Guiding Light is an American radio and television soap opera. It is listed in Guinness World Records as the longest-running drama in television in American history, broadcast on CBS for 57 years from June 30, 1952, until September 18, 2009, overlapping a 19-year broadcast on radio from 1937 to 1956. With 72 years of radio and television runs, Guiding Light is the longest running soap opera, ahead of General Hospital, is the fifth-longest running program in all of broadcast history. Guiding Light was created by Irna Phillips, began as an NBC Radio serial on January 25, 1937. On June 2, 1947, the series was transferred to CBS Radio, before starting on June 30, 1952, on CBS Television, it continued to be broadcast concomitantly on radio until June 29, 1956. The series was expanded from 15 minutes to a half-hour during 1968, to a full hour on November 7, 1977; the series broadcast its 15,000th CBS episode on September 6, 2006. On April 1, 2009, CBS announced the cancellation of Guiding Light after a run of 72 years due to low ratings.
The show taped its final scenes on August 11, 2009, its final episode on the network aired on September 18, 2009. On October 5, 2009, CBS replaced Guiding Light with an hour-long revival of Let's Make a Deal, hosted by Wayne Brady. Guiding Light has had a number of plot sequences during the series' long history, on both radio and television; these plot sequences include complex storylines, different writers and casting. The series was created by Irna Phillips. After giving birth to a still-born baby at age 19, she found spiritual comfort listening to the radio sermons of Preston Bradley, a famous Chicago preacher and founder of the People's Church, a church which promoted the brotherhood of man; these sermons originated the idea of the creation of The Guiding Light, which began as a radio series. The original radio series was first broadcast as 15-minute episodes on NBC Radio, starting on January 25, 1937; the series was transferred to CBS Radio during 1947. The Guiding Light was broadcast first by CBS Television on June 30, 1952, replacing the canceled soap opera The First Hundred Years.
These episodes were 15 minutes long. During the period from 1952 to 1956, The Guiding Light existed as both a radio and television serial, with actors recording their performances twice for each day that the shows were broadcast; the radio broadcast of The Guiding Light ceased production during 1956. With the transition to television, the main characters became the Bauers, a lower-middle class German immigrant family who were first introduced in the radio serial in 1948. Many storylines revolved around his new wife Bertha. Papa Bauer, who came to the United States during World War I with just a few dollars in his pocket, was a salt of the earth character who succeeded in offering opportunities to his children by working hard, he instilled that work ethic into his children. Bert had dreams of climbing the social ladder and keeping up appearances, it was up to Bill to bring her down to earth; the Guiding Light ranked as the number one-rated soap opera during both 1956 and 1957, before being replaced during 1958 by As the World Turns.
After Irna Phillips was transferred to As the World Turns during 1958, her protege Agnes Nixon became head writer of The Guiding Light. The first television producer of The Guiding Light was Luci Ferri Rittenberg, who produced the show over 20 years. Agnes Nixon relinquished her role as chief writer during 1965 to work for the series Another World. On March 13, 1967, The Guiding Light was first broadcast in color. On September 9, 1968, the program was expanded from 15 to 30 minutes; the 1960s featured the introduction of African American characters, the main emphasis of the series shifted to Bill and Bert's children, Mike and Ed. The show became a bit more topical during the 1960s, with such storylines as Bert Bauer's diagnosis of uterine cancer in 1962. A number of new characters were introduced during the mid- to late 1960s, including Dr. Sara McIntyre, who remained a major character through the early 1980s. Much of the story during the first half of the 1970s was dominated by Stanley Norris' November 1971 murder and the ensuing trial, as well as the exploits of villainesses Charlotte Waring and Kit Vested.
Charlotte was murdered by Kit on August 26, 1973, Kit herself was shot by Dr. Joe Werner in self-defense on April 24, 1974, after she had attempted to poison Dr. Sara McIntyre. A pivotal character, off-and-on, until the spring of 1998, Roger Thorpe, was introduced on April 1, 1971; the role of Roger was proposed to be a blond, fair-skinned, preppy type, a man, dating his boss's daughter Holly. Michael Zaslow, a dark haired actor with a more ethnic appearance, was hired for the role instead by long-time casting director, Betty Rea. Zaslow portrayed Roger as a complicated and multifaceted villain. Theo Goetz, the actor who played Papa Bauer since the first episode of The Guiding Light, died in 1972; the decision was made to have Papa Bauer die in the storyline as well. The cast paid tribute to Goetz
The Lambert Twin Monocoach was a light, twin-engined U. S. aircraft, designed to carry three or four passengers. It was fitted with economical, low-powered engines but given a large increase of power it failed to attract customers; the Lambert Corporation got into financial difficulties and failed during 1936, the year that the Monocoach first flew. As a result, the earliest pre-World War II accounts of it use the Lambert name and ones, like Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938 refer to it as the Monocoupe Monocoach after the succeeding company. Although it was designated the Type H from the start, it has been referred to as the Lambert or Monocoupe Twin Monocoach to distinguish it from the earlier Lambert Monocoach, a single-engine aircraft; the Monocoach H had a low, one-piece wooden wing, built around two box-spars with girder-type ribs and fabric covering. In plan the low aspect ratio wing was rectangular out to semi-elliptical tips, it had short Frise type ailerons outboard. The ailerons and flaps were the only metal framed wing structures.
The Monocoach's two 67 kW Lambert R-266 five-cylinder radial engines were mounted ahead of the wing leading edge under broad-chord cowlings with short nacelles which reached back to mid-wing. There were oil tanks in the nacelles and each engine had a fuel tank in the wing with a total fuel capacity was 265 l, its fuselage had a welded steel tube structure, metal skinned ahead of the wing and fabric covered aft. The cabin had side-by-side seats, equipped with dual control, positioned just behind the leading edge and a bench seat for two or three behind the crew. Slender-framed windows reached to the trailing edge; the Monocoach's horizontal tail was similar in plan to that of the wing and its vertical tail was rounded, with a large fin. The rear control surfaces were all fitted with trim tabs. All rear surfaces were fabric covered, its retractable undercarriage had a track of 3.0 m. The mainwheels, which were fitted with hydraulic brakes and mounted on single shock absorber legs, were electrically retracted rearwards into the engine nacelles.
The tailwheel was enclosed in a streamlined fairing. The exact date of the first flight is uncertain but it was in the summer of 1936; the Lambert-powered aircraft was never certified. Despite the optimistic manufacturer's performance figures, it was judged short of power and had poor directional stability with one engine out; the radials were therefore replaced with a pair of 150 hp Menasco D-4 four-cylinder, inverted air-cooled in-line engines. Fin area was increased by the replacement of the central surface by two fins at the tips of the tailplane. At the end of the 1930s, Lambert gave the original and variants the names Zenith and Zephyr respectively. Monocoach H or Zenith Lambert engines, single fin. Monocoach H or Zephyr Menasco engines, twin fins. Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1938General characteristics Crew: One Capacity: Three or four passengers Length: 24 ft 6 in Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in Height: 7 ft 10 in Wing area: 231.2 sq ft Aspect ratio: 5.6 Airfoil: NACA 2315 Empty weight: 1,182 lb Gross weight: 3,220 lb Fuel capacity: 265 l Powerplant: 2 × Lambert R-266 5-cylinder radial, 90 hp each Propellers: 2-bladed Hamilton StandardPerformance Maximum speed: 150 mph Cruise speed: 133 mph at 8,600 ft Range: 875 mi Service ceiling: 10,800 ft service Rate of climb: 560 ft/min Wing loading: 13.9 lb/sq ft Landing speed: 48 mph with flaps extended
Dick Barrymore was an American ski film maker of the 1960s and 1970s and an advocate of "hot dogging". Barrymore, Dick. Breaking Even. Missoula, Mont.: Pictorial Histories. ISBN 9781575100371. OCLC 39924562. Archived from the original on 11 December 2002. Retrieved 2 September 2013. Memoir. Wet T-shirt contest—Barrymore held the first Lund, Morten "Dick Barrymore, we ask you--are you making it?" Ski Vol. 34, No. 3:150-8 Richey, Edward Living it Up in Aspen ISBN 0542787393 pg 126 "Sun Valley in the'70s" The Ski Journal vol 6 #3 ISSN 1935-3219 Obituary Dick Barrymore on IMDb CMH Heli-Skiing title sequence on YouTube Hot dogging and Chamonix film clips at nuitdelaglisse.com