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Gruyère cheese

Gruyère is a hard yellow Swiss cheese that originated in the cantons of Fribourg, Neuchâtel and Berne in Switzerland. It is named after the town of Gruyères. In 2001, Gruyère gained the appellation d'origine contrôlée. Gruyère is sweet but salty, with a flavor that varies with age, it is described as creamy and nutty when young, becoming more assertive and complex as it matures. When aged, it tends to have small cracks that impart a grainy texture. Gruyère cheese is known as one of the finest cheeses for baking, having a distinctive but not overpowering taste. In quiche, Gruyère adds savoriness without overshadowing the other ingredients, it is a good melting cheese suited for fondues, along with Vacherin Fribourgeois and Emmental. It is traditionally used in French onion soup, as well as in croque-monsieur, a classic French toasted ham and cheese sandwich. Gruyère is used in chicken and veal cordon bleu, it is a fine table cheese, when grated, it is used with salads and pastas. It is used, atop le tourin, a type of garlic soup from France, served on dried bread.

White wines, such as Riesling, pair well with Gruyère. Sparkling cider and Bock beer are beverage affinities. To make Gruyère, raw milk is heated to 34 °C in a copper vat, curdled by the addition of liquid rennet; the curd stirred, releasing whey. The curd is cooked at 43 °C, raised to 54 °C; the whey is strained, the curds placed into molds to be pressed. After salting in brine and smearing with bacteria, the cheese is ripened for two months at room temperature on wooden boards, turning every couple of days to ensure moisture distribution. Gruyère can be cured with long curing producing a cheese of intense flavor. In 2001, Gruyère gained the Appellation d'origine contrôlée status. Since the production and the maturation is defined in the Swiss law, all Swiss Gruyère producers must follow these rules. Gruyère-style cheeses are popular in Greece, where the local varieties are known as γραβιέρα; some Greek gruyères come from San Michálē from the island of Syros in the Cyclades, the Naxian varieties, that tend to be milder and more sweet and various graviéras from Crete.

Gruyère-style cheeses are produced in the United States, Wisconsin with the name of Grand Cru, having the largest output, in Bosnia under the name Livanjski sir. An important and the longest part of the production of the Le Gruyere Switzerland AOC is the affinage. According to the AOC, the cellars to mature a Swiss Gruyère must have a climate close to that of a natural cave; this means that the humidity should be between 94% and 98%. If the humidity is lower, the cheese dries out. If the humidity is too high, the cheese becomes smeary and gluey; the temperature of the caves should be between 13 °C and 14 °C. This high temperature is required for excellent quality cheese. Lower quality cheeses result from temperatures between 10 °C and 12 °C; the lower the temperature is, the less the cheese matures, resulting in a texture, harder and more crumbly. Le Gruyère Switzerland AOC has many different varieties, with different aged profiles, an organic version of the cheese is sold. There is a special variety, produced only in summer on the Swiss Alps: the Le Gruyère Switzerland AOC Alpage.

One can distinguish the age profiles of mild/doux and réserve known as surchoix. In Switzerland, other age profiles can be found, including mi-salé, salé, Höhlengereift, but these age profiles are not part of the AOC; the French Le Brouère cheese, made in nearby Vosges, is considered a variant of Gruyère. Le Gruyère Premier Cru is a special variety and matured in the canton of Fribourg and matured for 14 months in humid cellars with a humidity of 95% and a temperature of 13.5 °C. It is the only cheese that has won the title of best cheese of the world at the World Cheese Awards four times: in 1992, 2002, 2005 and 2015. Culinary Heritage of Switzerland – an online encyclopedia List of cheeses – list of cheeses by place of origin Official website of Le Gruyère AOC Gruyère cheese in the online Culinary Heritage of Switzerland database. An article on the history and controversy of Swiss versus French claims to Gruyère cheese

Hope under Dinmore

Hope under Dinmore is a village and civil parish in Herefordshire, England. The village is on the A49 road, 4 miles south of Leominster and 9 miles north of Hereford, on the Welsh Marches railway line; the railway passes under Dinmore Hill through the split-level 1,051-yard long Dinmore Tunnel. The parish had a population in mid-2010 of 343. Most of the population of the village is centred in the housing estate called Cherrybrook Close, but the village extends up two roads. One road leads to Westhope Common; the 15th-century Hampton Court castle lies east of the village. It was the ancestral home of the Earl Coningsby. Dinmore Manor, in a valley south-west of the hill, was founded as a preceptory of the Knights of St John of Jerusalem, it is the private residence of mobile phone tycoon Martin Dawes and no longer open to the general public. Winsley House, in the west of the parish, is a Grade II listed 14th-century farmhouse with additions; the industrial and business park of Marlbrook is within the north-east of the parish, in the neighbouring parish of Newton.

Media related to Hope under Dinmore at Wikimedia Commons

2014 Swedish heat wave

The summer of 2014 in Sweden was unusually warm in the northern parts of the country. July was the warmest month on record in the north-west; the July heat wave started after a week, when Härsnäs in Östergötland County recorded 30.1 °C after hot continental air came into the south of the country. The southerly coastal areas recorded warm nights, with Karlskrona recording a night minimum of 21.6 °C on 9 July. The heat remained stabled and quite normal until the second half of the month, when heat warnings were released by the Meteorological Office; the heat affected all of Sweden, but was abnormally hot in the north. Tropical nights were recorded in the coastal north and by the Atlantic in the south on 22 and 23 July Umeå had its warmest temperature since 1882 with 32.2 °C. The temperature record of nearby islet Holmön was beaten by more than three degrees and topped 30.8 °C on an outlying island north of 63 degrees latitude. Several thunderstorms struck the country in some areas at this time, with the precipitation being unevenly distributed.

67 millimetres fell on the same day in Motala, whilst nearby Linköping only had 4 millimetres of rainfall in all of July – akin to mediterranean climates. The highest figure was 76 millimetres on the same day in Emmaboda in the southern inland areas; the temperatures started to rise to new exceptional levels the final week of July and first week of August. Small islets Storön and Rödkallen on the central Norrland coast had a night minimum at 22.6 °C on 26 July. The intense sunshine and warm winds brought temperatures to 33.9 °C in Hökmarksberget in Skellefteå Municipality the following day, with a marine station going above 32 °C for the first time ever. As seen in this official picture, temperatures were a lot warmer than usual with daily means being above 20 °C in the most southerly areas, with temperatures approaching such means far north. Gloomy mountain areas such as Östersund and Storlien had warm months. Although the temperatures in the mountain ranges topped 23 °C on average, more significant though was that both locations bettered the July sunshine records.

In August the heat wave in the far north got somewhat tempered, but for the first week the heatwave got new proportions in the southern and central parts of Sweden. After a few calm days around 25 °C a high-pressure system originating in the Baltic states came into the eastern parts of the country on 3 August, ensuring new nationwide high temperatures for the heatwave, although not matching the historic all-time highs. Härsnäs once again tied for warmest in the country with 33.9 °C, matching the values from Renbergsvattnet. 4 August was the hottest day of the year and for a few years before when far inland town Falun recorded 35.1 °C, Other areas got affected by thunderstorms moderating temperatures the same day, but Örebro recorded 33.7 °C – the highest temperature in that city for decades, as well as Uppsala setting a new August record with 33.3 °C. The highest overnight low was reached on 3 August on the uninhabitated isolated island of Gotska Sandön with 23.6 °C a mere 0.1 °C below the nationwide all-time record for warmest low.

Following this event, the heat cooled off and August in general was quite normal in terms of temperatures, with plentiful of precipitation. The warm waters surrounding Sweden during the autumn still led to thunderstorms happening as late as early November, something, unusual. Several heat records were broken and the summer was unusually warm by such northerly marine standards. Apart from in neighbouring countries the heatwave was much localised, average temperatures were somewhat neutered by cooler spells interrupting the various intense bursts of heat, as well as the cool nights in Sweden that bring average temperatures down. In a Swedish context this was still a remarkable event, in particular the warm temperatures far north. Small village Kvikkjokk north of the Arctic Circle had a July average high of 25.4 °C and Luleå had a daily mean of 19.5 °C in a coastal location north of the 65th parallel. Sweden's second city Gothenburg tied for the warmest July month on record with a high of 26.2 °C, a low of 16.3 °C and a resulting mean of 21.2 °C.

Gothenburg's mean was the warmest in the country. The all-time record of the 21.9 °C mean for Linköping a 100 years earlier did however stand. A July average low of 17.9 °C was measured at Måseskär off the west coast, where temperatures never fell below 14.4 °C all month. The warm and dry local weather contributed to intense wildfires in Västmanland County in early August that took several weeks to get under proper control. With the heat wave as a contributing factor along with the following mild autumn, 2014 was the warmest year on record in Stockholm and Malmö – the three largest cities in the country; the yearly mean of 10.4 °C in Falsterbo was the highest on record for the official stations mentioned every month in SMHI's data report. Lund recorded an average year high of 13.9 °C. Among other unusual consequenses of the heat wave was that Kiruna had a yearly mean of just above the freezing point, Luleå's mean topping 4 °C for the first time. Skanör med Falsterbo set a new Swedish record for warmest yearly mean with 10.4 °C.

Its marine features rendered less severe daytime heat during the heat wave, but rather warm nights. Daily July means went above 20 °C, but the temperature record and individual monthly record both st

Aladdin's Lantern

Aladdin's Lantern is a 1938 Our Gang short comedy film directed by Gordon Douglas. It was the 171st Our Gang short, released; the gang members are putting on a musical show about his lamp. While Spanky and Darla endeavor to stick to the script, their efforts are undermined by smaller kids Buckwheat and Porky; the ending finds Alfalfa getting his just deserts as his bottom gets burned in front of the audience. As the show fades to black Alfalfa is cooling his burned backside in a washing machine filled with cold water. Darla Hood as Darla Eugene Lee as Porky George McFarland as Spanky / Caliph Carl Switzer as Alfalfa / Aladdin Billie Thomas as Buckwheat Gary Jasgar as Gary Darwood Kaye as Waldo Leonard Landy as Deacon Joe "Corky" Geil as Tap dancing boy Billy Minderhout as Genie George the Monkey as Elmer Gloria Brown, Bobby Callahan, Dix Davis, Tim Davis, Rae-Nell Laskey, Henry Lee, Peggy Lynch, Pricilla Montgomery, Harold Switzer, Marylyn Astor Thorpe, Laura June Williams Aladdin's Lantern was the last episode directed by Gordon Douglas.

It was the first MGM entry produced with George McFarland as Spanky. He returned from loan to other studios. Gordon Douglas left MGM to return to Hal Roach Studios. Our Gang filmography Aladdin's Lantern on IMDb

1983 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré

The 1983 Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré was the 35th edition of the cycle race and was held from 30 May to 6 June 1983. The race finished in Pierrelatte; the race was won by Greg LeMond of the Renault-Elf team. Pascal Simon, the initial winner, tested positive for Micorene and was given a time penalty, which resulted in him being demoted to fourth place. Eleven teams, containing a total of 99 riders, participated in the race: 30 May 1983 — Sallanches, 4.5 km 31 May 1983 — Sallanches to Oyonnax, 186 km 1 June 1983 — Oyonnax to Bourg-en-Bresse, 54 km 1 June 1983 — Bourg-en-Bresse to Le Creusot, 75 km 2 June 1983 — Le Creusot to Firminy, 228 km 3 June 1983 — Voreppe to Lyon, 155 km 4 June 1983 — Voreppe to Briançon, 243 km 5 June 1983 — Gap to Gap, 190 km 6 June 1983 — Carpentras to Montélimar, 93 km 6 June 1983 — Montélimar to Pierrelatte, 33 km Pascal Simon, the original winner of the race, was declassified to fourth place for doping. "Sin Hinault, pero "open"". El Mundo Deportivo. 30 May 1983. P. 39

Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)

"Don't Let the Rain Come Down" was a folk music single, the debut recording by the Serendipity Singers in 1964. The song was based on the English nursery rhyme "There Was a Crooked Man"; the song was first recorded as "Crooked Little House" by Jimmie Rodgers in 1960, on his album At Home with Jimmie Rodgers - An Evening of Folk Songs, on which the songwriting was credited to Ersel Hickey and Ed E. Miller. In 1964, it was recorded by the Serendipity Singers in a calypso music based adaptation and arrangement by the group's musical director Bob Bowers with group members Bryan Sennett and John Madden, it reached #2 on the U. S. Adult Contemporary chart and #6 on the Billboard Hot 100 in May 1964. "Don't Let the Rain Come Down" topped the 17 April 1964 WLS Silver Dollar Survey, in the middle of Beatlemania. It was released on The Serendipity Singers; the single's Philips catalog code was 40175. Reissues of the Serendipity Singers' recording credited Hickey and Miller as the song's writers. In a "My Music, Folk Rewind" video, the group's nine members appear as three groups of three, with each group singing its particular verse.

The song was covered by The Brothers Four on their album More Big Folk Hits.