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Guayaquil

Guayaquil Santiago de Guayaquil, is the second largest city in Ecuador. It is the nation's main port; the city is the seat of Guayaquil canton. The city is located on the west bank of the Guayas River, which flows into the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Guayaquil. Guayaquil was founded on July 25, 1538 with the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil by Spanish conqueror Francisco de Orellana. Before it was founded by the Spaniards, it existed as a native village. In 1687, Guayaquil was attacked and looted by English and French pirates under the command of George d'Hout and Picard and Groniet. Of more than 260 pirates, 35 died and 46 were wounded. In 1709, the English captains Woodes Rogers, Etienne Courtney, William Dampier, along with a crew of 110, looted Guayaquil and demanded ransom. In colonial times Guayaquil was the chief Spanish shipyard in the Pacific, yet some navigators expressed that Valdivia had better conditions. On October 9, 1820 without bloodshed, a group of civilians, supported by soldiers from the "Granaderos de Reserva", a battalion quartered in Guayaquil, overwhelmed the resistance of the Royalist guards and arrested the Spanish authorities.

Guayaquil declared independence from Spain, becoming Provincia Libre de Guayaquil, José Joaquín de Olmedo was named Jefe Civil of Guayaquil. On July 26, 1822, José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar held a meeting in Guayaquil to plan the future of the independent South America. In 1829, the city was invaded by the Peruvian Army. In 1860, the city was the site of the Battle of Guayaquil, the last of a series of military conflicts between the forces of the Provisional Government, led by Gabriel García Moreno and General Juan José Flores, the forces of the Supreme Chief of Guayas, General Guillermo Franco, whose government was recognized as possessing sovereignty over the Ecuadorian territory by Peruvian president Ramón Castilla. In 1896, large portions of the city were destroyed by a major fire. On July 8, 1898, the Guayaquil City Hall "Muy Ilustre Municipalidad de Guayaquil" recognized the anthem written by José Joaquín de Olmedo in 1821, with the music composed by Ana Villamil Ycaza in 1895, as the "Himno al 9 de Octubre" Canción al Nueve de Octubre, most known now as the "Himno a Guayaquil".

In 1922, workers in the city went on a general strike lasting three days. The strike ended after at least 300 people were killed by police. Guayaquileños' main sources of income are: formal and informal trade, business and aquaculture. Most commerce consists of small and medium businesses, adding an important informal economy occupation that gives thousands of guayaquileños employment; the Port of Guayaquil is Ecuador's most important commercial port. As the largest city in the country, most industries are located either in the city or its peripheral areas. Ongoing projects seek urban regeneration as a principal objective of the growth of the city's commercial districts, as the increase of capital produces income; these projects in the city driven by the recent mayors have achieved this goal after investing large sums of money. The current municipal administration aims to convert Guayaquil into a place for first-class international tourism and multinational businesses. Guayaquil's current mayor is Cynthia Viteri, first female mayor elected.

Previous mayor, Jaime Nebot supported her. He began a campaign of construction projects for the city in the early 2000s to attract tourism, that included the "urban regeneration" plan which reconstructed the city's main tourist streets' sidewalks and upgraded the city's chaotic transit system with multiple infrastructure projects. In August 2006, the city's first rapid transit bus system, opened to provide a quicker, high-capacity service. One of the main projects was called Malecón 2000, the renovation of the waterfront promenade along the Guayas River. Another project was the creation of the Nuevo Parque Histórico, a park in a housing development area, called Entre Ríos because it lies between the Daule and Babahoyo Rivers, in a mangrove wetland area; the park cost the city about 7 million dollars. In 2013, the national government led by Rafael Correa built two pedestrian bridges connecting downtown Guayaquil, Santay Island, the town of Durán, to allow people to make ecotourism trips on a same-day return basis.

The two bridges were a big addition to the Guayas River scenery. Guayaquil is the capital of Guayas Province, it is on the Guayas River about 60 kilometres north near the Equator. Guayaquil is facing tsunami and major earthquake threats due to its soil stratigraphy and location near the Gulf of Guayaquil and the south of North-Andean subduction zone; the city can be damaged by earthquake as its weak and compressible soil stratigraphy is composed of deep soft sediments over hard rocks and deposits in a brackish environment. The city itself is affected by the subduction of the active Ecuadorian margin, an intraplate region where active faults locate.

U.N. Squadron

U. N. Squadron is a 1989 side-scrolling shooting game released by Capcom for the CPS arcade hardware and for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System; the game was released in Japan as Area 88, is based on the manga series of the same name, featuring the same main characters. Here, their mission is to stop a terrorist group known as Project 4, it was followed by a spiritual successor Carrier Air Wing. The game is a typical side scrolling shooter, going against the trend of other Capcom shooters, such as 1942, 1943: The Battle of Midway, which are vertically scrolling shooters. However, like other Capcom shooters, the player has an energy bar, consumed over the course of a single life as the player sustains damage; this trait is uncommon among other comparable arcade-style shooters which use a system of reserve lives, where one of, lost upon a single enemy hit. Before entering a level, the player added defenses in the shop; the player earns money to buy weapons by destroying enemy planes and vehicles during levels and, when the level is finished, any unused weapons are converted back into money.

The player can choose between three mercenary pilots: Shin Kazama, Mickey Simon, Greg Gates. Each pilot flies a specific plane and has different capabilities. In the Super NES version, each pilot can use a range of planes. All pilots start out with $3000 and the basic F8 Crusader, can buy other aircraft and weapons as they progress. Capcom director Yoshiki Okamoto commented that the game was part of a broader strategy of Capcom at the time to appeal to a wider audience by using established characters from other media, as their original characters could be too niche. In addition to Area 88, he cited games based on Willow and Destiny of an Emperor as part of this strategy. Area 88 was ported to the home console Super Nintendo and released in Japan on July 26 1991. In America and Europe it was re-titled UN Squadron. Upon release, the Japanese gaming publication Weekly Famitsu gave the Super Famicom version a 28 out of 40 score. IGN ranked U. N. Squadron 37th on its "Top 100 Super Nintendo Games" list, which made it the highest ranking side scroller shooter game on that list.

Entertainment Weekly gave the Super Nintendo version of the game an A, picked the game as the #12 greatest game available in 1991. U. N. Squadron at Arcade-History Area 88 at the Killer List of Videogames U. N. Squadron at the Killer List of Videogames U. N. Squadron at MobyGames UN Squadron SNES review from Mean Machines Archive

Vera cemetery

Vera cemetery is cemetery in Vera district in Tbilisi, Georgia. The cemetery in Tbilisi Vera district was founded in 1836. In 1844 an Armenian church, Holy Cross, was built inside the cemetery by David Tamashev’s financial support; the territory of cemetery was expanded. Many famous Armenians of Tiflis were buried in the cemetery, including: General Yeremia Artsuni, the first mayor of Tiflis. After 1920 funerals in the cemetery were stopped. In 1992, with coming to power of Zviad Gamsakhurdia, the cemetery was vandalized. Gamsakhurdia followers began to destroy the cemetery. During the reconstruction of the church of the Holy Cross on the initiative of Georgian composer Nodar Gigauri, it was renamed the Church of Saint Pantaleon and turned into a Georgian Orthodox church. Tombstones inside the church, under which were stored the urn with the ashes of the dead, were covered with Turkish tiles. In the cemetery, space for new graves for Georgians were created by destroying the graves of Armenian burials.

The cemetery of Vera was known with its familial tombs: Ananovs, Tsurinovs, Babanasovs, Avan Yuzbashyans, etc. Today, the graves of many famous Armenians are without tombstones. Armenians in Tbilisi List of cemeteries in Georgia Gallery in THE CHRONICLE OF A LONG APPROPRIATION PROCESS National Committee of the Armenians of Georgia ԹԻՖԼԻՍԱՀԱՅՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ. ԺԱՄԱՆԱԿԻ ՄԱՐՏԱՀՐԱՎԵՐՆԵՐՆ ՈՒ ՀԱՄԱՅՆՔԻ ՀԵՌԱՆԿԱՐՆԵՐԸ by Tamara Vardanyan