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Orleans Firebirds

The Orleans Firebirds the Orleans Cardinals, are a collegiate summer baseball team based in Orleans, Massachusetts. The team plays in the league's Eastern Division; the Firebirds play their home games at Eldredge Park in Orleans, which opened in 1913 and is the CCBL's oldest ballpark. The Firebirds are operated by the non-profit Orleans Athletic Association. Orleans has won two CCBL championships in the 21st century, most in 2005 when they defeated the Bourne Braves two games to one to win the best of three championship series; the team was a dominant force in the CCBL during the 11-season span from 1947 to 1957 in which Orleans claimed seven league titles. The team has been led since 2005 by field manager Kelly Nicholson. Baseball in Orleans has been played at Eldredge Park since 1913, when the land for the park was donated to the town by baseball enthusiast Louis Winslow "Win" Eldredge, “in consideration of affection for and interest in the young people of Orleans and desire to provide a playground for them.”

In 1923 the Cape Cod Baseball League was formed and included four teams: Falmouth, Chatham and Hyannis. This early Cape League operated through the 1939 season and disbanded in 1940, due in large part to the difficulty of securing ongoing funding during the Great Depression. Orleans' entry into the league came in 1928. Wareham had been added in 1927 to bring the number of teams to five, Orleans and Plymouth were to be added in 1928, though the Plymouth entry never materialized. Orleans featured several notable figures during this era. Lynn, Massachusetts native John "Blondy" Ryan played for Orleans in 1928 and went on to play for the World Series-winning 1933 New York Giants. New Hampshire native Red Rolfe played for the team in 1930 and would be the starting third-baseman for the New York Yankees of the late 1930s. Rolfe was a four-time American League all-star, won five World Series titles with the Bronx Bombers. While at Orleans, Rolfe played for skipper Patsy Donovan, a longtime major league player and manager who had managed the Boston Red Sox in 1910 and 1911, he piloted the Orleans team in 1929 and 1930.

Al Weston and Ed Wineapple played for Orleans in 1931. Weston was a former Boston College star who had played with the major league Boston Braves in 1929, Wineapple a 1929 Washington Senator who had played for Osterville in the CCBL for three years previously. Lawrence, Massachusetts native Johnny Broaca played for Orleans from 1930 to 1932, pitched for the 1936 world champion Yankees. Orleans withdrew from the league after the 1934 season due to funding issues, but returned in 1937. Massachusetts Governor Charles F. Hurley was on hand to throw out the ceremonial first pitch to open the 1937 season in Orleans as the team faced Harwich. Orleans fielded a team again in 1938, but was forced to withdraw from the league again for the 1939 season, after which the league itself disbanded. Orleans' 1938 team featured Danvers, Massachusetts native Connie Creeden, who batted over.400 for the season to lead the league, went on to play for the major league Boston Braves. The team's ace pitcher in 1938 was Massachusetts native Al Blanche.

Blanche was a Cape League veteran who had led Harwich's 1933 title club spent two seasons in the majors with the Boston Braves before returning to the Cape League in 1938 to play for Orleans. CCBL hall of famer Bill Enos played for Orleans during this period, would go on to be a longtime scout for the Boston Red Sox, as well as the first-ever scouting liaison for the Cape League to Major League Baseball; the Cape League reorganized in 1946 after a hiatus during World War II, Orleans began play in the revived league in 1947. The team was known as the Orleans Sparklers, but soon became known as the Orleans Red Sox. Orleans dominated the post-war period, winning a total of seven league championships between 1947 and 1957, including back to back titles in 1949 and 1950, again in 1952 and 1953; the club was skippered by Herb Fuller in 1947 and 1948, featured CCBL hall of famers Roy Bruninghaus, a Cape League all-star pitcher for three decades for Orleans, had been playing with the team since the 1930s, Allen "Buzzy" Wilcox, another three-decade player, an infielder for Orleans for 17 years from the 1940s to the 1960s.

Orleans won the league title in its inaugural 1947 campaign, defeating the Upper Cape champion Mashpee Warriors in that year's championship series, played as a Labor Day home-and-home doubleheader. In Game 1 at Eldredge Park, Orleans got an 11-strikeout performance by Bruninghaus, slugger Dave Bremner went 5-for-5 with a homer in the 12-7 win. Facing Mashpee's CCBL hall of fame ace hurler Donald Hicks in Game 2, Bremner continued his torrid pace, going 4-for-6, but Orleans trailed by two going to the final frame. In the top of the ninth, Orleans exploded for seven runs brought in Bruninghaus to close out the 15-10 win and clinch the club's first Cape League crown. In 1949, CCBL hall of famer Laurin "Pete" Peterson joined the team as catcher/manager and piloted the club for the next 14 years. Peterson's 1952 Red Sox faced perennial Upper Cape powerhouse Sagamore in that year's best-of-five Cape League championship series; the Red Sox swept the Clouters, with pitchers Bruninghaus and Bill McCrae allowing Sagamore only two runs in the series, as Orleans took Games 1 and 2 by tallies of 5-1 and 3-1 sealed the deal with a title-clinching 3-0 Labor Day shutout at Eldredge Park.

The 1957 Orleans club was pitted against Upper Cape champ Wareham in the league title series. The Red Sox sent Doug Higgins to the mound in Game 1 and jumped ahead early with four runs in the first and never looked back, routing the Gatemen by a f

Vietnamese Australians

Vietnamese Australians are Australians of Vietnamese ancestry, or people who migrated to Australia from Vietnam. Communities of overseas Vietnamese are referred to as người Việt hải ngoại. Up until 1975 there were fewer than 2,000 Vietnam-born people in Australia. Following the takeover of South Vietnam by the North Vietnamese communist government in April 1975, being a signatory to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, agreed to resettle its share of Vietnam-born refugees under a refugee resettlement plan between 1975 and 1985. After the initial intake of refugees in the late 1970s, there was a second immigration peak in 1983–84, most a result of the 1982 agreement between the Australian and Vietnamese governments which allowed relatives of Vietnamese Australians to leave Vietnam and migrate to Australia. A third immigration peak in the late 1980s seems to have been due to Australia's family reunion scheme. Over 90,000 refugees were processed, entered Australia during this time.

By the 1990s, the number of Vietnam-born migrating to Australia had surpassed the number entering as refugees. From 1991 to 1993, the percentage of Vietnam-born migrants had reached 77 per cent of the total intake of Vietnam-born arriving in Australia, by 2000, the percentage of Vietnam-born migrants had climbed to 98 per cent. In 2001–2002, 1,919 Vietnam-born migrants and 44 humanitarian entrants settled in Australia. Vietnamese Australians used to vary in income and social class levels. Australian born Vietnamese Australians are represented in Australian universities and many professions, whilst in the past, some members in the community were subjected to poverty and crime. Vietnamese Australians have an exceptionally low rate of return migration to Vietnam. In December 2001, the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade estimated that there were 3,950 Australian citizens resident in Vietnam, it is not clear what proportion of this number are returned emigrants with Australian citizenship or their Vietnamese Australian children, what number is other Australians in Vietnam for business or other reasons.

The greater proportion were recorded in the south of the country. About 0.8% of the Australian resident population was born in Vietnam. Only The United States and France have larger Viet Kieu communities. According to results of the 2016 Census, 219,355 Australian residents declared that they were born in VietnamAt the 2016 census, 294,798 people declared that they have Vietnamese ancestry. In the 2001 census, the 155,000 people of Vietnamese ancestry were first or second generation Australians. Among the leading ancestries, the proportion of people who spoke a language other than English at home was highest for those of Vietnamese. At the 2006 Census, 173,663 Australian residents declared themselves to be of Vietnamese ancestry. A further 2,190 declared themselves as having Hmong ancestry. Respondents could nominate up to two ancestries. There may additionally be persons of Vietnamese descent born in Australia, or of arguably non-Vietnamese ancestries born in Vietnam, who elected not to nominate their ancestry as Vietnamese.

Over three-quarters of people born in Vietnam live in New South Wales and Victoria. In Melbourne the suburbs of Richmond, Springvale, Sunshine and St Albans have a significant proportion of Vietnamese-Australians, while in Sydney they are concentrated in Cabramatta, Cabramatta West, Canley Vale, Canley Heights, Bankstown, St John's Park and Fairfield. Other places of significant Vietnamese presence include Brisbane, where many have settled in suburbs like Darra and Inala, Adelaide and Perth. According to census data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2004, Vietnamese Australians are, by religion, 30.3 per cent Catholic, 0.4 per cent Anglican, 3.1 Other Christian, 55.2 per cent Other Religions Buddhist and Ancestor Worship and 11.0 per cent No Religion. According to the 2016 census, 40.46% of Australians with Vietnamese ancestry are Buddhists, 28.77% are Christians, 26.46% follow secular or no religious beliefs. In 2001, the Vietnamese language was spoken at home by 174,236 people in Australia.

Vietnamese was the sixth most spoken language in the country after English, Italian and Arabic. During October 2003, government owned; the stated purpose was to provide a news service to cater for Australia's Vietnamese population. This was received poorly by the significant portion of the Vietnamese community as many had fled after the fall of South Vietnam and thus harbour resentment to the communist government and its institutions, including the state-controlled media. Thoi Su was regarded as a mouthpiece for the ruling Vietnamese Communist Party, uncritically endorsed government policy and practices using strong language while failing to report issues objectively including political arrests or religious oppression in Vietnam. A large protest was convened outside SBS's offices. SBS decided to drop Thoi Su. SBS subsequently began broadcasting disclaimers before each foreign news program stating it does