm trees, put in new stoplights. The renovations were completed in late 2006. In the few years leading up to 2007, more than $2 billion was spent on projects in the neighborhood, including mixed-use retail and apartment complexes and new schools and museums.
Advocates promote the idea of closing Hollywood Boulevard to traffic and create a Pedestrian zone from La Brea Avenue to Highland Avenue citing an increase in tourism, movie premier and award shows show closures, including 10 days for the Academy Award ceremony at the Dolby Theater. Similar to Third Street Promenade, Fremont Street or similar to some street closures in Times Squares Pedestrian Plaza's created in 2015. A popular event that takes place on the Boulevard is the complete transformation of the street to a Christmas theme. Shops and department stores attract customers by lighting their stores and the entire street with decorated Christmas trees and Christmas lights; the street becomes "Santa Claus Lane." List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood Hollywood Chamber of Commerce
Gaslamp Quarter, San Diego
The Gaslamp Quarter is a district of San Diego, California. It is a 16½ block historical neighborhood in Downtown San Diego, is the site of several entertainment and night life venues, as well as scheduled events and festivals, including Mardi Gras in the Gaslamp, Street Scene Music Festival, Taste of Gaslamp and ShamROCK, a St. Patrick's Day event. Petco Park, home of the San Diego Padres is located one block away in downtown San Diego's East Village; the area is listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places as Gaslamp Quarter Historic District. Its main period of development began in 1867, when Alonzo Horton bought the land in hopes of creating a new city center closer to the bay, chose 5th Avenue as its main street. After a period of urban decay, the neighborhood underwent urban renewal in the 1990s; the Gaslamp Quarter extends from Broadway to Harbor Drive, from 4th to 6th Avenue, covering 16½ blocks. It includes 94 historic buildings, most of which were constructed in the Victorian Era, are still in use with active tenants including restaurants and nightclubs.
"Gaslamp District" is the more used name of the neighborhood by local San Diegans, while "Gaslamp Quarter", despite being on the entryway arch and all official city signage and banners, is used by locals. The use of "Gaslamp District" is so pervasive by locals that it has become a shibboleth to determine, a local San Diegan and, a tourist; when development of the area began in the 1860s, the area known as the Gaslamp Quarter was known as New Town, in contrast to Old Town, the original Spanish colonial settlement of San Diego. Though Gaslamps were not the main source of lighting in the district, it was chosen as the symbol for the "Gaslamp Quarter" during the redevelopment and preservation efforts that occurred during the 1980s. In actuality, the main source of lighting was arc lighting. Four new gaslamps have been installed at the intersection of 5th Avenue. 1850: William Heath Davis bought 160 acres in what would become the Gaslamp Quarter. Despite heavy investment from Davis, little development happened in this period.
1867: Real estate developer Alonzo Horton arrived in San Diego and purchased 800 acres of land in New Town for $265. Major development began in the Gaslamp Quarter.1880s to 1900s: Known as the Stingaree, the area was home to many saloons, gambling halls, bordellos. 1950s-1970s: The decaying Gaslamp Quarter became known as a "Sailor's Entertainment" district, with a high concentration of pornographic theaters and massage parlors. 1970: Public interest in preserving buildings downtown started in Gaslamp Quarter. 1976: The city adopted the Gaslamp Quarter Urban Design and Development Manual, aimed at preserving buildings in the area, the redevelopment of Gaslamp Quarter as a national historic district. 1982: Gaslamp Quarter became the major focus of the redevelopments in downtown by the city of San Diego. List of Gaslamp Quarter historic buildings U. S. Grant Hotel Gaslamp Quarter Association Gaslamp Quarter Historical Foundation Centre City Development Corporation Information about Gaslamp Quarter Happenings Information about Gaslamp Neighborhood
Sign Gene is a 2017 superhero film written and directed by Emilio Insolera. The story revolves around a deaf agent, Tom Clerc, from New York City, a carrier of a powerful genetic mutation, he is sent to Japan with his colleague, Ken Wong, to investigate crimes believed to have been committed by Japanese deaf mutants. The film's characters, both villains and agent, use sign language as their superhuman powers; the film stars Carola Insolera, Ben Bahan, Hiroshi Vava, Humberto Insolera, Noboru Kuragawa. The film makes several references to deaf history and sign language linguistics. Six languages are spoken and signed in the film: English, Italian, American Sign Language, Japanese Sign Language, Italian Sign Language. Tom Clerc is a deaf secret agent, he is a descendant of Laurent Clerc, considered the Father of the Deaf in America. In the film Laurent Clerc brought sign language to the United States two centuries earlier. Tom is a carrier of the powerful Sign Gene mutation. However, he lost a significant portion of his powers during a battle with Jux Clerc.
Jux Clerc is Tom's brother and the leader of the group 188.8.131.52, an evil organization dedicated to exterminating Sign Gene mutants. Hugh Denison is the head of the Q. I. A. an agency composed of selected agents with Sign Gene mutation. Denison sends his colleague Ken Wong to Osaka, Japan; the pair end up fighting a Japanese gang led by Tatsumi Fuwa. During their encounters with the gang and Clerc learn that they can only win the conflict by conforming to the Japanese way. Along with his journey, Tom Clerc learns. Emilio Insolera as Tom Clerc, mutant with superhuman powers, descendant of Laurent Clerc. Carola Insolera as Kate Massieu, descendant of Jean Massieu, pioneering deaf educator. Ben Bahan as Hugh Denison, head of the QuinPar Intelligence Agency and descendant of James Denison. Humberto Insolera as Jux Clerc, the face of the 184.108.40.206.. The name of the organization makes reference to the Milan Conference in 1880. Hiroshi Vava as Tatsumi Fuwa, boss of a Japanese gang. Danny Gong as Ken Wong, Tom Clerc's colleague at the QuinPar Intelligence Agency.
Noboru Kurakawa as Tatsumi Fuwa's personal bodyguard Sign Gene is a genetic mutation present in only 29 out of the 300 genes responsible for causing the deafness. All deaf mutants who are carriers of this genetic mutation turn out to be superheroes with the ability to create superpowers through the use of Sign language, they are blessed with arcane powers such as being able to make doors close by signing the word'close', or having their hands metamorphose into weapons which can spew fire by signing the word'weapon.' Sign Gene was shot in Japan, the United States, Italy. Starting out as a short film, it garnered a groundswell of interest which led Insolera to believe the film had a chance of a larger production and attracting a bigger audience, he rewrote the script into a feature-length film. Casting opportunities were advertised by of word of mouth. Insolera was interested in actors who were native signers fluent in sign language; the film is designed with a Quentin Tarantino and Robert Rodriguez's Grindhouse touché.
Sign Gene makes several coded references to deaf history, deaf culture, sign language linguistics. Q. I. A. Stands for QuinPar Intelligence Agency, QuinPar refers to the five parameters, the phonological components in sign language linguistics that form signs: handshape, location and non-manual signals. Agent Tom Clerc shares the surname of a famous figure in deaf history, Laurent Clerc, a deaf educator who brought sign language to the U. S, and 220.127.116.11. is a reference to the Second International Congress on Deaf Education, which took place in Milan, Italy, in 1880. It was there that educators codified their recommendation to eliminate sign language from deaf education”. Figures such as Alexander Graham Bell and Jean Massieu are present in the film as well; the film had its world premiere on September 8, 2017, in Milan and was released in theaters by the UCI Cinemas on September 14, 2017. It had its U. S. release on April 13, 2018 and release in Japan on September 14th, 2018. Sign Gene received positive reviews from critics.
Michael Rechtshaffen of the Los Angeles Times, described the movie as one with a, "fresh, unique filmmaking voice" and a “fast-paced potpourri of stock footage combined with sign-language and stroboscopic action sequences performed by a deaf cast, video effects simulating grainy, scratchy film stock and that aforementioned all-enveloping sound mix, with an end result that proves as wildly inventive as it is empowering." The Italian newspaper, declared the film will likely please the younger generation, who are "accustomed to the rapid and psychedelic language of Japanese video games or cartoons". Writing for ASVOFF, Giorgia Cantarini said; the sounds create an unexpected important part, sometimes overwhelming, watching. All happens fast and astonishes you with a vibrant energy." Michela Trigari of Corriere della Sera, called Sign Gene an "experimental film" that uses science fiction as a medium to capture the imagination and "make visible what is invisible to the eyes."Emilio Insolera appeared on the cover of Tokyo Weekender’s November 2018 issue taken by worldwide known photographer Leslie Kee and in thirteen full pages fashion story on Vanity Fair Italia's January 2019 number 5 with Carola Insolera taken by Rosi Di Stefano.
List of films featuring the deaf and hard of hearing Official website Sign Gene on IMDb Sign Gene