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Guion Bluford

Guion Stewart Bluford Jr. is an American aerospace engineer, retired U. S. Air Force officer and fighter pilot, former NASA astronaut, the first African American and the second person of African descent to go to space. Before becoming an astronaut, he was an officer in the U. S. Air Force, where he remained while assigned to NASA, rising to the rank of colonel, he participated in four Space Shuttle flights between 1983 and 1992. In 1983, as a member of the crew of the Orbiter Challenger on the mission STS-8, he became the first African American in space as well as the second person of African ancestry in space, after Cuban cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez. Born in Philadelphia, Bluford graduated from Overbrook High School in 1960, he received a Bachelor of Science degree in aerospace engineering from Pennsylvania State University in 1964, a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology in 1974, a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Aerospace Engineering with a minor in Laser Physics, again from AFIT, in 1978, a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Houston–Clear Lake in 1987.

He has attended the Wharton School of Business of the University of Pennsylvania. His hobbies include reading, jogging, handball, scuba diving and golf, he has two sons, Guion III and James. Bluford attended pilot training at Williams Air Force Base, received his pilot wings in January 1966, he went to F-4C combat crew training in Arizona and Florida and was assigned to the 557th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam. He flew 144 combat missions. In July 1967, Bluford was assigned to the 3630th Flying Training Wing, Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas, as a T-38A instructor pilot, he served as an assistant flight commander. In early 1971, he attended Squadron Officer School and returned as an executive support officer to the Deputy Commander of Operations and as School Secretary for the Wing. In August 1972, Bluford entered the U. S. Air Force Institute of Technology residency school at Ohio. Upon graduating in 1974 with his master's degree, he was assigned to the Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base as a staff development engineer.

He served as deputy for advanced concepts for the Aeromechanics Division and as branch chief of the Aerodynamics and Air frame Branch in the Laboratory. He has presented several scientific papers in the area of computational fluid dynamics, he has logged over 5,200 hours of jet flight time in the T-33, T-37, T-38, F-4C, U-2/TR-1, F-5A/B aircraft, including 1,300 hours as a T-38 instructor pilot. He has an FAA commercial pilot license. Bluford was selected to become a NASA astronaut in January 1978 as a part of NASA astronaut group 8, they trained for a year and were designated as astronauts in August 1979. His technical assignments have included working with Space Station operations, the Remote Manipulator System, Spacelab systems and experiments, Space Shuttle systems, payload safety issues and verifying flight software in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory and in the Flight Systems Laboratory. Bluford was a mission specialist on STS-8, STS-61-A, STS-39, STS-53. Bluford's first mission was STS-8, which launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on August 30, 1983.

This was the third flight for the Orbiter Challenger and the first mission with a night launch and night landing. During the mission, the STS-8 crew deployed the Indian National Satellite. STS-8 completed 98 orbits of the Earth in 145 hours before landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on September 5, 1983. Bluford served on the crew of STS-61-A, the German D-1 Spacelab mission, which launched from Kennedy Space Center on October 30, 1985; this mission was the first to carry eight crew members, the largest crew to fly in space and included three European payload specialists. This was the first dedicated Spacelab mission under the direction of the German Aerospace Research Establishment and the first U. S. mission in which payload. During the mission, the Global Low Orbiting Message Relay Satellite was deployed from a "Getaway Special" container, 76 experiments were performed in Spacelab in such fields as fluid physics, materials processing, life sciences, navigation. After completing 111 orbits of the Earth in 169 hours, Challenger landed at Edwards Air Force Base on November 6, 1985.

Bluford served on the crew of STS-39, which launched from Kennedy Space Center on April 28, 1991, aboard the Orbiter Discovery. The crew gathered aurora, Earth-limb and Shuttle environment data with the AFP-675 payload; this payload consisted of the Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle experiment, Far Ultraviolet Camera experiment, the Uniformly Redundant Array, the Quadrupole Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer, the Horizon Ultraviolet Program experiment. The crew deployed and retrieved the SPAS-II which carried the Infrared Background Signature Survey experiment; the crew operated the Space Test Payload-1 and deployed a classified p

Hanskhali (community development block)

Hanskhali is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Ranaghat subdivision of Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Hanskhali is located at 23°22′04″N 88°37′59″E. Hanskhali CD Block is bounded by Krishnaganj CD Block in the north, Jibannagar Upazila in Chaudanga District and Maheshpur Upazila in Jhenaidah District in Bangladesh in the east, Ranaghat I and Ranaghat II CD Blocks in the south and Krishnanagar I and Santipur CD Blocks in the west. Nadia district is alluvial plains lying to the east of Hooghly River, locally known as Bhagirathi; the alluvial plains are cut across by such distributaries as Jalangi and Ichhamati. With these rivers getting silted up, floods are a recurring feature. Hanskhali CD Block has an area of 246.29 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 13 gram panchayats, 231 gram sansads, 81 mouzas and 76 inhabited villages. Hanskhali police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Bagula, it is located 13 km from the district headquarters.

Gram panchayats of Hanskhali block/ panchayat samiti are: Bagula I, Bagula II, Badkulla I, Badkulla II, Betna Gobindapur, Dakshinpara I, Dakshinpara II, Mamjoan, Mayurhat I, Mayurhat II, Ramnagar Barachupria I and Ramnagar Barachupria II. As per the 2011 Census of India, Hanskhali CD Block had a total population of 293,040, of which 245,899 were rural and 11,252 were urban. There were 141,395 females; the population below 6 years was 27,997. Scheduled Castes numbered 144,090 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 8,373; as per the 2001 census, Hanskhali block had a total population of 260,916, out of which 133,867 were males and 127,049 were females. Hanskhali block registered a population growth of 20.63 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 19.51 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. There are three census towns in Hanskhali CD Block: Bagula and Patuli. Large villages in Hanskhali CD Block were: Itabaria, Benali, Payradanda, Ber Gram, Dakshinpara, Purba Khamar Simulia, Muragachha, Bhayna, Paschim Harindanga, Kaikhali, Ulasi, Chupria and Ramnagar.

Other villages in Hanskhali CD Block include: Mayurhat. As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Hanskhali CD Block was 212,314 out of which males numbered 116,570 and females numbered 95,744; the gender disparity was 9.98%. See – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate Bengali is the local language in these areas. In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 257,804 and formed 87.98% of the population in Hanskhali CD Block. Muslims numbered 33,369 and formed 11.39% of the population. Christians formed 0.07 % of the population. Others formed 0.56 % of the population. In the 2001 census, Hindus numbered 231,466 and formed 88.70% of the population of Hanskhali CD Block. Muslims numbered 29,336 and formed 11.42% of the population. In the 1991 census, Hindus numbered 191,526 and formed 88.55% of the population of Hanskhali CD Block. Muslims formed 11.24 % of the population. The District Human Development Report for Nadia has provided a CD Block-wise data table for Modified Human Vulnerability Index of the district.

Hanskhali CD Block registered 31.65 on the MHPI scale. The CD Block-wise mean MHVI was estimated at 33.92. A total of 8 out of the 17 CD Blocks in Nadia district were found to be deprived when measured against the CD Block mean MHVI - Karimpur I and Karimpur II, Nakashipara, Krishnanagar I and Nabadwip and Santipur appear to be backward. In Hanskhali CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 25.71%, agricultural labourers 28.90, household industry workers 6.74% and other workers 38.65%. The southern part of Nadia district starting from Krishnanagar I down to Chakdaha and Haringhata has some urban pockets specialising in either manufacturing or service related economic activity and has reflected a comparatively higher concentration of population but the urban population has stagnated. Nadia district still has a large chunk of people living in the rural areas. There are 76 inhabited villages in Hanskhali CD Block. 100% villages have power supply and 74 villages have drinking water supply.

24 Villages have post offices. 74 villages have telephones. 49 villages have a pucca approach road and 36 villages have transport communication. 16 villages have agricultural credit societies and 10 villages have banks. It should, however, be noted that although 100% villages in Nadia district had power supply in 2011, a survey in 2007-08 revealed that less than 50% of households had electricity connection. In rural areas of the country, the tube well was for many years considered to be the provider of safe drinking water, but with arsenic contamination of ground water claiming public attention it is no longer so. Piped water supply is still a distant dream. In 2007-08, t

Little Hawk

Little Hawk was an Oglala Lakota war chief and a half-brother of Worm, father of Crazy Horse.... Little Hawk was born about 1836, his father was the holy man variously called Makes the Song or Crazy Horse I. Makes The Song was the father of Worm, who became the father of the famous Crazy Horse 3. Little Hawk was born to a different mother from Worm. In the Lakota extended family scheme, Crazy Horse was thus a brother of Little Hawk, his wife in the census records is always listed as Sunk-ska-win White Horse Woman. In the Pine Ridge Agency allotment records she is noted as a sister of Iron Hawk. White Horse Woman stated that she was married to Little Hawk for thirty years before his death, which indicates that she was not the mother of Little Hawk's children born before 1870, which would be Made an Enemy, Hard to Kill, Yellow Wolf, Iron Tail. White Horse was the mother of Little Hawk's children born after 1870 – including Chase in Morning, Many Cartridges, Luke Little Hawk. One of Little Hawk's nephews, whom he gave his name to and took the name Long Face.

Nephew Little Hawk was killed in 1871 around the age 29 on a war expedition south of the Platte River.'Long Face' took back his name Little Hawk. This naming custom sometimes leads to confusion in attributing deeds to family members Through the 1860s and 1870s, Little Hawk had participated in the fights alongside his famous nephew – just four years younger - Crazy Horse. According to official data, he was one of the participants in The Battle of the Little Big Horn. Committed by political and personal imperatives to preserve his people's hunting grounds, reluctant to follow Sitting Bull into Canadian exile, Little Hawk chose to fight alongside his nephew against the U. S. troops. According to General George Crook's notes, Little Hawk "... appeared to rank next to Crazy Horse in importance, was much like his superior in size and build, but his face was more kindly in expression and he was more fluent in speech. Crazy Horse arrived at Fort Robinson near the Red Cloud agency on May 6, 1877; some who witnessed the surrender caught the glint of silver on Little Hawk's neck.

The shimmering came from a peace medal stamped with the image of President James Monroe. According to John G. Bourke's On the Border with Crook, when Little Hawk and Crazy Horse surrendered in 1877 Bourke noticed "... Little Hawk wore pendent at his neck the silver medal given to his father at the Peace Conference on the North Platte, in 1817 it bore the effigy of President Monroe." However, other accounts note that Little Hawk mentioned that the peace medal had been presented to his grandfather and that his grandfather had passed it along to him. After sixty years' wear, the symbol of friendship had become a mere decoration; the last of the Northern Oglala tiyospaye was Crazy Horse's own band. The Hunkpatila was an offshoot of Young Man Afraid of His Horses agency band, the chief had sincerely attempted to integrate his Northern kinsmen into the smooth running of reservation life. Since the death of Crazy Horse, Hunkpatila leadership devolved to his father's half-brother Little Hawk, whose loyalties to his nephew's memory conflicted with the interest of Commission of Indian Affairs.

The festering resentment against Little Big Man focused within the Hunkpatila. At beginning of 1878, convinced by their warriors, Little Hawk's and He Dog's Oglala tiyospaye "escape" from the agency to join the resistance by Sitting Bull. A few Brulés, led by Black Eagle, a Sans Arc Indian, the Miniconjou leader Roman Nose - had resisted pressure to assimilate to the reservation bands - are between the group. In all, some eighty lodges fled, including twenty lodges of Miniconjous, fifty lodges of Oglalas, ten lodges of straggling Brulés and Sans Arcs. Northern Oglala headmen Iron Crow, leader of a mixed Hunkpatila-Oyuhpe band, White Twin, a Bad Face leader, fled about the eleventh; the fugitives hurried northwest, pausing to regroup at the staging camp near the junction of Elk Creek and the south fork of the Cheyenne River. The fugitives reorganized, the council of warriors nominating Little Hawk as the Pipe Owner for the projected flight. A Sun Dance was held to promote the spirit of solidarity.

They "called to the Great Spirit to protect them, carry them safely through to the British Possessions." Sending ahead nine men and a woman to inform Sitting Bull of their march, the village pressed on. Little Hawk coordinated the journey well, skillfully eluding army patrols to slip over the Canadian line during March and reuniting with the November breakaways in a village estimated at 250 lodges by the Canadian authorities. Including the earlier departures, Sitting Bull's alliance had been strengthened by some 280 lodges in spring 1878 doubling its numbers. For the next three years, the exiles sought to maintain their independence in Canada, but conditions deteriorated rapidly; the buffalo herds, which through the 1870s had contracted northward across Montana Territory, vanished under relentless pressure from the exiles, Canadian Indians and Métis, American hide hunters. A final series of surrenders followed as hungry Lakota bands capitulated at military posts along the upper Missouri and

Penderyn, Rhondda Cynon Taf

Penderyn is a rural village in Cynon Valley, Rhondda Cynon Taf, Wales. It is located near Hirwaun, its origins and expansion begun as an agricultural market village, which supplied the growing needs of the nearby local Market Town of Aberdare, situated in the Cynon Valley in the county of Rhondda Cynon Taf in Wales. It lies on the A4059 road between Hirwaun and Brecon and is the last settlement on that road in the county of Rhondda Cynon Taf before the border with Powys to the north; the village sits just within the southern boundary of the Brecon Beacons National Park. The River Cynon passes through the area, it is the home of Penderyn Whisky, produced by the Penderyn Distillery. The award-winning single malt whisky is the only whisky distilled in Wales, launched in 2004 after an absence of whisky distilling in Wales for more than 100 years. Within the village, there are one church. Penderyn contains two Welsh words: - Pen, meaning Head - and'deryn',an abbreviation of "aderyn", Welsh for bird Until the county's inclusion in Powys in 1974 the village lay in the traditional county of Breconshire, the name of which derives from the ancient Welsh kingdom of Brycheiniog.

Famous inhabitants of the village include David Wynne but the famous working-class hero Dic Penderyn, involved in the Merthyr Rising of 1831 was not from this parish but from Aberafon. Gwyn Morgan - Welsh-language writer lives in Penderyn David Wynne - composer. Nansi Selwood - A Welsh-language writer and bard from the area who joined the Gorsedd in 2003. David Davies 1854 - 1938. Author of'Hanes Plwyf Penderyn'. Lewis Lewis transported for his part in the Merthyr Riots of 1831. Richard Games, Squire of Bodwigiad Appointed High Sheriff of Breconshire 1625. Moel Penderyn - prominent local landmark Penderyn Historical Society Penderyn Online www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Penderyn and surrounding area

Total War: Rome II

Total War: Rome II is a strategy video game developed by The Creative Assembly and published by Sega. It was released on September 3, 2013, for Microsoft Windows as the eighth standalone game in the Total War series of video games and the successor to the 2004 game Rome: Total War. Rome II received positive reviews from critics, but suffered from significant technical problems upon release. However, it proved a commercial success, surpassing all other games in the Total War series in both sales and number of concurrent players on its release day. In September 2014, an Emperor Edition was released, which added Mac OS X support and addressed many of the technical problems in the game, as well as overhauled AI battles and upgraded certain visual elements, it was offered as a free upgrade to all current players. Total War: Rome II is set in Europe, the Mediterranean, the Near East in the Classical antiquity period; the grand single-player campaign lasts for 300 years. However, the player has the option to play further, as there are no timed victory conditions.

Like its predecessor, Rome II blends turn-based grand strategy and civilization management with real-time tactical battles. The Warscape engine powers the game's visuals and new unit cameras allow players to focus on individual soldiers on the real-time battlefield, which may contain thousands of combatants at the same time. Creative Assembly has stated that it wished to bring out the more human side of war, with soldiers reacting as their comrades get killed around them, officers inspiring men with heroic speeches. Rome II features more sophisticated portrayals of each culture and civilization of the period, which in its predecessor had been portrayed anachronistically; the Creative Assembly tried to ensure the uniqueness of different cultures and fighting forces. Lead unit designer Jack Lusted stated that instead of the "rebel nation" used to represent minor states in the original Rome: Total War, Rome II features a large number of smaller, individual nations and city-states represented by their own factions.

Each ethnic group has a unique play-style. A tribe of British barbarians feels different from a disciplined Roman legion. Different agents and technologies are implemented for different factions. There are over 500 different land units including mercenaries. Over 30 different city variants avoid siege battles playing out the same every time; the diplomacy system has been revamped with a new artificial intelligence. The Creative Assembly has acknowledged anomalies in previous games, where the AI could perform strange or suicidal actions, such as small factions declaring war on large ones such as the Roman Empire; the player's own actions will determine whether or not the enemy AI will be a trustworthy ally or a suspicious traitor. The political system of Rome II has been redone; the factions of Rome and Carthage each have three political entities. Players will choose to be part of one of the entities once they select the faction they want to play. Other factions have a class of nobles; the political standing of different entities is based on a resource system, which is, in turn, based on the deeds and actions of its generals and characters.

If one's standing drops too low, they may find themselves powerless to affect their nation's affairs, or if they become too powerful, rivals might unite against them. In certain cases, a player may attempt to take all power for himself to become emperor or king, which requires a civil war—another part of the game redesigned; as with Total War: Shogun 2, the player is prompted with decisions throughout the game. The Creative Assembly has expanded on this mechanic, with each decision leading the player down a particular "decision path" based on previous decisions; these affect the way the campaign plays out. Additionally, rather than assigning traits to generals and family members as with previous Total War games, the player can assign traits to entire legions as they gain combat experience. Players can customize legions by choosing their weapons. Players can still determine the composition of individual cohorts though they will be building entire legions at a time, unlike in previous Total War titles where all units had to be created separately.

As with Rome: Total War, special units known as agents play important roles in gameplay. There are three core types of agents in Rome II: the dignitary, the champion, the spy, each culture has its own variants; when spawned, each agent has a "profession", determined by its supposed background or ethnicity. A player can invest in an agent's profession as well as its skill tree; each agent can try to convert them to their faction. When an agent is asked to perform a certain task, there is a deeper set of choices on how to complete the task. For example, when getting rid of an enemy agent, one can convert him, or murder him. In addition to traditional sieges and field battles, a myriad of other battle types is available in Total War: Rome II; these include: Combined naval/land battles: These occur when assaulting a coastal city, or when two armies are near the coastline. Settlement outskirts battles: These are fought near regional capitals that are too small to have walls; the primary objective is to capture the city rather than destroy or rout the enemy army, although victory can still be achieved by routing your opponent.

Siege battles: These occur when an army assaults a provincial capital or a fortified settlement. In these battl

Daisy Syron Russell

Daisy Syron Russell known mononymously as Syron, is an English singer from London with plays on both Radio 1 and 1Xtra, classed as "one to watch" by MTV and named "one of 2012’s coolest new female talents" by ID magazine. Her music has been blogged by The xx, Idolator, as well as tweeted about by Danny Brown. Popjustice is a fan. Syron went to BRIT School of Performing Technology in South London. Mixtape 1 Mixtape 2 Lucid "Breaking" "Waterproof" "Here" "Colour Me In" "Three Dreams" "All I Need" "Talkin' Crazy" Rudimental - "Spoons" Solo - "Home Is Where It Hurts" Tensnake - "Mainline" Redlight - "Thunder" Mista Silva - "Green Light" f - "Rude Love"