Guangxi the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, located in South China and bordering Vietnam and the Gulf of Tonkin. A province, Guangxi became an autonomous region in 1958, its current capital is Nanning. Guangxi's location, in mountainous terrain in the far south of China, has placed it on the frontier of Chinese civilization throughout much of China's history; the current name "Guang" means "expanse" and has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in 226 AD. It was given provincial level status during the Yuan dynasty, but into the 20th century it was considered an open, wild territory; the abbreviation of the region is "桂", which comes from the name of the city of Guilin, the provincial capital during both the Ming dynasty and the Qing dynasty. Guangxi contains the largest population of China's ethnic minorities, in particular the Zhuang people who make up 32% of the population. Various regional languages and dialects such as Pinghua, Cantonese and Min are spoken alongside Mandarin Chinese.
"Guǎng" means "expanse" or "vast", has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in AD 226. Guangxi and neighboring Guangdong mean "expanse west" and "expanse east". Together and Guangdong are called Loeng gwong. During the Song dynasty, the Two Guangs were formally separated as Guǎngnán Xīlù and Guǎngnán Dōnglù, which became abbreviated as Guǎngxī Lù and Guǎngdōng Lù. Inhabited by a mixture of tribal groups known to the Chinese as the Baiyue, the region first became part of China during the Qin dynasty. In 214 BC, the Han Chinese general Zhao Tuo claimed most of southern China for Qin Shi Huang before the emperor's death; the ensuing civil war permitted Zhao to establish a separate kingdom at Panyu known as Nanyue. Alternatively submissive to and independent of Han dynasty control, Southern Yue expanded colonization and sinicization under its policy of "Harmonizing and Gathering the Hundred Yue" until its collapse in 111 BC during the southward expansion of the Han dynasty.
The name "Guangxi" can be traced to the "Expansive" or "Wide" province of the Eastern Wu, who controlled southeastern China during the Three Kingdoms period. Guilin formed one of its commanderies. Under the Tang dynasty, the Zhuang moved to support Piluoge's kingdom of Nanzhao in Yunnan, which repulsed imperial armies in 751 and 754. Guangxi was divided into an area of Zhuang ascendancy west of Nanning and an area of Han ascendancy east of Nanning. After the collapse of the Southern Zhao, Liu Yan established the Southern Han in Xingwangfu. Although this state gained minimal control over Guangxi, it was plagued by instability and annexed by the Song dynasty in 971; the name "Guangxi" itself can be traced to the Song, who administered the area as the Guangnanxi Circuit. Harassed by both Song and the Jiaozhi in modern Vietnam, the Zhuang leader Nong Zhigao led a revolt in 1052 for which he is still remembered by the Zhuang people, his independent kingdom was short-lived and the tattooed Song general Di Qing returned Guangxi to China.
The Yuan dynasty established control over Yunnan during its conquest of the Dali Kingdom in 1253 and eliminated the Southern Song following the Battle of Yamen in 1279. Rather than ruling Lingnan as a subject territory or military district, the Mongolians established Guangxi as a proper province; the area nonetheless continued to be unruly, leading the Ming dynasty to employ the different local groups against one another. At the Battle of Big Rattan Gorge between the Zhuang and the Yao in 1465, 20,000 deaths were reported. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, parts of Guangxi were ruled by the powerful Cen clan; the Cen were recognized as tusi or local ruler by the Chinese emperors. The Qing dynasty left the region alone until the imposition of direct rule in 1726, but the 19th century was one of constant unrest. A Yao revolt in 1831 was followed the Jintian Uprising, the beginning of the Taiping Rebellion, in January 1851 and the Da Cheng Rebellion in April 1854; the execution of St. Auguste Chapdelaine by local officials in Guangxi provoked the Second Opium War in 1858 and the legalization of foreign interference in the interior.
Although Louis Brière de l'Isle was unable to invade its depot at Longzhou, the Guangxi Army saw a great deal of action in the 1884 Sino-French War. Ineffective within Vietnam, it was still able to repulse the French from China itself at the Battle of Zhennan Pass on 23 March 1885. Following the Wuchang Uprising, Guangxi seceded from the Qing Empire on 6 November 1911; the Qing governor, Shen Bingdan remained in place, but was subsequently removed by a mutiny commanded by General Lu Rongting. General Lu's Old Guangxi clique overran Hunan and Guangdong as well and helped lead the National Protection War against Yuan Shikai's attempt to re-establish an imperial government. Zhuang loyalty made his Self-Government Army cohesive but reluctant to move far beyond its own provinces. Subsequent feuding with Sun Yat-sen led to defe
Sign In Please is the debut album by the American hard rock band Autograph. Released by RCA Records in 1984, the album featured their signature song, "Turn Up the Radio", their other minor hit, "Send Her to Me", both of which had accompanying videos. "Turn Up the Radio" was featured in a variety of media in the coming decades and is regarded as an'80s metal staple. "Turn Up the Radio" was featured in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City and "All I'm Gonna Take" was featured in Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories. According to lead guitarist Steve Lynch, the album took 30 days to master, he noted that its major hit, "Turn Up the Radio", was recorded at the tail end of the Sign in Please sessions and that RCA didn't find it suitable enough for inclusion. However, after stern insistence, the band was able to get it on the album. Neither party, expected it to gain such critical success that led to the album's gold status in 1985. Steve Plunkett - lead vocals, rhythm guitar Steve Lynch - lead guitar, backing vocals Randy Rand - bass, backing vocals Steven Isham - keyboards, backing vocals Keni Richards - drumsProductionNeil Kernon - producer, mixing Eddie DeLena - engineer, mixing Bernie Grundman - mastering Album
"I Am a Tree" is the second episode in the third season of the American serial drama television series Grey's Anatomy, the 38th episode of the overall series. The episode focuses on Cristina Yang, as her romantic relationship with Preston Burke is tested through the arrival of his parents; the episode is the first to feature Diahann Carroll, who begins a recurring role as Jane Burke, Preston's mother. The installment marked Eric Dane's second appearance in the series and first appearance in the season, despite not being credited; the episode was instrumental in the producers' decision to have Dane promoted to series regular status in the following episode. Further story arcs which provided a particular focus on individual characters include Addison Montgomery-Shepherd facing Derek Shepherd's desire to divorce her, Izzie Stevens coping with Denny Duquette's death and the repercussions of her choice to quit the internship program, Meredith Grey struggling with the choice between Shepherd and Finn Dandridge.
Dealt with was Miranda Bailey attempting to have Stevens rejoin the program, Mark Sloan arriving from New York City in order to resume his romantic relationship with Montgomery, Callie Torres being evacuated from the hospital. The script for the episode was written by executive producer Krista Vernoff, while Jeff Melman served as the director; the installment aired on September 28, 2006, in the United States on the American Broadcasting Company, with 20.93 million viewers tuning in. Ranking second in the time-slot and third for the week, the episode garnered an 8.6 Nielsen rating in the 18–49 demographic, seeing a decrease from the previous episode, which received a 9.0 rating. Critical response of the episode ranged from mixed to negative. Although the episode was fictionally set in Seattle, filming occurred in Los Angeles, California. "I Am a Tree" opens to a voice-over narration from Meredith Grey about impulses, the episode's main theme. Having undergone surgery following the shooting in the season two finale, Preston Burke received an unanticipated visit from his parents, Jane Burke and Donald Burke.
It is revealed that the main reason for their unannounced arrival is meeting Preston's love interest, Cristina Yang. Due to the Burkes' overprotective attitude and strict moral beliefs, Yang fails to impress them, determining a negative outlook on their romantic relationship. Following the exposure of his affair with his former love interest Meredith Grey, Derek Shepherd begins considering and decides on divorcing his wife. Facing the devastating news, Addison Montgomery Shepherd abandons her hospital duties for the day, turning to alcoholism as a means to deal with the depression. Feeling guilty for being the reason her marriage had failed, Montgomery begins questioning her ability to interact with men. Having made up his mind on divorcing Montgomery, Shepherd attempts at becoming romantically involved with Grey once again. Aware of Shepherd's plans, Grey begins to question her feelings for Finn Dandridge, with whom she had began a relationship. Unable to decide between what she wants and what she needs, Grey unwillingly stirs a rivalry between the two men.
Now being unemployed, Izzie Stevens tries to move on after the death of Denny Duquette. Realizing that she is unable to do so, she starts using baking as the way to overcome the grief. Miranda Bailey realizes her decisive role in Duquette's death, begins experiencing strong guilt. Influenced by the recent revelations, Bailey tries to convince Stevens to reenter the internship program, which she had left as a result of her actions leading up to Duquette's death. Stevens chooses to attempt at returning to work at the hospital. Richard Webber learns that Callie Torres is living in the hospital basement, leading to her relocating with George O'Malley in Grey's house, much to the displeasure of his roommates. A teenager patient with a large branch protruding through his abdomen is admitted into the hospital, is revealed to have been thrown into a pile of tree clippings while street luging unprotected; the boy's distressed father Jeffrey Hernandez uses violence in order to make his son realize the danger he has gotten himself into.
Alex Karev is assigned to the patient and unwillingly becomes involved in the case, banning further interaction between the two. Shepherd and Yang treat a patient admitted in the neurosugical service, who has a tumor pressing against his frontal lobe, his condition forces him to verbally express each thought passing his mind, without being able to control it in any way. Realizing her inability to choose between the two men in her romantic background, Grey decides on dating both, therefore attempting to compare their dedication towards her. At the conclusion of the episode, Shepherd visits Montgomery in her hotel room, in order to share his final thoughts on their upcoming divorce, but is shocked at the revelation that she had sex with Mark Sloan. "I Am a Tree" was written by Primetime Emmy Award nominee and series executive producer, Krista Vernoff. Filmmaker and television producer Jeff Melman served as the director, his first such credit since "Blues for Sister Someone" in the second season