Guangzhou known as Canton and romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities. Guangzhou is at the heart of the most-populous built-up metropolitan area in mainland China that extends into the neighboring cities of Foshan, Dongguan and Shenzhen, forming one of the largest urban agglomerations on Earth. Administratively, the city holds sub-provincial status and is one of China's nine National Central Cities. At the end of 2018, the population of the city's expansive administrative area is estimated at 14,904,400 by city authorities, up 3.8% year from the previous year. Guangzhou is ranked as an Alpha global city. There is a increasing number of foreign temporary residents and immigrants from Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa.

This has led to it being dubbed the "Capital of the Third World". The domestic migrant population from other provinces of China in Guangzhou was 40% of the city's total population in 2008. Together with Shanghai and Shenzhen, Guangzhou has one of the most expensive real estate markets in China. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, nationals of sub-Saharan Africa who had settled in the Middle East and other parts of Southeast Asia moved in unprecedented numbers to Guangzhou in response to the 1997/98 Asian financial crisis. Long the only Chinese port accessible to most foreign traders, Guangzhou fell to the British during the First Opium War. No longer enjoying a monopoly after the war, it lost trade to other ports such as Hong Kong and Shanghai, but continued to serve as a major entrepôt. In modern commerce, Guangzhou is best known for its annual Canton Fair, the oldest and largest trade fair in China. For three consecutive years, Forbes ranked Guangzhou as the best commercial city in mainland China.

Guǎngzhōu is the pinyin romanisation of the Chinese name 廣州, simplified in mainland China to 广州 in the 1950s. The name of the city is taken from the ancient Guang Province, after it had become the prefecture's seat of government, how some other Chinese cities, including Hangzhou and Fuzhou got their names; the character 廣 or 广—which appears in the names of the provinces Guangdong and Guangxi, together called the Liangguang—means "broad" or "expansive" and refers to the intention to dispense imperial grace broadly in the region with the founding of county of Guangxin in Han Dynasty. Before acquiring its current name, the town was known as Panyu, a name still borne by one of Guangzhou's districts not far from the main city; the origin of the name is still uncertain, with 11 various explanations being offered, including that it may have referred to two local mountains. The city has sometimes been known as Guangzhou Fu or Guangfu after its status as the capital of a prefecture. From this latter name, Guangzhou was known to medieval Persians such as Al-Masudi and Ibn Khordadbeh as Khanfu.

Under the Southern Han, the city was renamed Xingwang. The Chinese abbreviation for Guangzhou is "穗", after its nickname "Rice City"; the city has long borne the nickname City of Rams or City of the Five Rams from the five stones at the old Temple of the Five Immortals said to have been the sheep or goats ridden by the Taoist culture heroes credited with introducing rice cultivation to the area around the time of the city's foundation. The former name "City of the Immortals" came from the same story; the more recent City of Flowers is taken as a simple reference to the area's fine greenery. The English name "Canton" derived from Portuguese Cantão or Cidade de Cantão, a muddling of dialectical pronunciations of "Guangdong". Although it and chiefly applied to the walled city, it was conflated with Guangdong by some authors, it was adopted as the Postal Map Romanization of Guangzhou and remained in common use until the gradual adoption of pinyin. As an adjective, it is still used in describing the people, language and culture of Guangzhou and the surrounding Liangguang region.

The 19th-century name "Kwang-chow foo" derived from Nanjing dialect of Mandarin and the town's status as a prefectural capital. A settlement now known as Nanwucheng was present in the area by 1100 BC; some traditional Chinese histories placed Nanwucheng's founding during the reign of Ji Yan, king of Zhou from 314–256 BC. It was said to have consisted of little more than a stockade of mud. Panyu was established on the east bank of the Pearl River in 214 BC to serve as a base for the Qin Empire's first failed invasion of the Baiyue lands in southern China. Legendary accounts claimed the soldiers at Panyu were so vigilant that they did not remove their armor for three years. Upon the fall of the Qin, General Zhao Tuo established his own kingdom of Nanyue and made Panyu its capital in 204 BC, it remained independent through the Chu-Han Contention, although Zhao negotiated recognition of his independence in exchange for his nominal submission to the Han in 196 BC. Archaeological evidence shows that Panyu was an expansive commercial centre: in addition to items from central China, archaeologists have found remains originating from Southeast Asia and Africa.

Zhao Tuo was succeeded by Zhao Mo and Zha

2019 NCAA Division I FCS football season

The 2019 NCAA Division I FCS football season, part of college football in the United States, was organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association at the Division I Football Championship Subdivision level. The FCS Championship Game was played on January 2020, in Frisco, Texas. North Dakota State entered the season as the defending champion, after completing the regular season undefeated defended their title and secured their eighth championship in nine seasons; the 2019 season was the last for Presbyterian in Big South Conference football. The school announced in 2017. Presbyterian will play the 2020 season as an FCS independent before joining the non-scholarship FCS Pioneer Football League in 2021; this was the final season for Jacksonville football, as the school announced shortly after the end of the season that it was dropping the sport. The following playing rule changes have been recommended by the NCAA Football Rules Committee for 2019: Requiring replay reviews on targeting calls be either confirmed or overturned by reviewing all aspects of the play.

If the review shows not all elements of targeting exist or if there is no indisputable video evidence, the call will be overturned. Players who commit a second targeting penalty in the same season will not only have to sit out the remainder of that game, but will have to sit out their team's entire next scheduled game. Eliminating the two-man wedge on kickoffs. Starting with the fifth overtime period, each team will line up to attempt a two-point conversion instead of snapping the ball from the 25-yard-line. Successful plays are scored as conversions. Adding a two-minute break after the second and fourth overtime period. Blindside blocks delivered with forcible contact will draw a 15-yard penalty. If elements of targeting exist, the player delivering the block will be subject to ejection as with any other targeting foul. All FCS teams were allowed to schedule 12 regular season games in the 2019 season. A standard provision of NCAA bylaws allows for 12 regular season games during years having 14 Saturdays in the period starting with the Labor Day weekend and ending with the last Saturday of November.

The next time that a 12-game regular season will be allowed is 2024. The regular season began with two games on Saturday, August 24: Villanova def. No. 13 Colgate, 34–14 FCS Kickoff: Youngstown State def. Samford, 45–22 August 29: Central Arkansas 35, Western Kentucky 28 September 7: Southern Illinois 45, UMass 20 September 14: The Citadel 27, Georgia Tech 24 OT September 7: Kentucky State 13, Robert Morris 7 East Stroudsburg 24, Wagner 14 Virginia Union 36, Hampton 17 Truman 10, Drake 7 Midwestern State 33, Northwestern State 7 Tarleton State 37, Stephen F. Austin 26 September 14: Taylor 17, Butler 14 September 21: Truman 38, Valparaiso 7 September 28: Charleston 19, Valparaiso 13 Kentucky State 33, Jackson State 25 October 12: Missouri S&T 23, Texas Southern 20 A 24-team single-elimination tournament bracket culminated in the 2020 NCAA Division I Football Championship Game. Champions of the following 10 conferences automatically received playoff bids: Teams were announced in a selection show on November 24, with the top eight teams seeded and receiving first-round byes.

Source: This is restricted to coaching changes that took place on or after May 1, 2019. For coaching changes that occurred earlier in 2019, see 2018 NCAA Division I FCS end-of-season coaching changes. Prince was placed on administrative leave by the university, "after allegations of verbal abuse and intimidation of players." 2019 NCAA Division I FCS football rankings 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season 2019 NCAA Division II football season 2019 NCAA Division III football season 2019 NAIA football season

Vancouver East

Vancouver East is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1935. The riding of Vancouver East is the poorest in Canada with a median individual income of $24,374. Vancouver East is known as a New Democratic Party stronghold. Both losses have come at the hands of Liberal candidates who failed to retain the seat at the next election; the Conservative Party and its right-leaning predecessors have always fared poorly in the riding garnering more than 20 percent of the vote. In the 2006 federal election, the NDP won a higher percentage of the vote in Vancouver East than in any other riding in the country: 56.6%. In 2011 the NDP increased its majority win to 62.83%. The district includes the City of Vancouver's Downtown Eastside, Mount Pleasant, Grandview–Woodland, Hastings–Sunrise. Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties: This is a prominently industrial and working-class riding, it is home to North America's largest Chinatown as well as the impoverished Downtown Eastside.

42% of this riding are immigrants and 22% are of Chinese-Canadian descent. A high number, 63%, or residents here are renters compared to only 37% home owners. 24 % of residents over age 25 have degree. Manufacturing, port-related industries, accommodation and food service industries are vital to employment in this riding; the average family income is over $61,000. The unemployment rate is about 7.7%. The ethnically diverse area is home to many of the city's activists. In recent years, the area has been negatively affected by an influx of hard drugs and the problems associated with their use; the riding is the least religious in Canada, with 55.1% of the population not adhering to any religion. Languages: 46.6% English, 1.8% French, 49.3% Other, 2.3% Multiple languages Religions: 22.2% Catholic, 11.9% Protestant, 8.6% Buddhist, 1.3% Muslim, 1.1% Christian Orthodox, 4.5% Other Christian, 47.4% No religious affiliation Average income: $22,144 The electoral district was created in 1933 from Vancouver South and Vancouver—Burrard ridings.

Vancouver East was one two electoral districts in British Columbia that saw no changes to its boundaries proposed following the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution. Its Member of Parliament is Jenny Kwan, she is a member of the New Democratic Party. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-06. Library of Parliament Riding Profile Expenditures – 2004 Expenditures – 2000 Expenditures – 1997 Website of the Parliament of Canada