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Groningen (province)

Groningen is the northeasternmost province of the Netherlands. It borders on Friesland to the west, Drenthe to the south, the German state of Lower Saxony to the east, the Wadden Sea to the north; as of November 2019, Groningen had a population of 585,881 and a total area of 2,960 km2. The area was subsequently part of Frisia, the Frankish Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, the Dutch Republic, the precursor state of the Netherlands. In the 14th century, the city of Groningen became a member of the Hanseatic League; the provincial capital and the largest city in the province is the city of Groningen. Since 2016, René Paas has been the King's Commissioner in the province. A coalition of the Labour Party, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Democrats 66, ChristianUnion forms the executive branch; the province is divided into 23 municipalities. The land is used for agriculture. There are seaports in Eemshaven; the Groningen gas field was discovered in 1959. The province is home to Hanze University of Applied Sciences.

Groningen was a part of Frisia. It became a part of the Frankish Empire around 785. Charlemagne assigned the Christianization of this new possession to Ludger. In the 11th century, the city of Groningen was a village in Drenthe that belonged to the Bishopric of Utrecht, while most of the province was in the Prince-Bishopric of Münster. During the Middle Ages, central control was remote, the city of Groningen acted as a city-state, exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. In the 14th century, Groningen became one of the towns within the Hanseatic League. In the years after, Groningen expanded its influence. At its peak all of the current province Friesland was under the influence and control of Groningen. Shortly before 1498, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor gave Groningen and Friesland to Albert III, Duke of Saxony, who could however not establish permanent control. In 1514/15 Groningen came to the Duchy of Guelders, in 1536 as the Lordship of Groningen to the Habsburg Netherlands.

In 1594, Groningen was conquered from the Spanish by the Republic of the Seven United Provinces, precursor state of the Netherlands, to which it belonged henceforth. During World War II, the Netherlands were occupied by Nazi Germany. In April 1945, the 2nd Canadian Division fought in the Battle of Groningen, which resulted in the liberation of the city and in the death of 130, the capture of 5,212, the fleeing of 2,000 German soldiers. In May 1945, another 3,000 German soldiers were captured in the Battle of Delfzijl by the 5th Canadian Division, after which all of the northern provinces were liberated. East Groningen was the scene of a fierce class struggle in the 19th and 20th centuries. Not coincidentally, Groningen boasts the only municipality where the Communist Party of the Netherlands has had a mayor. Groningen is situated at 53°15′N 6°44′E in the northeast of the Netherlands. To the west is the province Friesland, to the south is the province Drenthe, to the east the German districts are Leer and Emsland in the state Lower Saxony, to the north the North Sea and Dollart.

The northernmost point of the Netherlands is on Rottumerplaat at 53°33′18″N 6°28′41″E. Groningen is the 7th largest province of the Netherlands, it has a total area of 2,960 km2, with 2,325 km2 of 635 km2 of water. About 80% of the land or 1,876 km2 is used for agriculture; the rest of the land is: 9% or 158 km2 of built-up or semi built-up area, 6% or 144 km2 of nature, 3% or 66 km2 of infrastructure, 2% or 43 km2 of recreational area. The land in Groningen is flat. A large area of the province is below sea level; the Hasseberg near Sellingen of 14.6 m above sea level is the highest point. The Groningen gas field near Slochteren is the 8th largest natural gas field in the world. Since 1986, the exploitation of this gas field has caused earthquakes in the region with magnitudes up to 3.6. In the Wadden Sea of Groningen, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2009, are the sandbank Simonszand and the natural reserve Rottum consisting of the three uninhabited islands Rottumeroog and Zuiderduintjes; the national park Lauwersmeer is located on the border between Friesland.

The province of Groningen is called Stad en Ommelanden, which means the city of Groningen and its surrounding lands, which are the historical regions of Fivelingo, Oldambt and Westerwolde. The province is divided into three COROP regions: East Groningen and surroundings, the rest of Groningen; the COROP regions are used for statistical purposes. The province is divided into 20 municipalities with each their own local government. Groningen is the most populated and most densely populated municipality, containing the largest city, Eemsmond is the largest municipality, containing a large part of the Wadden Sea in the province. Ten Boer is the least populated, De Marne is the least densely populated, Appingedam is the smallest municipality; the nine municipalities, Groningen, Hoogezand-Sappemeer, Slochteren, Ten Boer and Zuidhorn, are part of the interprovincial Groningen-Assen Region and the seventeen municipalities, Bellingwedde, Eemsmond, Grootegast, Hoogezand-Sappemeer, Menterwolde, Oldambt, P


The Bundesjugendspiele are an annual sports event that takes place at German schools and German international schools. They are obligatory for all students; the participating students are expected to achieve the best possible performances in specific disciplines, like athletics or gymnastics. In athletics a combination consisting of the disciplines ball-throwing and long jump is performed; the performances achieved are rated with points. If the participant achieves a specific minimum score, they are given a simple certificate. Above a certain higher score they receive an'honorary certificate', which bear the signature of the Federal President. Since 1991, all other students, who have neither received a'certificate of achievement' nor an'honorary certificate', get a'certificate of participation'; the Bundesjugendspiele were inspired by the sports official and sports scientist Carl Diem, who initiated the German Sports Badge and the Olympic torch relay, founded the German Sport University Cologne.

At the same time he engaged in propaganda actions during the time of Nazi Germany and used sports for National Socialist actions. The precursor of the Bundesjugendspiele were the Reichsjugendwettkämpfe, which took place for the first time in 1920; the event was first announced by the Federal Ministry of the Interior by the Federal Ministry for Youth and Health of Students between 8 and 19 years. Since 2001 there are nine Bundesjugendspiele that are advertised as individual competitions in apparatus gymnastics and swimming; the National Paralympic Committee Germany and the Deutsche Behindertensportjugend have, in collaboration with the committee for the Bundesjugendspiele and the commission of sports in the KMK, developed a programme for the participation of students with disabilities. In July 2015 a petition was started on with the aim of abolishing the Bundesjugendspiele. Within a few days several thousand signatures were collected in favor of the abolition. Reports about this petition triggered a debate about the Bundesjugendspiele.

In July 2015 another petition was started on with the aim of maintaining the Bundesjugendspiele. This petition gained several thousand supporters in a short time; the proponents of the Bundesjugendspiele argue that the basic movements involved in athletics belong to something, earlier called the classical canon of education. Exercise is said to be crucial for the development of cognitive abilities and the aspect of performance comparison is an inherent side effect of sports. Furthermore, the fact that others are better in some areas is said to be an important experience, they argue that dealing with failure is an important part of learning. Not least within the scope of school education, there is a comparison of individual performance through grading in other subjects, too. Critics of the Bundesjugendspiele point out that through a confirmation of bad performance in written form physically weaker students are demotivated rather than motivated to do sports; the point of the sports is not the competitive character but the physical fitness paired with shared joy.

People criticize the obligatory participation, because in other branches like reading or singing there are no obligatory competitions. With this obligation physically weaker students are put under pressure. Moreover, there is no basis for the distinction between the genders just before puberty, because no fundamental differences in performance are present. Beyond that, individual physical requirements are not considered. Handbuch der Bundesjugendspiele Bundesjugendspiele bei netSCHOOL

Hotel Paradiso (film)

Hotel Paradiso is a Metrocolor 1966 film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in Panavision. It was directed by Peter Glenville and based on the play L'Hôtel du libre échange by Maurice Desvallières and Georges Feydeau; the film allowed Alec Guinness to reprise the role he had played in the London West End theatre production of Hotel Paradiso, which opened at the Winter Garden Theatre, Drury Lane, London. On 2 May 1956. Guinness played alongside Martita Hunt, Irene Worth, Frank Pettingell, Kenneth Williams and Billie Whitelaw. Douglas Byng reprised his part from the stage play. Playwright Monsieur Feydeau is staying in the Parisian Hotel Paradiso, he has writer's block. He takes the opportunity to observe his fellow guests: Monsieur Boniface, henpecked by his domineering wife, Marcelle, the beautiful but neglected wife of Henri, a building inspector. Henri is sent to the hotel to investigate rumours of ghosts. However, the hotel is the trysting place of Boniface, who are having an affair. In the'by-the-hour' hotel, there are two husbands and one wife, plus Henri's nephew and Boniface's maid, who are having an affair.

Marcelle and Boniface's affair is compromised. All these events provide Feydeau with the material for his play, which becomes the succès fou of the next season. Alec Guinness as Benedict Boniface Gina Lollobrigida as Marcelle Cotte Robert Morley as Henri Cotte David Battley as George Ann Beach as Victoire Marie Bell as la Grande Antoinette Douglas Byng as Mr. Martin Derek Fowlds as Maxime Eddra Gale as Guest Peter Glenville as the Playwright Robertson Hare as the Duke Darío Moreno as the Turk Peggy Mount as Angelique Boniface Leonard Rossiter as the Inspector Akim Tamiroff as Anniello Hotel Paradiso on IMDb Hotel Paradiso at AllMovie Hotel Paradiso at the TCM Movie Database Hotel Paradiso at the American Film Institute Catalog

Stella Abrera

Stella Abrera is a Filipina-American principal ballerina with American Ballet Theatre, one of the three leading classical ballet companies in the United States. In 2015 she became the company's first Filipina ballerina promoted to rank of principal dancer in ABT's history; the youngest of five children, Abrera was born in Manila. Shortly after her birth, her family moved back to the United States. Abrera began dancing at the age of five at a local school in California. Due to her father's job as a civil engineer, her childhood was spent living all over the world in far-flung locations including Australia, her older siblings lived in Jakarta and São Paulo. In Sydney, she trained in the Royal Academy of Dance method at the Halliday Dance Centre. In 1995, she traveled to London to compete at the Royal Academy of Dance’s Adeline Genée Awards, where she was awarded the Gold medal. There she was seen by Ross Stretton who offered her the opportunity to audition for American Ballet Theatre in New York.

In 1996, Abrera joined ABT at the age of seventeen as an apprentice. She was promoted into the Corps de Ballet three months later, she had an affinity for contemporary ballet and received featured roles in the 19th century classics. According to an interview with the LA Times, Paul Taylor's 1978 lyrical Airs is among her favorites which she danced in 1999. Abrera received a positive critical response from The New York Times dance critic Anna Kisselgoff, stating that Abera “gave each shape a gorgeous fullness.”In 2001, she was promoted to Soloist. Abrera suffered a serious sciatic nerve injury that nearly ended her career in 2008. Over a lengthy two year recovery period, she returned to dancing. Seven years she would debut in Giselle, the same role she was set to perform prior to her back injury. Of that role, Abrera said, "there was some neat poetic justice for me personally. I put all of my soul into that one.” Alastair Macaulay, dance critic for The New York Times, remarked that, "the audience greeted her with the warmth reserved for the most revered ballerinas."

He further noted that "her dancing was luminous, all of it was stylish and heartfelt. Her steps were filled with yearning for him and devotion to dance itself."She was promoted to principal dancer in August 2015, making her the first Filipina-American to reach the rank in ABT's history. This promotion coincided with Misty Copeland's promotion as the first African American woman promoted to Principal in the company's history. Fellow Principal dancer Daniil Simkin captured the moment and shared the news on social media in June 2015. Irina Kolpakova, a senior member of the ABT artistic staff and former Mariinsky Ballet ballerina, coaches Abrera on her more demanding roles. In 2016, she danced leading roles in Alexei Ratmansky's reconstruction of The Sleeping Beauty, Lise in Frederick Ashton's La Fille Mal Gardée. In 2019, ABT announced that Stella Abrera will retire from ABT during the Spring 2020 season, dancing Giselle on June 13, 2020 as her farewell performance, she joined Kaatsbaan as its new artistic director, effective January 1, 2020.

Abrera married former ABT soloist Sascha Radetsky in 2006. Stella Abrera - American Ballet Theatre biography

Church of St John the Baptist, Outwood

The Church of St John the Baptist, Outwood is the parish church of Outwood, England. Part of the Diocese of Southwark, the style of worship is traditional and its Christmas Eve services are an afternoon crib service with candles and midnight mass; this is preceded on a preceding Sunday by a carol service. The clergy serve the parishes Horne as one benefice. ArchitectureThe early medieval style building was designed by William Burges, its tower of 1876 is by W. P. Manning featuring a half-octagonal projection beside one of its two buttresses and near the modest porch; the interior has a simple brick design, whilst the exterior is of knapped stone with a stuccoed tower over brick. The church is a Grade II listed building. J. Mordaunt Crook describes it as "outspoken to the point of bluntness", Nairn comments that it is "honest, but not good". SettingThe church is bounded on three sides by land owned by the National Trust: a farm, common meadow and dense woodland; the church has a vestry housing robes for choir and clergy.

The church has a maintained graveyard surrounding. AmenitiesThe exterior of the church is in local Reigate stone and the interior is brick with timbered beams and an acorn-shaped strip wood ceiling; the interior brick finish is a showcase of Victorian workmanship. The building is supplied with electricity. Outwood is a parish of the Church of England; this area's nearest town is Horley and has a high proportion of farms and cottages on radiating rural roads making it somewhat dispersed. The church is 0.5 miles from the nucleus of the village and faces a junction with the last house of a road leading directly to the village. The current parish was formed on 19 August 1870 from parts of five medieval parishes. Bell ringing is practised on Monday evenings. Christianity portal Diocese of Southwark List of places of worship in Tandridge Crook, J. Mordaunt. William Burges and the High Victorian Dream. John Murray. ISBN 978-0-7195-3822-3. Cherry, Bridget; the Buildings Of England: Surrey. Penguin. ISBN 0 14 071021 3

Henrik Sedin

Henrik Lars Sedin is a Swedish former professional ice hockey centre who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Vancouver Canucks, from 2000–2018. He additionally served as the Canucks' captain from 2010 until his retirement. Born and raised in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden and his identical twin brother Daniel played together throughout their careers. Henrik, a skilled passer, was known as a playmaker. Henrik tallied 240 goals and 830 assists in 1,330 NHL games, ranking him as the Canucks' all-time leading points scorer. Henrik began his career in the Swedish Hockey League with Modo Hockey in 1997 and was co-recipient, with brother Daniel, of the 1999 Golden Puck as Swedish player of the year. Selected third overall—one pick after brother Daniel—by the Canucks in the 1999 NHL Entry Draft, Henrik spent his entire NHL career in Vancouver. After four seasons with the club, he became the Canucks' top-scoring centre in 2005–06, he has since won three Cyrus H. McLean Trophies as the team's leading point-scorer and one Cyclone Taylor Award as the team's most valuable player.

In 2009–10, he won the Hart Memorial Trophy as well as the Art Ross Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player and leading point-scorer, respectively. He was named to the NHL First All-Star Team that year and again in 2010–11, a season that included an appearance in the Stanley Cup Finals, where Vancouver lost to the Boston Bruins in seven games; that summer and Daniel were named co-recipients of the Victoria Scholarship as Swedish athletes of the year. Internationally, Henrik has competed on Sweden's national ice hockey team, he helped Sweden to a gold medal at the 2006 Winter Games in Turin. In five appearances at the IIHF World Championships, he has won bronze medals in 1999 and 2001 and clinched the world title in 2013. At the junior level, he appeared in one World U17 Hockey Challenge, two European Junior and three World Junior Championships. Henrik was born on 26 September 1980 in Örnsköldsvik, six minutes before his identical twin brother, Daniel; the pair have two older brothers and Peter.

Their father, Tommy, is a school vice principal. Henrik began playing organized hockey with Daniel, they did not play on the same line until Daniel switched from centre to wing at the age of 14. Henrik and Daniel attended high school at Nolaskolan Gymnasium in their hometown in Sweden while playing professionally for Modo Hockey. Aged 16, Henrik and Daniel Sedin began their professional careers in 1997–98 with Modo Hockey of the Swedish Hockey League. Henrik recorded five points over 39 games during his rookie season. In his second year with Modo, he improved to 12 goals and 34 points, joint second in team scoring with Samuel Påhlsson, behind Daniel. At the end of the season and Daniel were named co-recipients of the Golden Puck, the Swedish player of the year award; the Sedins were considered top prospects for the 1999 NHL Entry Draft. Rated as the top European prospects, they were expected to be top five selections and expressed a desire to play for the same team, their agent, Mike Barnett, president of international talent agency IMG, presented them with two options to circumvent the usual NHL draft process, allowing them to play together.

The first option was for the pair to enter the 1999 draft and not sign with their respective NHL clubs for two years, allowing them to become unrestricted free agents. This option required that they play junior ice hockey in North America, not their intention. Barnett suggested that either Henrik or Daniel opt out of the 1999 draft, in the hope that the same team that selected the first twin would select the other the following year. On the possibility of the Sedins' playing for separate teams, Vancouver Canucks scout Thomas Gradin commented, "They're good enough to play with anyone, but separately their capacity might decrease by 10 or 15 percent." Henrik and Daniel both entered the 1999 draft expecting to be selected by separate teams. However, then-Canucks general manager Brian Burke possessed the third overall pick and through a series of transactions he obtained the second overall pick, he used these third overall picks to select Daniel and Henrik, respectively. Gradin notified them of the Canucks' intentions five minutes before the draft.

Although then-Tampa Bay Lightning general manager Rick Dudley was ready to make Daniel his first overall choice before opening negotiations, he was convinced by Burke and Barnett that Daniel would not sign unless his brother was on the same team. On 27 July 1999, a month following the draft and Daniel signed three-year contracts with the Canucks; as the contract did not require them to begin playing in Vancouver they announced on 12 August they would return to Sweden to play one more season with Modo. During the 1999–2000 season, Henrik led Modo in scoring with 47 points in 50 games, two points ahead of Daniel; the two brothers played on a line with New York Islanders prospect Mattias Weinhandl. The 2000–01 NHL season was Henrik's first for the Canucks, his debut was the team's first game of the campaign on 5 October 2000, a 6–3 loss to the Philadelphia Flyers. With the game and Daniel became the fourth pair of twins to have played in the NHL. Three days Henrik assisted on Daniel's first career NHL goal in a 5–4 win against the Tampa Bay Lightning.

The goal tied the game at 4 with 1:26 left in regulation. In a 5–2 win